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*  Gonadoblastoma
... has been found in association with androgen insensitivity syndrome, mixed gonadal dysgenesis and Turner syndrome ... Bianco B, Lipay MV, Melaragno MI, Guedes AD, Verreschi IT (2006). "Detection of hidden Y mosaicism in Turner's syndrome: ... "Polycystic ovary and gonadoblastoma in Turner's syndrome". Minerva Pediatr. 59 (4): 397-401. PMID 17947845. ...
*  Growth hormone
Examples of other causes of shortness often treated with GH are Turner syndrome, chronic renal failure, Prader-Willi syndrome, ... GH has also been used experimentally in patients with short bowel syndrome to lessen the requirement for intravenous total ... More rarely, patients can experience joint swelling, joint pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, and an increased risk of diabetes. In ... Accompanying problems can include sweating, pressure on nerves (e.g., carpal tunnel syndrome), muscle weakness, excess sex ...
*  Coarctation of the aorta
Some signs that can lead to a coarctation have been linked to pathologies such as Turner syndrome, bicuspid aortic valve, and ... It is common in girls who have Turner syndrome. Symptoms may be absent with mild narrowings (coarctation). When present, they ... This is the type seen in approximately 5% of infants with Turner syndrome. Ductal coarctation: The narrowing occurs at the ... "Cardiovascular anomalies in children and young adults with Ullrich-Turner syndrome-the erlangen experience". Clinical ...
*  Gender taxonomy
"Turner syndrome"); 47,XYY; 47,XXX ("Triple X syndrome"); XXXX syndrome; XXXXX syndrome, 48,XXYY syndrome, 46,XX/XY mosaic, ... Men with Down syndrome sometimes also have Klinefelter syndrome. XYY Syndrome is also a syndrome resulting from a male sex ... women with Turner syndrome appear relatively normal. Triple-X Syndrome is another syndrome that occurs from a female sex ... Women with Triple-X syndrome are fertile but can have premature ovarian failure. Klinefelter Syndrome is a syndrome resulting ...
*  Turner syndrome
... Study, Group (2007). "Care of girls and women with Turner syndrome: A guideline of the Turner Syndrome Study ... of all Turner syndrome cases. Women with Turner syndrome are almost universally infertile. While some women with Turner ... including Turner Syndrome or Down Syndrome. Some women with Turner syndrome who are unable to conceive without medical ... In most cases, Turner syndrome is a sporadic event, and for the parents of an individual with Turner syndrome the risk of ...
*  Parsonage-Turner syndrome
... , also known as acute brachial neuropathy and neuralgic amyotrophy, is a syndrome of unknown cause; ... "Parsonage-Turner syndrome". Radiopaedia. synd/1910 at Who Named It? Parsonage MJ, Turner JW (June 1948). "Neuralgic amyotrophy ... Parsonage-Turner syndrome occurs in about 1.6 people per 100,000 per year. This syndrome can begin with severe shoulder or arm ... Feinberg JH, Radecki J (2010). "Parsonage-turner syndrome". HSS J. 6 (2): 199-205. doi:10.1007/s11420-010-9176-x. PMC 2926354 ...
*  Wilson-Turner syndrome
Prader-Willi syndrome Fragile X syndrome Börjeson-Forssman-Lehmann syndrome Bardet-Biedl syndrome Category:Intellectual ... Wilson-Turner syndrome is considered to be a rare disease because it affects one individual out of one million. The primary ... Wilson-Turner Syndrome (WTS), also known as Mental Retardation X Linked Syndromic 6 (MRXS6), or Mental Retardation X Linked ... Patients of Wilson-Turner Syndrome have mental disability generally ranging from mild to severe, more frequently on the former ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Sex-Development Disorders: Turner Syndrome
Turner Syndrome is a chromosomal disorder, which effects only females, where one X chromosome is missing. ... Turner Syndrome Support Society National charity caring for the needs of those with Turner Syndrome throughout the United ... Turner Syndrome Society of the United States Providing links and information about turner's syndrome. Definition and synonyms, ... Turner's Syndrome Society of Canada Non-profit charitable organization run by individuals with TS and their families. Includes ...
