Skin care[edit]. Olive oil has a long history of being use as a home skincare remedy. Egyptians used it alongside beeswax as a ... "Effect of Olive and Sunflower Seed Oil on the Adult Skin Barrier: Implications for Neonatal Skin Care". Pediatric Dermatology. ... Besides food, olive oil has been used for religious rituals, medicines, as a fuel in oil lamps, soap-making, and skin care ... Applying olive oil to the skin does not help prevent or reduce stretch marks.[53] ...
... in skin care[edit]. Thioredoxin is used in skin care products as an antioxidant in conjunction with glutaredoxin ...
Bergamot is used in many skin care creams.[citation needed] In the past, psoralen extracted from bergamot oil has been used in ... An essence extracted from the aromatic skin of this sour fruit is used to flavour Earl Grey and Lady Grey teas,[10] as well as ... Evidence is insufficient to indicate that bergamot oil is of medical benefit for some of its claimed uses.[5] Use on the skin ... In several patch test studies, application of some sources of bergamot oil directly to the skin of guinea pigs was shown to ...
Skin and hair care[edit]. Most petroleum jelly today is used as an ingredient in skin lotions and cosmetics, providing various ... skin protectant and remains widely used in cosmetic skin care. ... 3.2 Skin and hair care *3.2.1 Preventing moisture loss. *3.2.2 ... Skin lubrication[edit]. Petroleum jelly can be used to reduce the friction between skin and clothing during various sport ... Pet care[edit]. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable ...
A cleanser is a facial care product that is used to remove make-up, dead skin cells, oil, dirt, and other types of pollutants ... But they may overdry and irritate dry skin, this may make the skin appear and feel worse. Very dry skin may require a creamy ... suit many variating skin types, and do not make the skin feel dehydrated directly after cleansing. Tight, uncomfortable skin is ... This helps to unclog pores and prevent skin conditions such as acne. A cleanser can be used as part of a skincare regimen ...
Ramdass, P; Mullick, S; Farber, HF (December 2015). "Viral Skin Diseases". Primary Care (Review). 42 (4): 517-67. doi:10.1016/j ... 2% vehicle). Erythema was the most frequently reported local skin reaction. Severe local skin reactions reported by Aldara- ... "Day Care Centers and Schools , Molluscum Contagiosum". www.cdc.gov. 11 May 2015. Archived from the original on 17 June 2017. ... Molluscum contagiosum (MC), sometimes called water warts, is a viral infection of the skin that results in small, raised, pink ...
Joni Loughran (2002). Natural Skin Care. B. Jain Publishers. pp. 113-. ISBN 978-81-7021-995-8. .. ... Facial masks should be selected according to skin type. Clay and mud masks suit oily skin; cream-based masks work best on dry ... Although widely believed to provide tighter pores, increased skin clarity, and a reduction in facial skin wrinkles, masks have ... Honey is a very popular mask because it smooths skin, and cleans pores. A popular home remedy includes a slice of cucumber on ...
... became the biggest manufacturer of generic skin care medicine, after agreeing to buy Fougera Pharmaceuticals for $ ... Pet care[edit]. *Interceptor (Milbemycin oxime), oral worm control product. *Sentinel Flavor Tabs (Milbemycin oxime, Lufenuron ... Although the court ruled narrowly,[107] and took care to note that the subject application was filed during a time of ... In 2010, Novartis offered to pay US $39.3 billion to fully acquire Alcon, the world's largest eye-care company, including a ...
Adv Skin Wound Care. 20 (6): 326-30. doi:10.1097/01.ASW.0000276415.91750.0f. PMID 17538258. Colloidal silver suspensions are ... Hippocrates in his writings discussed the use of silver in wound care.[72] At the beginning of the twentieth century surgeons ... One of the more publicized incidents of argyria came in 2008, when a man named Paul Karason, whose skin turned blue from using ... Silver nitrate is also sometimes used in dermatology in solid stick form as a caustic ("lunar caustic") to treat certain skin ...
