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*  Mary F. Lyon
Lyon, M. F. (1962). "Sex chromatin and gene action in the mammalian X-chromosome". American Journal of Human Genetics. 14: 135- ... In 1997 she also received the Amory Prize, for genetic discoveries relating to mammalian sex chromosomes. In 2004 she was ...
*  Nuclear sexing
A minimum of 30 percent of sex chromatin indicates genetic female sex. Barr, M. L.; Bertram, E. G. (1949-04-30). "A ... Nuclear sexing is a technique for genetic sex determination in those species where XX chromosome pair is present. Nuclear ... sexing can be done by identifying Barr body, a drumstick like appendage located in the rim of the nucleus in somatic cells. ...
*  Dosage compensation
Cock A.G. (1964). "Dosage compensation and sex-chromatin in non-mammals". Genet Res Camb. 5: 354-365. doi:10.1017/ ... This system of sex determination is unique, because there is no male specific chromosome, as is the case in XX/XY sex ... Across species, different sexes are often characterized by different types and numbers of sex chromosomes. In order to account ... Ohno, Susumu (1959). "Sex chromosomes and sex-linked genes". Teratology. 4: 111. doi:10.1002/tera.1420040116. Lyon, M.F. (1961 ...
*  1985 Summer Universiade
The sex chromatin test was used at these games to decide on participants' gender; Spanish hurdler Maria José Martínez-Patiño ... "The Humiliating Practice of Sex-Testing Female Athletes". New York Times. Ljungqvist, A. (2008-04-15). "Gender Verification". ...
*  Susumu Ohno
ISBN 0-04-575015-7. Ohno S, Kaplan WD, Kinosita R (1959). "Formation of the sex chromatin by a single X-chromosome in liver ... Ohno S (1967). Sex Chromosomes and Sex-Linked Genes. Berlin, New York: Springer-Verlag Wycoff, Mick (2008). "Art as Science ...
*  X-inactivation
CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Ohno S, Kaplan WD, Kinosita R (1959). "Formation of the sex chromatin by a ... unlike the majority of genes along the sex chromosomes. Since individuals of either sex will receive two copies of every gene ... These regions are termed pseudoautosomal regions, as individuals of either sex will receive two copies of every gene in these ... Examining normal tissues and tumors from females heterozygous for isoenzymes of the sex-linked G6PD gene demonstrated that ...
*  Biomarker
Basu, P. K.; Miller, I.; Ormsby, H. L. (1960-03-01). "Sex chromatin as a biologic cell marker in the study of the fate of ...
*  Maria José Martínez-Patiño
The sex chromatin test was, at the time, the first step in the gender verification process, and not intended to provide a ... she failed the sex chromatin test in 1985, and thus was ruled ineligible to participate in women's athletics. The test was ... Wiesemann, Claudia (2011). "Is there a right not to know one's sex? The ethics of 'gender verification' in women's sports ... Ruth Padawer (June 28, 2016). "The Humiliating Practice of Sex-Testing Female Athletes". New York Times. Bardin, Jon (30 July ...
*  Harry Klinefelter
Eighty percent of these patients have positive sex chromatin, and their karyotypes may vary widely, and with many mosaics. The ... Although these patients have positive female sex chromatin, they are phenotypic males and should never be considered otherwise ... or were chromatin positive. A few years later, Jacobs and Strong found that these chromatin-positive patients had 47 ... Anaphase lag might result in a gamete losing a sex chromosome; a chromosome lags and is not incorporated in the new cell in the ...
*  List of MeSH codes (A11)
... sex chromosomes MeSH A11.284.187.865.800 - sex chromatin MeSH A11.284.187.865.982 - x chromosome MeSH A11.284.187.865.982.500 ... sex chromatin MeSH A11.284.430.106.279.345.190.160.180.625 - nucleosomes MeSH A11.284.430.106.279.345.190.160.650 - nucleolus ... sex MeSH A11.284.180.700 - pseudopodia MeSH A11.284.183.200 - cell wall skeleton MeSH A11.284.187.167 - chromosomes, archaeal ... chromatin MeSH A11.284.430.106.279.345.190.160.180.270 - euchromatin MeSH A11.284.430.106.279.345.190.160.180.383 - ...
*  List of MeSH codes (G14)
... sex chromatin MeSH G14.162.865.982 --- x chromosome MeSH G14.162.865.982.500 --- chromosomes, human, x MeSH G14.162.865.983 ... sex chromatin MeSH G14.160.180.625 --- nucleosomes MeSH G14.162.178.170 --- chromosomes, artificial, bacterial MeSH G14.162. ...
*  Klinefelter syndrome
... determination of the sex chromatin, and prenatally via chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis. A 2002 literature review of ... Nondisjunction will occur when sister chromatids on the sex chromosome, in this case an X and an X, fail to separate. (meiosis ... MACLEAN N, HARNDEN DG, COURT BROWN WM; Harnden; Court Brown (Aug 1961). "Abnormalities of sex chromosome constitution in ... Linden MG, Bender BG, Robinson A (1995). "Sex chromosome tetrasomy and pentasomy". Pediatrics. 96 (4 Pt 1): 672-682. PMID ...
*  XYY syndrome
... sex chromatin bodies was not developed until 1970, a decade after the first reported sex chromosome aneuploidy. The first ... Screening for those X chromosome aneuploidies was possible by noting the presence or absence of "female" sex chromatin bodies ( ... sex chromatin bodies in the nuclei of interphase cells in buccal smears treated with quinacrine dihydrochloride, which could be ... In the wake of the establishment of the normal number of human chromosomes, 47,XYY was the last of the common sex chromosome ...
