Golledge, R. G., & Rushton, G. (Eds.). (1976). Spatial Choice and Spatial Behavior: Geographic Essays on the Analysis of ... Golledge, R. G., & Stimson, R. J. (1997). Spatial Behavior: A Geographic Perspective. New York: Guilford Press. ISBN 1-57230- ... Golledge, R. G. (Ed.). (1999). Wayfinding Behavior: Cognitive Mapping and Other Spatial Processes. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins ... Egenhofer, M. J., & Golledge, R. G. (Eds.). (1998). Spatial and Temporal Reasoning in Geographic Information Systems. New York ...
Wayfinding Acoustic location Human echolocation Reginald G. Golledge; Robert John Stimson (1997). Spatial behavior: a ...
Neuroscientists have extensively researched human gaze behavior, with studies noting that the use of the gaze is very task- ... ISBN 978-0-205-23939-9.[page needed] Crawford, J. D.; Medendorp, W. P.; Marotta, J. J. (2004). "Spatial transformations for eye ... However, an overview article in Brain, Behavior and Evolution presents a new "Eye-forelimb hypothesis" (EF hypothesis) that ... Larsson M, Binocular vision, the optic chiasm, and their associations with vertebrate motor behavior. Frontiers in Ecol. Evol. ...
Kolobov, M.I. (1999). "The spatial behavior of nonclassical light". Reviews of Modern Physics. 71 (5): 1539-1589. Bibcode: ... The transverse LLE (1) is in 2D from the spatial viewpoint. In a waveguide configuration E {\displaystyle E} depends only on ... The spontaneous formation of spatial patterns and solitons travelling along the cavity described by the LLE is the ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Lugiato, L.A.; Castelli, F. (1992). "Quantum noise-reduction in a spatial dissipative ...
Animal Behavior. Univ. of Chicago Press. Chicago, Ill. p. 193. Kamil, A.; Balda, R. (1985). "Cache recovery and spatial memory ... Other behaviors such as play and cooperative breeding are also considered indicators of intelligence. Crows appear to be able ... Social behavior requires individual identification, and most birds appear to be capable of recognizing mates, siblings, and ... In captivity, a young Española cactus finch learned to imitate this behavior by watching a woodpecker finch in an adjacent cage ...
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 34(2), 266-282. Miller, N. Y.; Shettleworth, S. J. (2007). " ... Cheng, Ken; Shettleworth, Sara J.; Huttenlocher, Janellen; Rieser, John J. (2007). "Bayesian integration of spatial information ... Shettleworth, S. J. (2009). Cognition, Evolution, and Behavior (2nd ed). Oxford University Press. Scientific Publications ... Cheng, K., & Shettleworth, S. J., Huttenlocher, J., & Rieser, J. (2007). Bayesian integration of spatial information. ...
Most experiments involving the relevance of brain size to intelligence hinge on the assumption that complex behavior requires a ... Fiset, Sylvain; Doré, François Y. (1996). "Spatial encoding in domestic cats (Felis catus)". Journal of Experimental Psychology ... Researchers have shown feline intelligence to include the ability to acquire new behavior that applies knowledge to new ... Case, Linda P. (2003). The cat: its behavior, nutrition, & health. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-0-8138-0331-9. Turner, D. C. (2000 ...
Social Behavior and Personality. 40 (7): 1195-1200. doi:10.2224/sbp.2012.40.7.1195. Brosnan, M. J. (1998). "Spatial ability in ... as well as spatial relationships that allow them to see how many different parts become a whole. In 1837 Friedrich Fröbel ...
Ando, Juko; Ono, Yutaka; Wright, Margaret J. (2001). "Genetic Structure of Spatial and Verbal Working Memory". Behavior ... One view was that the dorsolateral areas are responsible for spatial working memory and the ventrolateral areas for non-spatial ... For example, remembering numbers while processing spatial information, or remembering spatial information while processing ... Wu X, Chen X, Li Z, Han S, Zhang D (May 2007). "Binding of verbal and spatial information in human working memory involves ...
