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*  Complications of pregnancy
Birth 2002; 29:83-94. Thompson Jane F., Roberts Christine L., Currie Marian, Ellwood David A. (2002). "Archived copy". Birth. ... Also, prenatal methamphetamine use is believed to have long-term effects in terms of brain development, which may last for many ... Babies can also become infected by their mother during birth. During birth, babies are exposed to maternal blood and body ... Prenatal cocaine exposure is associated with, for example, premature birth, birth defects and attention deficit disorder. ...
*  Zero population growth
This effect has been termed birth dearth. In addition, if a country's fertility is at replacement level, and has been that way ... Birth credit Demographic transition-Zero population growth is achieved when the birth rate of a population equals in a ... What it means by 'the number of people neither grows nor declines' is that births plus in-migrants equal deaths plus out- ... This replacement fertility will depend on mortality rates and the sex ratio at birth, and varies from around 2.1 in developed ...
*  Samuel J. Meisels
Meisels, S.J., & Plunkett, J.W. (1988). Developmental consequences of pre-term birth: Are there long-term effects? In P.B. ... developmental consequences of high-risk birth, applying child development theory as a lens through which to view young children ... added new community-based interventions for children from birth to age 8, initiated professional development programs online ...
*  Cerebral palsy
... occurs in about 2.1 per 1000 live births. In those born at term rates are lower at 1 per 1000 live births. Rates ... often just after birth. Multiple-birth infants are also more likely than single-birth infants to have CP. They are also more ... birth trauma during labor and delivery, and complications around birth or during childhood. In Africa birth asphyxia, high ... Cooling high-risk full-term babies shortly after birth may reduce disability, but this may only be useful for some forms of the ...
*  Kleshas (Buddhism)
These are expressed by the term 'birth'. But 'ageing-and-death' is the ageing and the death of these [five] themselves" ( ... The term kleshas has been translated into English as: Afflictions Mental afflictions Mental disturbances Afflictive emotions ... Translation of the Japanese the term Bonno: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-10-24. Retrieved 2010-09-05. ... Contemporary translators use a variety of English words to translate the term kleshas, such as: afflictions, defilements, ...
*  Magnesium sulfate (medical use)
Wolf, HT; Hegaard, HK; Greisen, G; Huusom, L; Hedegaard, M (Feb 2012). "Treatment with magnesium sulphate in pre-term birth: a ... It is unclear if it helps those who are born at term. Magnesium sulfate is used in bath salts, particularly in flotation ... Nguyen, TM; Crowther, CA; Wilkinson, D; Bain, E (Feb 28, 2013). "Magnesium sulphate for women at term for neuroprotection of ... "Magnesium Sulfate: Drug Safety Communication - Recommendation Against Prolonged Use in Pre-term Labor". FDA. Archived from the ...
*  Chronic periodontitis
April 2009). "Change in periodontitis during pregnancy and the risk of pre-term birth and low birthweight". J. Clin. ... There is little evidence linking progression of periodontal disease to low birth weight or preterm birth: "In these women with ... in terms of clinical attachment loss (CAL) and probing pocket depth (PPD) change, and reduced risk of additional CAL loss. ... Long term randomized clinical trials need to be conducted to determine if regular routine scaling and polishing is clinically ...
*  Haitian refugees held at the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base
Medical procedures happened without consent administration of including Depo Provera, a long term birth control. "The refugees ...
*  List of secular humanists
Sanger coined the term birth control, opened the first birth control clinic in the United States, and established Planned ... "Though his philosophical views evolved over the years - 'The term that best describes me now is "secular humanist,"' he ... F. C. S. Schiller: (1864-1937), German-British philosopher, was an early coiner of the term "humanism." Erwin Schrödinger: ... Margaret Sanger: American sex educator, nurse, and birth control activist. ...
*  Maternal health
Common results of smoking during pregnancy include pre-term births, low birth weights, fetal and neonatal deaths, respiratory ... Other studies have also found an association between periodontal disease and development of pre-eclampsia and pre-term births. ... "skilled birth attendants" - people with training in basic and emergency obstetric care - to help women give birth. The ... Second, skilled birth attendance with emergency backup such as doctors, nurses and midwives who have the skills to manage ...
*  Aetites
... while shortening labor and parturition for a full-term birth. From Theophrastus onwards, the belief is also recorded that the ... Stol, Birth in Babylonia and the Bible, p. 51; Michele Klein, A Time to Be Born: Customs and Folklore of Jewish Birth (Jewish ... Marten Stol, Birth in Babylonia and the Bible (Styx, 2000), p. 50 online. Harris, 53 The full passage may be read in Bostock's ... Birth in Babylonia and the Bible. Styx Publications, 2000. Limited preview online. Thorndike, Lynn. A History of Magic and ...
*  Low birth weight
Low birthweight, pre-term birth and pre-eclampsia have been associated with maternal periodontitis exposure. But the strength ... Low birth weight (LBW) is defined by the World Health Organization as a birth weight of a infant of 2,499 g or less, regardless ... A correlation between maternal exposure to CO and low birth weight has been reported that the effect on birth weight of ... Subcategories include very low birth weight (VLBW), which is less than 1500 g (3 pounds 5 ounces), and extremely low birth ...
*  First 5 Los Angeles
1995). Long-term developmental outcomes of low birth weight infants. In: The Future of Children: Low Birth Weight. Vol. 5(1):19 ... Evaluation of the Healthy Birth Initiative showed more intermediary results. Rates of gestational age, pre-term birth weight, ... Although comparisons of infant mortality and pre-term birth rates between HBI clients and the outside community were not ... Declining birth and smoking rates is causing First 5 LA's revenue stream to decrease. First 5 faces decreasing funding due to ...