*  Horseshoe kidney
The prevalence of horseshoe kidneys in females with Turner Syndrome is about 15%. It can be associated with trisomy 18. It can ... Kleta R, Brämswig JH (2000). "Horseshoe kidney and Turner syndrome". Nephrol. Dial. Transplant. 15 (7): 1094. doi:10.1093/ndt/ ...
*  Hypogonadism
Primary - defect is inherent within the gonad: e.g. Noonan syndrome, Turner syndrome (45X,0), Klinefelter syndrome (47XXY), XY ... Turner syndrome in females, and Klinefelter syndrome in males. It is also one of the signs of CHARGE syndrome. Examples of ... Examples include Klinefelter syndrome and Turner syndrome. Mumps is known to cause testicular failure, and in recent years has ... Examples of hypogonadism that affect fertility more than hormone production are Klinefelter syndrome and Kartagener syndrome. ...
*  Female infertility
Bodri D, Vernaeve V, Figueras F, Vidal R, Guillén JJ, Coll O (March 2006). "Oocyte donation in patients with Turner's syndrome ... Oocyte donation is an alternative for patients with Turner syndrome. Some of these gene or chromosome abnormalities cause ... Polycystic ovary syndrome (also see infertility in polycystic ovary syndrome) Anovulation. Female infertility caused by ... Chromosomal abnormalities causing female infertility include Turner syndrome. ...
*  Thomas Szasz
Turner's syndrome; (f) molecularly, e.g. thalassemia; (g) genetically, e.g. Huntington's disease, cystic fibrosis; and (h) ... Szasz's criticism of syndrome-based diagnoses is divorced from a consideration of the history of medicine. In medicine (in ... Is syndrome-based diagnosis only problematic for psychiatry but without issue for the remaining branches of medicine? If ... Initially the underlying pathology of some diseases was unknown and they were diagnosed only in terms of syndrome - no lesion ...
*  Growth hormone therapy
Turner syndrome epitomizes the response of non-deficient shortness. At doses 20% higher than those used in GH deficiency, ... It has been used successfully in toddlers with Turner syndrome, as well as in older girls. SHOX (Short stature homeobox gene) ... The Prader-Willi Syndrome Association (USA) recommends that a sleep study be conducted before initiating GH treatment in a ... Prader-Willi syndrome, a generally non-hereditary genetic condition, is a case where GH is prescribed for benefits in addition ...
*  Hormonal breast enhancement
Estrogen and GH are often combined in Turner syndrome. Estrogen in combination with GH or IGF-1 has been employed safely and ... The administration of estrogen to women with Turner syndrome, who normally do not develop breasts due to hypogonadism, results ... 1330-. ISBN 978-1-118-21067-3. Gonzalez L, Witchel SF (2012). "The patient with Turner syndrome: puberty and medical management ... As such, taken together, it is said that the phenotypes of women with Laron syndrome and GHR knockout mice are identical, with ...
*  Brachial plexus injury
The rare Parsonage-Turner Syndrome causes brachial plexus inflammation without obvious injury, but with nevertheless disabling ... ISBN 0-8016-3227-7. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) "Parsonage-Turner Syndrome". Who Named It? (whonamedit.com). Date ... and congenital fibrous bands can also compress the brachial plexus and causes thoracic outlet syndrome. During the delivery of ...
*  Genetically modified bacterium
"Recombinant growth hormone for children and adolescents with Turner syndrome". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1 ...
*  Webbed neck
It is a feature of Turner syndrome (only found in girls) and Noonan syndrome, as well as the rarer Klippel-Feil syndrome, or ... Miller LB, Kanter M, Wolfort F (1990). "Treatment of webbed neck in Turner's syndrome with tissue expansion". Ann Plast Surg. ... "Modified Z-plasty repair of webbed neck deformity seen in Turner and Klippel-Feil syndrome". Cleft Palate Craniofac. J. 39 (3 ... Qian JG, Wang XJ (2007). ", Noonan syndrome and correction of the webbed neck". Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive, and ...
*  RPS4X
It has been suggested that haploinsufficiency of the ribosomal protein S4 genes plays a role in Turner syndrome; however, this ... Geerkens C, Just W, Held KR, Vogel W (1996). "Ullrich-Turner syndrome is not caused by haploinsufficiency of RPS4X". Hum. Genet ... and Y-encoded isoforms of ribosomal protein S4 consistent with a role in Turner syndrome". Nat. Genet. 4 (3): 268-271. doi: ... escape from X inactivation and possible implications for Turner syndrome". Cell. 63 (6): 1205-1218. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(90) ...
