*  Carcinoembryonic antigen
"Clinical utility of biochemical markers in colorectal cancer: European Group on Tumour Markers (EGTM) guidelines". European ... for staging or to localize cancer spread through measurement of biological fluids. CEA levels may also be raised in gastric ... varies directly with tumor stage. Left-sided tumors generally tend to have higher CEA levels than right-sided tumors. Tumors ... It varies inversely with tumor grade; well-differentiated tumors secrete more CEA. CEA is elevated more in tumors with lymph ...
*  Alpha-fetoprotein
This is important for analysis of a series of AFP tumor marker tests, e.g. in the context of post-treatment early surveillance ... Mizejewski GJ (2003). "Biological role of alpha-fetoprotein in cancer: prospects for anticancer therapy". Expert Rev Anticancer ... Very high AFP levels may be subject to hooking (see Tumor marker), which results in the level being reported significantly ... Tumor marker AFP-L3 GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000081051 - Ensembl, May 2017 GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ...
*  Tumor marker
Tumor Markers, Biological at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). ... Tumor markers can be produced directly by the tumor or by non-tumor cells as a response to the presence of a tumor. Although ... Staging: some tumor markers are included in the staging procedures for some tumor localizations. Prognosis to plan the ... Kaura, B; Bagga, R; Patel, FD (2004). "Evaluation of the Pyruvate Kinase isoenzyme tumor (Tu M2-PK) as a tumor marker for ...
*  CA-125
Sarandakou A, Protonotariou E, Rizos D (2007). "Tumor markers in biological fluids associated with pregnancy". Critical Reviews ... "Characterization of the tumor marker muc16 (ca125) expressed by murine ovarian tumor cell lines and identification of a panel ... CA-125 has found application as a tumor marker or biomarker that may be elevated in the blood of some patients with specific ... de Larrea CF, Cibeira MT, Vallansot R, Colomo L, Bladé J (Oct 2008). "Increased serum tumor markers (CA125 and CA15.3) in ...
*  Placental alkaline phosphatase
Fishman WH (December 1987). "Clinical and biological significance of an isozyme tumor marker--PLAP". Clin. Biochem. 20 (6): 387 ... A European Based Expert Group on Tumor Markers. Germ cell cancer". W. Albrecht; et al. (2004). "Testicular tumor markers: ... PLAP is a tumor marker, especially in seminoma and ovarian cancer. PLAP is reliable only in non-smokers, as smoking interferes ... "Tumor Markers in Testicular Cancers" (PDF). Nye KE, Riley GA, Pinching AJ (1992). "The defect seen in the phosphatidylinositol ...
*  John Raymond Hobbs
Hobbs, J.R., Melino, G, Riches, P. Successful uses of tumour markers in man. In 'Protides of the Biological Fluids' 31. ed. H. ... Developed successful uses of human tumour markers In Clinical Immunology, Standardised methods and reagents (some for WHO) to ... Protides of the biological fluids' 1989; 36: 3-17 Hobbs, J. R., Barrett, A. J., Chambers, J. D., James, D. C. O., Hugh-Jones, K ... Hobbs, J.R. Cytofluorometry to predict effects of biological response modifiers in Poulik D. et al. eds. ' ...
*  Fucosyltransferase 3
... and circulating tumor marker sialyl-Lewis a levels". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 271 (50): 32260-8. doi:10.1074/jbc. ... Characterization of highly conserved cysteine residues and N-linked glycosylation sites". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. ... Alternative splicing, polyadenylation, and isoforms". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 270 (34): 20112-22. doi:10.1074/jbc. ... The glycosphingolipids function in embryogenesis, tissue differentiation, tumor metastasis, inflammation, and bacterial ...
*  GATA3
... a highly specific tumor marker of T-ALL". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 272 (7): 4576-81. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.7.4576. ... a highly specific tumor marker of T-ALL". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 272 (7): 4576-81. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.7.4576. ... AR+ tumors. Nuclear expression of GATA-3 in breast cancer is considered a marker of luminal cancer in ER+ cancer and luminal ... Ets1 and Ets2, but not Elf-1, cooperate with GATA3 and HTLV-I Tax1". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 274 (18): 12910-6. ...
*  SIM2
"Down's syndrome-associated single minded gene as a novel tumor marker". Anticancer Research. 22 (6A): 3149-57. PMID 12530058. ... Cross-talk between basic helix-loop-helix/per-Arnt-Sim homology transcription factors". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. ... EMT suppression allows for E-cadherin to remain and for the cell to not undergo pathological EMT associated with tumor ... It has been researched that SIM2s acts in mammary gland development and has tumor suppressive characteristics specifically in ...
