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*  Coconut oil
... polyunsaturated fatty acids. In the partial hydrogenation process, some of these are transformed into trans fatty acids. ... Lauric acid, a 12-carbon chain fatty acid, is often removed because of its high value for industrial and medical purposes. The ... "New and existing oils and fats used in products with reduced trans-fatty acid content" (PDF). Journal of the American Dietetic ... "Fats and fatty acids contents per 100 g (click for "more details") example: avocado oil; user can search for other oils". ...
*  Fatty acid metabolism
"Fatty Acid Biosynthesis." Trans Fatty Acids. Oxford: Blackwell Pub., 2008. 12. Print. "MetaCyc pathway: superpathway of fatty ... The fatty acids in the fats obtained from land animals tend to be saturated, whereas the fatty acids in the triglycerides of ... Fatty acids are broken down to acetyl-CoA by means of beta oxidation inside the mitochondria, whereas fatty acids are ... Once inside the cell long-chain-fatty-acid-CoA ligase catalyzes the reaction between a fatty acid molecule with ATP (which is ...
*  Conjugated linoleic acid
... is both a trans fatty acid and a cis fatty acid. The cis bond causes a lower melting point and ... Unlike other trans fatty acids, it may have beneficial effects on human health. CLA is conjugated, and in the United States, ... Conjugated fatty acids Banni S (June 2002). "Conjugated linoleic acid metabolism". Current Opinion in Lipidology. 13 (3): 261-6 ... Non-ruminants, including humans, produce certain isomers of CLA from trans isomers of oleic acid, such as vaccenic acid, which ...
*  Hypercholesterolemia
Ascherio A, Willett WC (October 1997). "Health effects of trans fatty acids". Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 66 (4 Suppl): 1006S-1010S. ... "Intake of saturated and trans unsaturated fatty acids and risk of all cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 ... and supplement fatty acids with coronary risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis". Annals of Internal Medicine. 160 (6): ... Trans fats have been shown to reduce levels of HDL while increasing levels of LDL. LDL and total cholesterol also increases by ...
*  Health crisis
"Trans Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Disease". 354 (15): 1601-1613. doi:10.1056/NEJMra054035. PMID 16611951 - via Taylor and ...
*  Cooking oil
Hayakawa, Kyoko; Linko, Yu-Yen; Linko, Pekka (2000). "The role of trans fatty acids in human nutrition". Starch - Stärke. 52 (6 ... Table 8 Fats and Oils and Their Principal Component Fatty Acids" & "Approximate Percentage of the Principal Fatty Acids The ... Mozaffarian, Dariush; Katan, Martijn B.; Ascherio, Alberto; Stampfer, Meir J.; Willett, Walter C. (2006). "Trans Fatty Acids ... "Intake of trans fatty acids and risk of coronary heart disease among women". Lancet. 341 (8845): 581-5. doi:10.1016/0140-6736( ...
*  Vegetable oil
... partial hydrogenation results in the transformation of unsaturated cis fatty acids to unsaturated trans fatty acids in the oil ... The other difference is that trans fatty acids (often called trans fat) are formed in the hydrogenation reactor, and may amount ... "Trans and positional isomers of common fatty acids". Advances in Nutritional Research. Plenum Press, New York. 5: 171-200. doi: ... Enig, M.G., Atal, S., Keeney, M and Sampugna, J. (1990). "Isomeric trans fatty acids in the U.S. diet". Journal of the American ...
*  French paradox
Clarke, Robert; Lewington, Sarah (2006). "Trans fatty acids and coronary heart disease". BMJ. 333 (7561): 214. doi:10.1136/bmj. ... because they are rich in shorter saturated fatty acids ranging from the 4-carbon butyric acid to the 16-carbon palmitic acid. ... and 20-carbon fatty acids. In addition, these hydrogenated fats include small quantities of trans fats which may have ... Frank Cooper argues that the French paradox is due to the lack of hydrogenated and trans fats in the French diet. The French ...
