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*  Inferior colliculus
Sound location data thus becomes fully integrated by the inferior colliculus. IC are large auditory nuclei on the right and ... In addition, spatial localization by binaural hearing is a related function of IC as well. The inferior colliculus has a ... Thereby, the receptive fields in inferior colliculus can be seen as well adapted to handling natural sound transformations (see ... This multisensory integration may underlie a filtering of self-effected sounds from vocalization, chewing, or respiration ...
*  Virtual acoustic space
Sound localization cues generate an externalized percept When one listens to sounds over headphones (in what is known as the " ... The direction of a sound in space (see sound localization) is determined by the brain when it analyses the interaction of ... Unlike ILDs and ITDs, these spectral localization cues are generated monaurally. The same sound presented from different ... scientists have presented VAS-filtered sounds whilst recording from neurons in the auditory cortex and mid-brain. Sound ...
*  Dobermann
... a procedure that is functionally related to breed type for both the traditional guard duty and effective sound localization. ...
*  Representational momentum
Geztmann, S.; Lewald, J. (2007). "Localization of moving sound". Perception & Psychophysics. 69: 1022-1034. doi:10.3758/ ... Auditory representational momentum has been found for sounds moving about the listener, but patterns of change can be ...
*  Ultrasound avoidance
... allowing for sound localization and a wider range of sensitivity to sound. The movement of the wings during flight also plays a ... or flying directly away from the sound source if the sound amplitude was low (if the sound was softer). Acoustic sensory ... they fly away from the source of the sound and will only have the diving behavior considered above when the sound is too loud- ... The cricket will steer itself away from the source of the sound within a very short time frame (40-80 ms) The response is ...
*  Binaural
... a method of recording audio which uses a special microphone arrangement Sound localization, refers to a listener's ability to ... lets humans and other animals determine the direction and origin of sounds. Similar to diotic which is used in psychophysics to ... identify the location or origin of a detected sound in direction and distance. ...
*  Neuroethology
... owl sound localization, etc. The scope of neuroethological inquiry might be summarized by Jörg-Peter Ewert, a pioneer of ... The auditory system of bats is often cited as an example for how acoustic properties of sounds can be converted into a sensory ... This argument is supported by experiments in the auditory system, which show that neural responses to complex sounds, like ... This understanding is translatable to understanding spatial localization in humans, a mammalian relative of the bat. Today, ...
*  Ormia ochracea
... has become a model organism in sound localization experiments because of its unique "ears", which are complex ... The animal is too small for the time difference of sound arriving at the two ears to be calculated in the usual way, yet it can ... The prey cricket Teleogryllus oceanicus has recently shown adaptation by evolving flat wings without sound-producing structures ... determine the direction of sound sources with exquisite precision. The tympanic membranes of opposite ears are directly ...
*  Ormia
Flies in this genus have become model organisms in sound localization experiments because of their "ears", which are complex ...
*  Acoustic wave
Signal tone Sound localization Soundproofing Stereo imaging Structural acoustics Timbre Ultrasound List of unexplained sounds. ... The propagation speed of acoustic waves is given by the speed of sound. In general, the speed of sound c is given by the Newton ... The acoustic wave equation describes the propagation of sound waves. The acoustic wave equation for sound pressure in one ... Important quantities for describing acoustic waves are sound pressure, particle velocity, particle displacement and sound ...
*  Mauthner cell
... as well as underwater sound localization, and the biophysics of computation in single neurons. Korn H, Faber DS (July 2005). " ... Zottoli SJ, Hordes AR, Faber DS (January 1987). "Localization of optic tectal input to the ventral dendrite of the goldfish ...
*  Dichotic pitch
... relevant for sound localization and separation of competing sound sources (see cocktail party effect). In the past, various ... Generally, a dichotic pitch is perceived somewhere in the head amidst the noisy sound filling the binaural space. To be more ...
*  List of MeSH codes (F02)
... sound localization MeSH F02.463.593.071.875 --- speech perception MeSH F02.463.593.112 --- body image MeSH F02.463.593.200 --- ...
*  Glossotherium
... frequencies coupled with a short interaural distance suggest that Glossotherium probably had very poor sound localization. This ... Low frequency sound is useful for long range communication and it is possible that ground sloths used low frequency ... Sloths may have used low frequency sounds for communication in mating calls or other social interactions, or for long-range ... Glossotherium's huge nostrils were likely effective for sound emission, with expanded nares possibly related to emission of low ...
*  Ambiophonics
... degree circle of perceived sound localization has been measured within ±5° of actual source azimuth, reproducing lifelike ... Roland Corporation launched Roland Sound Space, a system that created a 3D sound-space using stereo speakers. It worked better ... Along with lifelike spatial qualities, more correct timbre (tone color) of sounds is preserved. Use of ORTF, Jecklin Disk, and ... Spatial Sound Techniques, Part 2," AES Anthology 2006 Glasgal, Ralph, "Ambiophonics, 2nd Edition" Glasgal, Ralph, "The ...