Behavior Reviews". comparative-cognition-and-behavior-reviews.org. Retrieved 2017-12-09. Avian Visual Cognition Animal Spatial ... CCS publishes the online journal, Comparative Cognition and Behavior Reviews. Comparative Cognition & Behavior Reviews is an ... The CCS has also published two electronic books: Avian Visual Cognition and Animal Spatial Cognition: Comparative, Neural, and ... memory and behavior in animals. Current issue: Volume 12 (2017) - Co-editors: Marcia Spetch, Christopher Sturdy, & Anna ...
Chase, Ronald (2002). Behavior and its Neural Control in Gastropod Molluscs. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, Inc. ... Seyer, Jan-Olof; Nilsson, Dan-E; Warrant, Eric J (1998). "Spatial Vision in the Prosobranch Gastropod Ampularia sp". The ...
Social Behavior and Personality. 40 (7): 1195-1200. doi:10.2224/sbp.2012.40.7.1195. Brosnan, M. J. (1998). "Spatial ability in ... Spatial ability also predicts completion of models. Construction toy play is also beneficial for autistic children when both ... For children specifically, children who complete models using toy building blocks have much better spatial ability than ...
Kawamichi, T. and Kawamichi, M. (1979). Spatial Organization and Territory of Tree Shrews (Tupaia glis). Animal Behavior 27(2 ... Sprankel, H., Richarz, K., Ludwig, H. and Rott, R. (1978). Behavior Alterations in Tree Shrews Induced by Borna Disease Virus. ... Gould, E. (1978). The behavior of the moonrat, Echinosorex gymnurus (Erinaceidae) and the pentail shrew, Ptilocercus lowi ( ... Tupaiidae) with comments on the behavior of other insectivora. Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie 48(1): 1-27. ...
... and spatial memory deficits". Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. PsychoNeuroImmunology Research Society's 22nd Annual Scientific ... Prospective birth cohort study in Poland". Physiology & Behavior. 104 (5): 989-95. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2011.06.019. PMC ... July 2020). "Mold inhalation causes innate immune activation, neural, cognitive and emotional dysfunction". Brain, Behavior, ... Behavior, and Immunity. 87: 901-909. doi:10.1016/j.bbi.2020.02.010. PMC 7327519. PMID 32113908. Shenassa ED, Daskalakis C, ...
Van Griethuijsen, L. I.; Banks, K. M.; Trimmer, B. A. (2013). "Spatial accuracy of a rapid defense behavior in caterpillars". ... Rowley, M.; Hanson, F. (2007). "Humidity detection and hygropreference behavior in larvae of the tobacco hornworm, Manduca ... Journal of Insect Behavior. 25 (2): 114-126. doi:10.1007/s10905-011-9282-8. S2CID 18667417. Fact sheet. Colorado State ... Journal of Insect Behavior. 25 (2): 114-126. doi:10.1007/s10905-011-9282-8. S2CID 18667417. ...
Hebb, D.O. (1949). Organization of Behavior.. *^ Moscovitch, M. (2006). "The cognitive neuroscience of remote episodic, ... Short-term memory is encoded in auditory, visual, spatial, and tactile forms. Short-term memory is closely related to working ... semantic and spatial memory". Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 16 (2): 179-190. doi:10.1016/j.conb.2006.03.013. PMID 16564688. ... Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 6 (3): 303-311. doi:10.1016/s0022-5371(67)80117-8.. ...
The study focuses on two main questions of robot behavior. First, what is the definition of expected actions? Then, can spatial ... The result reveals that spatial relationship actually relates to the behavior, which leads to a possible prediction to the ... History-enriched implementation of social navigation is based on the making the traces of behavior of latent users visible to ... A study shows interests in different kinds of navigation behaviors humans expect from a robot in a path crossing scenario. ...
The caudate nucleus integrates spatial information with motor behavior formulation. Selective impairment of spatial working ... The behavior of this mutated protein is not completely understood, but it is toxic to certain cell types, particularly in the ... Specifically, spatial working memory activity has been observed, via fMRI studies of delayed recognition, to be greater in the ... Normal rats pressed the lever less frequently, while rats with lesions in the caudate did not suppress the behavior as ...
