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*  MALAT1
... may play a role in temperature-dependent sex determination in the Red-eared slider turtle (Trachemys scripta). ... Wilusz JE, Freier SM, Spector DL (November 2008). "3' end processing of a long nuclear-retained noncoding RNA yields a tRNA- ... "An unbiased approach to identify genes involved in development in a turtle with temperature-dependent sex determination". BMC ... MALAT1 was identified in multiple types of physiological processes, such as alternative splicing, nuclear organization, ...
*  SOX gene family
While many Sox genes are involved in sex determination, some are also important in processes such as neuronal development. For ... Sox genes are defined as containing the HMG box of a gene involved in sex determination called SRY, which resides on the Y- ... Granule cells then differentiate to granule neurons, with Sox11 being involved in this process. It is thought that some Sox ...
*  Jacky dragon
... a process known as temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD). The hatchlings are females in low- and high-temperature ... Richard Shine & Daniel A. Warner (2008). "The adaptive significance of temperature-dependent sex determination in a reptile". ... as well as the temperature-dependent sex determination of its offspring. Other common names include blood-sucker, stonewalker, ... "Windows of embryonic sexual lability in two lizard species with environmental sex determination". Ecology. 88 (7): 1781-1788. ...
*  Genetics of infertility
... by binding to a conserved upstream regulatory element and directly participates in the process of mammalian sex determination ... A link to the sex determination cascade". Cell. 77 (5): 651-661. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(94)90050-7. PMID 8205615. Lourenço, ... In humans, NR5A1 mutations were first described in patients with 46, XY karyotype and disorders of sex development (DSD), ... XY sex reversal with primary adrenal failure to male infertility. For the first time, Bashamboo et al. (2010) conducted a study ...
*  Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act, 1994
The act banned prenatal sex determination.. This process began in the early 1990s when ultrasound techniques gained widespread ... Foetal sex determination and sex selective abortion by medical professionals has today grown into a Rs. 1,000 crore industry ( ... Sex selection is any act of identifying the sex of the foetus and elimination of the foetus if it is of the unwanted sex. ... Any person who puts an advertisement for pre-natal and pre-conception sex determination facilities in the form of a notice, ...
*  Frederick Yeh
Sea turtle eggs are influenced by a biological process known as Temperature-dependent sex determination, meaning that their ... "Temperature-dependent sex determination: current practices threaten conservation of sea turtles". Science. 216: 1245-7. doi: ... jeopardizing sea turtle populations with an unbalanced sex ratio." In an interview with China's official state-run news agency ...
*  Sea Turtles 911
Sea turtle eggs are influenced by a biological process known as Temperature-dependent sex determination, meaning that their ... "Temperature-dependent sex determination: current practices threaten conservation of sea turtles". Science. 216: 1245-7. doi: ... Higher temperatures due to climate change result in an unbalanced sex ratio, threatening the long-term survival of marine ...
*  David Crews
... it becomes apparent that the process of sex determination and sexual differentiation represents a form of phenotypic plasticity ... Crew has been the leader in determining the physiological and molecular bases of temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD ... As mentioned, Crews has challenged the Organizational/Default doctrine of sex determination, extending it to sexual ... This work helped overturn the classic tenet that males are the "organized" sex and females the "default" sex. Today we ...
*  Proneural genes
Although neurogenesis and sex determination appear to be different biological processes, there is evidence that ''daughterless ... Additionally to their involvement in neuronal and glial differentiation, sex determination and sensory organs development, ... but this gene also acquired a role in the primary event of sex determination - X chromosome counting - by becoming an X ... determination and differentiation that may not be mechanistically separable. Proneural proteins are involved in both processes ...
*  Sex-determination system
... which has 10 sex chromosomes but lacks the mammalian sex-determining gene SRY, meaning that the process of sex determination in ... The details of some sex-determination systems are not yet fully understood. The XX/XY sex-determination system is the most ... in which both sexes lack a second sex chromosome. The mechanism of sex determination is not yet understood. The nematode C. ... Human sex determination and differentiation Sex organ, or primary sexual characteristic Secondary sex characteristic Hake, ...
*  Temperature-dependent sex determination
TSD resembles genetic sex determination (GSD), particularly in regards to the effects of aromatase in each process. In some ... Temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD) is a type of environmental sex determination in which the temperatures ... "Temperature sex determination could allow the mother to determine the sex of her offspring by varying the temperature of the ... As sex-determining mechanisms, TSD and genetic sex determination (GSD) should be considered in an equivalent manner, which can ...
*  ZW sex-determination system
... thus making chick sexing an easier process. On November 3, 2010, scientists announced the discovery of a female Boa constrictor ... Sex-determination system Sexual differentiation Haplodiploid sex-determination system XY sex-determination system X0 sex- ... In contrast to the XY sex-determination system and the X0 sex-determination system, where the sperm determines the sex, in the ... The ZW sex-determination system allows to create sex link chickens which color at hatching is differentiated by sex, ...
