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*  Perilipin-2
"Adipophilin increases triglyceride storage in human macrophages by stimulation of biosynthesis and inhibition of beta-oxidation ... "Adipophilin increases triglyceride storage in human macrophages by stimulation of biosynthesis and inhibition of beta-oxidation ... and is associated with reduced plasma triglyceride concentration in humans". FASEB Journal. 27 (8): 3090-9. doi:10.1096/fj.13- ... and is associated with reduced plasma triglyceride concentration in humans". The FASEB Journal. 27 (8): 3090-3099. doi:10.1096/ ...
*  Lipase inhibitors
... bind to lipase enzymes in the intestine, thus preventing the hydrolysis of dietary triglycerides into ...
*  Lipoprotein lipase
... thereby directing triglycerides to muscles. The model suggests a general framework for how triglyceride trafficking is ... It is a water-soluble enzyme that hydrolyzes triglycerides in lipoproteins, such as those found in chylomicrons and very low- ... LPL functions as a homodimer, and has the dual functions of triglyceride hydrolase and ligand/bridging factor for receptor- ... Zhang R (April 2016). "The ANGPTL3-4-8 model, a molecular mechanism for triglyceride trafficking". Open Biol. 6: 150272. doi: ...
*  Hepatic lipase
LIPC encodes hepatic triglyceride lipase (HTGL), which is expressed in liver. LIPC has the dual functions of triglyceride ... Cai SJ, Wong DM, Chen SH, Chan L (Nov 1989). "Structure of the human hepatic triglyceride lipase gene". Biochemistry. 28 (23): ... Hepatic lipase, also called hepatic triglyceride lipase (HTGL) or LIPC (for "lipase, hepatic"), is a form of lipase, catalyzing ... Stahnke G, Sprengel R, Augustin J, Will H (1988). "Human hepatic triglyceride lipase: cDNA cloning, amino acid sequence and ...
*  Medium-chain triglyceride
Medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) are triglycerides whose fatty acids have an aliphatic tail of 6-12 carbon atoms. The fatty ... "Greater rise in fat oxidation with medium-chain triglyceride consumption relative to long-chain triglyceride is associated with ... Medium-chain triglycerides are generally considered a good biologically inert source of energy that the human body finds ... Due to their ability to be absorbed rapidly by the body, medium-chain triglycerides have found use in the treatment of a ...
*  Fatty acid metabolism
These triglycerides, cannot be absorbed by the intestine. They are broken down into mono- and di-glycerides plus free fatty ... This occurs in the same way as it does in the liver, except that these tissues do not release the triglycerides thus produced ... Fatty acids (mainly in the form of triglycerides) are therefore the foremost storage form of fuel in most animals, and to a ... The fatty acids in the fats obtained from land animals tend to be saturated, whereas the fatty acids in the triglycerides of ...
*  Lipid metabolism
The majority of lipids found in the human body from ingesting food are Triglycerides. Since lipids are fats, lipid metabolism ... It is the pancreatic lipase that is responsible for signaling for the hydrolysis of the triglycerides into separate free fatty ... Digestion is the first step to lipid metabolism, and is the process of breaking the triglycerides down into smaller ... King, Michael W. Fatty Acid, Omega-3 and Omega-6 Fatty Acid, Triglyceride, and Phospholipid Synthesis and Metabolism. The ...
*  Lipid-lowering agent
Fibrates typically lower triglycerides by 20% to 50%. Level of the good cholesterol HDL is also increased. Fibrates may ... It decreases LDL by 15-30% and raises HDL by 3-5%, with little effect on triglycerides but can cause a slight increase. Bile ... lomitapide is a microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) inhibitor. phytosterols may be found naturally in plants. ... is also well suited for lowering triglycerides by 20-50%. It may also lower LDL by 5-25% and increase HDL by 15-35%. Niacin may ...
*  Lipolysis
While lipolysis is triglyceride hydrolysis (the process by which triglycerides are broken down), esterification is the process ... Triglycerides are transported through the blood to appropriate tissues (adipose, muscle, etc.) by lipoproteins such as Very-Low ... The first step and the rate-limiting step of lipolysis is carried out by adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL). This enzyme ... Lipolysis /lɪˈpɒlɪsɪs/ is the breakdown of lipids and involves hydrolysis of triglycerides into glycerol and free fatty acids. ...
*  Lipid profile
This test is used to identify dyslipedemia (various disturbances of cholesterol and triglyceride levels), many forms of which ... Typically the laboratory measures only three quantities: total cholesterol; HDL; Triglycerides. From these three data LDL may ... According to Friedewald's equation: LDL = Total chloresterol - HDL - Triglycerides/5 Other calculations of LDL from those same ... Then Friedewald's equation mentioned above yields: VLDL = Triglycerides/5 The alternative calculations mentioned above may ...
*  Triglyceride
Triglycerides are chemically tri esters of fatty acids and glycerol. Triglycerides are formed by combining glycerol with three ... once the triglycerides have been broken down. In the intestine, following the secretion of lipases and bile, triglycerides are ... but many kinds of triglycerides are known. The chain lengths of the fatty acids in naturally occurring triglycerides vary, but ... enzyme responsible for triglyceride biosynthesis Medium-chain triglycerides Lipid profile Lipids Vertical auto profile " ...
