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*  Body composition
These measurements are then used to estimate total body fat. Ultrasound has also been used to measure subcutaneous fat ... average Calculate body fat % A common skin fold method is by using gun style calipers to measure the thickness of subcutaneous ... Human fat has a density of 0.9 grams/ml, and 2. The lean (non-fat) components of the human body have an overall density of 1.1 ... fat tissue mass, and fractional contribution of fat. The estimation of body fatness from body density (by means of underwater ...
*  Body shape
Males have less subcutaneous fat in their faces due to the effects of testosterone; testosterone also reduces fat by aiding ... Estrogen increases fat storage in the body, which results in more fat stored in the female body. Body fat percentage ... "Abdominal fat and what to do about it". "Why men store fat in bellies, women on hips". The Times Of India. 2011-01-03. ... But exercising reduces fat throughout the body, and where fat is stored depends on hormones. Liposuction is surgery commonly ...
*  Body fat redistribution syndrome
This fat accumulation is accompanied by a loss of subcutaneous fat in the face, arms, legs, and buttocks. Cosmetic concerns may ... Body fat redistribution (BFR) syndrome, sometimes called fat derangement, is a medical condition characterized by fat loss (or ... The most common manifestations of body fat redistribution are accumulations of fat in the central body in the form of a fat pad ... At least four syndromes have been described that are characterized by the accumulation of fat, and one by the loss of fat; ...
*  Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn
... (SCFN or SFN) is a rare form of lobular panniculitis occurring in newborns that is ... ISBN 1-4160-2999-0. eMedicine entry for Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn Swiss Society of Neonatology Case of the Month ... It has been suggested that the brown fat seen in newborns is more sensitive to hypoxic injury than fat seen in adults, and that ... such hypoxia, usually in the context of a complicated birth, leads to the fat necrosis. Complications can include hypercalcemia ...
*  Zeltiq Aesthetics
ISBN 978-93-5090-995-9. Avram, Mathew M.; Harry, Rosemary S. (2009). "Cryolipolysis™ for subcutaneous fat layer reduction". ... Check date values in: ,date= (help) Leuty, Ron (April 14, 2014). "Hot on 'cool' thighs, Zeltiq wins FDA clearance for fat- ... It is based on cryolipolysis, a method of controlled cold exposure that causes an inflammatory response in fat cells, resulting ... The company holds the largest market share for non-invasive fat reduction procedures. Its sole product, CoolSCulpting, is "the ...
*  Cryolipolysis
The degree of exposure to cooling causes the apoptosis (cell death) of subcutaneous fat tissue, without apparent damage to the ... Avram, MM; Harry, RS (2009). "Cryolipolysis for subcutaneous fat layer reduction". Lasers in Surgery and Medicine. 41 (10): 703 ... Cryolipolysis is used for removing certain areas of body fat that are just under the skin to contour a person. Evidence ... According to a 2015 review it shows promise with the average fat reduction, measured by calipers of about 20 percent. With the ...
*  Lipolysis
"Non-invasive subcutaneous fat reduction: A review". Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology. 29: 1679-88 ... Fat-specific protein 27 (FSP-27) (a.k.a CIDEC) is also a negative regulator of lipolysis. FSP-27 expression is negatively ... Singh, M; Kaur, R; Lee, MJ; Pickering, RT; Sharma, VM; Puri, V; Kandror, KV (23 May 2014). "Fat-specific protein 27 inhibits ... there are four main non-invasive body contouring techniques growing in aesthetic medicine for reducing localized subcutaneous ...
*  Targeted reinnervation
Smaller muscle size and subcutaneous fat facilitate crosstalk. With a minimal level of less than 3mm subcutaneous fat, ... Subcutaneous fat over the pectoral muscle was removed so that the electrodes can be as close to the muscle as possible to ... The explanation for this phenomenon is that, since his subcutaneous fat was removed during surgery, his chest skin was ...
*  Hippopotamus
By contrast, its subcutaneous fat layer is thin. The animals' upper parts are purplish-gray to blue-black, while the under ...
*  Cellulitis
It specifically affects the dermis and subcutaneous fat. Signs and symptoms include an area of redness which increases in size ... While classically distinguished as a separate entity from erysipelas by spreading more deeply to involve the subcutaneous ... Cellulitis has a characteristic "cobblestoned" appearance indicative of subcutaneous edema without a defined hypoechoic, ... subcutaneous edema, and systemic toxicity. Misdiagnosis can occur in up to 30% of people with suspected lower-extremity ...
*  Testosterone
This might cause acne, subcutaneous fat in face decreases. Pubic hair extends to thighs and up toward umbilicus, development of ... Fat cells synthesize the enzyme aromatase, which converts testosterone, the male sex hormone, into estradiol, the female sex ... in German). 16: 42-6. Brown-Sequard CE (1889). "The effects produced on man by subcutaneous injections of liquid obtained from ... decreased visceral fat mass, decreased total cholesterol, and glycemic control. High androgen levels are associated with ...
*  Congenital disorder of glycosylation
... inverted nipples and subcutaneous fat pads; and strabismus. If an MRI is obtained, cerebellar atrophy and hypoplasia is a ... fat pads and inverted nipples) and coagulopathy. In 1994, a new phenotype was described and named CDGS-II. In 1995, Van ...
*  Amazonian manatee
They also rely on subcutaneous fat to reduce heat loss. Manatees have nostrils, not blowholes like other aquatic mammals, which ... They are thought to fast during this period, their large fat reserves and low metabolic rates - only 36% of the usual placental ...
