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*  Spinal cord injury
Swelling can cause further damage to the spinal cord by reducing the blood supply and causing ischemia, which can give rise to ... A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage to the spinal cord that causes changes in its function, either temporary or permanent. ... At each level of the spinal column, spinal nerves branch off from either side of the spinal cord and exit between a pair of ... "Spinal Cord Injury Facts". Foundation for Spinal Cord Injury Prevention, Care & Cure. June 2009. Archived from the original on ...
*  Artery of Adamkiewicz
"Prevention of spinal cord ischaemia during descending thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic surgery". European Journal of Cardio ... and supplies the lower two thirds of the spinal cord via the anterior spinal artery. The spinal cord vasculature has a complex ... In a study of approximately 70 people that examined the spinal cord's blood supply it was found that: The Adamkiewicz artery ... Greathouse, David G.; Halle, John S.; Dalley, Arthur F. (2001). "Blood supply to the spinal cord". Physical therapy. 81 (6): ...
*  Posterior spinal artery
Lamin, S.; Bhattacharya, J. J. (2003-04-01). "Vascular Anatomy of the Spinal Cord and Cord Ischaemia". Practical Neurology. 3 ( ... At the spinal cord level, the posterior spinal artery supplies the dorsal and lateral column as well as the peripheral part of ... Particularly at the upper cervical spinal cord where the posterior spinal artery supplies some parts of the ventral column, ... It supplies the grey and white posterior columns of the spinal cord. It passes posteriorly to descend the medulla passing in ...
*  Neuromodulation (medicine)
Ubbink DT, Vermeulen H (2006). "Spinal Cord Stimulation for Critical Leg Ischemia: A Review of Effectiveness and Optimal ... Ubbink DT, Vermeulen H (2013). "Spinal cord stimulation for non-reconstructable chronic critical leg ischaemia". Cochrane ... Spinal cord stimulation is a form of invasive neuromodulation therapy in common use since the 1980s. Its principal use is as a ... All forms of spinal cord stimulation have been shown to have varying degrees of efficacy to address a variety of ...
*  Dizocilpine
"MK-801 improves neurological and histological outcomes after spinal cord ischemia induced by transient aortic cross-clipping in ... "N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonist MK801 improves outcome following traumatic spinal cord injury in rats: behavioral, anatomic, ... When dizocilpine was administered to rats 15 minutes after a spinal trauma, the long-term neurological recovery of the trauma ... Gill R, Foster AC, Woodruff GN (October 1987). "Systemic administration of MK-801 protects against ischemia-induced hippocampal ...
*  Neurooncology
Mechanisms of pain include spinal cord ischemia and traction on the periosteum, dura, nearby soft tissues, and nerve roots. ... Primary Spinal Cord Tumors Primary spinal cord tumors are uncommon and most are either astrocytomas or ependymomas. 1. Spinal ... Cord Metastasis The management of spinal cord metastasis depends on whether or not the metastasis is causing epidural spinal ... 2. Spinal Cord Tumor Presentations Pain is the first symptom in >90% of patients presenting with epidural metastasis and occurs ...
*  Cerebral hypoxia
TIA is now defined as a transient episode of neurologic dysfunction caused by focal brain, spinal cord, or retinal ischemia, ... focal cerebral ischemia, cerebral infarction, and global cerebral ischemia. Prolonged hypoxia induces neuronal cell death via ... Focal cerebral ischemia - A stroke occurring in a localized area that can either be acute or transient. This may be due to a ... Problems during labor and delivery can include umbilical cord occlusion, torsion or prolapse, rupture of the placenta or uterus ...
*  Allan Hamilton
Contrasting actions of naloxone in experimental spinal cord and cerebral ischemia: a review. Neurosurgery 17: 845-849, 1985 ... The use of gold foil wrapping for the treatment of the spinal cord for recurrent tumor therapy. Int. J. Rad. Oncol. Biol. Phys ... the technology precisely enough so as it could be employed for the first time to eliminate tumors around the spinal cord. For ... 63:40-43, 1995 Hamilton AJ, Lulu BA, Fosmire H, Stea B, Cassady JR: Preliminary experience with LINAC-based spinal stereotactic ...
