*  Lipocalin-2
... binds, next to bacterial siderophores, also to the mammalian siderophore 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,5-DHBA). This ... Devireddy LR, Hart DO, Goetz DH, Green MR (June 2010). "A mammalian siderophore synthesized by an enzyme with a bacterial ... The binding of NGAL to bacterial siderophores is important in the innate immune response to bacterial infection. Upon ... Secreted NGAL then limits bacterial growth by sequestering iron-containing siderophores. ...
*  Siderophore
Examples of siderophores produced by various bacteria and fungi: Hydroxamate siderophores Catecholate siderophores Mixed ... Siderophores are usually classified by the ligands used to chelate the ferric iron. The major groups of siderophores include ... The production of siderophores also requires the bacterium to expend energy. Thus, siderophore production can be looked at as ... Microbial iron transport (siderophore)-mediated drug delivery makes use of the recognition of siderophores as iron delivery ...
*  Human iron metabolism
Disease-causing bacteria do this in many ways, including releasing iron-binding molecules called siderophores and then ...
*  Alkaliphile
... siderophores; cholic acid derivatives and organic acids. It is hoped that further research into alkaliphilic enzymes will allow ...
*  Microbial cooperation
In the case of siderophores, a positive correlation was found between relatedness among bacterial lineages and siderophore ... One very popular example of mutually beneficial microbial interactions involves the production of siderophores. Siderophores ... The production of siderophores is often used as an example of mutualism as the compounds are not constricted to individual ... Once released, the siderophores will sequester the iron, and form a complex, which is recognized by bacterial cell receptors. ...
*  2,6-Pyridinedicarbothioic acid
Siderophores are deployed as ion scavengers for microbes. Siderophores solubilize compounds by forming strong complexes. PDTC ... It functions as a siderophore, a small chelating agent with a high affinity for iron. ... Dipicolinic acid Budzikiewicz, Herbert (2010). "Microbial Siderophores". 92: 1-75. doi:10.1007/978-3-211-99661-4_1. Cortese, ...
*  Rhodotorulic acid
Hider RC, Kong X (May 2010). "Chemistry and biology of siderophores". Natural product reports. 27 (5): 637-657. doi:10.1039/ ... Rhodotorulic acid is the smallest of the 2,5-diketopiperazine family of hydroxamate siderophores which are high-affinity ... Van der Helm D, Winkelmann G (February 1994). "Hydroxamates and Polycarboxylates as Ion Transport Agents (Siderophores)". In ... siderophore)3 complexes to fulfill an octahedral coordination for iron. Rhodotorulic acid occurs in basidiomycetous yeasts and ...
*  Penicillium parvum
T. R. Swinburne (2012). Iron, Siderophores, and Plant Diseases. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 1461594804. Peterson, S ... Penicillium parvum produces ferrichrome siderophores Douglas Templeton (2002). Molecular and Cellular Iron Transport Edition. ...
*  Isochorismate lyase
These siderophores vary per organism. Some examples include yersiniabactin in the organisms Yersinia pestis and Yersinia ... but generally salicylate can be used in many bacteria as a building block for various siderophores (organic Fe3+ chelators). ... a precursor to the siderophore pyochelin. Believed to be a pericyclic reaction, the enzyme's transition state, when ...
*  Pyoverdine
Siderophores, which are typically quite soluble and have exceptionally high avidity for iron (III) (the avidity of some ... Like most siderophores, pyoverdine is synthesized and secreted into the environment when the microorganism that produces it ... S. Wendenbaum; P. Demange; A. Dell; J. M. Meyer; M. A. Abdallah (1983). "The structure of pyoverdine Pa, the siderophore of ... Pyoverdin-Type Siderophores from Pseudomonas aeruginosa". Liebigs Ann Chem. 1989 (4): 375-384. doi:10.1002/jlac.198919890164. ...
*  Nonribosomal peptide
They are often toxins, siderophores, or pigments. Nonribosomal peptide antibiotics, cytostatics, and immunosuppressants are in ... Siderophores Pyoverdine Enterobactin Myxochelin A Pigments Indigoidine Toxins Microcystins and Nodularins, cyanotoxins from ...
