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*  Portopulmonary hypertension
ET1 and 3 plasma conc in patients with cirrhosis: role of splanchnic and renal passage and liver function. Hepatology 1995;21: ... This leaves unmetabolized potentially toxic or vasoconstricting substances to reach and attack the pulmonary circulation. ... More importantly, PGI2 (and not nitrous oxide) is also associated with an improvement in splanchnic perfusion and oxygenation. ... Aerosolized prostacyclin and INO in septic shock: Different effects on splanchnic oxygenation. Intensive Care Med 1996;22:880-7 ...
*  Hepatic portal system
Splanchnic circulation. Online Medical Dictionary. URL: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/cgi-bin/omd?splanchnic+circulation. Accessed ... It is also called the portal venous system, although it is not the only example of a portal venous system, and splanchnic veins ... drugs that are absorbed through the GI tract are substantially metabolized by the liver before reaching general circulation. ...
*  Splanchnic
... nerves Splanchnic mesoderm Splanchnic circulation - The circulation of the gastrointestinal tract originating at the ... Parks, Dale A.; Jacobson, E. D. (1985). "Physiology of the Splanchnic Circulation". Archives of Internal Medicine. 145 (7): ... "splanchnic". Online Etymology Dictionary. Autonomics of the Head and Neck - Page 4 of 14 anatomy module at med.umich.edu " ... The splanchnic organs include the stomach, small intestine, large intestine, pancreas, spleen, liver, and may also include the ...
*  Haemobilia
... occurs when there is a fistula between a vessel of the splanchnic circulation and the intrahepatic or extrahepatic ...
*  Hepatorenal syndrome
However, the effect of this is insufficient to counteract the mediators of vasodilation in the splanchnic circulation, leading ... blood vessels in the kidney circulation are constricted because of the dilation of blood vessels in the splanchnic circulation ... Type 2 HRS is thought to be part of a spectrum of illness associated with increased pressures in the portal vein circulation, ... syndrome involves constriction of the blood vessels of the kidneys and dilation of blood vessels in the splanchnic circulation ...
*  Gastric tonometry
It is of special value when used in the gastric lumen because splanchnic circulation is one of the vascular beds that is ... In a direct comparison of splanchnic-oriented therapy as guided by gastric tonometry with conventional shock management of ...
*  List of MeSH codes (G09)
... splanchnic circulation MeSH G09.330.582.163.881.552 --- liver circulation MeSH G09.330.582.400 --- hemodynamic processes MeSH ... blood circulation MeSH G09.330.582.163.159 --- cerebrovascular circulation MeSH G09.330.582.163.248 --- collateral circulation ... placental circulation MeSH G09.330.582.163.770 --- pulmonary circulation MeSH G09.330.582.163.780 --- regional blood flow MeSH ... pulmonary circulation MeSH G09.772.770.755 --- respiration MeSH G09.772.770.755.700 --- respiratory mechanics MeSH G09.772. ...
*  Liver support systems
It is characterized by hemodynamic changes in splanchnic, systemic and renal circulation. Splanchnic vasodilatation triggers ... an attenuation of hyperdynamic circulation and a reduction in the portal pressure gradient was measured. Results are summarized ... output and heart rate also decreased in the MARS group as a consequence of an improvement in the hyperdynamic circulation. ... clinical picture develops rapidly with progressive encephalopathy and multiorgan dysfunction such as hyperdynamic circulation, ...
*  Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome
Due to splanchnic hypoperfusion and the subsequent mucosal ischaemia there are structural changes and alterations in cellular ... Liver dysfunction leads to toxins escaping into the systemic circulation and activating an immune response. This results in ...
*  Enteral administration
Splanchnic blood flow. Particle size and formulation. Physicochemical factors. Drugs given by enteral administration may be ... subjected to significant first pass metabolism, and therefore, the amount of drug entering the systemic circulation following ...
*  Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea
Also, in the horizontal position there is redistribution of blood volume from the lower extremities and splanchnic beds to the ... Additionally, in patients with congestive heart failure the pulmonary circulation may already be overloaded because the failing ...
