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*  Round window
The stapes bone transmits movement to the oval window. As the stapes footplate moves into the oval window, the round window ... The round window is often used as an approach for cochlear implant surgery. It has also recently been used as a site to place ... Some types of ear surgery (now generally abandoned) used to leave the round window open to the outside world and covered over ... If the round window were to be absent or rigidly fixed (as can happen in some congenital abnormalities), the stapes footplate ...
*  Stapes
Head and Neck Surgery. 116 (2): 278-278. doi:10.1016/S0194-5998(97)70343-7. Tympanoplasty, Mastoidectomy, and Stapes Surgery. ... Stapes). The stapes is the third bone of the three ossicles in the middle ear. The stapes is a stirrup-shaped bone, and the ... The stapes is the smallest bone in the human body, and measures roughly 3 x 2.5mm, greater along the head-base span. The stapes ... The stapes is one of three ossicles in mammals. In non-mammalian four-legged animals, the bone homologous to the stapes is ...
*  List of MeSH codes (E04)
... stapes surgery MeSH E04.580.450.731.681 --- stapes mobilization MeSH E04.580.450.873 --- tympanoplasty MeSH E04.580.515 --- ... thoracic surgery, video-assisted MeSH E04.800.250.920 --- ureteroscopy MeSH E04.800.250.950 --- video-assisted surgery MeSH ... mohs surgery MeSH E04.520.050 --- abortion, induced MeSH E04.520.050.050 --- abortion, eugenic MeSH E04.520.050.055 --- ... filtering surgery MeSH E04.540.450.600 --- sclerostomy MeSH E04.540.450.700 --- trabeculectomy MeSH E04.540.480 --- iridectomy ...
*  Otosclerosis
A modern variant of this surgery called a stapedotomy, is performed by drilling a small hole in the stapes footplate with a ... Thamjarayakul T, Supiyaphun P & Snidvongs K, "Stapes fixation surgery: Stapedectomy versus stapedotomy", Asian Biomedicine, 4(3 ... Fixation of the stapes within the oval window causes a conductive hearing loss. In pure-tone audiometry, this manifests as air- ... As the stapes is ankylosed in otosclerosis, the lateral end of the ossicular chain may still be quite mobile. Therefore, ...
*  Stapedectomy
Location of the ossicular chain in the ear Right-ear stapes Stapes: Relative size List of surgeries by type R, Raman (1983), " ... stapes footplate rather than whole surgery) and trans-footplate piston surgery that also paved the way for modern stapedotomy; ... The results of this surgery are generally most reliable in patients whose stapes has lost mobility because of otosclerosis. ... "Stapes fixation surgery: Stapedectomy versus stapedotomy", Asian Biomedicine, 4(3): 429-434, 2010. Paum PB, Pollak AM & Fisch U ...
*  Columella (auditory system)
... are used as replacements for the stapes in ear surgery to correct for, for example, hearing problems, cholesteatoma or re- ... corresponding to the stapes in mammals. In humans, artificially made columellas, such as made as autografts from cortical bone ... "Survival of the cortical bone columella in ear surgery". Acta Oto-Laryngologica. 104 (1-2): 158-165. PMID 3310512. ...
*  Audiogram
Head and Neck Surgery. 137 (3): 236-240. doi:10.1001/archoto.2011.14. PMID 21422306. pure tone audiometry in Meniere's disease ... A Nondefinitive Predictor of Stapes Fixation in Conductive Hearing Loss with Normal Tympanic Membrane". Archives of ...
*  Ossicular replacement prosthesis
A TORP replaces the entire ossicular chain while a PORP replaces only the incus and malleus but not the stapes. Indications for ... Secondary surgical intervention to correct for a significant and persistent conductive hearing loss from prior otologic surgery ... Chronic middle ear disease Otosclerosis Congenital fixation of the stapes ...