Short-term memory is encoded in auditory, visual, spatial, and tactile forms. Short-term memory is closely related to working ... Hebb, D.O. (1949). Organization of Behavior. Moscovitch, M. (2006). "The cognitive neuroscience of remote episodic, semantic ... Fonollosa, J.; Neftci, E.; Rabinovich, M. (2015). "Learning of chunking sequences in cognition and behavior". PLoS ... Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 6 (3): 303-311. doi:10.1016/s0022-5371(67)80117-8. Nelson, D.L.; McKinney (1998 ...
Journal of Motor Behavior, Vol. 40, No. 5, 2008, pp433-445. Olsson, C. J., and Nyberg, L., Motor imagery: If you can't do it, ... In M. Denis, R. H. Logie, C. Cornoldi, M. de Vega, and J. Engelkamp (Eds.), Imagery, language and visuo-spatial thinking, pp1- ... Behavior Therapy, Vol. 37, 2006, No. 3, pp223-236. Holmes, E. A., Geddes, J. R., Colom, F., and Goodwin, G. M., Mental imagery ... Behavior Research and Therapy, Vol. 49, No. 10, 2011, 707-713. Hales, S. A., Deeprose, C., Goodwin, G. M., and Holmes, E. A., ...
Because behavior is driven by brain activity, changes in behavior must somehow correspond to changes inside the brain. Already ... There is evidence that this part of the brain is involved in complex events such as spatial memory and navigation in fishes, ... but that the majority of behaviors of humans, and all behaviors of animals, could be explained mechanistically. The first real ... When a particular behavior is followed by favorable consequences, the reward mechanism in the brain is activated, which induces ...
1962) Spatial dynamics of U.S. urban-industrial growth, 1800-1914; interpretive and theoretical essays (1966) Behavior and ... social and spatial transformation in southern Sweden, 1750-1850 (1986) Making histories and constructing human geographies : ...
2.0.CO;2. Thompson, S.D. (1982). "Spatial utilization and foraging behavior of the desert woodrat, Neotoma lepida". Journal of ...
It is used to investigate exploratory behavior and cognitive function (related to spatial learning and memory). These ... Spatial working memory refers to the ability to retain spatial information, in the form of environmental cues, in working ... "Spontaneous Alternation Behavior and the Brain", Spontaneous Alternation Behavior, Springer, pp. 73-108, doi:10.1007/978-1-4613 ... Spontaneous alternation testing with a Y-maze found that the frequency of the behavior reduces with age in mice at 9- and 12- ...
Dumas, C. (1998). Figurative and spatial information and search behavior in dogs (Canis familiaris). Behavioural Processes, 42( ... In Domestic dog cognition and behavior (pp. 3-29). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. Steen, J. B., & Wilsson, E. (1990). How do ...
Which spatial conditions do exist? How much time is at hand? What else is unaltered given? Which external persons have ... What about the behavior and relationship of the attendants and teachers? Which interest do they probably have? The socio- ...
The "Superior Spatial Memory of Women" has been supported through more recent studies by Neave et al. in which females were ... Evolution and Human Behavior. 18 (3): 165. doi:10.1016/S1090-5138(97)00001-9. Hawkes, K. (1991). "Showing off". Ethology and ... ISBN 978-0-205-01562-7. McBurney, D. H.; Gaulin, S. J. C.; Devineni, T.; Adams, C. (1997). "Superior spatial memory of women: ... One of the sources of evidence for the gathering hypothesis is in the alleged "Superior Spatial Memory of Women."[clarification ...
Physiology and Behavior, 4, 283-289. Hillyard, S. A. & Anllo-Vento, L. (1998). Event-related brain potentials in the study of ... Luck, S. J., Hillyard, S.A., Mouloua, M., Woldorff, M. G., Clark, V. P., & Hawkins, H. L. (1994). Effect of spatial cueing on ... 2008). Spatial Attention Modulates Initial Afferent Activity in Human Primary Visual Cortex. Cerebral Cortex. vol. 18 (11) pp. ... Di Russo, F., Martinez, A., & Hillyard, S. A. (2003). Source analysis of event-related cortical activity during visuo-spatial ...
