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*  Encephalitozoon cuniculi
The spore extrudes its polar tubule and infects the host cell. The spore injects the infective sporoplasm into the eukaryotic ... Phylogenetic analysis lends substantial credit to the fungal affiliation of microsporidia. Because the E. cuniculi genome ... Approximately one month after the rabbit is infected it begins to shed E. cuniculi spores via its urine. Spores continue to be ... the cell membrane is disrupted and releases the spores to the surroundings. These free mature spores can infect new cells thus ...
*  Baeocrara
They feed on fungal spores. They seem to be recent immigrants to Northern Europe possibly introduced by the import of sawmill ...
*  Biomass (ecology)
Bibcode:1992AtmEn..26.2163M. doi:10.1016/0960-1686(92)90404-9. Sorenson, WG (1999). "Fungal spores: Hazardous to health?" (PDF ...
*  John Webster (mycologist)
Webster's greatest contribution to the science of mycology was in determining the mechanism for fungal spore discharge in ... He is recognised for determining the physiological mechanism underpinning fungal spore release, though is probably best known ... Noblin, X.; Yang, S.; Dumais, J. (1 September 2009). "Surface tension propulsion of fungal spores". Journal of Experimental ...
*  Penicillium
Fairs, A.; Wardlaw, AJ; Thompson, JR; Pashley, CH (2010). "Guidelines on ambient intramural airborne fungal spores". Journal of ... This finding was based, in part, on evidence for functional mating type (MAT) genes that are involved in fungal sexual ... Although many eukaryotes are able to reproduce sexually, as much as 20% of fungal species had been thought to reproduce ... A British study determined that Aspergillus- and Penicillium-type spores were the most prevalent in the indoor air of ...
*  Aspergillus
"Pillows: A Hot Bed Of Fungal Spores". Science Daily. Thom, C; Church, M (1926). The Aspergilli. Baltimore: The Williams & ... Aspergillum is an asexual spore-forming structure common to all Aspergillus species; around one-third of species are also known ... O'Gorman CM, Fuller H, Dyer PS (January 2009). "Discovery of a sexual cycle in the opportunistic fungal pathogen Aspergillus ... Dyer PS, O'Gorman CM (December 2011). "A fungal sexual revolution: Aspergillus and Penicillium show the way". Curr. Opin. ...
*  Ascochyta pisi
These fungal spores then penetrate the leaf. In the spring, it produces conidia in pycnidia. The release of these spores begins ... The Ascochyta pisi spores are viable on crop debris, although they do not survive for more than a year. Other Ascochyta blight ... Spore dispersal and the development of the disease are slowed in the absence of high levels of moisture. Index Fungorum USDA ... The spores have a short distance dispersal during the growing season. Crop rotation alone is not a recommended management ...
*  Cecil Terence Ingold
Spore discharge in land plants. Oxford University Press. 1971. Fungal spores: their liberation and dispersal. Oxford University ... A full revision combining both works in the light of much further research appeared as Fungal Spores, Their Liberation and ... Spore Liberation (1965), not a revision of the former, summarised fields of recent research to reveal how spore liberation was ... Fungal Spores, Their Liberation and Dispersal (Oxford University Press, 1971). C.T. Ingold, The Biology of Fungi (Hutchinson, ...
*  Volkan Ş. Ediger
Elsik, W.C.; Batı, Z. (1990). "Fossil Fungal Spores: Anatolinites Gen. Nov". Palynology. 14: 91-103. doi:10.1080/01916122.1990. ... With Alişan, C (1989). "Tertiary Fungal and Algal Palynomorph Biostratigraphy of the Northern Thrace Basin, Turkey". Review of ... doi:10.1016/0034-6667(90)90019-F. Alişan, C (1989). "Tertiary Fungal and Algal Palynomorph Biostratigraphy of the Northern ...
*  Kivalina, Alaska
"Orange Goo on Alaska Shore Was Fungal Spores". Fox News. August 18, 2011. Retrieved August 18, 2011. "Alaska "Orange Goo" Rust ... but subsequent examination resulted in a declaration that the substance consisted of spores from a possibly undescribed species ... Spores Confirmed". NCCOS News. National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science. 9 February 2012. Retrieved 7 March 2012. An "orange ...
*  Cyclaneusma needle cast
Unfortunately these fungal spores are produced quite infrequently; after the disease infects needles, it will not produce ... Due to these obstacles, it is important to examine the spores directly after infection (while spores are being produced) in ... Because Cyclaneusma is an ascomycete it produces two spore types, an asexual (conidiomata) and sexual (ascomycota) spore. ... These spores will disperse from fruiting bodies of the pine either through the wind or remain on the needle for prolonged ...
*  Entomophaga grylli
... this ensures widespread dispersal of the fungal spores. The fungus is a species complex with several different pathotypes, each ... Some resting spores remain dormant in the soil for two or more years. Epizootic outbreaks of disease in grasshopper populations ... After the insect cadaver has fallen to the ground, the resting spores overwinter in the soil. A portion of them germinate in ... Entomophaga grylli is a fungal pathogen which infects and kills grasshoppers. It is the causal agent of one of the most ...
