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*  Xanthine oxidase
But it is not clear whether this could be a direct or casual association or link between serum uric acid concentration (and by ... States of high cell turnover and alcohol ingestion are some of the most prominent cases of high serum uric acid concentrations ... In the reaction with xanthine to form uric acid, an oxygen atom is transferred from molybdenum to xanthine, whereby several ... Dawson J, Quinn T, Walters M (2007). "Uric acid reduction: a new paradigm in the management of cardiovascular risk?". Current ...
*  Uric acid
... levels in saliva may be associated with blood uric acid levels. Hyperuricemia (high levels of uric acid), which ... These uric acid stones are radiolucent and so do not appear on an abdominal plain X-ray.[citation needed] Uric acid crystals ... Uric acid is released in hypoxic conditions. In humans and higher primates, uric acid (actually hydrogen urate ion) is the ... Excess blood uric acid can induce gout, a painful condition resulting from needle-like crystals of uric acid precipitating in ...
*  Acute uric acid nephropathy
... is differentiated from other forms of acute renal failure by the finding of a urine uric acid/ ... Acute uric acid nephropathy is caused by deposition of uric acid crystals within the kidney interstitium and tubules, leading ... "Acute uric acid nephropathy". Med Clin North Am. 74 (4): 859-71. PMID 2195258. Robinson RR, Yarger WE (1977). "Acute uric acid ... that is caused by high levels of uric acid in the urine (hyperuricosuria). Acute uric acid nephropathy is usually seen as part ...
*  Glossary of biology
uracil . urea . uric acid . urine . uterus . vacuole A membrane-bound organelle which is present in all plant and fungal cells ... nucleic acid . nucleic acid sequence . nucleobase . nucleoid . nucleolus . nucleotide . Contents: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M ... acid precipitation Rain or any other form of precipitation containing acids that form in the atmosphere when industrial gas ... kinase . Krebs cycle Also known as the citric acid cycle or the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle is a series of chemical ...
*  Gout
Probenecid may be used if undersecretion of uric acid is present (24-hour urine uric acid less than 800 mg). It is, however, ... Levels of uric acid in serum in patients with metabolic syndrome]" [Levels of uric acid in serum in patients with metabolic ... the salts of uric acid. Underexcretion of uric acid by the kidney is the primary cause of hyperuricemia in about 90% of cases, ... Long-standing elevated uric acid levels (hyperuricemia) may result in other symptoms, including hard, painless deposits of uric ...
*  Allopurinol
... uric acid lithiasis; acute uric acid nephropathy; neoplastic disease and myeloproliferative disease with high cell turnover ... resulting in the production of uric acid, the product of human purine metabolism. In addition to blocking uric acid production ... Allopurinol, therefore, decreases uric acid formation and may also inhibit purine synthesis. The HLA-B*5801 allele is a genetic ... It is specifically used to prevent gout, prevent specific types of kidney stones, and for the high uric acid levels that can ...
*  Kidney stone disease
... high serum uric acid levels). Dosage is adjusted to maintain a reduced urinary excretion of uric acid. Serum uric acid level at ... The formation of uric acid stones requires a combination of hyperuricosuria (high urine uric acid levels) and low urine pH; ... The mainstay for medical management of uric acid stones is alkalinization (increasing the pH) of the urine. Uric acid stones ... the solubility of uric acid in urine is 158 mg/100 ml. Reducing the pH to 5.0 decreases the solubility of uric acid to less ...
*  Chemotaxonomy
A chick on up to its 5th day of development excretes ammonia; from its 5th to 9th day, urea; and thereafter, uric acid. Based ... Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA are the two types of nucleic acids present in all living organisms. They are present in the ... The compounds studied most are proteins, amino acids, nucleic acids, peptides etc. Physiology is the study of working of organs ... uric acid is excreted by terrestrial life forms. A frog, in its tadpole stage excretes ammonia just like a fish. When it turns ...
*  Purine
Uric acid (8) was reacted with PCl5 to give 2,6,8-trichloropurine (10), which was converted with HI and PH4I to give 2,6- ... I" [On uric acid. I.]. Berichte der Deutschen Chemischen Gesellschaft. 17: 328-338. doi:10.1002/cber.18840170196. From p. 329 ... The starting material for the reaction sequence was uric acid (8), which had been isolated from kidney stones by Carl Wilhelm ... Other notable purines are hypoxanthine (4), xanthine (5), theobromine (6), caffeine (7), uric acid (8) and isoguanine (9). ...
*  Multiple sclerosis drug pipeline
First, it produces uric acid after ingestion, which is a natural antioxidant; second, it has been shown to induce axonal ... Related to this, MS patients have been reported to have low levels of uric acid, which is a natural antioxidant, and has been ... "Uric Acid In Multiple Sclerosis". 1997-2005. Archived from the original on 2005-05-07. Retrieved 2006-05-10. Kean RB, Spitsin ... They can also remove other reactive oxygen species It is also known that uric acid levels decrease during the course of the ...
*  SLC22A12
Ohtsuka Y, Zaitsu M, Ichida K, Isomura N, Tsuji K, Sato T, Hamasaki Y (2007). "Human uric acid transporter 1 gene analysis in ... Probenecid also facilitates uric acid secretion. Solute carrier family GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000197891 - Ensembl, ... "FDA approves Zurampic to treat high blood uric acid levels associated with gout". United States Food and Drug Administration. ... and serum uric acid levels in Japanese". Life Sci. 79 (23): 2234-7. doi:10.1016/j.lfs.2006.07.030. PMID 16920156. ...