*  Siderocalin
"Gram-positive siderophore-shuttle with iron-exchange from Fe-siderophore to apo-siderophore by Bacillus cereus YxeB". ... Siderophores and ferric iron can associate to form stable complexes. Siderophores bind iron using a variety of ligands, most ... Mammalian siderophores, specifically catechols, can be found in the human gut and in siderophores, such as enterobactin, and ... Structural analysis of the siderocalin/siderophore interaction has shown that the siderophore is accompanied by a poor and ...
*  Pakhanjore
The amounts of siderophore produce by P. fluorescens isolates were screen in iron deficient succinate media and most of them ... Pakhanjore produces highest siderophore (PDF). p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 April 2015. Retrieved 6 March 2016 ... The P. fluorescens isolates grow in iron deficient media because of production capacity of siderophore depends on iron content ... One of the isolate from Pakhanjore area "P3" produce highest siderophore, which further assessed for plant growth promotion ...
*  Iron
In particular, bacteria have evolved very high-affinity sequestering agents called siderophores. After uptake in human cells, ... Neilands, J. B. (1995). "Siderophores: structure and function of microbial iron transport compounds". The Journal of Biological ... Boukhalfa, Hakim; Crumbliss, Alvin L. (2002). "Chemical aspects of siderophore mediated iron transport". BioMetals. 15 (4): 325 ...
*  Aerobactin
... is a bacterial iron chelating agent (siderophore) found in E. coli. It is a virulence factor enabling E. coli to ... Rhizobactin from Sinorhizobium Alcaligin from Bordetella J. B. Neilands (1995). "Siderophores: Structure and Function of ...
*  Vibriobactin
... is a catechol siderophore that helps the microbial system to acquire iron. It was first isolated from Vibrio ... Griffiths, Gary L.; Sigel, Suzanne P.; Payne, Shelley M.; Neilands, J. B. (1984). "Vibriobactin, a Siderophore from Vibrio ...
*  Sphingopyxis flavimaris
"Siderophores from neighboring organisms promote the growth of uncultured bacteria." Chemistry & biology 17.3 (2010): 254-264. ...
*  Pseudomonas
2002). "Siderophore typing, a powerful tool for the identification of fluorescent and nonfluorescent pseudomonads". Appl. ... Certain Pseudomonas species may also produce additional types of siderophore, such as pyocyanin by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and ... 2006). "Cyanide metabolism of Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes CECT5344: role of siderophores". Biochem. Soc. Trans. 34 (Pt 1): ... 2007). "Thioquinolobactin, a Pseudomonas siderophore with antifungal and anti-Pythium activity". Environ. Microbiol. 9 (2): 425 ...
*  Iron overload
Miller, Marvin J. (1989-11-01). "Syntheses and therapeutic potential of hydroxamic acid based siderophores and analogs". ...
*  Binding selectivity
Synthetic siderophores such as deferiprone and deferasirox have been developed, using the known structure of deferoxamine as a ... deferoxamine, a naturally occurring siderophore produced by the actinobacter Streptomyces pilosus and was used initially as a ... "Syntheses and therapeutic potential of hydroxamic acid-based siderophores and analogs". Chemical Reviews. 89 (7): 1563-1579. ...
*  Suillus luteus
... produces hydroxamic acid-based siderophores, which are compounds that can chelate iron and extract it from the ... Haselwandter K, Häninger G, Ganzera M (2011). "Hydroxamate siderophores of the ectomycorrhizal fungi Suillus granulatus and S. ...
*  Cheating (biology)
Some bacteria have evolved siderophores, iron-chelating particles that seek and bring back iron for the bacteria. Siderophores ... ceased siderophore production in favor of using the other's siderophores. Although one would expect that the non-producer would ... One strain, known as the producer, produced a higher level of siderophores, which meant that other strain, known as the non- ... This result suggested that P. fluorescens ceased siderophore production in favor of taking up iron-bound coelichen, an ...
*  Bioeffector
... exudation of micro-nutrient mobilising siderophores/chelates (e.g. Fe3+), reduction of trace elements from less soluble ...
*  Hydroxamic acid
Miller, Marvin J. (November 1989). "Syntheses and Therapeutic Potential of Hydroxamic Acid Based Siderophores and Analogues". ... siderophores) in bacteria. They dissolve insoluble iron(III) compounds. The resulting complexes are transported into the cell, ...
*  Pseudomonadaceae
Meyer J (2000). "Pyoverdines: pigments, siderophores and potential taxonomic markers of fluorescent Pseudomonas species". Arch ...