*  Triglyceride lipase
... s are lipases that hydrolyse ester linkages of triglycerides. These lipases are widely distributed in ...
*  Adipose triglyceride lipase
... also known as patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 2 is an enzyme that in humans is ... 2007). "Adipose triglyceride lipase-mediated lipolysis of cellular fat stores is activated by CGI-58 and defective in Chanarin- ... 2007). "Adipose triglyceride lipase and hormone-sensitive lipase protein expression is decreased in the obese insulin-resistant ... Mairal A, Langin D, Arner P, Hoffstedt J (2007). "Human adipose triglyceride lipase (PNPLA2) is not regulated by obesity and ...
*  Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein
... large subunit is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MTTP gene. MTP encodes the ... Mar 1994). "Abetalipoproteinemia is caused by defects of the gene encoding the 97 kDa subunit of a microsomal triglyceride ... "Entrez Gene: MTTP microsomal triglyceride transfer protein". Luz JM, Lennarz WJ (1996). "Protein disulfide isomerase: a ... 1996). "Mutations of the Microsomal Triglyceride-Transfer-Protein Gene in Abetalipoproteinemia". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 57 (6): ...
*  Caprylic acid
Some studies have shown that medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) can help in the process of excess calorie burning, and thus ... Rego Costa AC, Rosado EL, Soares-Mota M (2012). "Influence of the dietary intake of medium chain triglycerides on body ... St-Onge, MP; Jones, PJ (2002). "Physiological effects of medium-chain triglycerides: potential agents in the prevention of ... Clegg, M. E. (2010). "Medium-chain triglycerides are advantageous in promoting weight loss although not beneficial to exercise ...
*  Alcohol (drug)
monographs.iarc.fr "Triglycerides". American Heart Association. Archived from the original on 27 August 2007. Retrieved 4 ... of alcoholic beverages has been shown to be a major contributing factor in cases of elevated blood levels of triglycerides. ...
*  Lipogenesis
This aggregation of triglycerides occurs through the increase in the synthesis of triglyceride production. SREBPs have been ... The inhibition of lipogenesis occurs through the down regulation of fatty acid and triglyceride gene expression. Through the ... In one experiment, 43% of the chylomicron triglyceride fatty acids was of endogenous origin. Relatively more (54%) of the ... Through lipogenesis and subsequent triglyceride synthesis, the energy can be efficiently stored in the form of fats. ...
*  Insulin resistance
Triglyceride levels are driven by a variety of dietary factors. In studies on animals caloric intake that is far in excess of ... Elevated levels of free fatty acids and triglycerides in the blood stream and tissues also have been found in many studies to ... Fructose is metabolized by the liver into triglycerides, and, as mentioned above, tends to raise their levels in the blood ... High levels of lipids in the bloodstream have the potential to result in accumulation of triglycerides and their derivatives ...
*  Hypertriglyceridemia
... that hydrolyzes triglycerides in lipoproteins, leads to elevated levels of triglycerides in the blood. Lysosomal acid lipase ... The normal triglyceride level is less than 150 mg/dL. Once diagnosed, other blood tests are usually required to determine ... Very high triglyceride levels also increase the risk of acute pancreatitis. Hypertriglyceridemia itself is usually symptomless ... Elevated levels of triglycerides are associated with atherosclerosis, even in the absence of hypercholesterolemia (high ...
*  Fatty acid ester
Dietary fats are chemically triglycerides. Glycerol esters of fatty acids occur as colorless to brown powders, flakes, coarse ... When the alcohol component is glycerol, the fatty acid esters produced can be monoglycerides, diglycerides, or triglycerides. ...
*  Glossary of biology
Cholesterol and triglycerides are lipids. lipoprotein a biochemical assembly that contains both proteins and lipids, bound to ...
*  Congenital generalized lipodystrophy
... and high serum levels of triglycerides. Genetic testing can also confirm the disease, as mutations in the AGPAT2 gene is ...
*  Diglyceride
Because triglycerides cannot be absorbed by the digestive system, triglycerides must first be enzymatically digested into ... triglyceride), which is formed in the addition of a third fatty acid to the diacylglycerol under the catalysis of diglyceride ... transport in the blood and storage Lipid Monoglyceride Triglyceride IUPAC, Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the " ... Industrial production is primarily achieved by a glycerolysis reaction between triglycerides and glycerol. The raw materials ...
*  Coronary artery disease
High blood triglycerides may play a role. High levels of lipoprotein(a), a compound formed when LDL cholesterol combines with a ... Kannel, WB; Vasan, RS (Jul 2009). "Triglycerides as vascular risk factors: new epidemiologic insights". Current Opinion in ...
*  Biomarker discovery
It increased triglycerides accumulation in the liver; altered free fatty acids in the heart, in the adipose tissue, and in the ... heart; and reduced triglyceride levels in plasma. Glycosylation is a common posttranslational protein modifications, and almost ... coronary bypass patients contained significantly less sphingomyelin relative to phosphatidylcholine and higher triglycerides ...