*  Tympanoplasty
The tympanic membrane is repaired and directly connected to the head of the stapes. Type 4 describes a repair when the stapes ... The surgery takes ½ to 1 hour if done through the ear canal and 1 and a half to two hours if an incision is needed. It is done ... After that, surgery may be considered. This procedure is required if there is a damage to the bone chain of the middle ear. ... Type 5 is a repair involving a fixed stapes footplate. The term 'myringoplasty' refers to repair of the tympanic membrane alone ...
*  Neurotology
... or by replacing the stapes bone with a stapedectomy for otosclerosis. Neurotology encompasses more complex surgery of the inner ... Many general otolaryngologists are trained in otology or middle ear surgery, performing surgery such as a tympanoplasty, or a ... surgery of the endolymphatic sac for meniere's disease and cochlear implant surgery, because of the additional risk of hearing ... Otologic surgery also includes treatment of conductive hearing loss by reconstructing the hearing bones, or ossicles, as a ...
*  Microsurgery
... oral and maxillofacial surgery, plastic surgery, podiatric surgery and pediatric surgery. Otolaryngologists were the first ... The stapes mobilization operation had varying results and was soon replaced by stapedectomy, first described by John Shea, Jr ... Microsurgical techniques are utilized by several specialties today, such as: general surgery, ophthalmology, orthopedic surgery ... The first microvascular surgery, using a microscope to aid in the repair of blood vessels, was described by vascular surgeon, ...
*  Tympanosclerosis
There are several techniques, sometimes involving two surgeries; success rates are, however, variable. Damage to the inner ear ... Vincent R, Oates J, Sperling NM (November 2002). "Stapedotomy for tympanosclerotic stapes fixation: is it safe and efficient? A ... Bellucci RJ (August 1985). "Cochlear hearing loss in tympanoplasty". Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. 93 (4): 482-5. PMID ... Neck Surgery. 127 (5): 559-64. doi:10.1001/archotol.127.5.559. PMID 11346433. Retrieved 2010-01-26. Asiri S, Hasham A, al Anazy ...
*  Electrocochleography
... and stapes). Movement of the stapes on the oval window generates a pressure wave in the perilymph within the cochlea, causing ... or for the testing and monitoring of inner ear and auditory nerve function during surgery. The most common clinical ... Intraoperative monitoring of auditory system function during surgery on the brainstem or cerebellum Enhancement of Wave I of ...
*  Microtia
A small second surgery is performed in 3-6 months if needed for minor adjustments. This surgery should only be performed by ... and stapes/stirrup) are underdeveloped. "Usually" is in parentheses because rarely, a child with atresia also has a ... The major advantage of this surgery is that the patient's own tissue is used for the reconstruction. This surgery varies from ... Candidacy for atresia surgery is based on the hearing test (audiogram) and CT scan imaging. If a canal is built where one does ...
*  Middle ear
While the stapes is present in all tetrapods, the malleus and incus evolved from lower and upper jaw bones present in reptiles ... Damage to the horizontal branch during ear surgery can lead to paralysis of the face (same side of the face as the ear). The ... Vibrations of the stapes footplate introduce pressure waves in the inner ear. There is a steadily increasing body of evidence ... In these cases, the stapes either is also missing or, in the absence of an eardrum, connects to the quadrate bone in the skull ...
*  John J. Shea Jr.
Shea removed the stapes, covered the oval window opening with a vein graft removed from the back of the patient's hand, and ... Glasscock-Shambaugh Surgery of the Ear. Hamilton, Ontario: BC Decker, 2003; p. 518 White, Stephanie Nerissa (March 31, 2013). " ... inserted a prosthesis to replace the diseased stapes bone. The patient's hearing was restored and she heard well for the rest ...
*  List of -ectomies
Kyphectomy is a specific surgery on the spine. Laminectomy is the trimming or surgical removal of the lamina, portion of the ... Stapedectomy is the removal of ossified stapes from the ear that are then replaced by a prosthesis. Sympathectomy is the ...