*  Erich von Hornbostel
... and developing sound localization devices (for finding the directions to artillery, aircraft, submarines, etc.) for the German ...
*  Calyx of Held
... stimulation necessary in sound localization in the horizontal plane, and is key in distinguishing the location of low frequency ... required for high frequency sound localization. This synapse has been described as the largest in the brain. The related ... is to allow differentiation between temporal activation of the cochlear hair cells that are important in sound localization ( ... sounds. For every principal neuron there is one calyx, and for most GBC axons there is only a single calyx, although there are ...
*  John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh
Around the year 1900 Lord Rayleigh developed the duplex (combination of two) theory of human sound localisation using two ... The Theory of Sound vol. I (London : Macmillan, 1877, 1894) (alternative link: Bibliothèque Nationale de France OR (Cambridge: ... Rayleigh's textbook, The Theory of Sound, is still referred to by acoustic engineers today. Strutt was born on 12 November 1842 ... The theory posits that we use two primary cues for sound lateralisation, using the difference in the phases of sinusoidal ...
*  Sensory cue
When two sounds are separated in space, the cue of location (see: sound localization) helps an individual to separate them ... Sound waves first pass through the pinnae and the auditory canal, the parts of the ear that comprise the outer ear. Sound then ... Unless a sound is directly in front of or behind the individual, the sound stimuli will have a slightly different distance to ... If a sound is moving, it will move continuously. Erratically jumping sound is unlikely to come from the same source. Timbre is ...
*  Steered-Response Power Phase Transform
Cobos, M.; Marti, A.; Lopez, J. J. (2011). "A Modified SRP-PHAT Functional for Robust Real-Time Sound Source Localization With ... Steered-Response Power Phase Transform (SRP-PHAT) is a popular algorithm for acoustic source localization, well-known for its ... is the sound propagation speed, x m {\displaystyle \mathbf {x} _{m}} is the position of the m {\displaystyle m} -th microphone ... to estimate the spatial location of the sound source, x s {\displaystyle {\textbf {x}}_{s}} , as the point of the grid that ...
*  Precedence effect
The first arrival of sound from the source on stage determines perceived localization whereas the slightly later sound from ... In two-click lead-lag experiments, localization effects include aspects of summing localization, localization dominance, and ... and noted that it explains why sound localization is possible in the typical situation where sounds reverberate from walls, ... the listener will localize all sound from the direction of the direct sound, but he will benefit from the higher sound level, ...
*  Skull
... and fixing the position of the ears to enable sound localisation of the direction and distance of sounds. In some animals such ...
*  Hearing aid
"Improving Sound Localization for Hearing Aid Devices Using Smartphone Assisted Technology". doi:10.1109/SiPS.2016.37. Heidtman ... a directional microphone amplifies sounds from one direction more than sounds from other directions. This means that sounds ... Their close proximity to the ear drum results in improved sound directionality and localization, reduced feedback, and improved ... The BAHA sound processor sits on this abutment and transmits sound vibrations to the external abutment of the titanium implant ...
*  Dorsal cochlear nucleus
While this has not been studied extensively, it may play an important role in sound source localization in elevation. A similar ... type IV cells may participate in localization of the sound stimulus on the vertical axis. The pinna selectively amplifies ... Classified as cochlear nucleus type IV cells, the firing rate may be very rapid in response to a low intensity sound at one ... While the VCN bushy cells aid in the location of a sound stimulus on the horizontal axis via their inputs to the superior ...
*  Cocktail party effect
The binaural aspect of the cocktail party effect is related to the localization of sound sources. The auditory system is able ... As soon as the auditory system has localized a sound source, it can extract the signals of this sound source out of a mixture ... Starting with infancy, babies begin to turn their heads toward a sound that is familiar to them, such as their parents' voices ... See Broadbent section below for more details). His work reveals that the ability to separate sounds from background noise is ...
*  Archi language
However,] the adjoining of two single weak sounds does not produce a strong one […] Thus, the gemination of a sound does not by ... where 6 directional-case suffixes are combined with 5 spatial cases to produce a total of 30 case-localization combinations. ... Some of these sounds are very rare. For example, /ʁˤʷ/ has only one dictionary entry word-internally (in /íʁˤʷdut/, 'heavy') ... The intensity of the pronunciation leads to a natural lengthening of the duration of the sound, and that is why strong [ ...
*  Sound Blaster X-Fi
Enabling this setting will apply special filtering algorithms in order to improve localization for sound sources located very ... Creative Sound Blaster X-Fi Elite Pro Creative Sound Blaster X-Fi Platinum Creative Sound Blaster X-Fi Fatal1ty Creative Sound ... Sound Blaster X-Fi is a lineup of sound cards in Creative's Sound Blaster series. The series was launched in August 2005 as a ... Creative's X-Fi Sounds Fabulous Sound Blaster - X-Fi CMSS-3D Windows 7 - Driver Availability Chart Sound Blaster Support Open- ...