*  Aspergillosis
"Man dies after inhaling fungal spores from garden compost". The Guardian. Aspergillosis at Backyard Poultry. ... Other, non-invasive manifestations include fungal sinusitis (both allergic in nature and with established fungal balls), ... These give the fungal walls a gray-black colour. The hyphae of Aspergillus species range in diameter from 2.5 to 4.5 µm. They ... Anti-fungal prophylaxis can be given to high-risk patients. Posaconazole is often given as prophylaxis in severely ...
*  Antimicrobial surface
Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans fungal spores. Hence, the potential to help prevent the spread of fungi that cause human ... Quaternary ammonium ion-containing polymers (PQA) have been proven to effectively kill cells and spores through their ... when embedded on a surface has been shown to have antifungal activity by interacting with the fungal membrane and thereby ...
*  Hydrophobin
... these proteins are the main component of the hydrophobic sheath covering the surface of many fungal spores. Genomic sequencing ... "Surface hydrophobin prevents immune recognition of airborne fungal spores". Nature. 460 (7259): 1117-21. doi:10.1038/ ... Developmental Regulation of Fungal Cell Wall Formation.. Annual Review Phytopathology, 32(1), pp. 413-437 Yang, W. et al., 2012 ... Expression of a Fungal Hydrophobin in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cell Wall: Effect on Cell Surface Properties and ...
*  Environmental scanning electron microscope
Fungal spores in spiders web, SE image, ElectroSscan E3 ESEM. 4T1 cells line. The micrograph of mouse breast tumor cells on ...
*  Ice nucleus
... fungal spores and volcanic ash amongst others. However, the exact nucleation potential of each type varies greatly, depending ...
*  Appressorium
The attachment of a fungal spore on the surface of the host plant is the first critical step of infection. Once the spore is ... Braun EJ, Howard RJ (1994). "Adhesion of fungal spores and germlings to host-plant surfaces". Protoplasma. 181 (1-4): 202-12. ... Following spore attachment and germination on the host surface, the emerging germ tube perceives physical cues such as surface ... Spore adhesion and appressorium formation is inhibited by hydrolytic enzymes such as α-mannosidase, α-glucosidase, and protease ...
*  Sporormiella
ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. Davis OK, Shafer DS (2005). "Sporormiella fungal spores, a palynological means of detecting herbivore ... The spores have characteristic features-they are dark brown, septate and have a pronounced sigmoid germination pore, which ...
*  Hygiene
Respiratory viruses and fungal spores are spread via the air. Good home hygiene means engaging in hygiene practices at critical ... Primary sites of fungal growth are inanimate surfaces, including carpets and soft furnishings. Air-borne fungi are usually ... Thorough cleaning is important in preventing the spread of fungal infections. Molds can live on wall and floor tiles and on ... All disinfectants kill bacteria (called bactericidal). Some also kill fungi (fungicidal), bacterial spores (sporicidal) or ...
*  Long-nosed potoroo
Because it eats fungi, it spreads fungal spores in its droppings. Some of these fungi grow on the roots of native plants and ...
*  American chestnut
... the fungal spores are not carried to higher altitudes as easily. In March 2008, officials of the Ohio Department of Natural ... Before the species was devastated by the chestnut blight, a fungal disease, it was one of the most important forest trees ... The oxalate oxidase enzyme is an extremely common fungal defense in plants, and is found in strawberries, bananas, oats, barley ... The use of hypovirulence to control blight originated in Europe where the fungal virus spread naturally through populations of ...
*  Zasmidium cellare
"Concentrations of viable airborne fungal spores and trichloroanisole in wine cellars". International Journal of Food ... What is known is that spore concentration is 2 times higher in cellars with Z. cellare than ones that do not. Further insights ... Cladosporiums usually exist on plant material and their spores are often air dispersed, having a large abundance in outdoor ... There is evidence, however, that Z. cellare produces spores which could mean that it reproduces through asexual dispersal, but ...
*  Cryptophagus
Like most of the other beetles in the family, these are fungivores, feeding on fungal spores and hyphae. These beetles are ... The beetles can transmit fungal spores to products, encouraging mold growth. In Canada the beetles are common in the grain- ...
*  Cryphonectria
The release of fungal spores lasts through the whole vegetative season. Helena Bragançaa, Daniel Riglingb, Eugénio Diogoa, ... Cryphonectria is a fungal genus in the order Diaporthales. The most well-known and well-studied species in the genus is ... Fungal Biology. 115 (9): 852-861. doi:10.1016/j.funbio.2011.06.014. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link). ...
*  Eriocybe
... is a fungal genus in the family Agaricaceae. Circumscribed by mycologist Else Vellinga in 2011, it is a monotypic ... phylogenies and two new white-spored genera". Mycologia. 103 (3): 494-509. doi:10.3852/10-204. PMID 21193599. Eriocybe in Index ...
*  Potoroidae
This animal's diet is almost entirely made up of fungal spores. This limits its habitat range as it needs to live in a moist ...