*  Carotid endarterectomy
Sometimes the stenosis causes temporary symptoms first, known as TIAs, where temporary ischemia occurs in the brain, spinal ... cord, or retina without causing an infarction. Symptomatic stenosis has a high risk of stroke within the next 2 days. National ...
*  Chloride potassium symporter 5
Loss of KCC2 following neuronal damage (i.e. ischemia, spinal cord damage, physical trauma to the central nervous system) ... Vinay L, Jean-Xavier C (January 2008). "Plasticity of spinal cord locomotor networks and contribution of cation-chloride ... and motoneurons of the ventral spinal cord. At the subcellular level, KCC2 has been found in membranes of the somata and ... "Developmental up-regulation of the potassium-chloride cotransporter type 2 in the rat lumbar spinal cord". Neuroscience. 164 (2 ...
*  KCNK2
... ischemia, and anesthesia. TREK-1 has an important role in neuroprotection against epilepsy and brain and spinal cord ischemia ...
*  Krembil Research Institute
... spinal cord injuries, cerebral ischemia (stroke), vascular brain malformations, aneurysms, brain tumours and pain disorders. ... A. Lozano & S. Kennedy, 2003) Neural adult stem cell transplantation findings show promising results in repairing spinal cord ... spinal cord injuries, neurophthalmologic and other ocular disorders, multiple sclerosis and autoimmune disorders. The ... Transplantation of Adult Neural Precursor Cells Promotes Remyelination and Functional Neurological Recovery after Spinal Cord ...
*  Open aortic surgery
... spinal cord ischemia leading to paralysis, buttock claudication, ischemic collitis, embolization leading to acute limb ischemia ... reduces the risk of ischemic spinal cord injury by increasing the perfusion pressure to the spinal cord. A 2012 Cochrane ... This can lead to inadequate blood supply to the spinal cord, resulting in paraplegia, when repairing thoracic aneurysms. A 2004 ... A number of techniques exist for maintaining perfusion to the viscera and spinal cord during open thoracoabdominal aortic ...
*  List of MeSH codes (C14)
... anterior spinal artery syndrome MeSH C14.907.790.550 --- spinal cord ischemia MeSH C14.907.790.550.100 --- anterior spinal ... spinal cord ischemia MeSH C14.907.553.850.100 --- anterior spinal artery syndrome MeSH C14.907.681.760 --- postphlebitic ... hypoxia-ischemia, brain MeSH C14.907.253.545.200 --- brain ischemia MeSH C14.907.253.545.200.400 --- ischemic attack, transient ... brain ischemia MeSH C14.907.553.180 --- colitis, ischemic MeSH C14.907.553.241 --- compartment syndromes MeSH C14.907.553.241. ...
*  Transient ischemic attack
... spinal cord, or retina, without tissue death (infarction). TIAs have the same underlying mechanism as ischemic strokes. Both ... A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a brief episode of neurological dysfunction caused by loss of blood flow (ischemia) in the ... There are three major mechanisms of ischemia in the brain: embolism traveling to the brain, in situ thrombotic occlusion in the ... Diffusion sequences can help further localize the area of ischemia and can serve as prognostic indicators. Presence of ischemic ...
*  Ventricular fibrillation
... ischemia] of the brain and spinal cord". Spontaneous conversion of ventricular fibrillation to a more benign rhythm is rare in ... In conditions such as myocardial ischaemia, possible mechanism of arrhythmia generation include the resulting decreased ... abnormal cells can be exposed to an abnormal environment such as with a myocardial infarction with myocardial ischaemia. ...
*  Cyclopentenone prostaglandins
... spinal cord, brain, and lung injury; injury due to ischemia in the heart, brain, kidney, and gut; and stress-induced central ... 14-PGJ2 appears to cause the dilation of coronary arteries and thereby protect against cardiac ischemia and heart attack in a ...
