*  Childhood amnesia
The development of the Medial Temporal Lobe (MTL), which contains the hippocampus, has been found to specifically have a ... Squire, Larry; Craig Stark; Robert Clark (2004). "The Medial Temporal Lobe". Annual Review of Neuroscience. 27: 279-306. doi: ...
*  Psychosurgery
... in patients with temporal lobe seizures and wrote a book entitled Violence and the Brain in 1970. The National Commission for ... He hammered an ice pick-like instrument, an orbitoclast, through the eye socket and swept through the frontal lobes. The ... It targets the lower medial quadrant of the frontal lobes, severing connections between the limbic system and supra-orbital ... who famously suffered an accident in 1848 which destroyed most or all of his left frontal lobe, and who is sometimes said ( ...
*  Brain mapping
... organized by lobes. Concentric circles within the ring represent various common neurological measurements, such as cortical ... "Construction of a consistent high-definition spatio-temporal atlas of the developing brain using adaptive kernel regression". ...
*  Implicit memory
Progress in identifying the structures and connections that make up the medial temporal lobe memory system has been paralleled ... Damage to the bilateral temporal lobe and hippocampus had caused the loss of explicit memory. However, despite being unable to ... and has shown that explicit memory relies on the integrity of the medial temporal lobe (rhinal, perirhinal and parahippocampal ... which requires the activation of the hippocampus and of the temporal and basal cortex. In the cases observed by Stickgold et al ...
*  Memory consolidation
After Molaison underwent a bilateral medial temporal lobe resection to alleviate epileptic symptoms the patient began to suffer ... This change can occur as quickly as a couple hours after the memory has been encoded suggesting that there is a temporal ... Haist, Gore, and Mao, sought to examine the temporal nature of consolidation within the hippocampus to test MTT against the ... lost the ability to encode and consolidate newly learned information leading researchers to conclude the medial temporal lobe ( ...
*  Music-related memory
By studying the learning curves of patients who have had damage to either their left or right medial temporal lobes, Wilson & ... This suggests dual memory codes for musical memory, with the verbal code utilizing the left temporal lobe structures and the ... Samson S.; Zatorre R.J. (1991). "Recognition memory for text and melody of songs after unilateral temporal lobe lesion: ... the superior and inferior right temporal gyri, the right anterior cingulate gyrus and parietal lobe region. There was also some ...
*  Dysexecutive syndrome
Not all patients with frontal lobe damage have DES and some patients with no damage at all to the frontal lobe exhibit the ... Temporal Judgment - Patients are asked to make estimated guesses to a series of questions such as, "how fast do racehorses ... It is important to note that frontal lobe damage is not the only cause of the syndrome. It has been shown that damage, such as ... This is one reason why the term frontal lobe syndrome is not preferred. DES often occurs with other disorders, which is known ...
*  Recognition memory
... medial temporal lobe structures, frontal lobe and parietal cortices along with the hippocampus. As mentioned previously, the ... Damage to the temporal lobes can also result in visual agnosia, a deficit in which patients are unable to properly recognize ... The medial temporal lobes and their surrounding structures are of immense importance to memory in general. The hippocampus is ... This is commonly referred to in terms of the ventral, or "what" pathway, which leads to the temporal lobes. People with visual ...
*  History of psychosurgery
... with uncontrolled aggression and found that many of these patients had abnormalities of the brain causing their temporal lobe ... The operation was a topectomy, in which parts of the frontal, parietal and temporal cortex were excised. Other psychiatrists ... The first operations involved injections of alcohol into the frontal lobes of patients to destroy white matter; Moniz then ... but then they devised their own technique which more completely severed the connections between the frontal lobes and deeper ...
*  Temporal lobe epilepsy
In 2016, a case history found that a temporal lobe epileptic experienced a vision of God following a temporal lobe seizure, ... Animal models and clinical studies show that memory loss correlates with temporal lobe neuronal loss in temporal lobe epilepsy ... The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) recognizes two main types of temporal lobe epilepsy: mesial temporal lobe ... aspect of the temporal lobe and lateral temporal lobe epilepsy (LTLE), the rarer type, arising in the neocortex at the outer ( ...