Cooper KL (2012). "Drug reaction, skin care, skin loss". Crit Care Nurse. 32 (4): 52-9. doi:10.4037/ccn2012340. PMID 22855079. ... Singhal A, Reis ED, Kerstein MD (2001). "Options for nonsurgical debridement of necrotic wounds". Adv Skin Wound Care. 14 (2): ... Chemical and toxic agents (e.g. pharmaceutical drugs, acids, bases) react with the skin leading to skin loss and eventually ... Nazarian RM, Van Cott EM, Zembowicz A, Duncan LM (2009). "Warfarin-induced skin necrosis". J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 61 (2): 325- ...
Heckman, CJ (2011). "Indoor tanning: Tanning dependence and other health risks". Skin Care. 6: 20-22. Petit, A; Lejoyeux, M; ... The effects of tanning dependence are/but not limited to: skin cancer, skin burns, premature skin aging, and eye damage (both ... pale skin has indicated high status. A tan signified that you had to work outdoors as a manual laborer, while pale skin ... Due to more indoor jobs, a tan began to mean that you had the leisure time to bronze your skin and the money to travel to ...
... the dynamic natural skin care". Madarosis - Loss of eyelashes - Loss of eyebrows , the dynamic natural skin care. Retrieved ... the dynamic natural skin care". Madarosis - Loss of eyelashes - Loss of eyebrows , the dynamic natural skin care. Retrieved ... The gray line of the eye is a line that divides the eyelid into parts: anterior part is skin and muscle while posterior is ... However, in India, leprosy is common and researchers report a case of madarosis before diagnosis of leprosy with no skin ...
Mendez-Eastman S (2001). "Guidelines for using negative pressure wound therapy". Advances in Skin & Wound Care. 14 (6): 314-22 ... Skin & Allergy News. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 August 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2011.. [unreliable medical source ... "Journal of Wound Care. 19 (11): 490-5. doi:10.12968/jowc.2010.19.11.79697. PMID 21135797. Archived from the original on 5 ... General technique for NPWT is as follows: "protect the periwound by applying a skin barrier."[13] A dressing or filler material ...
"tropic skincare". BOYFRIEND MAGAZINE. Retrieved 2019-11-11. Thornhill, Helen (2017-03-15). "Tropic Skin Care". The Winnie ... "Tropic Skin Care". FE News. Retrieved 2020-04-02. "2016 Stevie Award Winners , Stevie Awards". stevieawards.com. Retrieved 2018 ... Her company, Tropic Skincare, has been recognised as the fastest growing skincare brand in the UK, selling 3.3 million products ... Skincare, Tropic. "tropicskincare". www.tropicskincare.com. "Susie Ma: Tropic Skincare - Young Guns class of 2018". Young Guns ...
Br, Skin Care; says (2009-12-30). "Thursday / Glassjaw / The Dillinger Escape Plan / United Nations / The Casting Out @ ...
"Dr Leah Totton , Skin Care Clinics , Rejuvenation Treatments". Retrieved 29 March 2014. "Next series of The Apprentice pushed ... The series was won by Leah Totton, who used her prize to open her first cosmetic skin clinic on 22 January 2014. Because of the ... While Susan Ma failed to win the series, Sugar said that he liked her plan, later investing into her skincare company Tropic in ... "Lord Sugar invests in The Apprentice loser Susan Ma's skincare range". 19 March 2012. Retrieved 20 December 2016. "Alan Sugar ...
About Us - Aesop." Aesop (skin care). Retrieved 14 April 2013. "Help Centre - carsales.com.au." Carsales.com.au. Retrieved 14 ... Richmond Epworth the not-for-profit private health care group, employ 1,800 staff at their head office, and largest hospital, ...
Taraborrelli, p. 648 "SkinAlley". Skin Care Alley. July 8, 2016. Retrieved February 23, 2017. "v". HeraldOnline. July 8, 2009. ... The lighter skin resulted in criticism that he was trying to appear white. Jackson said he had not purposely bleached his skin ... His skin was found to have reduced (though not absent) melanocytes, the cells active in skin pigmentation. Jackson's autopsy ... He was diagnosed with the skin disorder vitiligo, which results in white patches on the skin and sensitivity to sunlight. To ...
