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*  Arbovirus
Tambyah, P. A.; Koay, E. S. C.; Poon, M. L. M.; Lin, R. V. T. P.; Ong, B. K. C.; Transfusion-Transmitted Dengue Infection Study ... Family Togaviridae Genus Alphavirus Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEE) Ross River virus (RRV) Venezuelan equine ... The majority of infections, however, are asymptomatic. Among cases in which symptoms do appear, symptoms tend to be non- ... In humans, symptoms of arbovirus infection generally occur 3-15 days after exposure to the virus and last 3 or 4 days. The most ...
*  Mayaro virus disease
"Imported Mayaro virus infection in the Netherlands". The Journal of Infection. 61 (4): 343-5. doi:10.1016/j.jinf.2010.06.009. ... The causative virus, abbreviated MAYV, is in the family Togaviridae, and genus Alphavirus. It is closely related to other ... The MAYV infection can be confirmed by laboratory testing such us virus isolation, RT-PCR and serology. The virus isolation in ... The MAYV infection is characterized by fever, headache, myalgia, rash, prominent pain in the large joints, and association with ...
*  Alphavirus
... infections are spread by insect vectors such as mosquitoes. Once a human is bitten by the infected mosquito, the ... In biology and immunology, an alphavirus belongs to the group IV Togaviridae family of viruses, according to the system of ... The neutralizing antibodies also play an important role to prevent further infection and spread. Diagnoses is based on clinical ... Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Togaviridae Genus: Alphavirus Aura virus Barmah Forest virus Bebaru virus Cabassou ...
*  List of diseases (T)
... paralysis Todd's syndrome Togaviridae disease Tollner-Horst-Manzke syndrome Tolosa-Hunt syndrome Toluene antenatal infection ... myelitis TRAPS Treacher Collins syndrome Treft-Sanborn-Carey syndrome Tremor hereditary essential Treponema infection Trevor ... of childhood Transient global amnesia Transient neonatal arthrogryposis Transitional cell carcinoma Transplacental infections ... tibial defect polydactyly Trihydroxycholestanoylcoa oxidase isolated deficiency Trimethadione antenatal infection ...
*  Dengue virus
54: Alphaviruses (Togaviridae) and Flaviviruses (Flaviviridae)". In Baron S. Medical Microbiology (4th ed.). University of ... Despite the prior assumptions, D7 can modulate the host cell and act against the virus to prevent virus infection. ... The activation of autophagy and ER stress during infection enhances virus reproduction. RASIGA The DENV genome is about 11000 ... April 2003). "DC-SIGN (CD209) mediates dengue virus infection of human dendritic cells". J. Exp. Med. 197 (7): 823-9. doi: ...
*  Rubella virus
Arch Virol "Togaviridae- Classification and Taxonomy". Garbutt M, Law LM, Chan H, Hobman TC (May 1999). "Role of rubella virus ... and is the cause of congenital rubella syndrome when infection occurs during the first weeks of pregnancy. Rubella virus is the ... Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Togaviridae Genus: Rubivirus Rubella virus The spherical virus particles (virions) of ... Togaviridae have a diameter of 50 to 70 nm and are covered by a lipid membrane (viral envelope), derived from the host cell ...
*  Getah virus
Nemoto M, Bannai H, Tsujimura K, Kobayashi M, Kikuchi T, Yamanaka T, Kondo T (2015). "Getah Virus Infection among Racehorses, ... Zhai, You-gang (2008). "Complete sequence characterization of isolates of Getah virus (genus Alphavirus, family Togaviridae) ... In pigs, the virus causes miscarriage; symptoms occurred 1-3 days after experimental infection. Though the virus does not ... In inoculated horses, the symptoms manifested themselves beginning 2-4 days post infection. ...
*  Middelburg virus
There have also been rare cases in horses where MIDV infection has led to jaundice, laminitic stance, and aborted pregnancy. ... "Togaviridae". Wikipedia. 2017-09-17. "Horses & Diseases: Middelburg Virus in Horses". Horses & Diseases. Retrieved 2017-11-01. ... Veterinarians may give anti-inflammatory drugs to affected animals to lessen the inflammatory response of the infection. Horse ... In these cases where MIDV infection lead to neurologic disease, moderate meningoencephalitis was observed microscopically. ...
