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*  Brine shrimp
... has had extensive use as a test organism and in some circumstances is an acceptable alternative to the toxicity testing of ... L. Lewan; M. Anderrson & P. Morales-Gomez (1992). "The use of Artemia salina in toxicity testing". Alternatives to Laboratory ... makes them ideal animals for running biological toxicity assays and it has become a model organism used to test the toxicity of ... Some eggs were kept on Earth as experimental controls to ensure a fair test. Also, as the take-off in a spacecraft involves a ...
*  Alternatives to animal testing
Committee on Toxicity Testing and Assessment of Environmental Agents, National Research Council (2007). "Toxicity testing in ... including more than 200 human tissue culture tests to replace toxicity and other testing on animals ... Today, AFAAR funds a ... but does not oblige the test performer to do so; Article 25.1 - In order to avoid animal testing, testing on vertebrate animals ... Toxicity testing typically involves studying adverse health outcomes in animals subjected to high doses of toxicants with ...
*  Timeline of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill (June 2010)
"Toxicity Testing of Dispersants , EPA Response to BP Spill in the Gulf of Mexico , US EPA". Epa.gov. Retrieved 2010-07-01. " ... "Unified Command for the BP Oil Spill , NOAA Conducts Tests to Determine Fate of Whale Found Dead in Gulf of Mexico". ... "EPA's results indicated that none of the eight dispersants tested, including the product in use in the Gulf, displayed ... BP announces plans to have the well testing vessel Toisa Pisces replace the Discoverer Enterprise for bringing oil to the ...
*  Timeline of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill (August 2010)
"Toxicity Testing of Dispersants , EPA Response to BP Spill in the Gulf of Mexico , US EPA". Epa.gov. Retrieved 2010-08-03. " ... "Comparative Toxicity of Louisiana Sweet Crude Oil (LSC) and Chemically Dispersed LSC to Two Gulf of Mexico Aquatic Test Species ... "EPA Releases Second Phase of Toxicity Testing Data for Eight Oil Dispersants , Restore the Gulf". App.restorethegulf.gov. ... BP exec Doug Suttles says he would eat seafood from the Gulf saying, "There's been a tremendous amount of testing done by NOAA ...
*  Timeline of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill
"Toxicity Testing of Dispersants , EPA Response to BP Spill in the Gulf of Mexico , US EPA". Epa.gov. Retrieved August 3, 2010 ... Conducting the test would have taken 9-12 hours and $128,000. By canceling the cement test BP paid only $10,000. Crew leaves on ... "EPA Releases Second Phase of Toxicity Testing Data for Eight Oil Dispersants , Restore the Gulf". App.restorethegulf.gov. ... Tests begin on testing well integrity. Salazar issues a new moratorium until November 30 on deepwater wells that use a blowout ...
*  Joseph F. Holson
"Nonclinical Juvenile Toxicity Testing". In Hood, R.D. Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology: A Practical Approach, Second ... Early in Holson's career, while at NCTR, he led studies that assessed the developmental toxicity of FD&C Red No. 2, an amaranth ... Holson, J. F.; Stump, D. G.; Pearce, L. B.; Watson, R. E.; DeSesso, J. M. (2015-04-01). "Absence of developmental toxicity in a ... Stump, D. G.; Holson, J. F.; Harris, C.; Pearce, L. B.; Watson, R. E.; DeSesso, J. M. (2015-04-01). "Developmental toxicity in ...
*  Toxicology testing
... , also known as safety assessment, or toxicity testing, is conducted to determine the degree to which a ... Animal testing for cosmetic purposes is currently banned all across the European Union Toxicity tests examine finished products ... Toxicity tests can also be conducted on materials need to be disposed such as sediment to be disposed in marine environment. A ... What is aquatic toxicity testing? Genetic and Molecular Toxicology Assays, Safety Assessment, Animal Research Laboratories ...
*  Mysida
Nimmo, D. R.; Hamaker, T. L. (1982). "Mysids in toxicity testing - a review". Hydrobiologia. 93 (1-2): 171-178. doi:10.1007/ ... Americamysis bahia and Americamysis almyra are frequently used to test for pesticides and other toxic substances, with A. bahia ...
