*Triose

A triose is a monosaccharide, or simple sugar, containing three carbon atoms. There are only three possible trioses: L- ... Trioses are important in cellular respiration. During glycolysis, fructose-1,6-bisphosphate is broken down into glyceraldehyde- ... "Trioses - Three Carbon Sugars". Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-07-10. "Glycolysis in Detail". Ohio State University at ...

*Triose phosphate translocator

The triose phosphate translocator is an integral membrane protein found in the inner membrane of chloroplasts. It exports ... Walters, R.; Ibrahim, D.; Horton, P.; Kruger, N. (2004). "A mutant of Arabidopsis lacking the triose-phosphate/phosphate ... produced in photosynthesis by plants and therefore most of the carbon in food that one eats has been transported by the triose ... triose phosphate (Dihydroxyacetone phosphate) in exchange for inorganic phosphate and is therefore classified as an antiporter ...

*Isomerase

"Triose phosphate isomerase deficiency -TPI" (PDF). Retrieved 26 November 2013. Bhosale SH, Rao MB, Deshpande VV (Jun 1996). " ... "Triose phosphate-isomerase deficiency". Orphanet. Retrieved 14 November 2013. Celotto AM, Frank AC, Seigle JL, Palladino MJ ( ...

*Fatty acid metabolism

The glycolytic enzyme triose phosphate isomerase converts this compound to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, which is oxidized via ... D. L. Vander Jagt; B. Robinson; K. K. Taylor; L. A. Hunsaker (1992). "Reduction of trioses by NADPH-dependent aldo-keto ... converted into glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate by the enzyme triose phosphate isomerase. From here the three carbon atoms of the ...

*Triokinase

This enzyme is also called triose kinase. This enzyme participates in fructose metabolism. Hers HG, Kusaka T (1953). "[The ...

*Lactoylglutathione lyase

Phillips SA, Thornalley PJ (Feb 1993). "The formation of methylglyoxal from triose phosphates. Investigation using a specific ...

*Diose

Triose Tetrose Pentose Hexose Heptose Mathews, Christopher K.,; Van Holde, Kensal Edward; Ahern, Kevin G. (2000). Biochemistry ...

*Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate

... , also known as triose phosphate or 3-phosphoglyceraldehyde and abbreviated as G3P, GA3P, GADP, GAP, ... Dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP), catalyzed by triose phosphate isomerase. Compound C00111 at KEGG Pathway Database.Enzyme 5.3 ...

*Triosephosphate isomerase

Triose-phosphate isomerase (TPI or TIM) is an enzyme (EC 5.3.1.1) that catalyzes the reversible interconversion of the triose ... The sequence around the active site residues is conserved in all known triose phosphate isomerases. The structure of triose ... Triose phosphate isomerase is a dimer of identical subunits, each of which is made up of about 250 amino acid residues. The ... Triose phosphate isomerase is a highly efficient enzyme, performing the reaction billions of times faster than it would occur ...

*TPI1

Triose Phosphate Isomerase is a member of the alpha and beta (α/β) class of proteins; it is a homodimer, and each subunit ... Rethoré MO, Kaplan JC, Junien C, Lejeune J (Apr 1977). "12pter to 12p12.2: possible assignment of human triose phosphate ... Daar IO, Artymiuk PJ, Phillips DC, Maquat LE (Oct 1986). "Human triose-phosphate isomerase deficiency: a single amino acid ... Ralser M, Heeren G, Breitenbach M, Lehrach H, Krobitsch S (20 December 2006). "Triose phosphate isomerase deficiency is caused ...

*Glyceraldehyde

... (glyceral) is a triose monosaccharide with chemical formula C3H6O3. It is the simplest of all common aldoses. It ...

*Fructose

The resulting trioses are identical to those obtained in glycolysis and can enter the gluconeogenic pathway for glucose or ... in fructolysis the triose glyceraldehyde lacks a phosphate group. A third enzyme, triokinase, is therefore required to ... which is split by aldolase B to produce the trioses dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) and glyceraldehyde [2]. Unlike glycolysis ...

*Fructose 1-phosphate

Glyceraldehyde is then phosphorylated by triose kinase to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. Metabolism of fructose thus essentially ...

*Pyrobaculum asR3 small RNA

asR3 binds to the 3'-end of the tpi gene (triose-phosphate-isomerse). The tpi mRNA has a conserved structural element located ... "On the three-dimensional structure and catalytic mechanism of triose phosphate isomerase". Philosophical Transactions of the ...

*Michael Sternberg

Phillips, D. C.; Sternberg, M. J.; Thornton, J. M.; Wilson, I. A. (1978). "An analysis of the structure of triose phosphate ... "An analysis of the three-dimensional structure of chicken triose phosphate isomerase". Biochemical Society Transactions. 5 (3 ...

*Biomolecule

Trioses, Tetroses, Heptoses, galactose, pentoses, ribose, and deoxyribose. Consumed fructose and glucose have different rates ...

*Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (phosphorylating)

Caputto R; Dixon M. "Crystallization and identity of the triose and triosephosphate dehydrogenase of muscle". N. Lond. Nature: ...

*Methylglyoxal synthase

Triose phosphate catabolism switches over to MGS when phosphate concentrations are too low for glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate ... This interplay between the two enzymes allows the cell to shift triose catabolism between the formation of 1,3- ... Methylglyoxal synthase provides an alternative catabolic pathway for triose phosphates created in glycolysis. It has activity ... suggesting an interplay between the two enzymes in the breakdown of triose phosphates. Indeed, MGS is strongly inhibited by ...

*Natural product

Photosynthesis produces initially 3-phosphoglyceraldehyde, a three carbon atom containing sugar (a triose). This triose in turn ...

*Thomas D. Sharkey (plant biochemist)

2016). "Triose phosphate use limitation of photosynthesis: short-term and long-term effects". Planta. 243: 687-698. doi:10.1007 ...

*Chloroplast membrane

For example, carbohydrates are transported across the inner envelope membrane by a triose phosphate translocator. The two ... "A Mutant of Arabidopsis Lacking the Triose-Phosphate/Phosphate Translocator Reveals Metabolic Regulation of Starch Breakdown in ...

*Diamidophosphate

"Prebiotic synthesis of phosphoenol pyruvate by α-phosphorylation-controlled triose glycolysis Supplementary Information ...

*Monosaccharide nomenclature

... trioses, tetroses, pentoses, hexoses, etc. Every simple monosaccharide has an acyclic (open chain) form, which can be written ...

*Fructose 2,6-bisphosphate

In the Calvin Cycle, 5/6th of triose phosphates are recycled to make ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate. The remaining 1/6 of triose ... Fru-2,6-P2 plays an important role in the regulation of triose phosphates, the end products of the Calvin Cycle. ... Fru-2,6-P2 production is activated when plants are in the dark and photosynthesis and triose phosphates are not produced. ... When the rate of photosynthesis in the light reactions is high, triose phosphates are constantly produced and the production of ...

*Triosephosphate isomerase deficiency

"Triose Phosphate Isomerase Deficiency Is Caused by Altered Dimerization-Not Catalytic Inactivity-of the Mutant Enzymes". PLoS ...