*  Post-traumatic amnesia
Temporal lobe damage has been linked to a temporal gradient of this sort, because older memories are less dependent on the ... In more severely brain-damaged individuals, the damage to the temporal lobes and the frontal lobes serves as good indication ... The temporal lobes are often the most vulnerable to the diffuse (widely distributed) and focal (more specifically localized) ... Bilateral damage to the temporal lobes also causes severe anterograde amnesia, making it likely that lesions to this area would ...
*  Temporal lobe
The temporal lobe is one of the four major lobes of the cerebral cortex in the brain of mammals. The temporal lobe is located ... The medial temporal lobe memory system H. M.'s Medial Temporal Lobe Lesion: Findings from Magnetic Resonance Imaging. ... and lateral parts of the temporal lobes are involved in high-level auditory processing. The temporal lobe is involved in ... which spans the region between temporal and parietal lobes, plays a key role (in tandem with Broca's area in the frontal lobe) ...
*  Temporal lobe necrosis
... is a late-stage and serious complication usually occurring in persons who have undergone radiation ... Dassarath, M; Yin, Z; Chen, J; Liu, H; Yang, K; Wu, G (2011). "Temporal lobe necrosis: a dwindling entity in a patient with ... Chen, J; Dassarath, M; Yin, Z; Liu, H; Yang, K; Wu, G (2011). "Radiation induced temporal lobe necrosis in patients with ... Many patients who experience temporal lobe necrosis are asymptomatic. This demonstrates a need for consistent imaging follow up ...
*  Sultiame
Temporal lobe seizures appeared particularly responsive to sultiame. Doubts subsequently arose as to whether sultiame has ... temporal lobe epilepsy; myoclonic seizures; grand mal attacks; and Jacksonian seizures. In contrast to other sulfonamide drugs ...
*  Episodic-like memory
The ability to encode and retrieve past experiences relies on the circuitry of the medial temporal lobe, a brain structure that ... Many similarities have been found including the role of the medial temporal lobe, a structure including the hippocampus. ... Squire, L.; Stark, C.; Clark, R. (2004). "The Medial Temporal Lobe". Annual Review of Neuroscience. 27: 279-306. doi:10.1146/ ... largely conserved across mammalian species as are the major pathways that information travels between the medial temporal lobe ...
*  Eyeblink conditioning
Squire, L. R., Stark, C. E. L., & R. E. Clark (2004). The medial temporal lobe. Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 27:279-306. McCormick DA, ... As learning proceeds, the olive becomes inhibited and it has been shown that this inhibition has temporal properties that makes ... and the anterior lobe ((ANT) Garcia, Steele, and Mauk, 1999). The importance of cerebellar cortex in EBC, relative to INP, is a ... INP cells discharge prior to CR execution and fire in a pattern of increased frequency of response that predicts the temporal ...
*  Witzelsucht
... a neurological disorder resulting from degeneration of the frontal lobes and/or anterior temporal lobes. There are a range of ... Epileptic foci can be found on the temporal lobe, near the amygdala. It has been postulated that there is an increased ... Baird, A.D., Wilson, S.J., Bladin, P.F., Saling, M.M., & Reutens, D.C. (2002). Hypersexuality after temporal lobe resection. ... Previous human studies have shown an association between temporal lobe dysfunction and altered sexual behavior. There has also ...
*  Cavernous sinus
Laterally: temporal lobe with uncus. Anteriorly: superior orbital fissure. Posteriorly: apex of petrous temporal bone. ... creating a cavity called the lateral sellar compartment bordered by the temporal bone of the skull and the sphenoid bone, ...
*  Near-death studies
Britton W. B., Bootzin R. R. "Near-death experiences and the temporal lobe". Psychol. Sci. 15, 254-258, 2004 Ruttimann, ... temporal lobe dysfunction or seizures; the NMDA receptor; activation of the limbic system; drugs; retinal ischemia; and ...