*  Steller's sea cow
It was also hunted to collect its valuable subcutaneous fat. The animal was hunted and used by Ivan Krassilnikov in 1754 and ... The fat could be used for cooking and as an odorless lamp oil. The thick, sweet milk of female sea cows could be drunk or made ... fat, and hide. Steller's sea cows grew to be 8 to 9 m (26 to 30 ft) long as adults, much larger than extant sirenians. Georg ...
*  Bruise
Gender: More bruising occurs in females due to increased subcutaneous fat. Skin tone: Discoloration caused by bruises is more ... Bruises, which do not blanch under pressure, can involve capillaries at the level of skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle, or bone ...
*  Rectus abdominis muscle
Thickness of the rectus abdominis muscle and the abdominal subcutaneous fat tissue. Kim, Jungmin; Lim, Hyoseob; Lee, Se Il; Kim ... "Thickness of Rectus Abdominis Muscle and Abdominal Subcutaneous Fat Tissue in Adult Women: Correlation with Age, Pregnancy, ... In the abdomens of people with big muscles and low body fat, these bellies can be viewed externally and are commonly referred ... It's typically around 10 mm thick (compared to 20 mm thick superficial fat), or 20 mm thick in young athletes such as handball ...
*  Fascia of Colles
It separates the skin and subcutaneous fat from the superficial perineal pouch. In front, it is continuous with the dartos ...
*  Injection lipolysis
Duncan, D.I.; Hasengschwandtner, F (2005). "Lipodissolve for Subcutaneous Fat Reduction and Skin Retraction". Aesthetic Surg J ... The mixture is injected directly into the subcutaneous fat through multiple microinjections administered over multiple ... The first report of Lipostabil injection for fat removal demonstrated that infra-orbital ("under the eyelid") fat could be ... "Metabolic and Structural Effects of Phosphatidylcholine and Deoxycholate Injections on Subcutaneous Fat: A Randomized, ...
*  Adipogenesis
Green, H; Kehinde, O (Oct 1979). "Formation of normally differentiated subcutaneous fat pads by an established preadipose cell ... 3T3-F4424 cells when implanted into an athymic (nude) mice gave rise to fat pads that were similar to endogenous white adipose ... Mandrup, S; Loftus, TM; MacDougald, OA; Kuhajda, FP; Lane, MD (Apr 29, 1997). "Obese gene expression at in vivo levels by fat ... Comparing with cells from other lineage, the in vitro differentiation of fat cells is authentic and recapitulates most of the ...
*  CRABP2
"Differential expression of CRABP-II in fibroblasts derived from dermis and subcutaneous fat". Biochemical and Biophysical ...
*  Pressure ulcer
Subcutaneous fat may be visible but bone, tendon or muscle are not exposed. Slough may be present but does not obscure the ... The bridge of the nose, ear, occiput and malleolus do not have (adipose) subcutaneous tissue and stage 3 ulcers can be shallow ... The bridge of the nose, ear, occiput and malleolus do not have (adipose) subcutaneous tissue and these ulcers can be shallow. ...
*  Adiposopathy
... subcutaneous fat cells typically are larger, and capable of storing more fat when needed. However, subcutaneous fat tissue ... between that of visceral fat tissue and other areas of subcutaneous fat tissue. However, other subcutaneous fat tissues also ... A prime example would be subcutaneous fat tissue found in the abdominal region. Accumulation of fat tissue in this region may ... There are grounds for suspicion that sick abdominal fat tissue may produce factors that cause subcutaneous fat tissue to also ...
*  Sclerema neonatorum
Minimal inflammation helps distinguish sclerema neonaturum from subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn. Panniculitis Skin ... Sclerema neonatorum is a rare and severe skin condition that is characterized by diffuse hardening of the subcutaneous tissue ...
*  Subcutaneous tissue
Subcutaneous fat is found just beneath the skin, as opposed to visceral fat, which is found in the peritoneal cavity, and can ... Subcutaneous fat is the layer of subcutaneous tissue that is most widely distributed. It is composed of adipocytes, which are ... Just as the subcutaneous tissue can store fat, it can also provide good storage space for drugs that need to be released ... "Subcutaneous Tissue". Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). National Library of Medicine. Retrieved 5 June 2013. "Abdominal fat and ...
*  Warfarin necrosis
Favored sites are breasts, thighs, buttocks and penis, all areas with subcutaneous fat. In rare cases, the fascia and muscle ... is a condition in which skin and subcutaneous tissue necrosis (tissue death) occurs due to acquired protein C deficiency ...
*  Rod Rohrich
Histologic Evaluation of the Septal Boundaries of the Subcutaneous Fat Compartment." Chinese Journal of Aesthetic Surgery, 22(1 ... October 2009 Rod J. Rohrich, M.D.; Jamil Ahmad, M.D.; Adam H. Hamawy, M.D.; Joel E. Pessa, M.D., "Is Intraorbital Fat ... October 2010 Rod J. Rohrich, M.D.; Joel E. Pessa, M.D.; "The subplatysmal supramylohyoid fat." Plastic and Reconstructive ... Extraorbital? Results of Cross-Sectional Anatomy of the Lower Eyelid Fat Pads." Aesthetic Surgery Journal, 29(3):189-193. May/ ...
*  Neonatal diabetes mellitus
Other symptoms include, respiratory tract infection, sporous, dehydration, reduced subcutaneous fat, Candida mucous infection. ... Also, subcutaneous insulin was given (0.025-0.05 units/kg/h) and adjusted to the glycaemic profiles and the patient was ... In the absence or lack of insulin, the body of an diabetic individual will break down fat as fuel. This process produces a ... After 24 hours, oral intake of insulin started and treatment continued with subcutaneous short acting insulin then intermediate ...