*  Monsanto legal cases
Marshall, E. (1983). "The murky world of toxicity testing". Science. 220 (4602): 1130-1132. doi:10.1126/science.6857237. PMID ... Bowman tested the new seeds, and found that as he had expected, some were resistant to glyphosate. He intentionally replanted ... Schneider, Keith "Faking it: The Case against Industrial Bio-Test Laboratories", Amicus Journal, Spring 1983. Novak, Roger A. ( ... IBT was an industrial product safety testing laboratory that was used by pharmaceutical companies, chemical manufacturers and ...
*  Florence Margaret Durham
Toxicity Tests for Novarseno-benzene (Neosalvarsan). London, Medical Research Council Special Report No. 128 Hurst, C. C. ( ...
*  Wang Aiping (physician)
Blood and Biochemical Test Manual; Dermal Toxicity Test Standard Operating Manual";"Genetic Toxicology Testing Standard ... For over 20 years, Wang has been researcher in drug and toxicity testing and has experience in new drug development. Since 2001 ... Long-Term Toxicity Test Standard Operating Manual; Common Instruments Using Standard Operating Manual; Animal Husbandry ... He has developed test methods, several of which are included in Pharmacology Research Methodology (Peoples Health Press, 2nd ...
*  Industrial Bio-Test Laboratories
Marshall, Eliot (1983-06-10). "The murky world of toxicity testing" (PDF). Science. 220 (4602): 1130-1132. Bibcode:1983Sci... ... Industrial Bio-Test Laboratories (IBT Labs) was an American industrial product safety testing laboratory. IBT conducted ... In a number of cases, sick test animals were replaced with healthy ones, resulting in invalid test results.[page needed] In ... Broad, William J. (1983-05-22). "Who Tests the Product-Testing Labs?". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-07-11. Steyer, Robert ...
*  Syntex
Marshall, Eliot (1983-06-10). "The murky world of toxicity testing" (PDF). Science. 220 (4602): 1130-1132. Bibcode:1983Sci... ... "The Scandal in Chemical Testing". The New York Times. 1983-05-16. Retrieved 2012-07-27. The problem was discovered only by ... Merrell, Paul (Winter 1981). "The Industrial Bio-Test Caper" (PDF). NCAP News. 2 (3): 2-4. Retrieved 2012-08-05. Foster, ... naproxen largely led to the Food and Drug Administration's uncovering of extensive scientific misconduct by Industrial Bio-Test ...
*  Cnidaria
Blaise, C.; Férard, J-F. (2005). Small-scale Freshwater Toxicity Investigations: Toxicity Test Methods. Springer. p. 398. ISBN ...
*  Clarence M. Tarzwell
Ecological toxicity testing: scale, complexity, and relevance. Lewis Publishers, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. ISBN 0-87371-599-3 ... Development and current use of single species toxicity tests. p. 98 In: John Cairns, B. R. Niederlehner (eds.) 1994. ... Tarzwell was credited as a major contributor to the scientific testing protocols leading to the Clean Water Act of 1972 and the ... Bioassay procedures for oil and oil dispersant toxicity evaluation. Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation 42(11): ...
*  Sediment quality triad (SQT)
Toxicity LOE are determined by the mean of toxicity category score from all relevant tests. Development of LOE for benthic ... Sediment toxicity is evaluated based on bioassay analysis. Standard bioassay toxicity tests are utilized and are not organism ... These bioassay tests evaluate effects based on different toxicological endpoints. The toxicity tests are conducted with respect ... The magnitude of sediment toxicity is determined by multiple toxicity tests conducted in the lab to complement chemistry ...
*  Cruelty-free
Gallagher, Megan Erin (2003). Toxicity Testing Requirements, Methods and Proposed Alternatives (PDF). Environs. 26. p. 253. ... "not tested on animals", "we do not conduct animal testing", "never tested on animals", "against animal testing" or "cruelty- ... Products tested on animals are not considered cruelty-free, since these tests are often painful and cause the suffering and ... These tests not only reduce animal testing, but are more precise and accurate at protecting humans from toxic substances. ...