*  Memory and social interactions
The hippocampus is a structure located in the medial temporal lobe. It is thought to be involved in the encoding, consolidation ... It is generally located on the fusiform gyrus in the temporal lobe, but its precise location varies between individuals. The ... Milner, B. (1966). Amnesia following operation on the temporal lobes. In C.W.M. Whitty & O.L. Zangwill(Eds), Amnesia, (109-133 ... Squire, L.R.; Zola-Morgan, S. (1991). "The medial temporal lobe memory system". Science. 253 (5026): 1380-1386. doi:10.1126/ ...
*  Déjà vu
Efron found that the brain's sorting of incoming signals is done in the temporal lobe of the brain's left hemisphere. However, ... Akgül, S; Öksüz-Kanbur, N; Turan, G (2013). "Persistent déjà vu associated with temporal lobe epilepsy in an adolescent". Turk ... The strongest pathological association of déjà vu is with temporal lobe epilepsy. This correlation has led some researchers to ... 2012). Déjà Experiences in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy. Epilepsy Research and Treatment 1-15. Vlasov, P. N.; Chervyakov, A. V.; ...
*  LGI1
Gu W, Brodtkorb E, Steinlein OK (September 2002). "LGI1 is mutated in familial temporal lobe epilepsy characterized by aphasic ... "LGI1 mutations in temporal lobe epilepsies". Neurology. 62 (7): 1115-9. doi:10.1212/01.wnl.0000118213.94650.81. PMID 15079010. ... adrenergic receptor gene in a heritable form of temporal lobe epilepsy". Neurology. 51 (6): 1730-1. doi:10.1212/wnl.51.6.1730. ... Hedera P, Abou-Khalil B, Crunk AE, Taylor KA, Haines JL, Sutcliffe JS (March 2004). "Autosomal dominant lateral temporal ...
*  Musicogenic epilepsy
Most patients have temporal lobe epilepsy. Listening, probably also thinking or playing, of usually very specific music with an ... Although musicality is at least in non-musicians predominantly located in the right temporal lobe, the seizure onset may also ... Of the approximately 100 patients reported in the literature so far, about 75% had temporal lobe epilepsy, women were slightly ... Musicogenic seizures can arise from multiple temporal lobe foci: intracranial EEG analyses of three patients. Epilepsia 2006; ...
*  Neuroanatomy of memory
Lobes in this cortex are more closely associated with memory and in particular autobiographical memory. The temporal lobes are ... The temporal lobes are a region of the cerebral cortex that is located beneath the Sylvian fissure on both the left and right ... It is part of the limbic system, and lies next to the medial temporal lobe. It is made up of two structures, the Ammon's Horn, ... The basal ganglia are a group of nuclei which are located in the medial temporal lobe, above the thalamus and connected to the ...
*  List of people with epilepsy
"It is likely that the earlier accounts of temporal lobe epilepsy and temporal lobe pathology and the relation to mystic and ... and it has been speculated that many religious figures had temporal lobe epilepsy. The temporal lobes generate the feeling of " ... The temporal lobes and adjacent anterior insular cortex seem to be involved in mystical experiences, and in the change in ... Murai T, Hanakawa T, Sengoku A, Ban T, Yoneda Y, Fujita H, Fujita N (1998). "Temporal lobe epilepsy in a genius of natural ...
*  Hemoencephalography
Since then, both techniques have been applied to numerous disorders of frontal and prefrontal lobe function. Sherrill, R. (2004 ... due to the wide variations in blood flow and skull thickness from one person to the next Cannot be used as a temporal measure ...
*  Prepulse inhibition
Morton, N., Gray, N.S., Mellers, J., Toone, B., Lishman, W.A., & Gray, J.A. (1994). Prepulse inhibition in temporal lobe ... 1996). According to one study, people who have temporal lobe epilepsy with psychosis also show decreases in PPI, unlike those ...