*  ASXL1
1998). "The Additional sex combs gene of Drosophila encodes a chromatin protein that binds to shared and unique Polycomb group ... In Drosophila, the Additional sex combs (Asx) gene encodes a chromatin-binding protein required for normal determination of ... "A human homolog of Additional sex combs, ADDITIONAL SEX COMBS-LIKE 1, maps to chromosome 20q11". Gene. 306: 115-26. doi:10.1016 ... The protein is thought to disrupt chromatin in localized areas, enhancing transcription of certain genes while repressing the ...
*  Ridge (biology)
The authors reasoned this was due to the low rate of chromosomal rearrangements of sex chromosomes. Open chromatin regions are ... When the chromatin of one gene is opened, the chromatin of the adjacent genes is also until this modification meets a boundary ... Chromatin consists of the DNA strand and histones that are attached to the DNA. Regions were chromatin is very tightly packed ... Chromatin which consists of functional genes is often an open structure were the DNA is accessible. However, most of the genes ...
*  HORMAD1
... a process believed to form the basis of meiotic silencing of unsynapsed chromatin (MSUC) and meiotic prophase quality control ... in both sexes (By similarity) GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000143452 - Ensembl, May 2017 GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ...
*  M33 (gene)
1998) indicates that homozygous M33-mutant mice represent the first case in which male-to-female gonadal sex reversal results ... Polycomb genes in Drosophila mediate changes in higher-order chromatin structure to maintain the repressed state of ... Ono, Makoto; Harley, Vincent R. (2013-02-01). "Disorders of sex development: new genes, new concepts". Nature Reviews. ... "Male-to-female sex reversal in M33 mutant mice". Nature. 393 (6686): 688-692. doi:10.1038/31482. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 9641679 ...
*  Testis-determining factor
... and identifying the genes that transcription factors act on using chromatin immunoprecipitation. Y chromosome Sex-determination ... Monotremes lack SRY and some of their sex chromosomes share homology with bird sex chromosomes. SRY is a quickly evolving gene ... GeneReviews/NCBI/NIH/UW entry on 46,XX Testicular Disorder of Sex Development OMIM entries on 46,XX Testicular Disorder of Sex ... Müller J, Schwartz M, Skakkebaek NE (July 1992). "Analysis of the sex-determining region of the Y chromosome (SRY) in sex ...
*  Paul Schedl
On the genomic level, his lab has uncovered the mechanisms of chromatin regulation by the Polycomb and trithorax group genes. ... he made discoveries in the regulation of alternative splicing of the sex determination gene, Sxl. At the level of translational ...
*  Plasmodium carmelinoi
The sex ratio was 1 male to 2.2 females. This parasite is found in Brazil. Not known. P. carmelinoi infects the teiid lizard ( ... micrometres and stain an over-all pink colour due to the dispersed nuclear chromatin. Macrogametocytes measure 5.7 (4.4 - 5.9) ...
*  Meiotic recombination checkpoint
Meiotic sex chromosome inactivation only happens in male, which may partially be the reason why only Spo11 mutant spermatocytes ... "A High Incidence of Meiotic Silencing of Unsynapsed Chromatin Is Not Associated with Substantial Pachytene Loss in Heterozygous ... Some other studies also drew sex body formation into attention, and the signaling could be either structure based or ... Under this cascade, failure to synapse will maintain the gene expression from sex chromosomes and some products may inhibit ...
*  BRDT
Homozygous mutant males were sub-fertile and both sexes had a decreased number of lumbar and sacral vertebrae. BET inhibitors ... 2003). "Acetylation-Dependent Chromatin Reorganization by BRDT, a Testis-Specific Bromodomain-Containing Protein". Mol. Cell. ... such as JQ1 block the region of BRDT responsible for chromatin binding, and cause a reversible reduction of sperm production, ... could be explained by considering Brdt's functions as a driver of testis-specific gene expression and post-meiotic chromatin ...
*  Genetics
2000). "Sex chromosomes and sex-linked inheritance". An Introduction to Genetic Analysis (7th ed.). New York: W. H. Freeman. ... forming a material called chromatin; in eukaryotes, chromatin is usually composed of nucleosomes, segments of DNA wound around ... In 1911, Thomas Hunt Morgan argued that genes are on chromosomes, based on observations of a sex-linked white eye mutation in ... Many species have so-called sex chromosomes that determine the gender of each organism. In humans and many other animals, the Y ...
*  Dextroamphetamine
Blum K, Werner T, Carnes S, Carnes P, Bowirrat A, Giordano J, Oscar-Berman M, Gold M (March 2012). "Sex, drugs, and rock 'n' ... Renthal W, Nestler EJ (September 2009). "Chromatin regulation in drug addiction and depression". Dialogues Clin. Neurosci. 11 ( ... These sex addictions are associated with a dopamine dysregulation syndrome which occurs in some patients taking dopaminergic ... Zhou Y, Zhao M, Zhou C, Li R (July 2015). "Sex differences in drug addiction and response to exercise intervention: From human ...
*  Prophase
Sex (X and Y) chromosomes do not fully synapse because only a small region of the chromosomes are homologous. The nucleolus ... Chromatin has condensed enough that chromosomes can now be resolved in microscopy. Structures called recombination nodules form ... Each chromosome is in a haploid state and consists of two sister chromatids; however, the chromatin of the sister chromatids is ... Prophase I occurs at different speeds dependent on species and sex. Many species arrest meiosis in diplotene of prophase I ...
*  Transgenerational stress inheritance
Chromatin remodeling in rodent offspring and altered gene expression within the limbic brain regions that may contribute to ... Hodes GE, Walker DM, Labonté B, Nestler EJ, Russo SJ (January 2017). "Understanding the epigenetic basis of sex differences in ...