*  Cesar Victora
More recently, his long-term birth cohorts documented the benefits of breastfeeding for adult intelligence, education and ... became the principal investigator in one of the longest running birth cohort studies in the world, the 1982 Pelotas Birth ... With Barros, he also set up new birth cohorts in 1993, 2004 and 2015, making the city of Pelotas one of the most intensively ... Moreover, he was the joint principal investigator of the three Pelotas Birth Cohort Studies conducted in 1982, 1993 and 2004. ...
*  Gravidity and parity
In TPAL, the T refers to term births (after 37 weeks gestation), the P refers to premature births, the A refers to abortions, ... This TPAL form indicates five pregnancies, with three term births, one preterm birth, one induced abortion or miscarriage, and ... For example, gravidity and parity of a woman who has given birth at term once and has had one miscarriage at 12 weeks would be ... Terms such as "gravida 0", referring to a nulligravida, "gravida 1" for a primigravida, and so on, can also be used. The term " ...
*  Project Prevention
... she tried to get legislation passed in California that would have mandated long-term birth control for mothers who gave birth ... They are better known, however, for paying drug addicts cash for volunteering for long-term birth control, including ... is an American non-profit organization that pays drug addicts cash for volunteering for long-term birth control, including ... offered more money to women who chose tubal ligations and men who chose vasectomies than to those who chose long-term birth ...
*  Preventive healthcare
... due to pre-term birth complications. The highest number of child deaths occurred in Africa and Southeast Asia. In Africa, ... The economic consequences of childhood obesity are both short and long term. In the short term, obesity impairs cognitive ... In the 1940s, Hugh R. Leavell and E. Gurney Clark coined the term primary prevention. They worked at the Harvard and Columbia ... Studies have shown long term success rates (>1 year) of 20% for hypnosis and 10%-20% for group therapy. Cancer screening ...
*  Birth rate
The first known use of the term "birth rate" in English occurred in 1859. The average global birth rate is 18.5 births per ... The crude birth rate is the number of live births per year per 1,000 midyear population Another term used interchangeably with ... The birth rate (technically, births/populatiohoes is the total number of live births per 1,000 of a population in a year or ... The rate of births in a population is calculated in several ways: live births from a universal registration system for births, ...
*  Birth control movement in the United States
Throughout the 1920s, public discussion of contraception became more commonplace, and the term "birth control" became firmly ... As the birth control societies spread across Europe, so did birth control clinics. The first birth control clinic in the world ... "Birth control: What it is, How it works, What it will do", The Proceedings of the First American Birth Control Conference, ... The birth rate in America declined 20 percent between 1920 and 1930, primarily due to increased use of birth control. Although ...
*  Donald Kimelman
The Inquirer advocated that poor black women be encouraged to use new long-term birth control implants". Los Angeles Times. ... Kurtz, Howard (December 18, 1990). "Inquirer Birth Control Bomb". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 19, 2017. "The Pew ...
*  Neonatal encephalopathy
Overall, the relative incidence of neonatal encephalopathy is estimated to be between 2 and 9 per 1000 term births. 40% to 60% ... HIE is a major predictor of neurodevelopmental disability in term infants. 25 percent have permanent neurological deficits. It ... is defined by signs and symptoms of abnormal neurological function in the first few days of life in an infant born at term. In ... but is commonly caused by birth asphyxia. In neonates born at or beyond 35 weeks, neonatal encephalopathy may present itself as ...
*  Natality in population ecology
... is the scientific term for birth rate. Along with mortality rate, natality rate is used to ... Crude birth rate is used when calculating population size (number of births per 1000 population/year), whereas specific birth ... The age-specific birth schedule will count females that have only given birth to females. Showing the number of females that ... By calculating specific birth rate, the results are seen in an age-specific schedule of births. Natality Rate - number of ...
*  Kala language
Each dialect has their own terms for birth-order names. Compare Numbami. Kala is spoken in six villages along the Huon Gulf, ... Like most of the languages around the Huon Gulf, Kala has a system of birth-order names (Holzknecht 1989: 43-45, Devolder et al ...
*  Bacterial vaginosis
When clindamycin is given to pregnant women symptomatic with BV before 22 weeks of gestation the risk of pre-term birth before ... Pregnant women with BV have a higher risk of chorioamnionitis, miscarriage, preterm birth, premature rupture of membranes, and ... striving for long-term cure". BMC Infectious Diseases. 15: 292. doi:10.1186/s12879-015-1027-4. PMC 4518586 . PMID 26219949. " ... "Treatment of abnormal vaginal flora in early pregnancy with clindamycin for the prevention of spontaneous preterm birth: a ...
*  Steven K. Galson
Galson convened the Surgeon General's Workshop on pre-term birth in 2008, to jump-start national activities to reduce the ... and Translation and completed a term as member of the National Board of Medical Examiners in 2007. In 2009 Galson received a ... incidence of these births. He published two Surgeon General's Calls to Action: on Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism, ...
*  Anton Chekhov
Along with Henrik Ibsen and August Strindberg, Chekhov is often referred to as one of the three seminal figures in the birth of ... It was he who articulated the notion that human beings hardly ever speak in explicit terms among each other about their deepest ... Only Shakespeare outranks Chekhov in terms of movie adaptations of their work, according to the movie database IMDb. ... We ...
*  McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities
... "show that pre-term birth, parental age, and infant gender accounted for more than 30% of the variance in cognitive-motor skills ... on the long-term psychomotor development of extremely low-birth weight infants." Picone, L., Regine, A., & Ribaudo, F. (2001). ... Perinatal outcome and long-term follow-up of extremely low birth weight infants depending on the mode of delivery. Journal of ... early maternal docosahexaenoicacid intake on neuropsychological status and visual acuity at five years o age of breast-fed term ...