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*  Alkali metal
"Dietary Reference Intakes: Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate". Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, ... Sodium compounds have many applications, the most well-known being sodium chloride as table salt. Sodium salts of fatty acids ... which is comparable to the LD50 values of potassium chloride and sodium chloride. Caesium chloride has been promoted as an ... Sodium chloride (also known as common salt) is the principal source of sodium in the diet, and is used as seasoning and ...
*  Nutrition and pregnancy
... iom.nationalacademies.org/Reports/2004/Dietary-Reference-Intakes-Water-Potassium-Sodium-Chloride-and-Sulfate.aspx "Nutrition ... Dietary References Intakes:Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate. Released February 11, 2014. https:// ... doi:10.1111/j.1471-0528.1964.tb04317.x. Institute of Medicine (IOM). Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, ... The best dietary source of omega-3 fatty acids is oily fish. Some other omega-3 fatty acids not found in fish can be found in ...
*  M.C. Nandeesha
Effect of dietary sodium chloride supplementation on growth, biochemical composition and digestive enzyme activity of young ...
*  Metabolic water
Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate , The National Academies Press. p. 85. doi: ...
*  Gallstone
4 Water , Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate , The National Academies Press. p. 124 ... Tsai, C.-J.; Leitzmann, M. F.; Willett, W. C.; Giovannucci, E. L. (2005-06-01). "Dietary carbohydrates and glycaemic load and ...
*  Water
4 Water , Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate , The National Academies Press. doi: ... Sea water contains about 3.5% sodium chloride on average, plus smaller amounts of other substances. The physical properties of ... Most of this quantity is contained in prepared foods." The latest dietary reference intake report by the United States National ... Recommended Dietary Allowances. National Research Council, Reprint and Circular Series, No. 122. 1945. pp. 3-18. ...
*  Thirst
Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate. National Academies Press, Washington, D.C. " ... Because sodium is also lost from the plasma in hypovolemia, the body's need for salt proportionately increases in addition to ... The solute concentration of the interstitial fluid increases by high intake of sodium in diet or by the drop in volume of ... In 2009, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) included water as a macronutrient in its dietary reference values for the ...
*  Potassium in biology
IN: Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate. National Academy Press. 2005, PP.186-268. " ... The functions of potassium and sodium in living organisms are quite different. Animals, in particular, employ sodium and ... "Overview on Dietary Reference Values for the EU population as derived by the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and ... For U.S. food and dietary supplement labeling purposes the amount in a serving is expressed as a percent of Daily Value (%DV). ...
*  Acid ash hypothesis
Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate (2005), page 189. National Academies Press. ... Fenton TR, Tough SC, Lyon AW, Eliasziw M, Hanley DA (2011). "Causal assessment of dietary acid load and bone disease: a ... A meta-analysis of studies on the effect of dietary phosphate intake contradicted the expected results under the acid-ash ... Other meta-analyses which have investigated the effect of total dietary acid intake have also found no evidence that acid ...
*  Animal nutrition
Dietary Reference Intakes: Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate Archived December 18, 2005, at the Wayback Machine ... For example, both salt provides sodium and chloride, both essential nutrients, but will cause illness or even death in too ... typically as sodium chloride, or common salt Sulfur for three essential amino acids and therefore many proteins (skin, hair, ... Chlorine as chloride ions; very common electrolyte; see sodium, below Magnesium, required for processing ATP and related ...
*  List of MeSH codes (D01)
... sodium chloride, dietary MeSH D01.857.700.705 --- sodium chloride, dietary MeSH D01.857.725.050 --- acidulated phosphate ... mercuric chloride MeSH D01.210.450.150.750 --- potassium chloride MeSH D01.210.450.150.875 --- sodium chloride MeSH D01.210. ... chlorides MeSH D01.210.450.150.050 --- ammonium chloride MeSH D01.210.450.150.125 --- cadmium chloride MeSH D01.210.450.150.150 ... calcium chloride MeSH D01.210.450.150.450 --- lithium chloride MeSH D01.210.450.150.500 --- magnesium chloride MeSH D01.210. ...
*  Canning
... sodium chloride), dissolved in water, is used in the canning process. As a result, canned food can be a major source of dietary ... "Sodium Chloride". Eat Well, Be Well. UK Government Food Standards Agency. Archived from the original on 7 October 2010. ... "Dietary Guidelines focus on sodium intake, sugary drinks, dairy alternatives". Food Navigator-usa.com. Decision News Media. 27 ... Therefore, health authorities have recommended limitations of dietary sodium. Many canned products are available in low-salt ...
*  Human nutrition
Sodium, a very common electrolyte; not generally found in dietary supplements, despite being needed in large quantities, ... Chlorine as chloride ions; very common electrolyte; see sodium, below. Magnesium, required for processing ATP and related ... typically as sodium chloride, or common salt. Many elements are required in smaller amounts (microgram quantities), usually ... Dietary and physical activity guidelines from the USDA are presented in the concept of a plate of food which in 2011 superseded ...
*  Nutrition
... typically as sodium chloride, or common salt. Excessive sodium consumption can deplete calcium and magnesium,[verification ... Carbohydrates Dietary minerals Essential minerals Dietary supplements Evolution of dietary antioxidants Essential nutrients Fat ... 1] Nutrient recommendations: Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI). [2] Nutrient recommendations: Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI). ... Sodium, a very common electrolyte; in general not found in dietary supplements, despite being needed in large quantities, ...
