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*  History of rhinoplasty
... with a tissue-flap harvested from the patient's arm), and surgical approaches to eyelid, cleft lip, and cleft palate ... and the forehead flap rhinoplasty procedure that remains contemporary plastic surgical practice. In the Sushruta samhita ... his medico-surgical compendium. The physician Sushruta and his medical students developed and applied plastic surgical ... When the skin has united and granulated, if the nose is too short or too long, the middle of the flap should be divided, and an ...
*  Microsurgery
A number of surgical specialties use microsurgical techniques. Otolaryngologists (ear, nose, throat and head and neck surgeons ... The composite tissue is transferred (moved as a free flap of tissue) to the region on the patient requiring reconstruction (e.g ... The first neurosurgeon to make use of the surgical microscope was a Turkish emigrant, Gazi Yasargil. In 1953 he studied ... Free tissue transfer is a surgical reconstructive procedure using microsurgery. A region of "donor" tissue is selected that can ...
*  Breast reconstruction
The latissimus dorsi breast reconstruction flap has a number of advantages, but despite the advances in surgical techniques, it ... Abdominal flaps The abdominal flap for breast reconstruction is the TRAM flap (Transverse Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous flap) ... The DIEP flap and free-TRAM flap require advanced microsurgical technique and are less common as a result. Both can provide ... Local Tissue Flaps - a nipple may be created by raising a small flap in the target area and producing a raised mound of skin. ...
*  Free flap breast reconstruction
In surgical praxis, the abdomen is the primary donor-site for harvesting the tissues to create the free flap, because that ... Indications Identical to SGAP flap. Contraindication The same as for SGAP flap. Technique The TUG flap (also the TMG flap) ... Technique The technique of the MS-TRAM flap is similar to the technique of the DIEAP flap, but the MS-TRAM flap is used if the ... Unlike the DIEAP flap the SIEA flap is not a perforator flap, because the vessels do not perforate the abdominal wall ...
*  Diffuse lamellar keratitis
Infiltration is confined to the surgical flap interface with no posterior or anterior extension, and overlying epithelium most ... DLK is predominantly associated with Lasik, as the creation of a flap creates a potential space for cells to accumulate. ... Stage 1 Cells infiltrate the periphery of the flap, without involving central cornea. Stage 2 Peripheral cells migrate to the ... Depending on severity, therapies may range from topical or oral anti-inflammatories to irrigation and surgical repair. "Diffuse ...
*  Oral cancer
Bone grafts and surgical flaps such as the radial forearm flap are used to help rebuild the structures removed during excision ... Such harms include false positives, unnecessary surgical biopsies and a financial burden on the patient. Surgical excision ( ... "Surgical margins and primary site resection in achieving local control in oral cancer resections". The Laryngoscope. 125 (10): ...
*  Dental extraction
... when a surgical flap must be elevated (i.e. the periosteum covering the bone is thus injured), minor to moderate swelling will ... Surgical extractions almost always require an incision. In a surgical extraction the doctor may elevate the soft tissues ... Most cases of surgical extraction procedures, require that, the forces are diverted, from the tooth, itself, to areas such as ... Surgical extractions involve the removal of teeth that cannot be easily accessed, either because they have broken under the gum ...
*  Photorefractive keratectomy
Due to the LASEK procedure not requiring a surgical flap, athletes or individuals concerned with trauma introduced by the flap ... When LASEK is compared to LASIK, LASIK can have better outcomes with corneal haze while LASEK has a lower rate of flap ... LASEK has advantages over LASIK in that it avoids added complications associated with the flap created during surgery. The ... Massimo Camellin, an Italian surgeon, was the first to write a scientific publication about the new surgical technique in 1998 ...
*  Palatal lift prosthesis
Pharyngeal Flap Surgery The superiorly based or inferiorly based pharyngeal flap surgical procedure offers an alternative to ... A preoperative assessment of such adduction can serve as a surgical guide to how wide a pharyngeal flap must be to be ... Contraindications to pharyngeal flap surgical procedures, thus, include nominal measures of lateral pharyngeal wall adduction. ... With this in mind, pharyngeal flap surgical candidates should undertake a preoperative nasoendoscopic examination by an ...
*  List of MeSH codes (E07)
... surgical flaps MeSH E07.862.750 --- urinary reservoirs, continent MeSH E07.943.901 --- transducers, pressure MeSH E07.950.500 ... surgical staplers MeSH E07.858.708 --- surgical mesh MeSH E07.858.740 --- surgical sponges MeSH E07.858.740.300 --- gelatin ... surgical MeSH E07.700.600.700 --- space suits MeSH E07.700.700 --- respiratory protective devices MeSH E07.700.800 --- seat ... surgical MeSH E07.858.442.660.430 --- external fixators MeSH E07.858.442.660.460 --- internal fixators MeSH E07.858.442.660.845 ...
*  List of MeSH codes (A10)
... surgical flaps MeSH A10.850.750 --- urinary reservoirs, continent. ...
*  Lip augmentation
A few surgeons offer a procedure known as surgical flap augmentations in which small sections of skin near the lips or inside ... Surgical applications usually require general anesthesia. Restylane, a non-animal, clear gel that is reported to be very close ... Lip augmentation is a type of cosmetic surgery or non-surgical procedure that aims to alter the appearance of the lips by ... Of the 90 patients, four required surgical intervention due to nodules in the lips. Gore-Tex implants. In medical uses, Gore- ...
*  Hairline lowering
Ancillary surgical procedure and flaps, in Unger W, Shapiro R et al. Hair Transplantation 5th edition. London Informa ... The surgeon will usually close the wound with 2 layers of sutures or surgical clips. The resultant scar from hairline ... In males with progressive baldness, the surgical scar may become more visible as balding advances. Hair thinning from "shock ... Hairline lowering (alternately, a scalp advancement or forehead reduction) is a surgical technique that allows an individual to ...