*  PKM2
Steták A, Veress R, Ovádi J, Csermely P, Kéri G, Ullrich A (Feb 2007). "Nuclear translocation of the tumor marker pyruvate ... Purification and characterization". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 262 (8): 3903-8. PMID 3818670. Tsutsumi H, Tani K, ... been termed Tumor M2-PK. The quantification of Tumor M2-PK in plasma and stool is a tool for early detection of tumors and ... In tumor cells, the increased rate of lactate production in the presence of oxygen is termed the Warburg effect. Genetic ...
*  Elevated alkaline phosphatase
"Placental alkaline phosphatase as a tumor marker for seminoma". Cancer Res. 42 (8): 3244-7. PMID 7093962. L Tibi; A W Patrick; ... The Journal of Biological Chemistry. BESSEY, O. A.; LOWKY, O. H.; BROCK, M. J. (1946-01-01). "A method for the rapid ... Malignant tumors (ALP originating from tumor) Renal disease (secondary hyperparathyroidism) Primary hypothyroidism Other ... This distinction is indicated by the markers of inflammations specifically from C-reactive protein (CRP) with elevated levels ...
*  40S ribosomal protein S27
"Metallopanstimulin as a novel tumor marker in sera of patients with various types of common cancers: implications for ... The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 281 (13): 8675-85. doi:10.1074/jbc.M511333200. PMID 16446370. Wang YW, Qu Y, Li JF, Chen ... "A new assay to screen for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma using the tumor marker metallopanstimulin". Otolaryngology-- ... Stack BC, Hollenbeak CS, Lee CM, Dunphy FR, Lowe VJ, Hamilton PD (December 2004). "Metallopanstimulin as a marker for head and ...
*  CALYM
... tumor markers, circulating DNA, immunomonitoring, imaging); Optimization and exploitation of clinical research-related tools to ... CALYM is working within the following research areas: Identification and validation of new biological targets and in vitro/in ... including new biological targets) to clinical research (up to international phase III registration trials) and also carries out ... biological collections, network and platform of centralized proofreading of imaging, biometry, long term follow-up of patients ...
*  SLC25A5
Due to its expression profile, it has been used as a growth marker and targeted for studies in tumor cell growth. The SLC25A5 ... Kerr JF, Wyllie AH, Currie AR (Aug 1972). "Apoptosis: a basic biological phenomenon with wide-ranging implications in tissue ... Overexpression of ANT2 has been linked to tumor cell growth and attributed to its anti-apoptotic function. One study found that ... Alternatively, suppressing the expression of this gene has been shown to induce apoptosis and inhibit tumor growth. Though ANT2 ...
*  XIAP
High proportions of XIAP may function as a tumor marker. In the development of lung cancer NCI-H460, the overexpression of XIAP ... Apoptotic regulation is an extremely important biological function, as evidenced by "the conservation of the IAPs from humans ... The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 278 (9): 7494-9. doi:10.1074/jbc.C200695200. PMID 12511567. Song Z, Yao X, Wu M (June 2003 ... The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 276 (43): 39985-9. doi:10.1074/jbc.C100171200. PMID 11546791. Winsauer G, Resch U, Hofer- ...
*  FAM129A
2007). "A novel tumor marker, Niban, is expressed in subsets of thyroid tumors and Hashimoto's thyroiditis". Hum. Pathol. 37 ( ... 2006). "The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1". Nature. 441 (7091): 315-21. doi:10.1038/nature04727 ...
*  Human chorionic gonadotropin
Combined with alpha-fetoprotein, β-HCG is an excellent tumor marker for the monitoring of germ cell tumors.[citation needed] ... As the most abundant biological source is women who are presently pregnant, some organizations collect urine from pregnant ... "Tumor Markers Found in Blood or Urine". American Cancer Society. Retrieved 21 January 2014. HCG Injection After Ovulation ... Human chorionic gonadotropin can be used as a tumor marker, as its β subunit is secreted by some cancers including seminoma, ...
*  REG4
2006). "Novel tumor marker REG4 detected in serum of patients with resectable pancreatic cancer and feasibility for antibody ... 2006). "The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1". Nature. 441 (7091): 315-21. doi:10.1038/nature04727 ... 2005). "Reg IV: a promising marker of hormone refractory metastatic prostate cancer". Clin. Cancer Res. 11 (6): 2237-43. doi: ...