"TATCHA Skin Care". Sephora. Retrieved 14 September 2014. "Kat Von D Beauty is launching a new program with Sephora that will ... Estée Lauder and L'Oreal alongside local brands such as Shiffa Dubai Skin Care and Huda Beauty. According to Forbes, Huda ... Pocket Contour, one of the digital programs that was rolled out, teaches users how to contour their skin step-by-step depending ... Sephora inside JCPenney features some of the same makeup, skincare, and fragrance brands as well as its own product line found ...
Advances in Skin and Wound Care. 25 (12): 557-560. doi:10.1097/01.ASW.0000423441.00908.05. PMID 23151766.. ... Skin grafts and artificial skin[edit]. Two layers of skin created from animal sources as a skin graft has been found to be ... Artificial skin, made of collagen and cultured skin cells, is also used to cover venous ulcers and excrete growth factors to ... The skin surrounding a venous ulcer may be edematous (swollen) and there may be evidence of varicose veins; the skin ...
... and for skin care, such as topical treatment of psoriasis, eczema, aftershave products, cracked or blistered skin, insect bites ... ISBN 978-1-4398-1214-3. Bromley, Gerald D. (6 March 2017). "Warning letter: Aegeia Skin Care, LLC". Inspections, Compliance, ... "Postpartum care: After a vaginal delivery". MayoClinic.com. 2012-03-16. Retrieved 2013-08-09. Burlando, B; Verotta, L; Cornara ... In 2017, one manufacturer of skincare products containing witch hazel was warned by the Food and Drug Administration for making ...
Low concentration makes possible daily application as a monotherapy or as part of a broader skin care management for such ... Understanding skin structure and cutaneous aging is helpful to a discussion of the topical action of AHAs. Human skin has two ... "Alpha Hydroxy Acids for Skin Care". Cosmetic Dermatology, Supplement: 1-6. October 1994.. ... Such application may be used to prepare the skin for stronger glycolic acid concentrations (50 - 70%) or to prime the skin for ...
Adv Skin Wound Care. 2014 Jul;27(7):310-6. http://www.uswoundregistry.com/ Snyder, R.J., et al., The management of diabetic ... between the accepted gold standard of care and the number of patients currently treated with this standard of care. The US ... Diabetes Care, 2007. 30(3): p. 586-90. Van De Weg, F.B., D.A. Van Der Windt, and A.C. Vahl, Wound healing: total contact cast ... Diabetes Care, 2001. 24(6): p. 1019-22. Lavery, L.A., et al., Reducing dynamic foot pressures in high-risk diabetic subjects ...
Monika-Hildegard Schmid-Wendtner; Korting Schmid-Wendtner (2007). Ph and Skin Care. ABW Wissenschaftsverlag. pp. 31-. ISBN 978- ... Schmid MH, Korting HC (1995). "The concept of the acid mantle of the skin: its relevance for the choice of skin cleansers" (PDF ... The acid mantle is a very fine, slightly acidic film on the surface of human skin acting as a barrier to bacteria, viruses and ... Since blood is slightly alkaline (7.4), pathogenic bacteria that become adapted to the pH of the skin and are able to reach ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "GOJO Skin Care Placement Guide" (PDF). GOJO Industries - Skin Care. Retrieved 21 ... GOJO Industries, Inc., is a privately held manufacturer of hand hygiene and skin care products founded in 1946, in Akron, Ohio ... perineal care products, skin conditioners, chemical removing hand cleaners, hand protection products, and dispensers. GOJO's ... The original product was meant to clean, not sanitize the skin. In 1988, the company developed the Purell product to disinfect ...
Hirsh F, Berlin S, Holtz A (2009). "[Transdermal Oxygen Delivery to Diabetic Wounds: A Report of 6 Cases]". Adv Skin Wound Care ... Skin ulcers due to diabetes • Skin ulcers due to venous stasis • Decubitus ulcers (bed sores, pressure sores) • Skin ulcers due ... to post-surgical infections • Lesions due to gangrene • Skin grafts • Burns • Frostbite Animal studies conducted in 2004-2005 ...
