Loading...
*  Spinal cord injury
Thus it is not a true spinal cord syndrome since it is nerve roots that are damaged and not the cord itself; however it is ... At each level of the spinal column, spinal nerves branch off from either side of the spinal cord and exit between a pair of ... Since the nerves damaged in CES are actually peripheral nerves because they have already branched off from the spinal cord, the ... The part of the spinal cord that was damaged corresponds to the spinal nerves at that level and below. Injuries can be cervical ...
*  Local anesthetic nerve block
The lumbar plexus is composed of nerves originating from L1 to L4 spinal roots such as the iliohypogastric, ilioinguinal, ... Local anesthetic nerve block (local anesthetic regional nerve blockade, or often simply nerve block) is a short-term nerve ... The local anesthetic bathes the nerve and numbs the area of the body that is innervated by that nerve. The goal of the nerve ... The sciatic nerve block is done for surgeries at or below the knee. The nerve is located in the gluteus maximus muscle. The ...
*  Hyperalgesia
... in rats after spinal nerve injury and inflammation". Eur. J. Pharmacol. 510 (3): 223-8. doi:10.1016/j.ejphar.2005.01.033. PMID ... induces a calcium-dependent current in cultured dorsal root ganglion cells". J. Neurophysiol. 85 (3): 1340-5. PMID 11248005. ... Amplification in the spinal cord may be another way of producing hyperalgesia. The release of proinflammatory cytokines such as ... Hyperalgesia is similar to other sorts of pain associated with nerve irritation or damage such as allodynia and neuropathic ...
*  Group C nerve fiber
... and nerve fibers at the dorsal roots (IV fiber). These fibers carry sensory information. Damage or injury to nerve fibers ... spinal cord injury complex neuropathic disorders complex regional pain syndromes [CRPSs] After a nerve lesion of either C ... A nerve fibers B nerve fibers Free nerve ending Nociceptor Pain and nociception Sensory neuron Thermoreceptor Purves, Dale; et. ... Group C nerve fibers are one of three classes of nerve fiber in the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system. The C ...
*  List of nerves of the human body
... pectoral nerve Lateral plantar nerve Lateral pterygoid nerve Lesser occipital nerve Lingual nerve Long ciliary nerves Long root ... vestibulocochlear nerve The glossopharyngeal nerve The vagus nerve The accessory nerve The hypoglossal nerve The spinal nerves ... nerves Thoracodorsal nerve Tibial nerve Transverse cervical nerve Trigeminal nerve Trochlear nerve Tympanic nerve Ulnar nerve ... nerves The optic nerve The oculomotor nerve The trochlear nerve The trigeminal nerve The abducent nerve The facial nerve The ...
*  Sciatica
... may extrude through the tear and press against spinal nerves within the spinal cord, cauda equina, or exiting nerve roots, ... Other compressive spinal causes include lumbar spinal stenosis, a condition in which the spinal canal (the spaces the spinal ... Spinal disc herniation pressing on one of the lumbar or sacral nerve roots is the most frequent cause of sciatica, being ... About 90% of the time sciatica is due to a spinal disc herniation pressing on one of the lumbar or sacral nerve roots. Other ...
*  Dorsal root of spinal nerve
The dorsal root of spinal nerve (or posterior root of spinal nerve) is one of two "roots" which emerge from the spinal cord. It ... Nerve fibres with the ventral root then combine to form a spinal nerve. The dorsal root transmits sensory information, forming ... The dura is opened and arranged to show the nerve roots. Scheme showing structure of a typical spinal nerve. Ventral root ... the afferent sensory root of a spinal nerve. The root emerges from the posterior part of the spinal cord and travels to the ...
*  Ventral root of spinal nerve
... the ventral root or anterior root is the efferent motor root of a spinal nerve. At its distal end, the ventral root joins with ... The dura is opened and arranged to show the nerve roots. Scheme showing structure of a typical spinal nerve. Anatomy figure: 02 ... the dorsal root to form a mixed spinal nerve. Cervical vertebra Medulla spinalis A spinal nerve with its anterior and posterior ... "Autonomic Connections of the Spinal Cord" Anatomy Atlases - Microscopic Anatomy, plate 06.114 - "Spinal Root Nerve Fibers" ...
