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*  Synovial fluid
The fluid in articular cartilage effectively serves as a synovial fluid reserve. During movement, the synovial fluid held in ... Synovial fluid is a small component of the transcellular fluid component of extracellular fluid. The inner membrane of synovial ... Synovial fluid, also called synovia,[help 1] is a viscous, non-Newtonian fluid found in the cavities of synovial joints. With ... Synovial fluid may be collected by syringe in a procedure termed arthrocentesis, also known as joint aspiration. Synovial fluid ...
*  Chondronectin
Carsons, S; Horn, VJ (1988). "Chondronectin in human synovial fluid". Annals of the rheumatic diseases. 47 (10): 797-800. doi: ...
*  Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition disease
Arthrocentesis, or removing synovial fluid from the affected joint, is performed to test the synovial fluid for the calcium ... Dieppe, P.; Swan, A. (1 May 1999). "Identification of crystals in synovial fluid". Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. 58 (5): ... Two elements are considered: radiology and joint fluid analysis. Radiology has a large role to play in finding ... "Calcium Pyrophosphate Dihydrate Deposition Disease: Synovial Biopsy, Wrist". Rheumatology Image Bank. American College of ...
*  Rheopecty
Examples of rheopectic fluids include gypsum pastes and printer inks. In the body synovial fluid exhibits the extraordinary ... "The Inverse Thixotropic Behaviour of Synovial Fluid". Sato, Tatsuo (August 1995). "Rheology of suspensions". The Journal of ... the longer the fluid undergoes shearing force, the higher its viscosity. Rheopectic fluids, such as some lubricants, thicken or ... These terms are often and easily confused since the terms are rarely used; a true rheopectic fluid would when shaken be liquid ...
*  Septic arthritis
Synovial fluid cultures are positive in over 90% of nongonoccocal arthritis; however, it is possible for the culture to be ... If the culture is negative or if a gonococcal cause is suspected, NAAT testing of the synovial fluid should be done. Positive ... This should be based on gram stain of the synovial fluid as well as other clinical findings. General guidelines are as follows ... A lactate level in the synovial fluid of greater than 10 mmol/l makes the diagnosis very likely. Laboratory testing includes ...
*  Beta-mannosidase
Bartholomew, B.A. & Perry, A.L. (1973). "The properties of synovial fluid β-mannosidase activity". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 315 ...
*  Aggrecan
Sandy JD, Flannery CR, Neame PJ, Lohmander LS (1992). "The structure of aggrecan fragments in human synovial fluid. Evidence ...
*  Hemarthrosis
Synovial Fluid analysis is another method to diagnose Hemarthrosis. It involves a small needle being inserted into the joint to ... draw the fluid. Reddish-colored hue of the sample is an indication of the blood being present. Imaging tests are normally done ...
*  Cracking joints
... some of the gases that are dissolved in the synovial fluid (which are naturally found in all bodily fluids) leave the solution ... Synovial fluid cavitation has some evidence to support it. When a spinal manipulation is performed, the applied force separates ... Cavitation within the joint-small cavities of partial vacuum form in the synovial fluid and then rapidly collapse, producing a ... while the gases are slowly reabsorbed into the synovial fluid. There is some evidence that ligament laxity may be associated ...
*  Synovitis
The joint usually swells due to synovial fluid collection. Synovitis may occur in association with arthritis as well as lupus, ... Synovitis is the medical term for inflammation of the synovial membrane. This membrane lines joints that possess cavities, ... known as synovial joints. The condition is usually painful, particularly when the joint is moved. ... synovial derived inflammatory cytokines and neuropeptides to the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis". The Veterinary Journal. 179 ( ...
*  Robert Tuttle Morris
Morris had invented a sort of artificial synovial fluid. Made out by a mixture of boroglyceride, glycerine and normal saline ... And he actually found out that pepsin acted best and was able to turned blood clot into semi-fluid form. Moreover, pepsin was ... The consequences of all of its specific characteristics were that when injected into a joint, this fluid resisted absorption ... solution, it resulted to be antiseptic and hygroscopic, so that it had a tendency to draw serous fluids towards itself. ...
*  Osteochondritis dissecans
Stages III and IV describe unstable lesions in which a lesion of the cartilage has allowed synovial fluid between the fragment ... Rodrigo JJ, Steadman JR, Syftestad G, Benton H, Silliman J (1995). "Effects of human knee synovial fluid on chondrogenesis in ... This examination may reveal fluid in the joint, tenderness, and crepitus. The Wilson test is also useful in locating OCD ... Physical examination typically reveals fluid in the joint, tenderness, and crepitus. The tenderness may initially spread, but ...
