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*  Toxic leukoencephalopathy
Leukoencephalopathy may result from the inhalation, intravenous injection, or ingestion of substance abuse drugs. However, such ... The most common causes are substance abuse drugs and chemotherapy; however, the disease has also occurred on the rare occasion ... Especially in the case of leukoencephalopathy developing due to substance abuse or environmental toxins, symptoms typically do ... High doses of intravenous methotrexate, a necessary component of chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia, is known to ...
*  AIDS amendments of 1988
... intravenous substance abuse, and the benefits of abstinence or sexual abstinence from such activity. (c.) Education and ... shall not be utilized to encourage or promote directly heterosexual or homosexual endeavors and intravenous substance abuse ... home intravenous drug therapy including prescription drugs administered intravenously as part of such palliative care (E) ... unless the Surgeon General determines that a demonstration needle exchange program is effective in reducing drug abuse and the ...
*  List of MeSH codes (F03)
... phencyclidine abuse MeSH F03.900.746 --- psychoses, substance-induced MeSH F03.900.793 --- substance abuse, intravenous MeSH ... marijuana abuse MeSH F03.900.650 --- neonatal abstinence syndrome MeSH F03.900.675 --- opioid-related disorders MeSH F03.900. ... substance-induced MeSH F03.700.675.600.750 --- psychoses, alcoholic MeSH F03.700.750 --- schizophrenia MeSH F03.700.750.300 ... F03.900.825 --- substance withdrawal syndrome MeSH F03.900.825.500 --- alcohol withdrawal delirium MeSH F03.900.912 --- tobacco ...
*  Methylphenidate
"Prevalent Intravenous Abuse of Methylphenidate Among Treatment-Seeking Patients With Substance Abuse Disorders: A Descriptive ... where research shows that the drug was the most commonly abused substance among intravenous substance abusers. The study ... In the United States, methylphenidate is classified as a Schedule II controlled substance, the designation used for substances ... Substance Abuse. 29 (3): 31-49. doi:10.1080/08897070802218554. PMC 2597382 . PMID 19042205. Grabowski J, Roache JD, Schmitz JM ...
*  Jee Hyun Kim
To investigate substance abuse the Kim laboratory uses a operant conditioning paradigm based on the work of B. F. Skinner known ... as intravenous self-administration (IVSA). Kim's research especially focuses on extinction, a form of inhibitory learning that ... Luikinga, Sophia J.; Kim, Jee Hyun; Perry, Christina J. "Developmental perspectives on methamphetamine abuse: Exploring ... anxiety disorder and substance use disorder. Kim has 54 original publications to date, and her work has been cited in other ...
*  Butabarbital
A psychoactive substance, butabarbital drugs are often abused with risk of acute intoxication and addiction. Barbiturates such ... It is most often administered orally as either sodium solution or tablet, however can also be given by intravenous injection. ... Butisol sodium is manufactured by Meda Pharmaceuticals as a Schedule III controlled substance due to its high risk for abuse ... Butabarbital sodium is a Schedule III controlled substance in the US and Canada due to risk of abuse and dependence. ...
*  Desomorphine
New York State Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services. Katselou, M; Papoutsis, I; Nikolaou, P; Spiliopoulou, C; ... A case of krokodil-induced skin necrosis in an intravenous drug user". JAAD Case Rep. 2 (2): 174-6. doi:10.1016/j.jdcr.2016.02. ... Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse. November 21, 2013. ISBN 978-1-77178-052-0. Mullins ME, Schwarz ES (2014). "'Krokodil' in ... Abuse of homemade desomorphine was first reported in Siberia in 2003 when Russia started a major crackdown on heroin production ...
*  Substance use disorder
In the DSM-5 substance use disorder replaced substance abuse and substance dependence. Another term, substance-related disorder ... chronic harm and intravenous harm. Shown is the mean physical harm. Not shown, but also evaluated, was the social harm. ... the abused substance and society. Substance abuse is sometimes used as a synonym for drug abuse, drug addiction, and chemical ... This, along with Substance Abuse are considered Substance Use Disorders..." The DSM definition of addiction can be boiled down ...
