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*  Flexor hallucis longus muscle
Ankle joint. Deep dissection. Ankle joint. Deep dissection. Medial view This article incorporates text in the public domain ... Due to their excessive use of toe flexion, which results in ten times their body weight being applied to this small muscle and ... However, it is unique in that it also functions to flex the great toe and helps supinate the ankle. Common injuries associated ... If left untreated and continually irritated, stenosis of the tendon may occur, resulting in the big toe becoming stiff and ...
*  Barred eagle-owl
The tarsi are feathered to the toe joint. The juvenile barred eagle-owl are pure white in their natal down. Whitish mesoptile ...
*  Fox sisters
In 1851, the Reverend C. Chauncey Burr wrote in the New-York Tribune that by cracking toe joints the sounds were so loud, they ... Doctors from the audience came on stage to verify that the cracking of her toe joints was the source of the sound. Margaret ... Kane even gave demonstrations before large audiences of the actual manner in which the toe joints had been used at the early ... The Reverend John M. Austin would later claim the noises could be made by cracking toe joints. The Reverend D. Potts ...
*  Mediumship
Margaret Fox revealed that she and her sister had produced the "spirit" rappings by cracking their toe joints. In 1891 at a ... The "spirit" thumbprint that Valiantine claimed belonged to Arthur Conan Doyle was revealed to be the print of his big toe on ... Psychical researchers who investigated the mediumship of Maria Silbert revealed that she used her feet and toes to move objects ...
*  Paraves
Additionally, the toe joints allowed more range of motion than the simple up-down movements of advanced dromaeosaurids. This ... held the second toe off the ground in a hyperextended position, with only the third and fourth toes bearing the weight of the ... which had slightly opposing first toes and strong tendons in the toes and foot. This makes it likely that advanced ... The enlarged second toe bore an unusually large, curved sickle-shaped claw (held off the ground or 'retracted' when walking). ...
*  Pointe technique
... and the joints of the second toe or middle toe or the area between those toe joints. In cases of unusually high instep or ... When a properly aligned dancer is viewed from the side, the line passes through the knee, ankle joint, and big toe joints. When ... Injuries due to toe misalignment are often avoided by adjusting toe alignments with gel toe spacers. Toenail bruising can be ... This is often mitigated with lambswool or toe pads or by wrapping tape around toes or use gel pads that can conform to any one ...
*  Spiritism
... and sister Margaret eventually confessed to using her toe-joints to produce the sound. Although she later recanted this ...
*  Séance
Kane even gave demonstrations before large audiences of the actual manner in which the toe joints had been used at the early ... They claimed to have produced knocking sounds by manipulating and cracking the joints in their feet and knees. For a while they ...
*  Congenital muscular dystrophy
a rare form of CMD causing permanent shortening of the toe joints and lack of muscle tone which can delay walking due to the ... deformity and rigidity of joints. The joints, neck and spine; progressive cardiomyopathy at the early ages; cardiac rhythm ... will have some deformity and rigidity joints, some joints will have excessive flexibility, spinal rigidity, curvature, ... Hypotonia and myopathic facies may be present in such individuals, while contractures of joints may also be present. Finally, ...
*  Hallux varus
... , or sandal gap, is a deformity of the great toe joint where the hallux is deviated medially (towards the midline ...
*  Syndesmosis procedure
... high heels for six months Possible complications Wound infection Cutaneous nerve injury Cerclage suture breakage Big toe joint ... Haines RW, McDougall A (May 1954). "The anatomy of hallux valgus". J Bone Joint Surg Br. (36-B(2)): 289. CS1 maint: Uses ... J Bone Joint Surg Am. (40-A): 1061. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Kato T, Watanabe S (1981). "The etiology of hallux ... buckling of big toe (hallux valgus) and the bone behind it (metatarsus primus varus), displaced sesamoid bones (detrimental to ...
*  Bauxitornis
The inside edge of the trochlea (toe joint) of metatarsal III (the middle preserved ankle bone) possesses a small but ...
*  Tophus
... of Uric Acid Crystals from toe joint fluid (100x polarized light) Chondrocalcinosis (pseudogout) Edwards, N. Lawrence ( ... Tophi form in the joints, cartilage, bones, and other places throughout the body. Sometimes, tophi break through the skin and ... The development of gouty tophi can also limit joint function and cause bone destruction, leading to noticeable disabilities, ... Micrograph of a gouty tophus A tophus inside a knee joint being removed by arthroscopic surgery ...