*  ICD-9-CM Volume 3
Stapes mobilization (19.1) Stapedectomy (19.2) Revision of stapedectomy (19.3) Other operations on ossicular chain (19.4) ... Other facial bone repair and orthognathic surgery (76.68) Augmentation genioplasty Mentoplasty NOS (76.7) Reduction of facial ... Operations on lens Cataract surgery (13.41) Phacoemulsification and aspiration of cataract (14) Operations on retina, choroid, ... Other reconstructive and refractive surgery on cornea Keratomileusis (11.75) Radial keratotomy (12) Operations on iris, ciliary ...
*  Cholesteatoma
Many of these resorb in time, which means that the long-term results of such surgery are poorer than the short-term results. ... If untreated, a cholesteatoma can eat into the three small bones located in the middle ear (the malleus, incus and stapes, ... The general objective of cholesteatoma surgery has two parts. It is both directed against the underlying pathology and directed ... The variation in technique in cholesteatoma surgery results from each surgeon's judgment whether to retain or remove certain ...
*  Ken Strong
Strong underwent surgery, but the Detroit surgeon removed the wrong bone. Strong never recovered the full use of his right ... "Ken Strong Stars As Stapes Beat Giants". The Post-Crescent. December 22, 1930. p. 12 - via Newspapers.com. "Ken Strong Stars". ... In the summer of 1940, Strong became ill with stomach ulcers, underwent emergency surgery, and was hospitalized for four weeks ...
*  POU3F4
Neck Surgery. 131 (12): 1057-63. doi:10.1001/archotol.131.12.1057. PMID 16365218. Choi BY, Kim DH, Chung T, Chang M, Kim EH, ... an abnormally wide lateral internal auditory canal and a thickened stapes footplate. These anomalies are associated with X- ...
*  Ear
The ossicles are the malleus (hammer), incus (anvil), and the stapes (stirrup). The stapes is the smallest named bone in the ... Otoplastic surgery for the protruding ear.". Peterson's Principles of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. PMPH-USA. ISBN ... The wide base of the stapes rests on the oval window. As the stapes vibrates, vibrations are transmitted through the oval ... As the stapes pushes the secondary tympanic membrane, fluid in the inner ear moves and pushes the membrane of the round window ...
*  Inner ear
The footplate of the stapes connects to the oval window, the beginning of the inner ear. When the stapes presses on the oval ... Ruckenstein, M. J. (2004). "Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease". Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery, 12(5), pp ... In reptiles, sound is transmitted to the inner ear by the stapes (stirrup) bone of the middle ear. This is pressed against the ... Ruckenstein, M. J. (2004). "Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease". Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery, 12(5), pp ...
*  Coronation Street sets
The derelict Graffiti Club on Rosamund Street was revamped and reopened as a medical centre/surgery. A new street, Victoria ... 5's (Fiz and John Stapes' house) kitchen window showing what would be a "supporting" wall (quite possibly the painted brick ...
*  Tuatara
The stapes comes into contact with the quadrate (which is immovable), as well as the hyoid and squamosal. The hair cells are ... This story is especially remarkable as Henry required surgery to remove a cancerous tumour in order to successfully breed. In ... 111-Year-Old Reptile Becomes a Dad After Tumor Surgery Discover Magazine, 26 January 2009. Retrieved 20 March 2009. "Reptile's ... http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/discoblog/2009/01/26/111-year-old-reptile-becomes-a-dad-after-tumor-surgery/ "110-year-old ' ...
*  List of Coronation Street characters (2010)
Brian spends the night at the Stapes' and hides when Julie calls at the house. John then convinces Brian to go back to his ex- ... After Hope goes through chemotherapy and surgery, she is declared clear of cancer. After Chesney is stabbed in the Bistro, he ... Owen Armstrong (Ian Puleston-Davies) then knocks on the Stapes' door and speaks to John about his brother-in-law Chesney ... Joy returns to the Stapes' house quite distressed and collapses as a result of her poor health. John later lies to Joy that he ...