The hippocampus has been implicated as a key structure for spatial memory in humans, and studying behavior in food caching ... Lesions disrupted cache retrieval and other spatial behavior, however had no effect on actual food caching. ... They were able to show that changes in neurogenesis are directly related to food storing behavior. Food caching behavior ... The reproduction of behaviors such as choosing one object over another or repeatedly placing an object in a certain spot is a ...
Behaviors of networks[edit]. Biological neurons are connected to each other in a complex, recurrent fashion. These connections ... in computational neuroscience are useful since they capture the essential features of the biological system at multiple spatial ...
... s are complex. Complexity is a measure of an increasing number of permutations and it is also a metaphorical term that conveys the mental intractability or limits concerning unlimited algorithmic possibilities. In food web terminology, complexity is a product of the number of species and connectance.[70][71][72] Connectance is "the fraction of all possible links that are realized in a network".[73]:12917 These concepts were derived and stimulated through the suggestion that complexity leads to stability in food webs, such as increasing the number of trophic levels in more species rich ecosystems. This hypothesis was challenged through mathematical models suggesting otherwise, but subsequent studies have shown that the premise holds in real systems.[70][74] At different levels in the hierarchy of life, such as the stability of a food web, "the same overall structure is maintained in spite of an ongoing flow and change of components."[75]:476 The farther a living system (e.g., ecosystem) ...
Smith JC, Abdala AP, Koizumi H, Rybak IA, Paton JF (December 2007). "Spatial and Functional Architecture of the Mammalian Brain ... Plasticity of the mechanisms involved in respiratory behavior is modulated in part by the pre-Bötzinger complex. Disruption ... Rybak IA, Abdala AP, Markin SN, Paton JF, Smith JC (2007). "Spatial organization and state-dependent mechanisms for respiratory ... and ion currents that are controlled by changes in the behavior or environment of the organism. Under low levels of oxygen, the ...
Others argued for complete space separation citing the pressure on women to engage in sexual behavior to keep their jobs.[1]: ... that visual privacy and the spatial separation of the sexes were introduced into public toilet design.[65] ... A number of local women's groups referred to the behavior as insulting to transgender persons and hate speech.[108] ...
JEL: K4 - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior JEL: K40 - Geral. JEL: K41 - Litigation Process. JEL: K42 - ... JEL: R12 - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade. JEL: R13 - General Equilibrium ... JEL: H3 - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents JEL: H30 - Geral. JEL: H31 - Eletrodomésticos. JEL: H32 - Empresa. ... JEL: L2 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior JEL: L20 - Geral. JEL: L21 - Business Objectives of the Firm. JEL: L22 - ...
Griffith, Cameron S.; Long, Byron L.; Sept, Jeanne M. (2010). "HOMINIDS: An agent-based spatial simulation model to evaluate ...
Hart BL (1988). "Biological basis of the behavior of sick animals". Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 12 (2): 123-37. doi:10.1016/S0149- ... Warncke T, Stubhaug A, Jørum E (August 1997). "Ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist, suppresses spatial and temporal ... February 2003). "Cytokine-induced sickness behavior". Brain Behav. 17 (Suppl 1): S112-8. doi:10.1016/S0889-1591(02)00077-6. ... Temporary increased sensitivity to pain also occurs as part of sickness behavior, the evolved response to infection.[2] ...
In order to attain data about the spatial pattern of network activity they developed what they call phase profiles (PPs), which ... One definition suggests that learning is "the acquisition of novel behavior through experience". Corollary to this argument is ... Indeed, companies such as Axion Biosystems are working to provide MEAs with much higher spatial resolution to this end (a ... A laser beam with wavelength in the UV spectrum would have extremely high spatial accuracy and, by releasing the caged ...
Oja, Hannu (2010). Multivariate nonparametric methods with R: An approach based on spatial signs and ranks. Lecture Notes in ... Animal Behavior Processes. 2: 285-302. doi:10.1037/0097-7403.2.4.285.. ...