*  Hallux rigidus
Stage 1 hallux rigidus involves some loss of range of motion of the big toe joint or first MTP joint and is often treated ... Stage 4 hallux rigidus, also known as end stage hallux rigidus involves severe loss of range of motion of the big toe joint and ... Hallux rigidus or stiff big toe is degenerative arthritis and stiffness due to bone spurs that affects the MTP joint at the ... Pain and stiffness in the joint at the base of the big toe during use (walking, standing, bending, etc.) Difficulty with ...
*  Serum sickness
rashes itching joint pain (arthralgia), especially finger and toe joints fever, as high as 40 °C and usually appears before ...
*  Pharaoh (novel)
... telegraph-like tapping sounds by snapping their toe joints. Spiritualist "mediums" in America and Europe claimed to communicate ...
*  Art of War Fighting Championship
Grabbing, twisting or squeezing the fingers and toes (small joint manipulations). Holding onto the shorts or gloves of an ...
*  White-bellied storm petrel
... basal joint middle toe flattened, claws blunt and flattened. The white bellied storm petrel is a small bird, around 18 to 20 ... Its legs are long (grallae being Latin for "stilts") and a distinguishing characteristic is that the toes do not usually ...
*  Artificial turf
Metatarsophalangeal joint sprain, known as "turf toe" when the big toe is involved, is named from the injury being associated ... Metatarsophalangeal joint sprain "Turf Toe-OrthoInfo - AAOS". Orthoinfo.aaos.org. 1 August 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2015. ... more serious joint injuries, than would comparatively be suffered on a grass surface. This turf was also regarded as ...
*  Indian eagle-owl
The last joint of the toes are unfeathered. The taxonomy of the group is complex due to a large amount of variation. Dementiev ...
*  Bunion
A bunion is a deformity of the joint connecting the big toe to the foot. The big toe often bends towards the other toes and the ... realigning the cartilaginous surfaces of the great toe joint, addressing arthritic changes associated with the great toe joint ... Bunions are commonly associated with a deviated position of the big toe toward the second toe, and the deviation in the angle ... Orthotics are splints or regulators while conservative measures include various footwear like gelled toe spacers, bunion/toe ...
*  Cat body-type mutation
Mild RH can cause the post-axial form of polydactyly - enlarged paws, extra three-jointed toes on the outer, little-toe side of ... X-rays can determine the structure of the extra toes and whether the cat has the gene for RH. Cats with the gene for RH should ... Sh = Split Foot (Syndactyly). A dominant gene that reduces the number of toes resulting in a "lobster-claw" appearance. This is ... pre-axial form of polydactyly where one or more extra toes occur near the dew claw. Often, the dew claw is converted into a ...
*  Metatarsophalangeal joint sprain
A metatarsophalangeal joint sprain is an injury to the connective tissue between the foot and one of the toes. When the big toe ... "Turf Toe - Every Athlete's Nightmare". Joint, Aches, and Pain Org. Retrieved 3 March 2013. "Turf Toe: Symptoms, Causes, and ... The toe is hyperextended and thus the joint is injured. Additionally, athletic shoes with very flexible soles combined with ... Use of the toes is not possible during the healing process.[citation needed] Since the toes are necessary for proper push-off ...
*  Classification of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
Joint hypermobility is present, but generally confined to the small joints (fingers, toes). Other common features include club ... Proximal joint contractures (joints of the knee, hip and elbow); and hypermobility of distal joints (joints of the ankles, ... characterized primarily by joint hypermobility affecting both large and small joints, which may lead to recurrent joint ... and joint hypermobility (generalized or restricted to small joints). Until 1997 the classification system for EDS included 10 ...
*  Radial dysplasia
The ipsilateral second toe MTP joint, together with its metatarsal arteries, its extensor and flexor tendons and its dorsal ... Prior to the actual transfer of the MTP-joint of the second toe soft-tissue distraction of the wrist is required to create ... Villki reported a different approach in During this procedure a vascularised MTP-joint of the second toe is transferred to the ... The distal and middle phalanx of the toe are removed. The transferred toe, consisting of the metatarsal and proximal phalanx, ...
*  List of birds of the Falkland Islands
They have lobed toes and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making ... Their upper mandibles have slight mobility in the joint with the skull and they have a generally erect stance. All parrots are ... Most species have strong legs and long toes which are well adapted to soft uneven surfaces. They tend to have short rounded ... The feet are adapted to perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. Blue-and-white ...
*  Polydactyl cat
Radial hypoplasia may cause the formation of extra jointed toes, but it is not a result of the gene normally associated with ... More often 20 toes appear, and in diminishing order we see 22, 24 or 26 toes per individual. Also odd numbers of toes are seen ... Normal cats have a total of 18 toes, with five toes on each fore paw, and four toes on each hind paw; polydactyl cats may have ... The Maine Coon (wildtype: 18 toes) in some cases exhibits polydactyly with 18 toes, were the first toe at the forehand is ...