*  Chikungunya
The type-1 interferon response seems to play an important role in the host's response to chikungunya infection. Upon infection ... Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), is a member of the alphavirus genus, and Togaviridae family. It was first isolated in 1953 in ... The differential diagnosis may include infection with other mosquito-borne viruses, such as dengue or malaria, and infection ... "Infection of myofibers contributes to the increased pathogenicity during infection with an epidemic strain of Chikungunya Virus ...
*  Viral disease
Laboratory investigation may be useful in diagnosing associated bacterial infections, however. Viral infections are commonly of ... "Togaviridae". ViralZone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. Retrieved 2015-10-10. Colson P.; Richet H.; Desnues C.; Balique ... A viral disease (or viral infection) occurs when an organism's body is invaded by pathogenic viruses, and infectious virus ... Folding@home List of latent human viral infections Pathogenic bacteria Taylor, M.P.; Kobiler, O.; Enquist, L. W. (2012). " ...
*  Pathogen
For example, infection of mesenteric lymph glands of mice with Yersinia can clear the way for continuing infection of these ... Togaviridae. Viruses typically range between 20 and 300 nanometers in length. Fungi comprise a eukaryotic kingdom of microbes ... Infection with many pathogens can be prevented by immunization. A small amount of pathogens are used in vaccines to make ... A class of bacteria without cell walls is mycoplasma (a cause of lung infections). A class of bacteria which must live within ...
*  Neglected tropical diseases
Helminth infections, as the most common infection of humans, are often found to be in multi-infection systems. For example, in ... Chikungunya virus is a member of the genus Alphavirus and family Togaviridae. The word chikungunya is from the Makonde which ... There are 50-100 million dengue virus infections annually. Dengue fever is usually not fatal, but infection with one of four ... Cysticercosis is a tapeworm larvae infection, while taeniasis is infection with adult tapeworms . Both are found in Asia, ...
*  Human pathogen
... or yeast infections. Most antibiotics that function on bacterial pathogens cannot be used to treat fungal infections because ... and Togaviridae. Some notable pathogenic viruses cause smallpox, influenza, mumps, measles, chickenpox, ebola, and rubella. ... Life-threatening fungal infections in humans most often occur in immunocompromised patients or vulnerable people with a ... Today, while many medical advances have been made to safeguard against infection by pathogens, through the use of vaccination, ...
*  Una virus
... is a subtype of the Mayaro virus (MAYV)4, one of the Semliki Forest Virus (SFV) complex of the Togaviridae family. ... The Una virus is a widely distributed in South America, where infections have been detected in mosquitoes and vertebrate hosts ... Diaz LA, Spinsanti LI, Almiron WR, Contigiani MS (2003). "UNA virus: first report of human infection in Argentina". Rev. Inst. ...
*  Western equine encephalitis virus
WEE is commonly a subclinical infection; symptomatic infections are uncommon. However, the disease can cause serious sequelae ... An Alphavirus of the family Togaviridae, the WEE virus is an arbovirus (arthropod-borne virus) transmitted by mosquitoes of the ... There is no vaccine for WEE and there are no licensed therapeutic drugs in the U.S. for this infection. According to the CDC, ... and is associated mostly with infection in the elderly. Approximately 15-20% of horses that acquire the virus will die or be ...
*  O'nyong'nyong virus
"O'nyong-nyong Virus Infection Imported to Europe from Kenya by a Traveler". Emerging Infectious Diseases. pp. 1766-1767. doi: ... ONNV is a togavirus (family Togaviridae), genus Alphavirus, is closely related to the chikungunya and Igbo Ora viruses, and is ... No fatalities due to infection are known. There have been two epidemics of o'nyong'nyong fever. The first occurred from 1959 to ... Common symptoms of infection with the virus are polyarthritis, rash and fever. Other symptoms include eye pain, chest pain, ...