Panic attacks and anxiety can occur; also, delusional behavior may be seen, including somatoform delusions, sometimes ... "Spatial dynamics of lyme disease: a review" (PDF). EcoHealth. 5 (2): 167-95. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.580.8928. doi:10.1007/s10393-008 ... "Bioassays to evaluate non-contact spatial repellency, contact irritancy and acute toxicity of permethrin-treated clothing ...
Banerjee, B. (1976). Variance to mean ratio and the spatial distribution of animals. Birkhäuser Basel. pp. 993-994.. ... A biotic factor is any behavior of an organism that affects another organism, such as a predator consuming its prey. For ... Philip J. Clark and Francis C. Evans (Oct 1954). "Distance to Nearest Neighbor as a Measure of Spatial Relationships in ... Species distribution can now be potentially predicted based on the pattern of biodiversity at spatial scales. A general ...
Behavior changesEdit. Despite the personality and behavior changes that occur in people with brain tumors, little research on ... Parietal lobe: Tumors here may result in poor interpretation of languages, decreased sense of touch and pain, and poor spatial ... By behaviorEdit. Brain tumors or intracranial neoplasms can be cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign). However, the ... Infiltration is the behavior of the tumor either to grow (microscopic) tentacles that push into the surrounding tissue (often ...
a b Manning JT: Digit Ratio: A Pointer to Fertility, Behavior and Health. New Brunswick: Rutger University Press, 2002, s. 61. ... Spatial Ability and Prenatal Androgens: Meta-Analyses of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia and Digit Ratio (2D:4D) Studies. „ ... Archives of Sexual Behavior". 37 (1), s. 100-111, 2008. DOI: 10.1007/s10508-007-9271-3. PMID: 18074217. PMCID: PMC2883918. ... Manning JT: Digit Ratio: A Pointer to Fertility, Behavior and Health. New Brunswick: Rutger University Press, 2002, s. 18-21. ...
Maunder, M.N. (2001) Integrated Tagging and Catch-at-Age Analysis (ITCAAN). In Spatial Processes and Management of Fish ... If the chosen identifier harms the organism, then its behavior might become irregular. ...
For example, in the spatial domain, they may vary from 3 units at the age of six to 5 units at the age of 12 years. In the ... In the stages beyond formal, more complex behaviors characterize multiple system models.[citation needed] ... The spatial system deals with orientation in space and the imaginal representation of the environment. Our mental maps of our ... The interaction between the two levels of mind ensures flexibility of behavior, because the self-oriented level provides the ...
This auditory courtship behavior is also seen in fruit flies like A. suspensa when they perform calling and pre-copulatory ... examining various temporal and spatial scales". Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 49 (1): 79-87. doi:10.1007/s002650000256. ... Webb, J. C.; Sivinski, J.; Litzkow, C. (1984-06-01). "Acoustical Behavior and Sexual Success in the Caribbean Fruit Fly, ...
1995). Roosting behavior of Prothonotary Warblers in the non-breeding season. The Wilson Bulletin. vol 107, no 2. p. 374. ... Lefebvre G, Poulin B & McNeil R. (1994). Spatial and social behaviour of nearctic warblers wintering in Venezuelan mangroves. ... Lefebvre G, Poulin B & McNeil R. (1992). Abundance, Feeding Behavior, and Body Condition of Nearctic Warblers Wintering in ... 2000). Flocking and foraging behavior of wintering Prothonotary Warblers. Wilson Bulletin. vol 112, no 1. p. 88-98. ...
is defined as the average spatial distance between events, i.e. R. mean. =. ∑. i. =. 1. N. multi. −. 1. ∑. j. =. i. +. 1. N. ... This threshold was chosen to replicate the behavior of the detector during its previous ATM-based phases.[10] ... for SN events should be significantly larger than for ordinary spatial clusters of events. In the Super-Kamiokande detector, ...
Such behavior can also suggest deep learning algorithms, in particular when mapping of such swarms to neural circuits is ... Spatial organization. *Stigmergy. *Military swarming. *Task allocation and partitioning of social insects ... Czirók, A.; Vicsek, T. (2006). "Collective behavior of interacting self-propelled particles". Physica A. 281: 17-29. arXiv:cond ... Swarm intelligence (SI) is the collective behavior of decentralized, self-organized systems, natural or artificial. The concept ...