*  Cloning
In species that use the XY sex-determination system, the offspring will always be female. An example is the little fire ant ( ... This process entails the transfer of a nucleus from a donor adult cell (somatic cell) to an egg from which the nucleus has been ... The process begins by removing the nucleus (containing the DNA) from an egg cell and inserting a nucleus from the adult cell to ... The process of cloning a particular farm animal using SCNT is relatively the same for all animals. The first step is to collect ...
*  Eastern box turtle
Temperature affects the sex of offspring (Type I Temperature-dependent sex determination), developmental rate, and possibly ... Females will use their hind feet to dig a shallow nest in loose soil; this process can take 2 to 6 hours. Eggs are generally ...
*  Alec Jeffreys
Sixteen micro satellites, plus a marker for sex determination, are used with the current system developed for the NDNAD, giving ... With highly automated and sophisticated equipment, modern-day DNA profiling can process hundreds of samples each day. ...
*  Alternative splicing
Females produce the master sex determination protein Sex lethal (Sxl). The Sxl protein is a splicing repressor that binds to an ... In this process, particular exons of a gene may be included within or excluded from the final, processed messenger RNA (mRNA) ... This causes a longer version of exon 2 to be included in the processed transcript, including an early stop codon. The resulting ... The establishment of a functional purpose for ΔFosB has allowed further determination as to some of the key aspects of its ...
*  Spermatheca
The haplo-diploid system of sex determination makes it possible for the queen to choose the sex of the egg. Reproductive system ... the queen lays her eggs during the provisioning and oviposition process and the spermatheca fertilizes the egg as it passes ...
*  Clavicle
... form is a reliable criterion for sex determination. The collarbones are sometimes partly or completely absent in ... The collarbone is the first bone to begin the process of ossification (laying down of minerals onto a preformed matrix) during ... At its lateral end it articulates with the acromion, a process of the scapula (shoulder blade) at the acromioclavicular joint. ... It bears a facet for attachment to the acromion process of the scapula, forming the acromioclavicular joint. The area ...
*  RNA-based evolution
Variation in phenotype caused by alternative splicing is best seen in the sex determination of D. melanogaster. The Tra gene, ... Most RNA processing events work in concert with one another and produce networks of regulating processes that allow a greater ... RNA processing events allow for a diverse array of proteins to be synthesized from a single gene. Since RNA processing is ... Splicing is the process by which non-coding regions of RNA are removed. The number and combination of splicing events varies ...
*  Male
The ZW sex-determination system, where males have a ZZ (as opposed to ZW) sex chromosome may be found in birds and some insects ... Each spermatozoon can fuse with a larger female gamete, or ovum, in the process of fertilization. A male cannot reproduce ... Not all species share a common sex-determination system. In most animals, including humans, sex is determined genetically, but ... are genetically determined as such by the XY sex-determination system where males have an XY (as opposed to XX) sex chromosome ...
*  Phytoandrogen
Godwin J, Luckenbach JA, Borski RJ (2003). "Ecology meets endocrinology: environmental sex determination in fishes". Evolution ... "Molecullar and biochemical effect of alcohlic extract of Alpinia galanga on rat spermatogenesis process". Iranian Journal of ... Phytoandrogens have been implicated in sex-reversal in fish. Ong VY, Tan BK (2007). "Novel phytoandrogens and lipidic ...
*  Liane Russell
Her studies in mammalian genetics provided the basis for understanding the chromosomic basis for sex determination in mammals ... Her research allowed better understanding of genetic processes in mammals, mutagenesis and teratogenesis effects on mammals, ... and knowledge of how these processes can be prevented and avoided. Russell was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1923, to a Jewish ...
*  CAPN5
Because of the significant similarity to Caenorhabditis elegans sex determination gene tra-3, CAPN5 is also called as HTRA3. ... Calpains are calcium-dependent cysteine proteases involved in signal transduction in a variety of cellular processes. A ... a human homologue of the Caenorhabditis elegans sex determination gene". Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 239 (3): 845-50. doi: ...
*  XY sex-determination system
In this process, an X chromosome and a Y chromosome act to determine the sex of offspring, often due to genes located on the Y ... The XY sex-determination system is the sex-determination system found in humans, most other mammals, some insects (Drosophila ... Birds and many insects have a similar system of sex determination (ZW sex-determination system), in which it is the females ... Sex Determination and Differentiation SRY: Sex determination from the National Center for Biotechnology Information Can ...
*  WNT4
They later commit to sex determination, becoming either female or male under normal circumstances. Regardless of sex, though, ... These processes are all necessary for the development of an embryo. Ablation in female mice results in subfertility, with ... With no FGF2, there is a partial sex reversal. With no FGF9, there is a full sex reversal. Both cases are rescued, though, by a ... It promotes female sex development and represses male sex development. Loss of function can have serious consequences, such as ...
*  Paramecium aurelia
Sonneborn, T. M. (1937). "Sex, sex inheritance and sex determination in Paramecium Aurelia" (PDF). Proceedings of the National ... Food enters the food vacuoles, which cilia push into the gullet in a process known as phagocytosis, and is digested with the ... They are covered in cilia which help in movement and feeding.Paramecium can reproduce sexually, asexually, or by the process of ... Paramecium aurelia demonstrate a strong "sex reaction" whereby groups of individuals will cluster together, and emerge in ...