*  Nasal reconstruction using a paramedian forehead flap
... is a surgical technique to reconstruct different kinds of nasal defects. ... the median forehead flap, oblique forehead flap, sickle flap and vertical paramedian forehead flap. However, the vertical ... A second flap can be harvested from the contralateral forehead after a prior vertical flap. If an oblique or angled flap was ... As soon as the flap reaches the defect without tension further incision of the flap is stopped and the flap is inset into the ...
*  Leo Eloesser
A surgical procedure known as the Eloesser flap is named for him. Known for his work among the poor and indigent, Dr. Eloesser ... In the Spanish Civil War he saw service at Teruel and on the Ebro front with his own Mobile Surgical Hospital. At the end of ... doi:10.1016/s0003-4975(10)66250-9. Denlinger, Chadrick E. "Eloesser Flap Thoracostomy Window". Operative Techniques in Thoracic ...
*  Eloesser flap
The Eloessar flap is a surgical procedure developed by Dr. Leo Eloesser in 1935 at the San Francisco General Hospital. It was ... Prior to the development of the Eloessar flap in the 1930s, the main surgical treatments for chronic tuberculous empyema were ... The section of rib under the top of the flap was also removed. The finger-like skin flap was then inserted into the cavity made ... The flap allows for 1) passive drainage of the pleural space and 2) negative pressure to develop in the thoracic cavity due to ...
*  Hair loss
Surgical options, such as follicle transplants, scalp flaps, and hair loss reduction, are available. These procedures are ... Wigs are an alternative to medical and surgical treatment; some patients wear a wig or hairpiece. They can be used permanently ...
*  Carotid stenting
... early post-surgical stenosis or flap) an experienced center and experienced physician performing the procedure. Features that ... Anatomic high surgical risk: Contralateral carotid occlusion Contralateral laryngeal palsy Post-radiation treatment Previous ... Carotid stenting may be considered an alternative to carotid surgery in average surgical risk patients, albeit with a higher ... Recently physicians have questioned the ethics and validity of European trials comparing a mature carotid surgical procedure to ...
*  Rhinoplasty
... deformities common to skin-flap transposition procedure. Surgical technique - the bilobed flap The design of the bilobed flap ... the Paramedian forehead flap, and the Septal mucosal flap. I. The bilobed flap The design of the bilobed flap derives from the ... a nasolabial flap cannot be thinned as easily as an axial skin-flap. After the nasolabial flap has been emplaced, the flap ... For such surgical repairs, skin flaps are preferable to skin grafts, because skin flaps generally are the superior remedy for ...
*  Electrodesiccation and curettage
... flaps, etc.). As the surgical margin is not confirmed by pathology, the free surgical margin can not be confirmed by an ... is performed over the raw surgical ulcer to denature a layer of the dermis and the curette is used again over the surgical ... As a surgical ulcer is created and is larger than the original tumor, healing time may be delayed and subsequent scarring ... Like standard excision, the wider the surgical margin, the higher the cure rate. Cure rate for small cancer is higher than cure ...
*  Gundersen
... people with the surname Gundersen the Gundersen flap, a surgical procedure developed by Trygve Gundersen Gunderson ( ...
*  Perforator flaps
... flaps and inferior gluteal (IGAP) flaps. Treatment of tissue defects caused after a trauma present major surgical challenges ... flap Superior gluteal (SGAP) flaps Inferior gluteal (IGAP) flaps Flap (surgery) DIEP flap List of plastic surgery flaps Breast ... The perforator propeller flap is the propeller flap which is used most commonly. It is a perforator flap with a skin island, ... When a flap's blood supply depends on a septal perforator, this flap is called a septal perforator flap. Due to confusion about ...
*  Craniotomy
A craniotomy is a surgical operation in which a bone flap is temporarily removed from the skull to access the brain. ... The bone flap is then replaced using titanium plates and screws or another form of fixation (wire, suture, etc.). In the event ... Craniotomy is distinguished from craniectomy (in which the skull flap is not immediately replaced, allowing the brain to swell ...
*  Cleft lip and cleft palate
Surgical techniques for cleft palate in dogs include prosthesis, mucosal flaps, and microvascular free flaps. Affected animals ... Movement of the flaps; flap A is moved between B and C. C is rotated slightly while B is pushed down. Pre-operation Post- ... However, combinations of surgical methods and repeated surgeries are often necessary as the child grows. One of the new ... Millard performed the first procedure at a Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) unit in Korea. Often an incomplete cleft lip ...
*  Familial dysautonomia
This education has resulted in decreased corneal scarring and need for more aggressive surgical measures such as tarsorrhaphy, ... conjunctival flaps, and corneal transplants. Familial dysautonomia is seen almost exclusively in Ashkenazi Jews and is ...
*  Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty
Labra, et al., from Mexico, published a variation of UP3, by adding a uvulopalatal flap, in order to avoid such complications, ... The contributing factors in the variability of success include the pre-surgical size of the tonsils, palate, uvula and tongue ... In 2002, an Atlanta-based surgical team, led by Dr. Jeffrey Prinsell, published results which have approximated those of the ... Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (also known by the abbreviations UPPP and UP3) is a surgical procedure or sleep surgery used to ...
*  Vomer flap surgery
... was used prior to 1975 as a surgical treatment for children with cleft palate. In this procedure, the vomer ... This procedure can be used to reconstruct the nasal or oral surfaces by either raising the vomer or creating a flap. Surgical ... A follow-up study of cleft children treated with vomer flap as part of a three-stage soft tissue surgical procedure. ... defective mid-facial growth found in some patients caused the vomer flap procedure to begin to decline drastically in surgical ...