*  Gonadal dysgenesis
The first type of gonadal dysgenesis discovered was Turner syndrome. The condition may be due to: Turner syndrome, and its ... XY Perrault syndrome, XX gonadal dysgenesis + sensorineural hearing loss Mixed gonadal dysgenesis Exposure to environmental ... variations (i.e. mosaicism) XX gonadal dysgenesis, also pure gonadal dysgenesis, 46,XX Swyer syndrome, also pure gonadal ...
*  Genetically modified organism
"Recombinant growth hormone for children and adolescents with Turner syndrome". Cochrane Database Syst Rev (1): CD003887. doi: ...
*  Epicanthic fold
In Zellweger syndrome, epicanthic folds are prominent. Other examples are fetal alcohol syndrome, phenylketonuria, and Turner ... In 1862, John Langdon Down classified what is now called Down syndrome. He used the term mongoloid for the condition. This was ... 1] Conor, WO (1999). "John Langdon Down: The Man and the Message". Down Syndrome Research and Practice. 6 (1): 19-24. doi: ... About 60% of individuals with Down syndrome (also called as trisomy 21) have prominent epicanthic folds. ...
*  Noonan syndrome
It is referred to as the male version of Turner's syndrome; however, the genetic causes of Noonan syndrome and Turner syndrome ... Male Turner syndrome, Turner-like syndrome)]". Med Pregl. 31 (7-8): 299-303. PMID 692497. "Noonan syndrome" at Dorland's ... Costello syndrome Legius syndrome Noonan Syndrome with Multiple Lentigines, as known as LEOPARD syndrome, a related disorder ... Noonan syndrome' became officially recognized. Turner syndrome, a different disorder often confused with NS because of several ...
*  Quadrilateral space syndrome
Differential considerations include similar rotator cuff denervation syndromes such as Parsonage-Turner syndrome, and ... Quadrilateral space syndrome or quadrangular space syndrome is a rotator cuff denervation syndrome in which the axillary nerve ... Parsonage-Turner syndrome Rotator cuff Sports medicine Radiology Cothran, R. Lee; Helms, Clyde (2005-03-01). "Quadrilateral ... Robinson, P.; White, L. M.; Lax, M.; Salonen, D.; Bell, R. S. (2000-10-01). "Quadrilateral space syndrome caused by glenoid ...
*  Distal trisomy 10q
Down syndrome Turner syndrome Klinefelter's syndrome RESERVED, INSERM US14 -- ALL RIGHTS. "Orphanet: Distal trisomy 10q". www. ... This syndrome has a large range of outcomes depending on how much chromosomal material is involved. Outcomes include: very slow ...
*  Epigenetics of autism
Turner syndrome patients have only one X chromosome which can be either maternal or paternal in origin. When 80 females with ... Based on the results of a study on females with Turner syndrome, a hypothesis involving epigenetic mechanisms was proposed to ... Rett syndrome and Fragile X syndrome (FXS) are single gene disorders related to ASD with overlapping symptoms that include ... Turner syndrome): parent-of-origin effect of the X chromosome". American Journal of Medical Genetics. 96 (3): 312-316. doi: ...
*  Neurorehabilitation
... disease Brain injury Anoxic brain injury Traumatic brain injury Multiple sclerosis Post-polio syndrome Guillain-Barré syndrome ... Turner, Dennis A. (2016-01-01). "Enhancing Nervous System Recovery through Neurobiologics, Neural Interface Training, and ...
*  List of cutaneous neoplasms associated with systemic syndromes
Jan 2004;31(1):32-8. Prevalence of Pilomatricoma in Turner Syndrome: Findings From a Multicenter Study. Handler MZ, Derrick KM ... Many cutaneous neoplasms occur in the setting of systemic syndromes. List of cutaneous conditions List of contact allergens ... Pilomatricoma-like changes in the epidermal cysts of Gardner's syndrome. Cooper PH, Fechner RE.. ... Brooke-Spiegler syndrome associated with cylindroma, trichoepithelioma, spiradenoma, and syringoma. J Dermatol. ...