*  Oreo
"Trans fatty acids and coronary heart disease". Retrieved 2006-09-14. "The Campaign to Ban Partially Hydrogenated Oils". Ban ... Starting in January 2006, Oreo cookies replaced the trans fat in the cookie with non-hydrogenated vegetable oil. Nabisco began ... Trans Fats. Retrieved 2013-11-16. "Manning Brothers Take On 'Second Sport' With a Twist, Lick and Dunk" (Press release). ...
*  Alice H. Lichtenstein
Her research interests have included trans fatty acids; soy protein and isoflavones; sterol and stanol esters; modified ... be a shame if people overconsumed grass-fed beef in the false hope that it contains a generous amount of omega-3 fatty acids ... vegetable oils with different fatty acid profiles and glycemic indexes, in postmenopausal females and older males. ...
*  Prostate cancer
Thompson AK, Shaw DI, Minihane AM, Williams CM (Dec 2008). "Trans-fatty acids and cancer: the evidence reviewed". Nutrition ... Heinze VM, Actis AB (February 2012). "Dietary conjugated linoleic acid and long-chain n-3 fatty acids in mammary and prostate ... Evidence regarding the role of omega-3 fatty acids in preventing prostate cancer does not suggest that they reduce the risk of ... Qin X, Cui Y, Shen L, Sun N, Zhang Y, Li J, Xu X, Wang B, Xu X, Huo Y, Wang X (Jan 22, 2013). "Folic acid supplementation and ...
*  Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
FDA Wants Food LabelsTo List Trans Fatty Acids. The Washington Post. November 13, 1999. "This is one more thing on the food ... The Academy opposed mandated labeling of "trans fats" on food packaging. The Academy has given low ratings to the high-protein ...
*  1957 in science
"Occurrence of trans Fatty Acids in Human Tissue". Science. 126 (3276): 698-699. 1957-10-11. Bibcode:1957Sci...126..698J. doi: ... October 11 - An article by Fred Kummerow suggests a link between trans fats and heart disease. Charnia is first described ...
*  Western pattern diet
... a process that introduces trans elaidic acid not found naturally in food. The consumption of trans fatty acids such as trans ... The high level of omega-6 fatty acids compared to omega-3 fatty acids in the Western diet is believed to contribute to ... Iqbal, Mohammad Perwaiz (2014). "Trans fatty acids - A risk factor for cardiovascular disease". Pakistan Journal of Medical ... Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. pp. 14-15. doi:10.17226/10490 ...
*  Cardiovascular disease
Booker, C.S.; Mann, J.I. (2008). "Trans fatty acids and cardiovascular health: Translation of the evidence base". Nutrition, ... "Efficacy of Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements (Eicosapentaenoic Acid and Docosahexaenoic Acid) in the Secondary Prevention of ... A diet high in trans fatty acids, however, does increase rates of cardiovascular disease. Worldwide, dietary guidelines ... "Intake of saturated and trans unsaturated fatty acids and risk of all cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 ...
*  Palm kernel oil
... does not contain cholesterol or trans fatty acids. Palm kernel oil is commonly used in commercial cooking ... yields fatty acids, with glycerin (glycerol) as a byproduct. The split-off fatty acids are a mixture ranging from C4 to C18, ... these oils give the name to the 16-carbon saturated fatty acid palmitic acid that they contain. Palm kernel oil, which is semi- ... The approximate concentration of fatty acids (FAs) in palm kernel oil is as follows: Splitting of oils and fats by hydrolysis, ...
*  Elaidic acid
"Fatty acid composition of caprine milk: major, branched-chain, and trans fatty acids". J. Dairy Sci. 82 (5): 878-84. doi: ... Elaidic acid is the organic compound with the formula CH3(CH2)7CHCH(CH2)7CO2H. Classified as an unsaturated trans fatty acid, ... It is the trans isomer of oleic acid. The name of the elaidinization reaction comes from elaidic acid. Elaidic acid occurs ... "Plasma cholesteryl ester transfer protein activity is increased when trans-elaidic acid is substituted for cis-oleic acid in ...
