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*  Thymine
... is also known as 5-methyluracil, a pyrimidine nucleobase. In RNA, thymine is replaced by the nucleobase uracil. Thymine ... In RNA, thymine is replaced with uracil in most cases. In DNA, thymine (T) binds to adenine (A) via two hydrogen bonds, thereby ... may form thymine dimers, causing "kinks" in the DNA molecule that inhibit normal function. Thymine could also be a target for ... Thymine /ˈθaɪmɪn/ (T, Thy) is one of the four nucleobases in the nucleic acid of DNA that are represented by the letters G-C-A- ...
*  Thymine dioxygenase
In enzymology, a thymine dioxygenase (EC 1.14.11.6) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction thymine + 2-oxoglutarate ... Bankel L, Holme E, Lindstedt G, Lindstedt S (1972). "Oxygenases involved in thymine and thymidine metabolism in Neurospora ... Liu CK, Hsu CA, Abbott MT (1973). "Catalysis of three sequential dioxygenase reactions by thymine 7-hydroxylase". Arch. Biochem ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is thymine,2-oxoglutarate:oxygen oxidoreductase (7-hydroxylating). Other names in ...
*  Thymine glycol
... (5,6-dihydroxy-5,6-dihydrothymine) is one of the principal DNA lesions that can be induced by oxidation and ... Brain samples from humans who died of stroke were found to be deficient in base excision repair of thymine glycol as well as ... The rate at which oxidative reactions generate thymine glycol and thymidine glycol in the DNA of humans is estimated to be ... On a body weight basis, mice excrete 18 times more thymine glycol plus thymidine glycol than humans, and monkeys four times ...
*  Thymine-DNA glycosylase
... (TDG) removes thymine moieties from G/T mismatches by hydrolyzing the carbon-nitrogen bond between the ... Abu M, Waters TR (2003). "The main role of human thymine-DNA glycosylase is removal of thymine produced by deamination of 5- ... "Entrez Gene: TDG thymine-DNA glycosylase". Gallinari P, Jiricny J (October 1996). "A new class of uracil-DNA glycosylases ... Zhang L, Lu X, Lu J, Liang H, Dai Q, Xu GL, Luo C, Jiang H, He C (February 2012). "Thymine DNA glycosylase specifically ...
*  Uracil/thymine dehydrogenase
... (EC 1.17.99.4, uracil oxidase, uracil-thymine oxidase, uracil dehydrogenase) is an enzyme with ... thymine + H2O + acceptor ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 5-methylbarbiturate + reduced acceptor Uracil/thymine ... Uracil/thymine dehydrogenase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and Cellular ... Hayaishi, O.; Kornberg, A. (1952). "Metabolism of cytosine, thymine, uracil, and barbituric acid by bacterial enzymes". J. Biol ...
*  Glossary of biology
cytochrome . cytosine One of the four main nucleotide bases found in DNA and RNA, along with adenine, guanine, thymine, and ... deoxyribonucleic acid The four bases found in DNA are adenine (abbreviated A), cytosine (C), guanine (G) and thymine (T); these ... thymine . transcription Transcription is the first step of gene expression, in which a particular segment of DNA is copied into ...
*  QMC@Home
7b Thymine; 7 Adenine/thymine WC; 8a Methane; 8 Methane dimer; 9a Ethene; 9 Ethene dimer; 10 Benzene/methane; 11a Benzene; 11 ... Benzene dimer; 12a Pyrazine; 12 Pyrazine dimer; 13 Uracil dimer; 14a Indole; 14 Indole/benzene; 15 Adenine/thymine stack; 16b ...
*  Biochemistry
Adenine binds with thymine and uracil; thymine binds only with adenine; and cytosine and guanine can bind only with one another ... The most common nitrogenous bases are adenine, cytosine, guanine, thymine, and uracil. The nitrogenous bases of each strand of ... while thymine occurs only in DNA and uracil occurs in RNA. Glucose is the major energy source in most life forms. For instance ...
*  RNA world
... cytosine and thymine. Chemically, uracil is similar to thymine, differing only by a methyl group, and its production requires ... Adenine readily binds uracil or thymine. Uracil is, however, one product of damage to cytosine that makes RNA particularly ... cytosine and thymine, have been formed in the laboratory under conditions found only in outer space, using starting chemicals, ...
*  Nucleic acid structure
Cytosine, thymine and uracil are pyrimidines, hence the glycosidic bonds forms between their 1 nitrogen and the 1' -OH of the ... A purine base always pairs with a pyrimidine base (guanine (G) pairs with cytosine (C) and adenine (A) pairs with thymine (T) ... The pyrimidines are cytosine and thymine. It has a single ringed structure, a six membered ring containing nitrogen. ... Nucleotides consist of 3 components: Nitrogenous base Adenine Guanine Cytosine Thymine (present in DNA only) Uracil (present in ...