*  Spinal root of accessory nerve
The spinal root of accessory nerve (or part) is firm in texture, and its fibers arise from the motor cells in the lateral part ... which ascends between the ligamentum denticulatum and the posterior roots of the spinal nerves; enters the skull through the ... In the jugular foramen, it receives one or two filaments from the cranial part of the nerve, or else joins it for a short ... The nerve then descends obliquely behind the Digastricus and Stylohyoideus to the upper part of the Sternocleidomastoideus; it ...
*  Chloroprocaine
Observation of Spinal Nerve Root Degeneration." Anesthesia & Analgesia 75.6 (1992): 895-899. Taniguchi, Masahiko, Andrew W. ... Chloroprocaine was developed to meet the need for a short-acting spinal anaesthetic that is reliable and has a favourable ... articaine as spinal anaesthetics for day‚Äźcase knee arthroscopy." Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 55.3 (2011): 273-281. ... These data are based upon a retrospective review of 672 patients suitable for spinal anaesthesia in surgical procedures less ...
*  Facetectomy
... is a surgical procedure which involves decompression of a spinal nerve root. For example, it can be performed in ... where the cervical nerve roots within the intervertebral foramina are decompressed. Knight G (August 1955). "Facetectomy in the ...
*  Myotome (disambiguation)
Myotome is the group of muscles that a single spinal nerve root innervates. In other usage, Myotome may refer to: Myotome of a ...
*  Radiculopathy
In a radiculopathy, the problem occurs at or near the root of the nerve, shortly after its exit from the spinal cord. However, ... Polyradiculopathy refers to the condition where more than one spinal nerve root is affected. Radiculopathy is a mechanical ... the pain or other symptoms often radiate to the part of the body served by that nerve. For example, a nerve root impingement in ... is also a powerful diagnostic tool that may show nerve root injury in suspected areas. On nerve conduction studies, the pattern ...
*  Koebner phenomenon
Dermatomal distributions are lines on the skin surface following the distribution of spinal nerve roots. The rash caused by ...
*  Lumbar anterior root stimulator
Loss of bowel control due to severed nerves in the spinal cord is one of the more common reasons for lumbar root stimulator ... The difference in nomenclature is derived from which nerve roots on the spinal cord are being electrically stimulated. However ... Root stimulators are mounted onto the anterior roots of the spinal cord and electrically stimulate the neurons allowing them to ... "Control of leg-powered paraplegic cycling using stimulation of the lumbo-sacral anterior spinal nerve roots". Artif Organs. 21 ...
*  Upper motor neuron
The upper motor neuron descends in the spinal cord to the level of the appropriate spinal nerve root. At this point, the upper ... These neurons connect the brain to the appropriate level in the spinal cord, from which point nerve signals continue to the ... Such lesions can arise as a result of stroke, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury or other acquired brain injury. The ... The neurotransmitter glutamate transmits the nerve impulses from upper to lower motor neurons, where it is detected by ...
*  Myotome
Results may indicate lesion to the spinal cord nerve root, or intervertebral disc herniation pressing on the spinal nerve roots ... The anatomical term myotome which describes the muscles served by a spinal nerve root, is also used in embryology to describe ... A myotome is the group of muscles that a single spinal nerve innervates. Similarly a dermatome is an area of skin that a single ... A group of muscles innervated by the motor fibres of a single nerve root is known as a myotome. Myotome distributions of the ...
*  Genital branch of genitofemoral nerve
The genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve arises from the ventral primary divisions of L1-L2 spinal nerve roots. It passes ... The genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve, also known as the external spermatic nerve in males, is a nerve in the abdomen ... In females, it accompanies the round ligament of the uterus, where is terminates as the nerve supplying skin to the labia ... The genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve is responsible for the motor portion of the cremasteric reflex, which describes ...
