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*  Spinal cord injury
... epidural spinal stimulation, and wearable robotic exoskeletons. Spinal cord injury can be traumatic or nontraumatic, and can be ... A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage to the spinal cord that causes changes in its function, either temporary or permanent. ... At each level of the spinal column, spinal nerves branch off from either side of the spinal cord and exit between a pair of ... "Spinal Cord Injury Facts". Foundation for Spinal Cord Injury Prevention, Care & Cure. June 2009. Archived from the original on ...
*  Chronic pain
... may originate in the body, or in the brain or spinal cord. It is often difficult to treat. Various nonopioid ... Transcranial magnetic stimulation for reduction of chronic pain is not currently supported by high quality evidence, and the ... Rusanescu G, Mao J (2014). "Notch3 is necessary for neuronal differentiation and maturation in the adult spinal cord". J Cell ... Evidence does not support hypnosis for chronic pain due to a spinal cord injury. Preliminary studies have found medical ...
*  Neuropathic pain
"Spinal cord stimulation for patients with failed back surgery syndrome or complex regional pain syndrome: a systematic review ... The level of stimulation is below that for motor stimulation. As compared with spinal stimulation, which is associated with ... Spinal cord stimulators use electrodes placed adjacent to but outside the spinal cord. The overall complication rate is one- ... Central neuropathic pain is found in spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, and some strokes. Aside from diabetes (see ...
*  Spinal cord stimulator
... of lead migration for spinal cord stimulation. The neurophysiological mechanisms of action of spinal cord stimulation are not ... spinal cord stimulation, deep brain stimulation, and motor cortex stimulation. SCS has been studied in people with Parkinson's ... Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation McKenzie-Brown, Anne Marie (November 1, 2016). "Spinal cord stimulation: Placement ... "Complications of Spinal Cord Stimulation and Peripheral Nerve Stimulation Techniques: A Review of the Literature". Pain ...
*  Lumbar anterior root stimulator
Direct stimulation of the root risks greater neurological damage due to intra-operative spinal cord injury which in turn would ... Spinal cord injuries have many causes, and result in a high comorbidity. In other words, victims of spinal cord injuries tend ... 32: 676-7. Barolat, Giancarlo (May 2000). "Spinal Cord Stimulation for Chronic Pain Management". Archives of Medical Research. ... While spinal cord injury is a broad and widely-encompassing term, root stimulators may be used for many instances of SCIs. For ...
*  Local anesthesia
Meglio M (2004). "Spinal cord stimulation in chronic pain management". Neurosurg. Clin. N. Am. 15 (3): 297-306. doi:10.1016/j. ... Rasche D, Ruppolt M, Stippich C, Unterberg A, Tronnier VM (2006). "Motor cortex stimulation for long-term relief of chronic ... Dubinsky RM, Miyasaki J (January 2010). "Assessment: efficacy of transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation in the treatment of ... block Spinal anesthesia (subarachnoid block) Adverse effects depend on the local anesthetic agent, method, and site of ...
*  Pain management
Meglio M (2004). "Spinal cord stimulation in chronic pain management". Neurosurg. Clin. N. Am. 15 (3): 297-306. doi:10.1016/j. ... A spinal cord stimulator is an implantable medical device that creates electric impulses and applies them near the dorsal ... spinal cord stimulators and intrathecal drug delivery system implants. Pulsed radiofrequency, neuromodulation, direct ... surface of the spinal cord provides a paresthesia ("tingling") sensation that alters the perception of pain by the patient. A ...
*  Neuroprosthetics
Neural interface devices: Spinal cord stimulation technology. Proceedings of the IEEE 96:1108-19 Brindley GS, Polkey CE, ... 63-68, 2006, Vol 1 R. B. North, M. E. Ewend, M. A. Lawton, and S. Piantadosi, "Spinal cord stimulation for chronic, intractable ... The SCS (Spinal Cord Stimulator) device has two main components: an electrode and a generator. The technical goal of SCS for ... Where a spinal cord lesion leads to paraplegia, patients have difficulty emptying their bladders and this can cause infection. ...
*  Gabor B. Racz
doi:10.1016/S0277-0326(96)80008-0. Golovac, Stanley (2010). "Chapter 17: Spinal Cord Stimulation: Uses and Applications". In ... Racz's work with nerve stimulators, spinal cord stimulators, radiofrequency thermocoagulation, and a wide range of other pain ... It is a minimally invasive, percutaneous intervention for treating chronic spinal pain often due to scarring after post lumbar ... It is also used to treat protruding or herniated disks, fractures, degeneration, or radicular pain from spinal stenosis, a ...
