All mammals sleep, but whales cannot afford to become unconscious for long because they may drown. While knowledge of sleep in ... A 2008 study found that sperm whales sleep in vertical postures just under the surface in passive shallow 'drift-dives', ... Sleep. Unlike most animals, whales are conscious breathers. ... toothed cetaceans in captivity have been recorded to sleep with ... leading to the suggestion that whales possibly sleep during such dives.[73] ...
Pain and sleep[edit]. Pain is common and may result from the inherent deficits associated with the condition, along with the ... There is also a high likelihood of chronic sleep disorders secondary to both physical and environmental factors.[38] Children ... Newman C.J.; O'Regan M.; Hensey O. (2006). "Sleep disorders in children with cerebral palsy". Developmental Medicine & Child ... sleep disorders, and mental health disorders, such as depression and anxiety.[43] In addition to these, functional ...
Sleeping. For some time researchers have been aware that pods of sperm whales may sleep for short periods, assuming a vertical ... A 2008 study published in Current Biology recorded evidence that whales may sleep with both sides of the brain. It appears that ... "Sperm Whales Sleep While 'Drifting' Vertically, Scientists Say (VIDEO)". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2013-02-08.. ... some whales may fall into a deep sleep for about 7 percent of the time, most often between 6 p.m. and midnight.[105] ...
Sleep disturbances[edit]. Another common and under-recognized cause of hypertension is sleep apnea,[54][55] which is often best ... Pack AI, Gislason T (2009). "Obstructive sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease: a perspective and future directions". Progress ... "Treating Obstructive Sleep Apnea Improves Essential Hypertension and Quality of Life". American Family Physician. 65 (2): 229- ...
Sleep during the day is shorter and less consolidated than night-time sleep.[8] Before a night shift, workers generally sleep ... An American Academy of Sleep Medicine report". Sleep. 30 (11): 1445-59. doi:10.1093/sleep/30.11.1445. PMC 2082098. PMID ... They are: circadian phase, sleep inertia, acute sleep deprivation and chronic sleep deficit.[28] ... predictable sleep routine, avoiding heavy foods and alcohol before sleep, and sleeping in a comfortable, cool environment. ...
Automatic Sleep Stage Classification using Ear-EEG. EMBC 2016. Orlando, Fl.. *^ Mikkelsen, Kaare (2017). "Automatic sleep ... Sleep monitoring[edit]. A promising use case is in long term sleep monitoring, where there is presently a need for a more user ... to Monitor Sleep Latency and the Impact of Sleep Deprivation". A80-C. NOVEL DIAGNOSTIC APPROACHES TO SDB. American Thoracic ... A Lightweight and Inexpensive In-ear Sensing System For Automatic Whole-night Sleep Stage Monitoring. 14th ACM Conference on ...
Sleep disorders[edit]. Armodafinil is approved by the U.S. FDA for the treatment of narcolepsy and shift work sleep disorder, ... and as an adjuvant therapy for obstructive sleep apnea.[8] For narcolepsy and obstructive sleep apnea, armodafinil is taken as ... For shift work sleep disorder, 150 mg of armodafinil are taken one hour prior to starting work. Slow dose titration is needed ... Armodafinil is currently FDA-approved to treat excessive daytime sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea, narcolepsy ...
Sleep[edit]. Preliminary evidence from a 2012 review indicated that physical training for up to four months may increase sleep ... "Exercise training improves sleep quality in middle-aged and older adults with sleep problems: A systematic review". Journal of ... Buman, M.P., King, A.C. (2010). "Exercise as a Treatment to Enhance Sleep". American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine. 31 (5): 514 ... but there is insufficient evidence to draw detailed conclusions about the relationship between exercise and sleep.[80] A 2018 ...
Sleep[edit]. Some theories consider sleep to be an important factor in establishing well-organized long-term memories. (See ... In learning before sleep spindles are redistributed to neuronally active upstates within slow oscillations.[11] Sleep spindles ... The theory that sleep benefits memory retention is not a new idea. It has been around since Ebbinghaus's experiment on ... also sleep and learning.) Sleep plays a key function in the consolidation of new memories.[11] ...
Sleep. It has been suggested that shift work and exposure to bright light at night should be avoided at least during the last ... It is also during the third trimester that maternal activity and sleep positions may affect fetal development due to restricted ... "Association between maternal sleep practices and risk of late stillbirth: a case-control study". BMJ. 342: d3403. doi:10.1136/ ...
Lack of sleep[edit]. Sleep has a complex, and as yet not fully elucidated, relationship with mood. Most commonly if a person is ... "Sleep. 21 (6): 609-614. doi:10.1093/sleep/21.6.609. PMID 9779520.. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link). ... Sleep and Mood. Get Sleep. April 30, 2012. http://healthysleep.med.harvard.edu/need-sleep/whats-in-it-for-you/mood ... People seem to experience a positive mood when they have a clean slate, have had a good night sleep, and feel no sense of ...
Effect of sleep deprivation[edit]. However, like most behaviors requiring arousal and wakefulness, aggression was found to be ... sleep-deprived male flies were found to be disadvantaged at mating compared to normal flies.[136] However, when octopamine ... this finding implicates the importance of sleep in aggression between male flies. ... "Sleep deprivation suppresses aggression in Drosophila". eLife. 4: e07643. doi:10.7554/eLife.07643. PMC 4515473. PMID 26216041 ...