*  Fred Kummerow
Occurrence of trans fatty acids in human tissue. Science 126, 698-699 (1957). Kummerow FA. Nutrition imbalance and angiotoxins ... The FDA specifically ruled that trans fat was not generally recognized as safe and "could no longer be added to food after June ... He was one of the pioneers in establishing the connection between trans fats and heart disease, and he helped to cement the ... His research led to the discovery of the link between trans fats and cardiac disease. As a researcher during the Cold War, ...
*  Ground turkey
Scientists found trans fatty acids in every sample due to the diets of turkeys. Ground turkey and ground beef have similar ... "Moisture, Total Lipid, Fatty Acids, and Cholesterol in Raw Ground Turkey." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 41.8 ( ... The composition of fatty acids found in the ground turkey samples include cis-octadecenoates, linoleate, palmitate, stearate, ... percentages of fatty acid content. The average overall fat content per 100g of ground turkey is 8.5g and lower than the 17g ...
*  International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood
Intake of trans fatty acids and prevalence of childhood asthma and allergies in Europe. ISAAC Steering Committee. Lancet. 1999; ...
*  Trans fat
... , or trans-unsaturated fatty acids, trans fatty acids, are a type of unsaturated fat that occur in small amounts in ... Trans fatty acids may impair the metabolism of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs), but maternal pregnancy trans ... related to the presence of trans fatty acids in foods and the effect on human health of the consumption of trans fatty acids. ... "trans fatty acids in human milk are inversely associated with concentrations of essential all-cis n-6 and n-3 fatty acids and ...
*  Newman-O's
The cookies are organic and contain neither partially hydrogenated oils nor trans fatty acids. They are popular among those who ...
*  Coronary artery disease
Mozaffarian D, Katan MB, Ascherio A, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC (April 2006). "Trans fatty acids and cardiovascular disease". N. ... "Efficacy of Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements (Eicosapentaenoic Acid and Docosahexaenoic Acid) in the Secondary Prevention of ... "Consumption of trans fatty acids is related to plasma biomarkers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction". J Nutr. 135 (3 ... Rizos EC, Ntzani EE, Bika E, Kostapanos MS, Elisaf MS (September 2012). "Association Between Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation ...
*  C-reactive protein
"Consumption of trans fatty acids is related to plasma biomarkers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction". The Journal of ... A study of over 700 nurses showed that those in the highest quartile of trans fat consumption had blood levels of CRP that were ... It has 224 amino acids, has a monomer molecular mass of 25,106 Da, and has an annular pentameric discoid shape. CRP binds to ...
*  Endothelial dysfunction
"Consumption of trans fatty acids is related to plasma biomarkers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction". The Journal of ... A positive relationship exists between the consumption of trans fat (commonly found in hydrogenated products such as margarine ...
*  Halobacterium salinarum
Vreeland, H; Rosenzweig, W D; Lowenstein, T; Satterfield, C; Ventosa, A (December 2006). "Fatty acid and DNA analyses of ... Trans. 39 (1): 150-4. doi:10.1042/BST0390150. PMID 21265763. Kottemann M, Kish A, Iloanusi C, Bjork S, DiRuggiero J (2005). " ... Amino acids are the main source of chemical energy for H. salinarum, particularly arginine and aspartate, though they are able ... Kozlowski, LP (26 October 2016). "Proteome-pI: proteome isoelectric point database". Nucleic Acids Research. doi:10.1093/nar/ ...
*  Quaker Oats Company
Veronique Chajes et al, "Association between serum trans-monounsaturated fatty acids and breast cancer risk in the E3N-EPIC ... Dariush Mozaffarian et al, "Trans Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Disease", New England Journal of Medicine, 2006. Frank B. Hu ... In 2014, Quaker agreed to remove trans fats from its products at a cost of $1.4 million, although they deny false or misleading ... "Quaker settles trans fat labeling suit". Foodbusinessnews.net. Retrieved 5 November 2017. Quaker: UK Trade Site. Quaker. ...