*  Causes of cancer pain
Compression of the long tracts of the cord itself produces funicular pain and compression of a spinal nerve root (fig. 5) ... clusters of nerves), which can result in damage to the nerves over time (6 months to 20 years). This nerve damage may cause ... Local recurrence of cancer after the removal of a kidney can cause pain in the lumbar back, or L1 or L2 spinal nerve pain in ... Spinal cord damage If radiotherapy includes the spinal cord, changes may occur which do not become apparent until some time ...
*  Subluxation
A spinal subluxation is visible on X-rays and can sometimes impinge on spinal nerve roots, causing symptoms in the areas served ... by those roots. In the spine, such a displacement may be caused by a fracture, spondylolisthesis, rheumatoid arthritis, severe ...
*  Interventional pain management
... and crossed by the spinal nerve roots. A catheter may be inserted into this space for three to six months, to deliver ... root, and these would not be interrupted by dorsal root neurectomy. Because nerves often carry both sensory and motor fibers, ... Pancoast tumor pain has been effectively treated with dorsal root entry zone (DREZ) lesioning - damaging a region of the spinal ... The dorsal root or dorsal root ganglion (that carry mostly sensory signals) may be usefully targeted (called rhizotomy); with ...
*  Epidural space
... and the spinal cord). In humans the epidural space contains lymphatics, spinal nerve roots, loose connective tissue, fatty ... In other mammals, the relationship between the spinal canal and its contents is similar to that in humans, although many ... ", "extradural space" or "peridural space") is an anatomic space that is the outermost part of the spinal canal. It is the ...
*  Cancer pain
... fat and blood vessels and crossed by the spinal nerve roots. A long-term epidural catheter may be inserted into this space for ... Transmission occurs when the energy has been converted and the nerve impulses travel along the nerve fibers into the spinal ... Cordotomy involves cutting nerve fibers that run up the front/side (anterolateral) quadrant of the spinal cord, carrying heat ... When tumors compress, invade or inflame parts of the nervous system (such as the brain, spinal cord, nerves, ganglia or plexa ...
*  Christopher Duntsch
... and completely amputated an entire spinal nerve root. "It's as egregious as you can imagine," said Dr. Robert Henderson, the ... He had drilled a screw into Efurd's spinal cavity, placed implants into muscle instead of on bone, ... he was convicted of a first degree felony in the maiming of Mary Efurd during a spinal fusion surgery. ...
*  Progressive inflammatory neuropathy
... the problem they were seeing in progressive inflammatory neuropathy was occurring in the spinal nerve roots. In October 2007 an ... It was found that the potassium channels were being blocked so that inflammation was occurring at the nerve root and causing ... The pig antigen was found most prominently in the nerve roots of the spine which were also swollen. Researchers determined that ... hyper-excitability down the peripheral nerves. Over 40 laboratory tests were initially conducted to rule out various pathogens ...
*  Split hand syndrome
A slow onset and a lack of pain or sensorial symptoms are arguments against a lesion of the spinal root or plexus brachialis. ... If lesions affecting the branches of the ulnar nerve that run to the wasted muscles are excluded, the lesion is almost sure to ... Schelhaas HJ, van de Warrenburg BP, Kremer HP, Zwarts MJ (December 2003). "The "split hand" phenomenon: evidence of a spinal ... Wilbourn AJ (January 2000). "The "split hand syndrome"". Muscle Nerve. 23 (1): 138. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-4598(200001)23:1. ...
*  Charles Bell
States that the anterior branch of spinal nerve roots contain only motor fibers and the posterior roots contain only sensory ... He is noted for discovering the difference between sensory nerves and motor nerves in the spinal cord. He is also noted for ... This paper held Bell's most famous discovery, that the facial nerve or seventh cranial nerve is a nerve of muscular action. ... Furthermore, Bell's original essay of 1811 did not actually contain a clear description of motor and sensory nerve roots as ...