*  Salt and cardiovascular disease
On a consumer level, salt substitutes, which usually substitute a portion of sodium chloride content with potassium chloride, ... "Effects on Blood Pressure of Reduced Dietary Sodium and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Diet". New England ... The DASH-Sodium study was a sequel to the original DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) study. Both studies were ... The recommended dietary intake of potassium is higher than that of sodium. Unfortunately, the average absolute intake of ...
*  Psyllium
... sodium chloride) concentrations up to 0.15 M. These physical properties, along with its status as a natural dietary fiber, may ... Since psyllium husk-containing products are sometimes used as a source of dietary fiber, the intake of dietary fiber could ... Although its main use has been as a laxative, it is more appropriately termed a true dietary fiber and as such can help reduce ... 2009;63(7):821-827 41.Bajorek, S. A. and Morello, C. M. Effects of dietary fiber and low glycemic index diet on glucose control ...
*  Iodised salt
... a major public health problem that can be cheaply addressed by purposely adding small amounts of iodine to the sodium chloride ... Iodine is a micronutrient and dietary mineral that is naturally present in the food supply in some regions, especially near sea ... Much of the Chinese population lives inland, far from sources of dietary iodine. In 1996, the Ministry of Public Health ... Four inorganic compounds are used as iodide sources, depending on the producer: potassium iodate, potassium iodide, sodium ...
*  Salt (disambiguation)
... sodium sulfate Sodium chloride, the main ingredient in edible salt (table salt) Road salt, calcium chloride or sodium chloride ... Salt is a dietary mineral, used for flavoring and preservation. Salt or salts may also refer to: Salt (chemistry), an ionic ...
*  Hyperchloremia
If the electrolyte imbalance is due to influx of sodium chloride in the body, then it has been suggested to make dietary ... These proteins may include sodium-potassium-2 chloride co-transporter, chloride anion exchangers, and chloride channels. As a ... due to increased sodium chloride intake Cardiovascular dysfunction - due to increased sodium chloride intake Edema - due to ... The third scenarios that may lead to hyperchloremia is an increase in sodium chloride intake. This can be due to dietary intake ...
*  Feline lower urinary tract disease
... ammonium chloride, calcium chloride phosphoric acid, and sodium bisulphate. Increasing dietary phosphorus has been shown to ... Van't Klooster; A.C. Beynen (1994). "Dietary calcium chloride vs. calcium carbonate reduces urinary pH and phosphorus ... 2003). "Evaluation of Sodium Bisulphate and Phosphoric Acid as Urine Acidifiers for Cats". Archiv für Tierernährung. 57 (5): ...
*  Malabsorption
... and the required sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, vitamins, and other elements. Salivary, gastric, intestinal, hepatic, ... Dietary modification is important in some conditions: Gluten-free diet in coeliac disease. Lactose avoidance in lactose ... Eliciting a careful dietary history from patients with suspected malabsorption is therefore crucial. Excessive flatus and ... Malabsorption of dietary nutrients and excessive fluid secretion by inflamed small intestine also contribute to abdominal ...
*  Equine proximal enteritis
Inflammation of the intestine leads to the secretion of a large amounts of electrolytes, primarily sodium and chloride, into ... Other potential causes include Fusarium infection and recent increase in dietary concentrate levels, which can alter the ...
*  Large intestine
At this point some electrolytes like sodium, magnesium, and chloride are left as well as indigestible parts of ingested food (e ... a large part of ingested amylose, starch which has been shielded from digestion heretofore, and dietary fiber, which is largely ... The large intestine also secretes K+ and Cl-. Chloride secretion increases in cystic fibrosis. Recycling of various nutrients ... Cells occupying the intestinal lining pump sodium ions into the intercellular space, raising the osmolarity of the ...
*  Sodium in biology
... not sodium chloride] "Sodium and Potassium Quick Health Facts". Retrieved 7 November 2011. "Dietary Reference Intakes: Water, ... Sodium chloride is the principal source of sodium in the diet, and is used as seasoning and preservative, such as for pickling ... which corresponds to 115 mg of sodium or approximately 300 mg of sodium chloride per day. In consideration of the wide ... Sodium ions are necessary in small amounts for some types of plants, but sodium as a nutrient is more generally needed in ...
*  Health effects of salt
Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. ... as sodium chloride) contains 39.3 percent of sodium by weight. As of 2009 the average sodium consumption in 33 countries was in ... Salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl) and is used in food for both preservation and flavor. Sodium ... Sodium intake level was a mean of 215 mmol (4945 mg), concluding: "Both low sodium intakes and high sodium intakes are ...
*  Organochloride
Alkyl chlorides readily undergo attack by nucleophiles. Heating alkyl halides with sodium hydroxide or water gives alcohols. ... Likely dietary sources are beetles, ants, mites, and flies.) Alkanes and aryl alkanes may be chlorinated under free radical ... Alkyl chlorides readily react with amines to give substituted amines. Alkyl chlorides are substituted by softer halides such as ... At the axon's sodium channel, they prevent gate closure after activation and membrane depolarization. Sodium ions leak through ...