*  PLA2G2A
"Entrez Gene: PLA2G2A Phospholipase A2, group IIA (platelets, synovial fluid)". Kramer RM, Johansen B, Hession C, Pepinsky RB ( ... Lai CY, Wada K (1989). "Phospholipase A2 from human synovial fluid: purification and structural homology to the placental ... 1989). "Cloning and recombinant expression of phospholipase A2 present in rheumatoid arthritic synovial fluid". J. Biol. Chem. ... 1991). "Structure of recombinant human rheumatoid arthritic synovial fluid phospholipase A2 at 2.2 A resolution". Nature. 352 ( ...
*  Pigmented villonodular synovitis
The synovial fluid of the joint is often grossly hemorrhagic. PVNS, under the microscope, looks as the name of the condition ... The lining also makes extra fluid that can cause swelling and make movement painful. PVNS is idiopathic, it doesn't seem to run ...
*  Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Synovial fluid should be collected in cases of septic arthritis. Patients should also be tested for other sexually transmitted ...
*  Proteoglycan 4
... of lubricin makes it a water-soluble synovial fluid protein. In synovial fluid it interacts with Galectin-3 that improves its ... Lubricin is present in synovial fluid and on the surface (superficial layer) of articular cartilage and therefore plays an ... "The role of lubricin in the mechanical behavior of synovial fluid". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the ... and also by synovial lining cells. The cDNA encodes a protein of 1,404 amino acids (human A isoform) with a somatomedin B ...
*  Gram stain
... examples are cerebrospinal fluid for meningitis and synovial fluid for septic arthritis. Gram-positive bacteria have a thick ... Gram stains are performed on body fluid or biopsy when infection is suspected. Gram stains yield results much more quickly than ...
*  Time-dependent viscosity
Honey from honey bees may also exhibit this property under certain conditions.(heather honey). Synovial fluid found in joints ... Thixotropic fluids are fluids that show a shear thinning property. Certain gels or fluids that are thick (viscous) under static ... the longer the fluid undergoes shear stress, the lower its viscosity. A thixotropic fluid is a fluid which takes a finite time ... Rheopectic fluids are a rare class of non-Newtonian fluids. These show a time-dependent increase in viscosity; the longer the ...
*  Prepatellar bursitis
In human anatomy, a bursa is a small pouch filled with synovial fluid. Its purpose is to reduce friction between adjacent ... aspiration of the bursal fluid is often required for this, along with a cell culture and Gram stain of the aspirated fluid. ... Septic prepatellar bursitis may be diagnosed if the fluid is found to have a neutrophil count above 1500 per microliter, a ... The trauma can cause extravasation of nearby fluids into the bursa, which stimulates an inflammatory response. This response ...
*  Leptin
As in the plasma, the leptin levels in the synovial fluid are positively correlated with BMI. The leptin of the synovial fluid ... For example, leptin can be found in the synovial fluid in correlation with the body mass index, and the leptin receptors are ... "Differential distribution of adipokines between serum and synovial fluid in patients with osteoarthritis. Contribution of joint ... Leptin has been shown to be produced by chondrocytes, as well as by other tissues in the joints, including the synovial tissue ...
*  Bursitis
... of synovial fluid in the body. They are lined with a synovial membrane that secretes a lubricating synovial fluid. There are ...
*  MiR-132
Murata K, Yoshitomi H, Tanida S, Ishikawa M, Nishitani K, Ito H, Nakamura T (2010). "Plasma and synovial fluid microRNAs as ...
*  Gout
All synovial fluid samples obtained from undiagnosed inflamed joints by arthrocentesis should be examined for these crystals. ... A definitive diagnosis of gout is based upon the identification of monosodium urate crystals in synovial fluid or a tophus. ... To help with diagnosis, a synovial fluid Gram stain and culture may be performed. Other conditions that can look similar ... Synovial fluid analysis should be done, however, if the diagnosis is in doubt. X-rays, while useful for identifying chronic ...
*  Felty's syndrome
Diagnosis can be confirmed by use of X-rays or synovial fluid analysis. The cause of Felty's syndrome is unknown, but it has ... The damaged to the once healthy tissue causes inflammation and ultimately fluid build-up in the joint. An accumulation of fluid ... The result of this chemical release causes the synovial cells to release harmful chemicals in response as well as begin the ... In this condition, the white blood cells travel through the blood stream to the synovial joints and release chemical called ...
*  Osteoarthritis
... they are protected by a joint capsule lined with a synovial membrane that produces synovial fluid. The capsule and fluid ... Spurs grow out from the edge of the bone, and synovial fluid increases. Altogether, the joint feels stiff and sore. ... Some other collagen breakdown products in the synovial fluid correlated with each other after acute injuries (a known cause of ... "Type II collagen C2C epitope in human synovial fluid and serum after knee injury - associations with molecular and structural ...