Domínguez-Rodrigo, M.; Cobo-Sánchez, L. (2017). "A spatial analysis of stone tools and fossil bones at FLK Zinj 22 and PTK I ( ... Marchi, D.; Harper, C. M.; Chirchir, H.; Ruff, C. B. (2019). "Relative fibular strength and locomotor behavior in KNM-WT 15000 ... Other selective pressures, including diet, can also dramatically impact dental anatomy.[38] The spatial distribution of tools ... "Spatial and temporal variation of body size among early Homo". Journal of Human Evolution. 82: 15-33. doi:10.1016/j.jhevol. ...
Thermodynamics describes the bulk behavior of the body, not the microscopic behaviors of the very large numbers of its ... the particle is between 0.1 and 100 nm in each spatial dimension. The terms nanoparticles and ultrafine particles (UFP) often ... The behavior of these microscopic particles is described by, and the laws of thermodynamics are derived from, statistical ... It states that the behavior of those variables is subject to general constraints, that are common to all materials, not the ...
Brown, J. L. (1969). Territorial behavior and population regulation in birds: a review and re-evaluation. The Wilson Bulletin, ... Nadjafzadeh, M., Voigt, C. C., & Krone, O. (2016). Spatial, seasonal and individual variation in the diet of White‐tailed ... While territorial behavior is known in well more than half of all modern birds, essentially all predatory birds of different ... thence at rare intervals until spring when such behavior, of course, peaks.[33] Courtship often begins with a bird, often the ...
Spatial organization[edit]. Few studies of complex motor control have distinguished between sequential and spatial organization ... Peretz, Isabelle (2008). "Musical Disorders: From Behavior to Genes". Current Directions in Psychological Science. 17 (5): 329- ... This suggests the merging between the spatial- emotiono-tonal processing of the right brain and the linguistical processing of ... Janata, P.; Grafton, S. T. (2003). "Swinging in the brain: shared neural substrates for behaviors related to sequencing and ...
"Plant Signaling & Behavior. 9 (2): e27793. doi:10.4161/psb.27793. PMC 4091236. PMID 24618927.. ...
BNST also connects to the septal area, rewarding sexual behavior.[19][20] ... regulates motor behavior (primarily social and stereotypical) brought on by odors, integrates auditory and olfactory sensory ... From Odor Molecules to Motivational Behaviors, Tokyo: Springer, p. 32. ... Implications for Cerebral Hemisphere Regulation of Defensive and Reproductive Behaviors." Wiley Online Library. 12 Apr. 2004. ...
Poole, Keith T. (2005). Spatial Models of Parliamentary Voting. Cambridge University Press. pp. 46-. ISBN 9780521851947. . ... Using NOMINATE procedures to study congressional roll call voting behavior from the First Congress to the present-day, Poole ... Rosenthal, Howard; Voeten, Erik (2004). "Analyzing Roll Calls with Perfect Spatial Voting: France 1946-1958". American Journal ... such as legislative roll-call voting behavior.[1][2] As computing capabilities grew, Poole and Rosenthal developed multiple ...
Brain mapping - set of neuroscience techniques predicated on the mapping of (biological) quantities or properties onto spatial ... Genes, Brain and Behavior. *Human Brain Mapping (journal). *Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism ...
It participates in the processing of short-term spatial memory used to guide planned search behavior and is believed to join ... Deficits in spatial memory are also found in spatial discrimination tasks. Large differences in spatial impairment are found ... Conversely, the retention of location (i.e., spatial information) is disrupted only by spatial tracking tasks, spatial tapping ... Spatial memory is a cognitive process that enables a person to remember different locations as well as spatial relations ...
"Changes in the Spatial Distribution of the Roma Population in Hungary During the Last Decades" (PDF). Területi Statisztika. doi ... Romani social behavior is strictly regulated by Hindu purity laws[186] ("marime" or "marhime"), still respected by most Roma ( ...