*  Chromaffin cell
In order to activate chromaffin cells, the splanchnic nerve of the sympathetic nervous system releases acetylcholine, which ... into systemic circulation for systemic effects on multiple organs (similarly to secretory neurones of the hypothalamus), and ... Chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla are innervated by the splanchnic nerve and secrete adrenaline (epinephrine), ...
*  Human digestive system
... with the upper part of each ganglion joined by the greater splanchnic nerve and the lower parts joined by the lesser splanchnic ... the liver via the portal venous system for further processing and detoxification before returning to the systemic circulation ... Sympathetic innervation is supplied by the splanchnic nerves that join the celiac ganglia. Most of the digestive tract is ...
*  Homeobox protein Nkx-2.5
NKX 2.5 is a transcription factor that regulates heart development from the Cardiac Crescent of the splanchnic mesoderm in ... Goldmuntz E, Geiger E, Benson DW (Nov 2001). "NKX2.5 mutations in patients with tetralogy of fallot". Circulation. 104 (21): ... Circulation Journal. 66 (6): 561-3. doi:10.1253/circj.66.561. PMID 12074273. Shirai M, Osugi T, Koga H, Kaji Y, Takimoto E, ... Circulation Research. 92 (10): 1079-88. doi:10.1161/01.RES.0000072977.86706.23. PMID 12775656. Garg V, Kathiriya IS, Barnes R, ...
*  Esophageal varices
This means that collateral circulation develops in the lower esophagus, abdominal wall, stomach, and rectum. The small blood ... they decrease both cardiac output by β1 blockade and splanchnic blood flow by blocking vasodilating β2 receptors at splanchnic ...
*  Hypodysfibrinogenemia
These mutations result in the production and circulation at reduced levels of fibrinogen at least some of which is ... Thrombotic events may be serious and involve occlusion of a cerebral artery leading to stroke, splanchnic venous thrombosis, ... Congenital dysfibrinogenemia involves: the circulation at normal levels of fibrinogen at least some of which is dysfunctional; ... The causes of two fibrinogen abnormalities that characterize hypodysfibrinogenemia, i.e. circulation at reduced levels of ...
*  Epinephrine
This is most often done in response to stress.[citation needed] The sympathetic nervous system, acting via splanchnic nerves to ... While epinephrine does increase aortic, cerebral, and carotid circulation pressure, it lowers carotid blood flow and end-tidal ... The goal of reducing peripheral circulation is to increase coronary and cerebral perfusion pressures and therefore increase ...
*  Nausea
Signals from these pathways travel via multiple neural tracts including the vagus, glossopharyngeal, splanchnic, and ... Circulation. 122 (suppl 3): S788. doi:10.1161/circulationaha.110.971028. PMID 20956226. Hasler WL. Nausea, Vomiting, and ...
*  Neural top-down control of physiology
Engeland, W. (2007). "Functional Innervation of the Adrenal Cortex by the Splanchnic Nerve". Hormone and Metabolic Research. 30 ... and glandular physiological processes through the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system including blood circulation, ... and this is inhibited by norepinephrine released under sympathetic control from the splanchnic nerve). Thyroid hormones can ... released from nerve terminals in the adrenal medulla in the kidney innervated from the sympathetic nervous system's splanchnic ...
*  Hypotension
When a great deal of blood is diverted to the intestines (a kind of "splanchnic blood pooling") to facilitate digestion and ... Hypotension is low blood pressure, especially in the arteries of the systemic circulation. Blood pressure is the force of blood ...
*  Cortisone reductase deficiency
Reduced cortisol in circulation activates the H-P-A Axis to produce and release more cortisol, and therefore androgen. [ ... "Recycling between cortisol and cortisone in human splanchnic, subcutaneous adipose, and skeletal muscle tissues in vivo". ...
*  Nicotine
... also activates the sympathetic nervous system, acting via splanchnic nerves to the adrenal medulla, stimulating the ... Grana, R; Benowitz, N; Glantz, SA (13 May 2014). "E-cigarettes: a scientific review". Circulation. 129 (19): 1972-86. doi: ... Circulation. 130 (16): 1418-1436. doi:10.1161/CIR.0000000000000107. ISSN 0009-7322. PMID 25156991. Lee, Peter N (2013). " ...