*  Donald Crothers
Koo, H. S.; Drak, J.; Rice, J. A.; Crothers, D. M. (1990). "Determination of the extent of DNA bending by an adenine-thymine ... Koo, H. S.; Wu, H. M.; Crothers, D. M. (1986). "DNA bending at adenine · thymine tracts". Nature. 320 (6062): 501-6. Bibcode: ...
*  Uracil
In DNA, the uracil nucleobase is replaced by thymine. Uracil is a demethylated form of thymine. Uracil is a common and ... In RNA, uracil base-pairs with adenine and replaces thymine during DNA transcription. Methylation of uracil produces thymine. ... Methylated uracil is identical to thymine. Therefore, it is hypothesized that, over time, thymine became the DNA standard ... In DNA, the evolutionary substitution of thymine for uracil may have increased DNA stability and improved the efficiency of DNA ...
*  Chemotaxonomy
RNA contains uracil instead of thymine. It has been proved in the laboratory that a single strand of DNA of one species can ... Each nucleotide has a pentose sugar, a phosphate group, and nitrogenous bases like adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine. ...
*  Nitrogenous base
Uracil is only present in RNA, replacing thymine. Pyrimidines include thymine, cytosine, and uracil. They have a single ring ... Adenine is always paired with thymine, and guanine is always paired with cytosine. These are known as base pairs. ... These nitrogenous bases are adenine (A), uracil (U), guanine (G), thymine (T), and cytosine (C). These nitrogenous bases ...
*  Glossary of genetics
In DNA, uracil is replaced with thymine. Contents: Top 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Western blotting ... swivel point Contents: Top 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z tandem repeat telomere telophase thymine One ... In RNA, thymine is replaced with uracil. transcription The first step in gene expression, in which a messenger RNA molecule ... DNA differs from RNA by its inclusion of thymine (T) as a nitrogenous base, whereas RNA includes uracil (U) instead. In DNA, ...
*  NT5M
This enzyme dephosphorylates the 5'- and 2'(3')-phosphates of uracil and thymine deoxyribonucleotides. The gene is located ... mdN binds and dephosphorylates uracil and thymine deoxyribonucleotides. Mitochondria portal NT5C GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ... phosphates of uracil and thymine deoxyribonucleotides (dUMPs and dTMPs). Due to this function, mdN regulates the size of ...
*  Mutagen
Guanine when alkylated may be mispaired with thymine. Some may cause DNA crosslinking and breakages. Nitrosamines are an ...
*  Tuberculinic acid
In addition it contains thymine, guanine and cytosine. It was first identified by a German chemist W.G. Ruppel in 1898 while ...
*  Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type I
DNA; A: adenine, T: thymine, G: guanine, C: cytosine. Amino acid; C: cysteine, W: tryptophan, Y: tyrosine, V: valine, D: ...
*  Thymidine
Since thymine nucleotides are precursors of DNA (but not RNA), the prefix "deoxy" is often left out, i.e., deoxythymidine is ... Instead of thymidine, RNA contains uridine (uracil joined to ribose). Uracil is chemically very similar to thymine, which is ... Makoto Ishii; Hideyuki Shirae; Kenzo Yokozeko, Enzymatic Production of 5-Methyluridine from Purine Nucleosides and Thymine by ... Thymidine (deoxythymidine; other names deoxyribosylthymine, thymine deoxyriboside) is a pyrimidine deoxynucleoside. ...
*  DNA
... usually takes the place of thymine in RNA and differs from thymine by lacking a methyl group on its ring. In addition to RNA ... thymine has been replaced by uracil. Another phage - Staphylococcal phage S6 - has been identified with a genome where thymine ... Adenine pairs with thymine and guanine pairs with cytosine. It was represented by A-T base pairs and G-C base pairs. The ... The four bases found in DNA are adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G) and thymine (T). These four bases are attached to the ...
*  Dark skin
2007). "Thymine dimerization in DNA is an ultrafast photoreaction". Science. 315 (5812): 625-629. doi:10.1126/science.1135428. ...
*  Nucleobase
Thymine and uracil are identical excepting that T includes a methyl group that U lacks. Adenine and guanine have a fused-ring ... Similarly, the simple-ring structure of cytosine, uracil, and thymine is derived of pyrimidine, so those three bases are called ... These are examples of modified cytosine, thymine or uridine. A vast number of nucleobase analogues exist. The most common ... thymine (T), and uracil (U)-are called primary or canonical. They function as the fundamental units of the genetic code, with ...
*  Thymineless death
Barner, H. D.; Cohen, S. S. (1954). "The Induction of Thymine Synthesis by T2 Infection of a Thymine Requiring Mutant of ... Cohen in Escherichia coli when thymine-requiring mutants of the bacteria lost viability when grown in a medium lacking thymine ... However, nutrient starvation does not generally kill cells to the extent observed in cells that lack thymine. The molecular ... Ahmad, S. I.; Kirk, S. H.; Eisenstark, A. (October 1998). "Thymine Metabolism and Thymineless Death in Prokaryotes and ...
*  Zamilon virophage
Zamilon's DNA is rich in adenine and thymine bases; the proportion of guanine and cytosine bases is 29.7%. The Zamilon genome ...