*  Needle sharing
... the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) authorization, and the 1997 Labor-Health and Human ... Needle sharing is the practice of intravenous drug-users by which a syringe is shared by multiple individuals to administer ... However, many states still provide the service despite the federal legislation, especially in large cities where intravenous ... intravenous drugs, and is a primary vector for diseases which can be transmitted through blood (blood-borne pathogens). People ...
*  Cheese (recreational drug)
Due to the high concentrations of non-opiate substances relative to the diamorphine content of the drug, abuse and overdose of ... Users commonly take the powder by insufflation ("snorting") rather than by intravenous injection. This mixture is also known as ... as a person sleepy from diphenhydramine would be unlikely to be abusing heroin at the same time. It is common for users of ... implying that the store also pulled the products to curb abuse. The manager stated that theft decreased after removing the ...
*  List of nursing specialties
... nursing Rehabilitation nursing Research nursing Renal nursing School nursing Space nursing Sub-acute nursing Substance abuse ... nursing Home health nursing Hospice and palliative care nursing Hyperbaric nursing Immunology and allergy nursing Intravenous ...
*  Riverside Medical Center
Alcoholic and Substance abuse treatment Ambulance Service Blood Bank Bone Densitometer Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory (3) ... Laboratory Home Health Care Home Meal Service Hospital Auxiliary Industrial Medicine Interventional Radiology Intravenous ...
*  Bupropion
Substance abuse treatment for persons with HIV/AIDS. Treatment Improvement Protocol. Rockville: Substance Abuse and Mental ... Baribeau, Danielle; Araki, Keyghobad Farid (May-June 2013). "Intravenous Bupropion: A Previously Undocumented Method of Abuse ... or substance abuse. In a large-scale study of programs where bupropion was used for smoking cessation or treatment of ... There have been a number of anecdotal and case-study reports of bupropion abuse, but the bulk of evidence indicates that the ...
*  Drug injection
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 71, 48-53. COUGHLIN, P; MAVOR, A (1 October 2006). "Arterial Consequences of Recreational ... Dec 1983). "Pulmonary "mainline" granulomatosis: talcosis secondary to intravenous heroin abuse with characteristic x-ray ... usually intravenous, but also intramuscular or subcutaneous). It often applies to substance dependence and recreational drug ... Substances below a certain molecular weight can be absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream when dissolved in the ...
*  Self-administration
... it was identified that the abuse potential of psychoactive substances could be investigated using rats instead of nonhuman ... intravenous. Intravenous catheterization is used most commonly because it maximizes bioavailability and has rapid onset, ... the drug was considered an active reinforcer with abuse potential. With few exceptions, the abuse liability observed in rats ... Collins R.J.; Weeks J.R.; Cooper M.M.; Good P.I.; Russell R.R. (1984). "Prediction of abuse liability of drugs using IV self- ...
*  Barbiturate
Hamid H.; El-Mallakh RS; Vandeveir K (March 2005). "Substance Abuse: Medical and Slang Terminology". South Med J. Medscape. 98 ... When dissolved in water, sodium amytal can be swallowed, or it can be administered by intravenous injection. The drug does not ... Galanter, Marc; Kleber, Herbert D. (1 July 2008). The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Substance Abuse Treatment ( ... In the United States, the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 classified most barbiturates as controlled substances-and they ...
*  Modafinil
Intravenous LD50 for dogs is 300 mg/kg. Clinical trials on humans involving taking up to 1200 mg/day for 7-21 days and known ... As such, modafinil is classified by the United States FDA as a schedule IV controlled substance, a category for drugs with ... In accordance, although very rare, case reports of modafinil abuse exist. ... The Agency added modafinil to its list of prohibited substances on August 3, 2004, ten days before the start of the 2004 Summer ...