... www.nutraingredients-asia.com/Article/2020/04/27/Swisse-s-new-hemp-range-Supplements-and-skin-care-products-to-play-key-role-in ... Swisse is a vitamin, supplement, and skincare brand. Born in Australia in 1969 and globally headquartered in Melbourne, and was ... ". "Skincare". "Sports Nutrition". "Hong Kong-listed Biostime takes Swisse prize". Hawthorne, Mark (17 September 2015). "Swisse ... growth-strategy https://insidefmcg.com.au/2020/04/14/swisse-takes-natural-approach-to-relaunch-of-skincare-line/ Butler, Ben (2 ...
Ibrahim, F; Khan, T; Pujalte, GG (2015). "Bacterial Skin Infections". Primary Care. 42 (4): 485-99. doi:10.1016/j.pop.2015.08. ...
Care should be taken to keep fluids from an infected person away from the skin of a non-infected person. Washing hands, linens ... Ibrahim, F; Khan, T; Pujalte, GG (December 2015). "Bacterial Skin Infections". Primary Care. 42 (4): 485-99. doi:10.1016/j.pop. ... Risk factors include attending day care, crowding, poor nutrition, diabetes mellitus, contact sports, and breaks in the skin ... Skin ulcers with redness and scarring also may result from scratching or abrading the skin.[citation needed] Illustration of a ...
Zuckerman, Jane N. (2012). "Skin Problems and Foot Care". Principles and Practice of Travel Medicine, 2nd Edition. Wiley- ... Second Skin or using Skin Lube helps ward off friction and reduce blister recurrence. Goodyer, Larry I. (2004). "Medical kits, ... Lars conducted a clinical trial with the Swedish army to test a prototype that was used to develop a skin barrier for bandaging ... The top level of the plaster is made of elastomer (that ensures that the plaster stays on skin even while moving) and ...
wide-set, bulging eyes • beaked nose • flat face • dark, velvety skin folds • spine abnormalities • benign growths in the jaw ... surgical care, and followup. ...
Keeping the skin above the stripped section taut with the other hand helps especially where the skin is looser, i.e. belly and ... A properly cared-for Irish Terrier does not shed either. The wiry coat is fairly easy to groom, pet dogs (rather than show dogs ... The coat should lie flat against the skin, and, though having some length, should never be so long as to hide the true shape of ... For the same reason the coat should not be washed too often, as detergents take away the natural skin oils. Most Irish terriers ...
Hair care products and shampoos can generally be used with any frequency desired, as long as the products are gentle and non- ... The inflammation that destroys the follicle is below the skin surface and there is usually no "scar" seen on the scalp. ... US National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. ...
"Standards of medical care in diabetes--2015: summary of revisions". Diabetes Care. 38 Suppl (38): S4. January 2015. doi:10.2337 ... Other complications include hyperpigmentation of skin (acanthosis nigricans), sexual dysfunction, and frequent infections.[23] ... "Diabetes Care. 35 (12): 2515-20. doi:10.2337/dc12-0669. PMC 3507562. PMID 23173134. Archived from the original on 2016-08-14.. ... "Diabetes Care. 38 (9): 1777-1803. doi:10.2337/dci15-0012. ISSN 0149-5992. PMC 4876675. PMID 26246459.. ...
... and soft casts or splints can be removed for brief periods of time to allow for cleaning and drying the skin underneath the ... depending on the cost of emergency care, immobilization, surgery, follow up doctors' visits, etc. in addition to the fiscal ...
Increased levels of Bilirubin,[7] causing skin and white parts of the eyes to turn yellow[8] ... They sold it to Stadtalnder's Pharmacy and limited quantities to Veteran Administration's hospitals and some managed-care ...
An example of a polygenic trait is human skin color variation. Several genes factor into determining a person's natural skin ... "Clinical Genetics: A Self-Study Guide for Health Care Providers. University of South Dakota School of Medicine. Archived from ... skin color, and body mass.[15] All of these phenotypes are complicated by a great deal of give-and-take between genes and ... color, so modifying only one of those genes can change skin color slightly or in some cases, such as for SLC24A5, moderately. ...
These mass killings, coupled with malnutrition and poor medical care, killed between 1.5 and 2 million people, approximately a ... referencing his comparatively light skin complexion.[4] French colonial records placed his birth date on 25 May 1928,[5] but ... "the veneer of Marxism-Leninism which had cloaked Cambodian radicalism had only ever been skin-deep."[366] ...