*  U. C. Chaturvedi
193-. ISBN 978-1-4615-9358-4. Sondra Schlesinger; Milton J. Schlesinger (9 March 2013). The Togaviridae and Flaviviridae. ... "National Symposium on-Hospital Acquired Infections & Antimicrobial Resistance". Aligarh Muslim University. 2017. "Scientific ... 193-. ISBN 978-1-4615-9358-4. Sondra Schlesinger; Milton J. Schlesinger (9 March 2013). The Togaviridae and Flaviviridae. ... he is known for his studies on Dengue virus infection. Chaturvedi is an elected fellow of all the three major Indian science ...
*  Sindbis virus
... (SINV) is a member of the Togaviridae family, in the alphavirus subfamily. The virus was first isolated in 1952 ... Alphavirus infection MicrobiologyBytes: Togaviruses CDC: Pogosta disease and Sindbis virus Sindbis virus-ICTVdB-The Universal ... Virus Pathogen Database and Analysis Resource (ViPR): Togaviridae. ...
*  Ross River virus
Infection. 43 (2): 229-230. doi:10.1007/s15010-014-0695-0. "Ross River virus infection - Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention". ... Taxonomically, Ross River virus belongs to the virus genus Alphavirus, which is part of the family Togaviridae. The ... The RRV infection is characterised by very high fever, pain in the joints, loss of appetite and weakness. Hydration by ... Ross River fever is also known as Ross River virus infection or Ross River virus disease. The Ross River virus is named after ...
*  Baltimore classification
Proper infection and production of progeny requires that the cell be in replication, as it is during replication that the ... and Togaviridae. The negative-sense RNA viruses and indeed all genes defined as negative-sense cannot be directly accessed by ...
*  Positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus
After infection, the entirety of the host cell's translation machinery may be diverted to the production of viral proteins as a ... Togaviridae, Arteriviridae, and Coronaviridae). All but the arterivirus family contain at least one human pathogen; ... The first proteins to be expressed after infection serve genome replication functions; they recruit the positive-strand viral ... Saxena, Pooja; Lomonossoff, George P. (4 August 2014). "Virus Infection Cycle Events Coupled to RNA Replication". Annual Review ...
*  Eilat virus
The Eilat virus is from the family Togaviridae, genus Alphavirus. Alphaviruses are miniature spherical shaped (around 70 nm in ... The Eilat's virus incapability of entering vertebrate cells was proven by infection with the EILV-expressing red fluorescent ... by super infection exclusion/ Homologous interference). This in turn will allow the virus to form a virus ,(of broader host ...
*  Karshi virus
"Karshi" virus, a new flavivirus (Togaviridae) isolated fromOrnithodoros papillipes (Birula, 1895) ticks in Uzbek S.S.R. - ... these ticks may serve as a long-term maintenance mechanism for Karshi virus Earlier studies suggest that the infection of a two ... day old white experimental mice infected with the virus results in fatality with deaths occurring 8-12 days after infection. ... have reported with severe disease such as encephalitis and other large outbreaks of fever illness connected infection with ...
*  Viral neuronal tracing
These not only spread throughout the initial site of infection, but can jump across synapses. The use of a virus provides a ... Sindbis virus (Togaviridae family) - anterograde with small amount retrograde. Adeno-associated virus AAV (Parvoviridae family ...
*  Eastern equine encephalitis
Symptoms in horses occur one to three weeks after infection, and begins with a fever that may reach as high as 106 °F (41 °C). ... Erich Traub Plum Island Animal Disease Center "Togaviridae". Virus Pathogen Database and Analysis Resource (ViPR). Joseph W. ... The fatality rate in humans is 33% and there is currently no cure for human infections. This virus has four variations in the ...
*  Taxonomic list of viruses
Togaviridae Genus: Alphavirus Aura virus Barmah Forest virus Bebaru virus Cabassou virus Chikungunya virus Eastern equine ... Viruses portal Virus Virology Virus classification List of latent human viral infections Table of clinically important viruses ...