*  Autofluorescence
Fritzsche M, Mandenius CF (September 2010). "Fluorescent cell-based sensing approaches for toxicity testing". Anal Bioanal Chem ...
*  Maximum acceptable toxicant concentration
Acute toxicity tests are normally 24-96 hours, whereas chronic tests will typically run for a week or longer. Using the MATC to ... A partial life cycle test must be used. This type of toxicity test uses organisms in their most sensitive life stages, usually ... and other organizations to maintain high accuracy and precision among all toxicity tests for regulatory purposes. In a toxicity ... Values derived from toxicity tests such as the MATC are reported to regulatory organizations like the US EPA and Environment ...
*  Gill Langley
MacMillan, 1989 Acute Toxicity Testing Without Animals, ECEAE, 2005. Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals - A Non-animal Testing ... "MP to chair BUAV / Pro-Test debate on primate testing", 31 May 2006. British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection, accessed 9 ... "Pro-Test in support of animal experiments", The Observer, 30 April 2006. Alistair Currie's speech to the Oxford Union, BUAV, ... In April 2006, she was a member of the panel at the Oxford Union that debated whether "This house would not test on animals." ...
*  Butea superba
Cherdshewasart W, Bhuntaku P, Panriansaen R, Dahlan W, Malaivijitnond S (June 2008). "Androgen disruption and toxicity tests of ... A similar trial using doses 5 times this level in male rats found no reproductive toxicity, making it difficult to reach any ... Existing human clinical trials have found no toxicity with use of butea products, though they were insufficiently large or of ... conclusions about toxicity of this herb in rodents let alone humans. One case study reported a 35-yr-old Thai male who ...
*  SENSOR-Pesticides
ISBN 978-0-12-374367-1. (In press) Mitka M (2006). "Approval for pesticide toxicity testing in humans draws criticism". JAMA. ...
*  Uwe Marx
Eskes and Whelan: Validating Alternative Methods for Toxicity Testing. Springer book. Rebelo, S.P.; Dehne, E.-M.; Brito, C.; ... The aim is to shorten the entire drug development process as well as to reduce animal experiments and drug testing in humans ... "Artificial Lymph Node: Testing human specific immune reactions". ldf.org.uk. Retrieved 31 May 2017. "Artificial immune organ". ... He was initially able to develop a human artificial lymph node model (in vitro) for immunogenicity tests. Since 2007, Marx has ...
*  Toxicogenomics
Characterizing Toxicity Pathways, and Prioritizing the Toxicity Testing of Environmental Chemicals at the United States ... "The ToxCast program for prioritizing toxicity testing of environmental chemicals". Toxicological Sciences. 95 (1): 5-12. doi: ... Open TG-GATEs (Toxicogenomics Project-Genomics Assisted Toxicity Evaluation System) is a Japanese public-private effort. They ... Toxicogenomics endeavors to elucidate molecular mechanisms evolved in the expression of toxicity, and to derive molecular ...
*  Spirostomum
Nałęcz-Jawecki, Grzegorz (2004). "Spirotox-Spirostomum ambiguum acute toxicity test-10 years of experience". Environmental ... Madoni, P (2000). "The acute toxicity of nickel to freshwater ciliates". Environmental Pollution. 109 (1): 53-9. doi:10.1016/ ...
*  Bohemic acid
The original studies on the individual components of bohemic acid have tested them all for antitumor activity in mice, upon ... the major site of toxicity being the gastrointestinal tract. Bohemamine has several structural varieties and derivatives, such ...
*  Citrinin
Sándor, G; Busch, A; Watzke, H; Reek, J; Ványi, A (1991). "Subacute toxicity testing of ochratoxin-A and citrinin in swine". ... There are different types of toxicity. The types of toxicity that have been studied for citrinin are acute toxicity, ... Citrinin H1 is produced out of two citrinin molecules and its toxicity is increased compared to the original toxicity of ... Hussein, HS; Brasel, JM (2001). "Toxicity, metabolism and impact of mycotoxins on humans and animals". Toxicity. 167: 101-134. ...