Sleep, stress, and mood[edit]. Diurnal cycles of cortisol levels are found in humans.[4] In humans, the amount of cortisol ... Sleep deprivation[84]. *Intense (high VO2 max) or prolonged aerobic exercise transiently increases cortisol levels to increase ... Leproult R, Copinschi G, Buxton O, Van Cauter E (October 1997). "Sleep loss results in an elevation of cortisol levels the next ... or three to five hours after the onset of sleep. Information about the light/dark cycle is transmitted from the retina to the ...
Unconsciousness or sleep[edit]. In Hill v Baxter, Kilmuir, LC, articulated the necessity of eliminating automatism, defined as ...
Sleep is for the Week and Love Ire & Song (2005-2008)[edit]. Turner's first solo shows took place prior to the break-up of ... Turner's band, The Sleeping Souls,[62] (named after a lyric from "I Am Disappeared") consists of: *Ben Lloyd - guitar, ... 2.2 Sleep is for the Week and Love Ire & Song (2005-2008) ... On 27 July 2012, Frank Turner and the Sleeping Souls performed ... In the studio and during live performances, Turner is accompanied by his backing band, The Sleeping Souls, which consists of ...
Obstructive sleep apnea[edit]. Main article: Obstructive sleep apnea ยง Radiofrequency ablation. RFA was first studied in ... The clinical application of RFA in obstructive sleep apnea is reviewed in that main article, including controversies and ... "Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults: A Clinical Practice Guideline From the American College of Physicians". Annals ... obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in a pig model.[23] RFA has been recognized as a somnoplasty treatment option in selected ...
"Sleep Medicine (Review). 14 (3): 237-242. doi:10.1016/j.sleep.2012.09.018. PMC 3617579. PMID 23352028.. ... "Efficacy and safety of exogenous melatonin for secondary sleep disorders and sleep disorders accompanying sleep restriction: ... Melatonin reduces the time until onset of sleep and increases sleep duration in children with neurodevelopmental disorders.[21] ... doi:10.1093/sleep/28.10.1271. PMID 16295212.. *^ Terman MR, Wirz-Justice A (2009). Chronotherapeutics for Affective Disorders: ...
Sleeping carriages[edit]. In 1979 British Rail ordered 236 Mark 3 sleeper carriages.[31] Because of cost over runs partly ... Mark 3 sleeping cars are used on the overnight Caledonian Sleeper and Night Riviera services. ... Many former Mark 3 sleeping carriages were sold to railway preservation organisations for use as volunteer staff accommodation ... caused by more stringent regulations in the wake of the Taunton sleeping car fire the order was cut back to 207.[32] However ...
Sleep disorder. Sleep disorder: These conditions are associated with disruption to normal sleep patterns. A common sleep ...
Sleep duration[edit]. Short sleep duration is associated with high levels of ghrelin and obesity. An inverse relationship ... "Meta-analysis of short sleep duration and obesity in children and adults". Sleep. 31 (5): 619-26. doi:10.1093/sleep/31.5.619 ... Short sleep duration may also lead to obesity, through an increase of appetite via hormonal changes.[74] ... Lack of sleep increases ghrelin and decreases leptin, both of which result in increased hunger and obesity. ...
Making a sleeping bag[edit]. It was now apparent that the only way out was to climb over the mountains to the west. They also ... we could create an insulated sleeping bag large enough for all three expeditionaries to sleep in. With the warmth of three ... The survivors slept a final night in the fuselage with the search and rescue party. A second flight of helicopters arrived the ... It was still bitterly cold, but the sleeping bag allowed them to live through the nights. In the film Stranded, Canessa ...
These short periods of sleep consist of five minutes of slow-wave sleep, followed by five minutes of rapid eye movement sleep ( ... Horses can sleep both standing up and lying down. They can doze and enter light sleep while standing, an adaptation from life ... Horses sleep better when in groups because some animals will sleep while others stand guard to watch for predators. A horse ... Horses require approximately two and a half hours of sleep, on average, in a 24-hour period. Most of this sleep occurs in many ...
Food and sleep deprivation[edit]. A Ranger student's diet and sleep are strictly controlled by the Ranger Instructors. During ... with an average of 3.5 hours of sleep a day. Students sleep more before a parachute jump for safety considerations. Ranger ... Since food and sleep are at the bottom of the priorities of those in the infantry behind security, weapons maintenance, and ... along with standard sleep deprivation and continual physical strain, inhibit full physical and mental recovery throughout the ...
Sleep disorders[edit]. *(G47) Sleep disorders *(G47.0) Disorders of initiating and maintaining sleep (insomnias) ...
Sleep hygiene[edit]. Main article: Sleep hygiene. Sleep hygiene is the recommended behavioral and environmental practice that ... Sleep hygiene recommendations include establishing a regular sleep schedule, using naps with care, not exercising physically or ... getting out of bed if sleep does not come, not using bed for anything but sleep and avoiding alcohol as well as nicotine, ... Other uses of the term appear in phrases including body hygiene, personal hygiene, sleep hygiene, mental hygiene, dental ...