*  Calpain
... ischemia, traumatic brain injury and spinal cord injury. Excessive amounts of calpain can be activated due to Ca2+ influx after ... As a few of the many examples supporting the therapeutic potential of calpain inhibition in ischemia, calpain inhibitor AK275 ... and MDL28170 significantly reduced the size of damaged infarct tissue in a rat focal ischemia model. Also, calpain inhibitors ... protects neuronal cells from cerebral ischemia-induced damage in mice". Neuroscience. 157 (2): 309-18. doi:10.1016/j. ...
*  Traumatic aortic rupture
For example, surgery is associated with a high rate of paraplegia, because the spinal cord is very sensitive to ischemia (lack ...
*  List of MeSH codes (C10)
... anterior spinal artery syndrome MeSH C10.228.854.785.650 --- spinal cord ischemia MeSH C10.228.854.785.650.100 --- anterior ... spinal cord injuries MeSH C10.228.854.770.500 --- central cord syndrome MeSH C10.228.854.785 --- spinal cord vascular diseases ... spinal cord compression MeSH C10.228.854.765 --- spinal cord neoplasms MeSH C10.228.854.765.342 --- epidural neoplasms MeSH ... spinal cord neoplasms MeSH C10.551.240.750.200 --- epidural neoplasms MeSH C10.551.360.500 --- optic nerve neoplasms MeSH ...
*  Spinal cord stimulator
... when SCS is applied in neuropathic pain states may be very different from that involved in analgesia due to limb ischemia. In ... of lead migration for spinal cord stimulation. The neurophysiological mechanisms of action of spinal cord stimulation are not ... implanted the first spinal cord stimulator device directly on the dorsal column for the treatment of chronic pain and in 1971, ... A Spinal Cord Stimulator (SCS) or Dorsal Column Stimulator (DCS) is a type of implantable neuromodulation device (sometimes ...
*  Anterior spinal artery syndrome
... causing ischemia or infarction of the spinal cord in the anterior two-thirds of the spinal cord and medulla oblongata. It is ... It is also known as "Beck's syndrome". Spinal cord injury Schneider, Gregory S. (2010). "Anterior spinal cord syndrome after ... Anterior spinal artery syndrome (also known as "anterior spinal cord syndrome", or "Beck's syndrome") is a medical condition ... to the spinal column and neoplasia all could result in ischemia from anterior spinal artery occlusion leading to anterior cord ...
*  Enteric nervous system
... five times as many as the one hundred million neurons in the human spinal cord, and about 2/3 as many as in the whole nervous ... ENS function can be damaged by ischemia. Transplantation, previously described as a theoretical possibility, has been a ... it can and does operate independently of the brain and the spinal cord. Its study is the focus of neurogastroenterology. ... "Do lesions of the enteric nervous system occur following intestinal ischemia/reperfusion?". Acta Cir Bras. 22 (2): 120-4. doi: ...
*  Samuel I. Stupp
... spinal cord injury, diabetes, and many other areas. In addition, Stupp's laboratory is pursuing fundamental research on ... angiogenesis for ischemia or peripheral artery disease, cancer therapy, novel therapies for neurodegenerative diseases, stem ...
*  Neurocardiology
The neural signals are then transferred to the brainstem, followed by the spinal cord, which is the location where the heart ... This includes cardiac ischemia, stroke, epilepsy, and most importantly, heart arrhythmias and cardiac myopathies. Many of these ... the heart receives its neural input through parasympathetic and sympathetic ganglia and lateral grey column of the spinal cord ...
*  CD34
Research has shown that CD34+ cells are relatively more in men than in women in the reproductive age among Spinal Cord Injury ... "Application of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells in six patients with advanced chronic critical limb ischemia as a ... Injection of CD34+ hematopoietic Stem Cells has been clinically applied to treat various diseases including Spinal Cord Injury ... "Index of CD34+ cells and mononuclear cells in the bone marrow of Spinal cord Injury patients of different age groups- A ...