Blank, Jonah (1992). Arrow of the Blue-Skinned God.. *Ainslie T. Embree, 'The Function of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh: To ... social evils of untouchability and casteism while launching social welfare programmes in the areas of education and health care ...
PM CARES Fund (India). *Artist Relief (United States). *Covid Watch. *SAARC COVID-19 Emergency Fund (India) ... Skin manifestations. *Mental health *neurological, psychological and other mental health outcomes. *Pregnancy ...
"Pneumococcal Vaccination: Information for Health Care Providers". cdc.org. Archived from the original on 23 July 2016. ... Nilsson, P; Laurell, MH (2001). "Carriage of penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae by children in day-care centers ...
As of August 2008, Cancer Care Ontario reports that the current average incremental cost to perform a PET scan in the province ... directly under the skin). A clear disadvantage is that PET provides no timing information about muscle activation because it ... is the most common type of PET scan in standard medical care (representing 90% of current scans). Metabolic trapping of the ...
Intensive care. Intensive care is often used in the developed world.[33] This may include maintaining blood volume and ... having had brief skin contact with a person showing symptoms of Ebola disease when the person was believed to be not very ... Where hospital care is not possible, the WHO's guidelines for home care have been relatively successful. Recommendations ... Some health-care centres caring for people with the disease do not have running water.[73] In the United States the spread to ...
Toads' warty skin is an adaptation for making their toxic slime. Apart from these glands, their skin is dry, and that is an ... Tadpole care. TFH Publications, 34. ISBN 978-0-7938-1035-2 *↑ Campbell, Jonathan A. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of Northern ... Salamanders also secrete poison from glands in their skin, and some additionally have skin glands for secreting courtship ... California newt · Coastal Range newt · Eastern newt · Black-spotted newt · Striped newt · Red-bellied Newt · Rough-skinned newt ...
In particular, it appears that animal skin drums may have been used in religious events by Upper Paleolithic shamans, as shown ... Both Neanderthals and modern humans took care of the elderly members of their societies during the Middle and Upper Paleolithic ... People may have first fermented grapes in animal skin pouches to create wine during the Paleolithic age.[95] ... Choppers and scrapers were likely used for skinning and butchering scavenged animals and sharp-ended sticks were often obtained ...
Skin care[edit]. In general, it is recommended that people with acne do not wash affected skin more than twice daily.[15] The ... Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when dead skin cells and oil from the skin clog hair ... and accumulation of skin cells in the hair follicle.[1] In healthy skin, the skin cells that have died come up to the surface ... Salicylic acid opens obstructed skin pores and promotes the shedding of epithelial skin cells.[145] Dry skin is the most ...
In the original investigation, one of Tilton's former prayer hotline operators claimed the ministry cared little for desperate ... also claimed that he needed plastic surgery to repair capillary damage to his lower eyelids from ink that seeped into his skin ...
This refers to a group of rare syndromes characterized by chronic candidal lesions on the skin, in the mouth and on other ... Oropharyngeal candidiasis is common during cancer care, and it is a very common oral sign in individuals with HIV. Oral ... 2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier. p. 308. ISBN 0-7216-2921-0. OCLC ... skin or the nails. The spread of oral candidiasis to other sites usually occurs in debilitated individuals. It is also possible ...
"American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 163 (3 Pt 2): S18-21. doi:10.1164/ajrccm.163.supplement_1.2011113. ... In contrast to other neuropeptides studied in human skin, substance P-induced vasodilatation has been found to decline during ... Supportive Care in Cancer. 9 (5): 350-4. doi:10.1007/s005200000199. PMID 11497388.. ... Substance P and other sensory neuropeptides can be released from the peripheral terminals of sensory nerve fibers in the skin, ...
Acute graft-versus-host disease typically occurs in the first 3 months after transplantation and may involve the skin, ... The risks of a complication depend on patient characteristics, health care providers and the apheresis procedure, and the ... "Support Care Cancer. 18 (8): 993-1006. doi:10.1007/s00520-010-0900-3. PMID 20544224.. ...