*  Cancer pain
Electrical stimulation of the dorsal columns of the spinal cord can produce analgesia. First, the leads are implanted, guided ... destruction of a region of the spinal cord where peripheral pain signals cross to spinal cord fibers); this is major surgery ... Peng, Lihua; Min, Su; Zejun, Zhou; Wei, Ke; Bennett, Michael I. (2015-06-29). "Spinal cord stimulation for cancer-related pain ... Long-term epidural catheter The outer layer of the sheath surrounding the spinal cord is called the dura mater. Between this ...
*  Wide dynamic range neuron
Meyerson, Björn A.; Linderoth, Bengt (2006-04-01). "Mode of action of spinal cord stimulation in neuropathic pain". Journal of ... Zhang, Tianhe (June 20, 2014). "Mechanisms and Models of Spinal Cord Stimulation for the Treatment of Neuropathic Pain". ... WDR neurons are found in the posterior grey column of the spinal cord, with their cell bodies located in the posterior horn ( ... The WDR neurons can respond to electrical, mechanical, and thermal stimulation. The dorsal cord has faulty plasticity, which ...
*  Peter Staats
"Spinal cord stimulation for angina pectoris and peripheral vascular disease". Anesthesiol Clin North America. 21: 797-804. doi: ...
*  Dejerine-Roussy syndrome
Spinal cord stimulation has been studied in the last couple of years. In a long case study, 8 patients were given spinal cord ... Spinal cord stimulation is cheaper than brain stimulation and less invasive, and is thus a more promising option for pain ... More recently, electrical stimulation of the brain and spinal cord and caloric stimulation have been explored as treatments. ... "Spinal cord stimulation and thalamic pain: long-term results of eight cases". Neuromodulation. 12 (3): 240-243. doi:10.1111/j. ...
*  Walton Centre
They include spinal cord stimulation, deep brain stimulation and intrathecal drug delivery systems. The Centre for Pain Relief ... Trigeminal neuralgia Spinal cord stimulation Intrathecal drug delivery Deep brain stimulation Vascular neurosurgery ... Pituitary surgery Spinal Functional neurosurgery including surgery for: Epilepsy Deep brain stimulation for movement disorders ... The vast majority of clinics occur at the Walton Centre, but there is also a clinic at Chester and spinal clinics at Whiston ...
*  Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation
... and life-threatening consequences of spinal cord injury (SCI). What is epidural spinal cord stimulation? Epidural stimulation ... It is believed that epidural stimulation reawakens the nerve networks in the spinal cord. Note: epidural stimulation is not the ... "The Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation is dedicated to curing spinal cord injury by funding innovative research, and improving ... to specific locations on the lower part of the spinal cord. It involves an implanted microarray over the dura of the lumbar ...
*  Shannon Criteria
In the case of spinal cord stimulation, for example, the Far Field category would apply. The data on which the Shannon model ... "Analysis of current density and related parameters in spinal cord stimulation". IEEE transactions on rehabilitation engineering ... As a result of these restricted methods, Shannon states "A more comprehensive model of safe levels for electrical stimulation ... The Shannon criteria relate two parameters for pulsed electrical stimulation: charge density per phase, D (μCoulombs/(phase•cm² ...
*  List of patient-reported quality of life surveys
The SAQ has been utilized in studies investigating spinal cord stimulation, ivabradine and ranolazine and refractory angina ... following successful spinal cord stimulation for angina pectoris". Neuromodulation. 14 (1): 13-18. doi:10.1111/j.1525-1403.2010 ... "Treatment of tinnitus with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation improves patients' quality of life". The Journal of ... glucocorticoid replacement therapy and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for tinnitus. The Short Form 36 (SF-36) ...
*  Neuromodulation (medicine)
... "burst stimulation". Kilohertz stimulation trains have been applied to both the spinal cord proper as well as the dorsal root ... Spinal cord stimulation is a form of invasive neuromodulation therapy in common use since the 1980s. Its principal use is as a ... All forms of spinal cord stimulation have been shown to have varying degrees of efficacy to address a variety of ... DBS therapy, unlike spinal cord stimulation, has a variety of central nervous system targets, depending on the target pathology ...