*  Macrophage colony-stimulating factor
Mroczko B, Szmitkowski M (2005). "Hematopoietic cytokines as tumor markers". Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. 42 (12 ... The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 267 (7): 4345-8. PMID 1531650. Saltman DL, Dolganov GM, Hinton LM, Lovett M (February 1992 ... and increased tumour cell cytotoxicity. The role of M-CSF is not only restricted to the monocyte/macrophage cell lineage. By ... The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 267 (4): 2190-9. PMID 1733926. Pampfer S, Tabibzadeh S, Chuan FC, Pollard JW (December ...
*  PDPN
2007). "Podoplanin expression in primary central nervous system germ cell tumors: a useful histological marker for the ... 2006). "The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1". Nature. 441 (7091): 315-21. doi:10.1038/nature04727 ... 2007). "Increased expression of podoplanin in malignant astrocytic tumors as a novel molecular marker of malignant progression ... malignant mesothelioma and brain tumors. Moreover, it can be upregulated by cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in the tumor ...
*  Oncology
"AFP and HCG in germ cell tumors". The International Journal of Biological Markers. 9 (1): 29-32. ISSN 0393-6155. PMID 7519651. ... Tumor markers including alphafetoprotein (AFP), Beta Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG), Carcinoembionic Antigen (CEA), CA 125 ... Leukemia, Lymphoma, Germ cell tumors and early stage solid tumors which were once incurable have become curable malignancies ... Hande, K. R.; Garrow, G. C. (1993-02-01). "Acute tumor lysis syndrome in patients with high-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma". The ...
*  Neuroendocrine tumor
"The biological characterization of neuroendocrine tumors: The role of neuroendocrine markers". Journal of Endocrinological ... Small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors were first distinguished from other tumors in 1907. They were named carcinoid tumors ... Neuroendocrine thyroid tumors, particularly medullary carcinoma Parathyroid tumors Thymus and mediastinal carcinoid tumors ... Aside from the hormones of secretory tumors, the most important markers are: chromogranin A (CgA), present in 99% of metastatic ...
*  Dipeptidase 1
McIver CM, Lloyd JM, Hewett PJ, Hardingham JE (Jun 2004). "Dipeptidase 1: a candidate tumor-specific molecular marker in ... The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 265 (25): 15341-5. PMID 2168407. Adachi H, Tawaragi Y, Inuzuka C, Kubota I, Tsujimoto M, ... "Dipeptidase 1: a candidate tumor-specific molecular marker in colorectal carcinoma." Cancer Letters 209.1 (2004): 67-74. Web. ... suggesting that DPEP1 is a viable marker for disseminated colon tumor cells. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000015413 - ...
*  Ubiquitin
... and its overexpression in tumors with ras mutation is a poor prognostic marker". Clinical Cancer Research. 10 (6): 1984-91. doi ... Direct evidence for ubiquitination at the N-terminal residue". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 279 (40): 41414-21. doi: ... Mutations in Fbw7 have been found in more than 30% of human tumors, characterizing is as a tumor suppressor protein. Oncogenic ... The BRCA1 gene is another tumor suppressor gene in human which encodes the BRCA1 protein that is involved in response to DNA ...
*  Trypsin inhibitor
In nearly all tumor types studied, TATI is a marker of poor prognosis. Dreon M. S., Ituarte S. & Heras H. (2010). "The Role of ... A trypsin inhibitor is a type of serine protease inhibitor that reduces the biological activity of trypsin. Trypsin is an ... The peptide tumor-associated trypsin inhibitor (TATI) has been used as a marker of mucinous ovarian carcinoma, urothelial ... In urothelial carcinoma, TATI expression varies with stage, ranging from 20% in low-stage tumors to 80% of high-stage tumors. ...
*  List of May Bukas Pa episodes
As the two journeys to an unknown location, Olegario tells Santino that he needs him to heal his son who has a brain tumor ... After finding out that she was an adopted child, she searched to find her whole life to meet her biological mother Lotlot De ... After giving up with life, she decided to commit suicide by jumping off a bridge while pregnant. Natty and her husband then ... She later reveals to Santino that she was searching for her biological mother who from what she knows still lives in Bagong Pag ...
*  Mir-210 microRNA
... "hsa-mir-210 is a marker of tumor hypoxia and a prognostic factor in head and neck cancer". Cancer. 116 (9): 2148-58. doi: ... The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 286 (1): 420-8. doi:10.1074/jbc.M110.170852. PMC 3013001 . PMID 21044961. Li T, Cao H, ... tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and leptin, as seen in HL-1 cardiomyocytes injected with miRNA-210. However, miRNA-210 also ... The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 283 (23): 15878-83. doi:10.1074/jbc.m800731200. PMC 3259646 . PMID 18417479. Song H, Zhang ...