*  Monoamine releasing agent
Brust JC (2004). Neurological Aspects of Substance Abuse. Butterworth-Heinemann. pp. 117-. ISBN 978-0-7506-7313-6. United ... "Effect of rate of administration on subjective and physiological effects of intravenous cocaine in humans". Drug and Alcohol ... Banks ML, Bauer CT, Blough BE, Rothman RB, Partilla JS, Baumann MH, Negus SS (2014). "Abuse-related effects of dual dopamine/ ... Baumann MH, Clark RD, Budzynski AG, Partilla JS, Blough BE, Rothman RB (2005). "N-substituted piperazines abused by humans ...
*  Abscess
Langrod, Pedro Ruiz, Eric C. Strain, John G. (2007). The substance abuse handbook. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/ ... Risk factors include intravenous drug use with rates reported as high as 65% in this population. In 2005 in the United States, ... Risk factors include intravenous drug use with rates reported as high as 65% in this population. In 2005 in the United States ... For those with a history of intravenous drug use, an X-ray is recommended before treatment to verify that no needle fragments ...
*  Oxycodone
"Oxycodone". Center for Substance Abuse Research. 2005-05-02. Retrieved 2009-03-25. Rao R, Desai NS (June 2002). "OxyContin and ... In the United Kingdom, it is available in 10 mg/mL and 50 mg/mL formulation for intramuscular or intravenous administration. ... According to a Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse study quoted in Maclean's magazine, there were at least 655 fentanyl-related ... possession and use to reduce abuse, misuse and physical or psychological dependence". Oxycodone is a controlled substance under ...
*  Collapsed vein
They are particularly common where injecting conditions are less than ideal, such as in the context of drug abuse. Veins may ... This may be caused by the needle, the substance injected, or donating plasma. Once the swelling subsides, the circulation will ... Collapsed veins are a common result of chronic use of intravenous injections. ... especially with blunt needles Poor technique Injection of substances which irritate the veins; in particular, injection of ...
*  Hydroxybupropion
However, it has been studied as a possible therapeutic for alcohol and nicotine abuse as a codrug. There are few clinical ... Exact bioavailability has yet to be determined given an intravenous form does not exist. Absorption is suggested to be between ... Hydroxybupropion is not a scheduled drug or a controlled substance. One can access GLP (Good Lab Practice) documents detailing ... Moreover, there is little information to suggest hydroxybupropion has an abuse potential. ...
*  Outline of emergency medicine
... credited with pioneering cardiopulmonary resuscitation Outline of medicine Alcohol abuse Substance abuse Pain management ... Intravenous therapy (IV) Tracheal intubation Laryngeal tube Combitube Nasopharyngeal airway (NPA) Oropharyngeal airway (OPA) ... Chest trauma Child abuse Domestic abuse Facial trauma Flail chest Foreign body Fulminant colitis Head injury Hyperthermia (heat ... chronic laxative abuse, and severe burns) Hepatic encephalopathy Hypercalcemic crisis Lactic acidosis Malnutrition and ...
*  Howard Markel
Having treated patients suffering from various forms of substance abuse, Markel thought that sharing Freud and Halsted's ... mostly young gay men and intravenous drug users, with HIV or AIDS. I became especially intrigued by a question that kept ...
*  Remifentanil
Advances in alcohol & substance abuse, 9(1-2), 27-45. Panlilio, L. V., & Schindler, C. W. (2000). Self-administration of ... It is administered in the form remifentanil hydrochloride and in adults is given as an intravenous infusion in doses ranging ... The substance can be given by pharmacists under a prescription. Anyone who supplies the substance without prescription can be ... Possession of the substance for consumption without license from the Department of Health is illegal with a $1,000,000 (HKD) ...
*  Hydroxyzine
Even though it is an effective sedative, hypnotic, and anxiolytic, it shares virtually none of the abuse, dependence, addiction ... If administered in small doses with other substances, such as mentioned, then patients should refrain from using dangerous ... Hydroxyzine is contraindicated for intravenous (IV) injection, as it has shown to cause hemolysis. Other contraindications ...