*  Phantom limb
Treatment approaches have included medication such as antidepressants, spinal cord stimulation, vibration therapy, acupuncture ... In some cases, surgeons even cut the sensory nerves leading into the spinal cord or in extreme cases, even removed the part of ... The researchers found that this type of stimulation could produce short-term (under 90 minutes) reduction of pain without ... "Motor and parietal cortex stimulation for phantom limb pain and sensations". Pain. 154 (8): 1274-80. doi:10.1016/j.pain.2013.03 ...
*  Erotic electrostimulation
US patent 6169924, T. Stuart Meloy and W. Joseph Martin, "Spinal cord stimulation", issued 2001-1-2 . Retrieved 7 July 2012. US ... such as the discovery that placing electrodes in the spinal cord can induce pleasurable feelings leading to orgasm. There are ... By the 1970s, medical TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) units were also being used for electrostimulation. In ... electrical muscle stimulation) units. Some people soon found alternative uses for the Relax-A-Cizors by placing the contacts on ...
*  Complex regional pain syndrome
Taylor RS, Van Buyten JP, Buchser E (February 2006). "Spinal cord stimulation for complex regional pain syndrome: a systematic ... "A Comprehensive Outcome-Specific Review of the Use of Spinal Cord Stimulation for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome". Pain ... Spinal cord stimulator appears to be an effective therapy in the management of patients with CRPS type I (Level A evidence) and ... Moseley, G; Zalucki, N; Wiech, K (2008). "Tactile discrimination, but not tactile stimulation alone, reduces chronic limb pain ...
*  Pelvic pain
Spinal cord stimulation aimed at the mid- to high-thoracic region of the spinal cord have produced some positive results. ... Spinal cord stimulation has been explored as a potential treatment option for some time, however there remains to be consensus ... on where the optimal location of the spinal cord this treatment should be aimed. As the innervation of the pelvic region is ...
*  Rehabilitation in spinal cord injury
"Augmentation of Voluntary Locomotor Activity by Transcutaneous Spinal Cord Stimulation in Motor-Incomplete Spinal Cord-Injured ... 2008). "Evaluation of an occupational therapy program for patients with spinal cord injury". Spinal Cord. 46 (1): 78-81. doi: ... "Spinal Rhythm Generation by Step-Induced Feedback and Transcutaneous Posterior Root Stimulation in Complete Spinal Cord-Injured ... individuals with a spinal cord injury can greatly benefit from exercise reconditioning. In the majority of cases, spinal cord ...
*  International Neuromodulation Society
In 1989, after the first International Congress on Epidural Spinal Cord Stimulation was held in the Netherlands, a group of ... the alteration of nerve activity through the delivery of electromagnetic stimulation or chemical agents to targeted sites of ... deep brain stimulation (DBS) systems, neurorobotics The International Neuromodulation Society North American Neuromodulation ... Society Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface Journal The International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society ...
*  Spinal stenosis
"Spinal Cord Stimulation for the Treatment of Chronic Pain in Patients with Lumbar Spinal Stenosis". Neuromodulation. 13 (4): ... Spinal stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the spinal canal or neural foramen that results in pressure on the spinal cord or ... or the spinal cord. The most common forms are cervical spinal stenosis, which are at the level of the neck, and lumbar spinal ... A surgical treatment of nerve root or spinal cord compression by decompressing the spinal cord and nerve roots of the cervical ...
*  Childbirth
Clamping is followed by cutting of the cord, which is painless due to the absence of nerves. The "fourth stage of labour" is ... A number of methods can help with pain such as relaxation techniques, opioids, and spinal blocks. Most babies are born head ... or nipple stimulation. Ripening of the cervix can be accomplished with the placement of a Foley catheter or the use of ... Delaying the clamping of the umbilical cord until at least one minute after birth improves outcomes as long as there is the ...
*  Neural dust
... because traditional methods of neurostimulation and certain forms of nerve stimulation such as spinal cord stimulation use ... Electrical stimulation devices have been effective in allowing spinal cord injury patients to have improved ability to urinate ... Spinal Cord. 20 (6): 365-381. doi:10.1038/sc.1982.65. ISSN 1476-5624. Beuter, Anne; Lefaucheur, Jean-Pascal; Modolo, Julien. " ... or closed loop stimulation), which provides seizure-halting electrical stimulation based on brain patterns that indicate a ...