*  Pathophysiology of multiple sclerosis
A uric acid deficiency was implicated in this process. Uric acid added in physiological concentrations (i.e. achieving normal ... Creatine and Uric acid levels are lower than normal, at least in women. Ex vivo CD4(+) T cells isolated from the circulation ... Uric acid levels are lower during relapses. Some areas that appear normal under normal MRI look abnormal under special MRI, ... 2008). "Uric acid and renal function in multiple sclerosis". Clin Ter. 159 (1): 35-40. PMID 18399261. Yang L, Anderson DE, ...
*  Medullary cystic kidney disease
One can find out that the uric acid level in the blood is high when a blood test is done. Gout is caused by high uric acid ... "Uric acid - blood : MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia". www.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2016-06-15. "Kidney Biopsy". www.niddk.nih. ... Affected individuals also have an elevation in the blood uric acid level. In MCKD, the kidney has difficulty getting rid of ...
*  Charles Thurstan Holland
Holland, C. T. (1915). Uric Acid Stones Under The X Rays. British Medical Journal. 2(2860), 624. Holland, C. T. (1915). Stone ...
*  Multiple sclerosis
This has led to the theory that uric acid is protective, although its exact importance remains unknown. The three main ... Spitsin S, Koprowski H (2008). "Role of uric acid in multiple sclerosis". Curr. Top. Microbiol. Immunol. 318: 325-42. doi: ... Gout occurs less than would be expected and lower levels of uric acid have been found in people with MS. ...
*  Sevelamer
... can significantly reduce serum uric acid. This reduction has no known detrimental effect and several beneficial ... January 2005). "Effects of sevelamer and calcium-based phosphate binders on uric acid concentrations in patients undergoing ... uric acid nephrolithiasis, and gout. Sevelamer is able to sequester advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in the gut, ...
*  Urate-ribonucleotide phosphorylase
Laster L; Blair A (1963). "An intestinal phosphorylase for uric acid ribonucleoside". J. Biol. Chem. 238: 3348-3357. PMID ...
*  John Cade
On its own uric acid would not dissolve in water. Then, in an effort to increase the water solubility of uric acid, lithium was ... He started to work on uric acid. In order to do that, he made artificial solutions of uric acid. To make up different strengths ... There are 2 toxic substances in urine: urea and uric acid. He found urea was the same in both ill and healthy people. ... of uric acid he needed to convert it unto a substance that he could more easily manipulate. ...
*  African Society of Hypertension (AfSoH) Initiative
Kosugi T, Nakagawa T, Kamath D, Johnson RJ (February 2009). "Uric acid and hypertension: an age-related relationship?". J Hum ...
*  Uricosuria
... refers to uric acid in the urine. Urine levels of uric acid can be described as: Hyperuricosuria, an abnormally high ... level of uric acid in the urine Hypouricosuria, an abnormally low level of uric acid in the urine Agents that increase uric ... acid in the urine are termed uricosurics.. ...
*  Dalmatian dog
... livers have trouble breaking down uric acid, which can build up in the blood serum (hyperuricemia) causing gout. Uric acid can ... "Registration of a Low Uric Acid Dalmatian Import from the USA". The Kennel Club. 12 January 2010. Archived from the original on ... Friedamman, M; S.O Byers (1 September 1948). "Observations concerning the causes of the excess excretion of uric acid in the ... "AKC agrees to register low uric acid Dalmatians". Dog World. Archived from the original on 5 October 2011. Retrieved 29 July ...
*  Hemolymph
These include ammonia, allantoin, uric acid, and urea. Arthropod hormones are present most notably the juvenile hormone. ... Most amino acids are present but their relative concentrations vary from species to species. Concentrations of amino acids vary ... Arthropod hemolymph contains high levels of free amino acids. ...
*  Bacillus fastidiosus
... is only able to grow in the presence of uric acid, allantoin, or allantoic acid. Bacillus fastidiosus has ... Bacillus fastidious has the ability to use uricase to degrade uric acid to allantoin, and then use allantoinase to degrade ... This bacterium is typically grown on 1% uric acid agar and colonies can have a rhizoid appearance. Colonies are typically ... Bongaerts, G. P. A; Vogels, G. D (1976). "Uric Acid Degradation by Bacillus fastidiosus Strains" (PDF). Journal of Bacteriology ...
*  Essential hypertension
Kosugi T, Nakagawa T, Kamath D, Johnson RJ (February 2009). "Uric acid and hypertension: an age-related relationship?". J Hum ...
*  Metabolic waste
Uric acid is less toxic than ammonia or urea. It contains four nitrogen atoms and only a small amount of water (about 0.001 L ... Uric acid is the least soluble in water and can be stored in cells and body tissues without toxic effects. A single molecule of ... Some mammals including humans excrete uric acid as a component of their urine but it is only a small amount. These compounds ... Uricotelism is the ridding of excess nitrogen using uric acid. This method is used by birds and diapsids, insects, lizards, and ...
*  Uricosuric
Drugs that reduce blood uric acid are not all uricosurics; blood uric acid can be reduced by other mechanisms (see other ... Antiuricosuric drugs raise serum uric acid levels and lower urine uric acid levels. These drugs include all diuretics,[citation ... are substances that increase the excretion of uric acid in the urine, thus reducing the concentration of uric acid in blood ... a disease in which uric acid crystals form deposits in the joints. By decreasing plasma uric acid levels, uricosurics help ...
*  Neuroprotection
Aoyama K, Matsumura N, Watabe M, Wang F, Kikuchi-Utsumi K, Nakaki T (2011). "Caffeine and uric acid mediate glutathione ... are docosanoid metabolites of the omega 3 fatty acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) while resolvins of the E series (RvD1, RvD2, ... are eicosanoid metabolites of the omega 3 fatty acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). These metabolites, which are made by the ... Fish oil: This contains n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids that are known to offset oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction ...