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*  Microsurgical lumbar laminoplasty
... that is they block the surgeon's access to the spinal canal. In some patients, excessive spinal destabilization and muscle ... The lamina and spinous process are then removed to gain access to the nerves contained within the spinal canal. The structures ... Also, the spinal musculature is dissected away from the spinal bones only on one side, rather than on the left and right sides ... During the 1980s spinal surgeons began to use operating microscopes in order to improve visualization of the spinal nerves ...
*  Laminectomy
The lamina of the vertebra is removed or trimmed to widen the spinal canal and create more space for the spinal nerves and ... removal is done to break the continuity of the rigid ring of the spinal canal to allow the soft tissues within the canal to: 1 ... permit access to deeper tissue inside the spinal canal. A laminectomy is also the name of a spinal operation that ... The pair of laminae, along with the spinous process, make up the posterior wall of the bony spinal canal. Although the literal ...
*  Cervical spinal stenosis
... is a bone disease involving the narrowing of the spinal canal at the level of the neck. It is ... Cervical spinal stenosis is a condition involving narrowing of the spinal canal at the level of the neck. It is frequently due ... Cervical spinal stenosis can be far more dangerous by compressing the spinal cord. Cervical canal stenosis may lead to serious ... Cervical spinal stenosis is one of the most common forms of spinal stenosis, along with lumbar spinal stenosis (which occurs at ...
*  Spinal stenosis
... is an abnormal narrowing of the spinal canal or neural foramen that results in pressure on the spinal cord or ... Cervical spinal stenosis is a condition involving narrowing of the spinal canal at the level of the neck. It is frequently due ... Spinal ligaments can thicken (ligamenta flava) Bone spurs develop on the bone and into the spinal canal or foraminal openings ... problems Spinal canal is too small at birth Structural deformities of the vertebrae may cause narrowing of the spinal canal A ...
*  Spinal canal
The spinal canal (or vertebral canal or spinal cavity) is the space in the vertebral column formed by the vertebrae through ... Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the canal which can occur in any region of the spine and can be caused by a number of factors ... namely the anterior spinal artery and the paired posterior spinal arteries, accompanied by corresponding spinal veins. The ... The meninges divide the spinal canal into the epidural space and the subarachnoid space. The pia mater is closely attached to ...
*  Myelopathy
... which result in narrowing of the spinal canal (spinal stenosis) ultimately causing compression of the spinal cord. In Asian ... Myelopathy describes any neurologic deficit related to the spinal cord. When due to trauma, it is known as (acute) spinal cord ... The best way of visualising the spinal cord is Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Apart from T1 and T2 MRI images, which are ... Clinical signs and symptoms depend on which spinal cord level (cervical, thoracic or lumbar) is affected and the extent ( ...
*  Mr. Pogo
In 2014, Sekigawa underwent a spinal canal surgery. On May 25, 2017, Sekigawa underwent spinal canal surgery for the second ...
*  Jean Fernel
He was the first person to describe the spinal canal. The lunar crater Fernelius is named after him. Fernel suggested that ...
*  Claudication
Standing and extension of the spine narrows the spinal canal diameter. Sitting and flexion of the spine increases spinal canal ... In neurogenic claudication, positional changes lead to increased stenosis (narrowing) of the spinal canal and compression of ... but rather it is caused by nerve root compression or stenosis of the spinal canal, usually from a degenerative spine, most ... Spinal or neurogenic claudication may be differentiated from arterial claudication based on activity and position. ...
*  Sacroiliac joint dysfunction
Mixter, WJ; Barr, JS (1934). "Rupture of the Intervertebral Disc with Involvement of the Spinal Canal". N Engl J Med. 211: 210- ... A fixation of the joint (screws or similar hardware only, without the use of bone grafting) is more common than a spinal fusion ... During pregnancy, relaxin serves as nature's way of allowing the female pelvis to achieve distention of the birthing canal. ... There is also a notable incidence of lumbar spinal fusion patients that present with sacroiliac pain and hypermobility, ...
*  Ákos Kovács (radiologist)
Kovacs, Akos (1974). "Observation of the Cervical Segment of the Spinal Canal by An Extension Device". Acta Radiol. 15 (January ...
*  David A. Ditsworth
Decision Making in Spinal Care - Chapter 63 Non-traumatic Transforaminal Endoscopic Approach to the Lumbar Spinal Canal for ... Removal of Disc Fragments from the Lumbar Spinal Canal Without Normal Anatomy Disruption. Spine Summit 2016. The 32nd Annual ... "Endoscopic Transforaminal Lumbar Discectomy and Reconfiguration: A Postero-lateral Approach into the Spinal Canal". Surgical ... "Endoscopic Transforaminal Lumbar Discectomy and Reconfiguration: A Postero-lateral Approach Into The Spinal Canal" Surgical ...
*  Traumatic pneumorrhachis
... is a medical condition in which air has entered the spinal canal. Traumatic pneumorrhachis is very ... injury and patient's horizontal position allowing the entrapped air to pass through the foramen magnum into the spinal canal. ... Only eight cases with pneumorrhachis extending to more than one spinal region had been reported in the literature. Gordon had ... should be treated meticulously and a temporary lumbar drainage may be required if they have concomitant cerebro-spinal fluid ...
*  Laminotomy
Excessive pressure in the spinal canal causes the spinal canal and spinal nerves to be compressed which can be very painful and ... In any scenario where the inside of the spinal canal must be accessed or there is an increase in pressure in the spinal canal, ... A common disorder that causes increased pressure in the spinal canal is lumbar spinal stenosis. Lumbar spinal stenosis is ... causing it to expand towards the spinal canal. When observing the cross sectional area of the spinal canal of a human cadaver, ...
*  Tomoaki Honma
On March 31, Honma announced he had successfully undergone surgery on his spinal canal. The following month, Honma stated he ... He is working for New Japan Pro Wrestling (NJPW) as a freelancer, though currently inactive due to a severe spinal injury. He ...
*  Cauda equina syndrome
CES can be caused by lumbar spinal stenosis, which is when the diameter of the spinal canal narrows. This could be the result ... This is due to the spinal canal narrowing that these kind of syndromes can produce. No set risk factors have been clearly ... trauma or other damage to this region of the spinal canal can result in cauda equina syndrome. The symptoms may also appear as ... Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is symptoms due to damage to the bundle of nerves below the end of the spinal cord known as the ...
*  Vertebral column
Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal which can occur in any region of the spine though less commonly in the ... The vertebral column houses the spinal canal, a cavity that encloses and protects the spinal cord. There are about 50,000 ... The vertebral column surrounds the spinal cord which travels within the spinal canal, formed from a central hole within each ... the central canal. Adjacent to each vertebra emerge spinal nerves. The spinal nerves provide sympathetic nervous supply to the ...
*  Pneumoencephalography
1]. A related procedure is pneumomyelography, where gas is used similarly to investigate the spinal canal. ...
*  Vertebra
... e contain a vertebral foramen for the passage of the spinal canal and its enclosed spinal cord and covering meninges. ... central opening that accommodates the spinal canal, which encloses and protects the spinal cord. Vertebrae articulate with each ... A laminectomy is a surgical operation to remove the laminae in order to access the spinal canal. The removal of just part of a ... Spinal disc herniation, more commonly called a slipped disc, is the result of a tear in the outer ring (anulus fibrosus) of the ...
*  Thecal sac
Along most of the spinal canal it is separated from the inner surface by the epidural space. The sac has projections that ... tethered spinal cord syndrome may occur. In a split cord malformation, some portion of the spinal cord is divided into parallel ... follow the spinal nerves along their paths out of the vertebral canal which become the dural root sheaths. The lumbar cistern ... If the spinal cord is not free to move within the thecal sac due to abnormal tissue attachments, especially during growth, ...
*  Thoracic vertebrae
The vertebral foramen is the large opening posterior to the vertebral body also known as the spinal canal. It contains and ... The thoracic spinal nerve 1 (T1) passes out underneath it. The thoracic spinal nerve 2 (T2) passes out underneath it. The ... The thoracic spinal nerve 5 (T5) passes out underneath it. The thoracic spinal nerve 6 (T6) passes out underneath it. The ... The thoracic spinal nerve 8 (T8) passes out underneath it. The ninth thoracic vertebra may have no demi-facets below. In some ...
*  HES7 gene
With Chiari malformation, the cerebellum extends lower than the base of the skull into the upper spinal canal. Maroto M, Bone ...
*  Segmental medullary artery
These segmental arteries provide blood flow to the surface and inside the spinal canal at each segmental level. The largest ... They can join the anterior spinal artery. Federative Committee on Anatomical Termi (1998). Terminologia Anatomica: ...
*  Ligamenta flava
The elastin prevents buckling of the ligament into the spinal canal during extension, which would cause canal compression. ... They are best seen from the interior of the vertebral canal; when looked at from the outer surface they appear short, being ... Hypertrophy of this ligament may cause spinal stenosis, particularly in patients with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis ... "Lumbar spinal stenosis in a patient with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hypertrophy syndrome". Spine. 7 (6): 598-603. doi:10.1097/ ...
*  Tethered spinal cord syndrome
All forms involve the pulling of the spinal cord at the base of the spinal canal, literally a tethered cord. The spinal cord ... is held taut at the end or at some point in the spinal canal. In children, a tethered cord can force the spinal cord to stretch ... in the spinal column Dermal Sinus Tract (congenital deformity) Diastematomyelia (split spinal cord) Tethered spinal cord is a ... Spina bifida Occulta Mylomeningocele Meningocele History of spinal trauma History of spinal surgery Tumor(s) in the spinal ...
*  Childbirth
The fetal head is bowed, chin on chest, so that the back or crown of its head leads the way through the birth canal, until the ... A number of methods can help with pain such as relaxation techniques, opioids, and spinal blocks. Most babies are born head ... The vagina is called a 'birth canal' when the baby enters this passage. Station refers to the relationship of the fetal ... They may contribute to the care of a woman in labour by performing epidurals or by providing anaesthesia (often spinal ...
*  Giorgio Baglivi
... veins and spinal canals and experimented on their pneumogastric nerves. He utilized a microscope to study the structure of ...