Prof.), Roger Jones (2004). Oxford Textbook of Primary Medical Care (in ଇଂରାଜୀ). Oxford University Press. p. 758. ISBN ... "Importance of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 Expression in Skin and its Induction by Ultraviolet B in Neonatal ... Buttaro, Terry Mahan; Trybulski, JoAnn; Polgar-Bailey, Patricia; Sandberg-Cook, Joanne (2012). Primary Care: A Collaborative ... Winger, J; Michelfelder, A (September 2011). "Diagnostic approach to the patient with jaundice". Primary care. 38 (3): 469-82, ...
To do this they use specialised skin cells which change the appearance of the skin by adjusting its colour, opacity, or ... Here she guards and cares for them for about five months (160 days) until they hatch.[56] In colder waters, such as those off ... skin anatomy is limited to relatively uniform shades of one colour with limited skin texture. Octopuses that are diurnal and ... The thin skin of the octopus absorbs additional oxygen.[39] When resting, around 41% of an octopus's oxygen absorption is ...
2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: clinical Dermatology. Saunders Elsevier. ISBN 0-7216-2921-0. Herbst KL, Tannock LR, Deeb ... Diabetes Care. 26 (6): 1819-24. doi:10.2337/diacare.26.6.1819. PMID 12766116. Garg A (2011). "Clinical review#: Lipodystrophies ...
Some primary care providers may also take care of hospitalized patients and deliver babies in a secondary care setting. ... Dermatology is concerned with the skin and its diseases. In the UK, dermatology is a subspecialty of general medicine. ... Urgent care focuses on delivery of unscheduled, walk-in care outside of the hospital emergency department for injuries and ... See also: Health care, clinic, hospital, and hospice. Provision of medical care is classified into primary, secondary, and ...
They painted their skin skirts or decorated them with porcupine quills. These skirts were so elaborately appointed that, when ... Care Enterer, We-yar-nih'kä-to. *Across the River, Toosh-war-ka'ma ... while they used beaver pelts or bear skins to serve as winter mantles. Additionally, both sexes might wear buckskin leggings ...
Primary Care: A Collaborative Practice 4. Elsevier Health Sciences. 2012: 690. ISBN 0323075851. (原始內容存檔於2017-09-08) (英語).. ... 醫學徵象, abnormal skin coloration[*]. 肇因. 膽紅素過多[3]. ... Oxford Textbook of Primary Medical Care. Oxford University Press. 2004: 758. ISBN 9780198567820. (原始內容存檔於2017-09-08) (英語).. ... Winger, J; Michelfelder, A. Diagnostic approach to the patient with jaundice.. Primary care. September
Skin color: Rarely, Jungle rot will result in complications with skin pigmentation. It has been known to leave the victim with ... MacDonald P (March 2003). "Tropical ulcers: a condition still hidden from the western world". J Wound Care. 12 (3): 85-90. PMID ... Open skin from intravenous drug use often exacerbates the problem.[citation needed] Skin lesion Odom, Richard B.; Davidsohn, ... Skin grafting may be helpful in advanced cases to ensure the lesion does not progress to chronic stage. In extreme cases, ...
In addition, such laws may reduce health care costs,[3] improve work productivity, and lower the overall cost of labour in the ... bodies through the skin, or be re-emitted as gases after they have left the smoky environment. Concern about third-hand smoke ... In Scotland, Andy Kerr, the Minister for Health and Community Care, introduced a ban on smoking in public areas on 26 March ... arguing a smoking ban at intensive care units violated "human dignity" as they were there for mental health reasons, not ...
He named the lesion erythema migrans.[243] The skin condition now known as borrelial lymphocytoma was first described in 1911.[ ... National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Archived from the original on 9 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.. ... Another skin condition, found in Europe but not in North America, is borrelial lymphocytoma, a purplish lump that develops on ... The initial sign of about 80% of Lyme infections is an Erythema migrans (EM) rash at the site of a tick bite, often near skin ...
In depictions of Saint Nicholas from Bari, he is usually shown as dark-skinned, probably to emphasize his foreign origin.[112] ... they brought the remains with them and cared for them.[61] The remains arrived on 9 May 1087.[61][40] Two years later, Pope ... visiting the region to care for the hungry, saw through the butcher's lies[29][56] and resurrected the pickled children by ...