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*  Self-incompatibility
"Cell and molecular biology of self-incompatibility in flowering plants". Int. Rev. Cytol. International Review of Cytology. 158 ... In plants with SI, when a pollen grain produced in a plant reaches a stigma of the same plant or another plant with a similar ... Genetic control of self-incompatibility and reproductive development in flowering plants, 116-140. Kluwer Academic, Amsterdam. ... Dioecy Plant sexuality Dimorphous flower Pollination Heterosis Outcrossing Allogamy Charlesworth, D., X. Vekemans, V. Castric ...
*  Tomatillo
2008). Self-Incompatibility in Flowering Plants: Evolution, Diversity and Mechanisms. Springer. ISBN 978-3-540-68485-5. "Tomato ... Today, the name P. ixocarpa is commonly used for the domestic plant and P. philadelphica for the wild one. Flowers come in ... Smaller crops are planted in many parts of the United States . In Mexico tomatillos are planted within a wide range of ... In-row plant space should not be less than 40 centimeters. Although tomatillo is a perennial plant, overwintering is hard and ...
*  Pollen tube
Evolutionary history of plants Flowering plant Self-incompatibility in plants Siphonogamy Geitmann, Anja; Palanivelu ... Plants that are self-sterile often inhibit the pollen grains from their own flowers from growing pollen tubes. The presence of ... It acts as a conduit to transport the male gamete cells from the pollen grain, either from the stigma (in flowering plants) to ... One of them fertilizes the egg cell to form an embryo, which will become the future plant. The other one fuses with both polar ...
*  Ribonuclease
RNases play a critical role in many biological processes, including angiogenesis and self-incompatibility in flowering plants ( ... ISBN 978-3-642-74781-6. V. Raghavan (6 December 2012). Developmental Biology of Flowering Plants. Springer Science & Business ...
*  Ascidiacea
... intestinalis is mechanistically similar to self-incompatibility systems in flowering plants. Self-incompatibility promotes out- ... new insight into the self-incompatibility system shared by flowering plants and hermaphroditic animals". Biochem. Biophys. Res ... It is self-sterile, and thus has been used for studies on the mechanism of self-incompatibility. Self/non-self-recognition ... It was speculated that self-incompatibility evolved to avoid inbreeding depression, but that selfing ability was retained to ...
*  Ciona intestinalis
... intestinalis is mechanistically similar to self-incompatibility systems in flowering plants. Self-incompatibility promotes out- ... new insight into the self-incompatibility system shared by flowering plants and hermaphroditic animals". Biochem. Biophys. Res ... C. intestinalis is self-sterile, and thus has been used for studies on the mechanism of self-incompatibility. Self/non-self- ...
*  Ciona
... new insight into the self-incompatibility system shared by flowering plants and hermaphroditic animals". Biochem. Biophys. Res ... C. intestinalis is self-sterile and thus has been used for studies on the mechanism of self-incompatibility. C. savigny is ...
*  Tunicate
... intestinalis is mechanistically similar to self-incompatibility systems in flowering plants. Self-incompatibility promotes out- ... new insight into the self-incompatibility system shared by flowering plants and hermaphroditic animals". Biochem. Biophys. Res ... The production in animals of cellulose is so unusual that at first some researchers denied its presence outside of plants, but ... It is self-sterile, and thus has been used for studies on the mechanism of self-incompatibility. Self/non-self-recognition ...
*  Fecundity selection
... is important in populations of flowering plants where self-incompatibility systems mean that pollen from ... A population with genetic diversity in the self-incompatibility system will produce more offspring per plant than one with ... Incompatibility Systems in Plants", Evolution, 52 (1): 19-29, doi:10.2307/2410916, JSTOR 2410916 CS1 maint: Uses authors ...
*  Dioecy
Flowering plants have several other methods of excluding self-fertilization, called self-incompatibility. In zoology, dioecious ... Gonochorism Hermaphrodite Plant reproductive morphology Self-incompatibility in plants Sexual dimorphism K. S. Bawa (1980). " ... "Introduction to Parasitic Flowering Plants". The Plant Health Instructor. doi:10.1094/PHI-I-2004-0330-01. Maggs, C.A. and ... Dioecious plants. Dioecy occurs in a wide variety of plant families. However it is more common in woody plants and ...
*  Reproductive isolation
Genetic Control of Self-Incompatibility and Reproductive Development in Flowering Plants Hogenboom, N.G. (1973), "A model for ... A type of incompatibility that is found as often in plants as in animals occurs when the egg or ovule is fertilized but the ... Cross incompatibility or incongruence in plants is also determined by major genes that are not associated at the self- ... Baker, H G (1959). "Reproductive methods as factors in speciation in flowering plants". Cold Spring Harb Symp quant Biol. 24: ...
*  Plant reproductive morphology
The primary mechanism used by flowering plants to ensure outcrossing involves a genetic mechanism known as self-incompatibility ... Plants portal Apomixis Botany Evolution of sexual reproduction Flower Evolutionary history of plants: Flowers Flower: ... larger plants with a mix of both male and female flowers, and large plants that have mostly female flowers. Other plant ... The flower is the characteristic structure concerned with sexual reproduction in flowering plants (angiosperms). Flowers vary ...
*  Capsella grandiflora
... this plant is used as a model plant to study the evolution of self-incompatibility into self-compatibility in plant ... The main signature of this plant compared to other Capsella species is its wide flower petals. Together with Capsella rubella, ... Capsella grandiflora, the grand shepherd's-purse is a plant species in the genus Capsella. It is a close relative of ... Eckardt, N. A. (27 September 2011). "A Sense of Self: Exploring the Selfing Syndrome in Capsella". The Plant Cell Online. 23 (9 ...
*  Antirrhinum
Plant Syst Evol 249:151-172. The Plant List Antirrhinum in Topwalks The Genus Antirrhinum (Snapdragon): A Flowering Plant Model ... Takayama, Seiji; Akira Isogai (2005). "Self-incompatibility in plants". Annual Review of Plant Biology. Annual Reviews. 56: 467 ... Antirrhinum is a genus of plants commonly known as dragon flowers or snapdragons because of the flowers' fancied resemblance to ... In addition to growing the plants for cut flowers, the seeds have been used to extract edible oils, particularly in Russia, ...
*  Epacris impressa
Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. Bailey, Peter (1988). "The Flower - Part 3". Australian Plants. ... However, controlled cross-pollination between plants with short and long corollas showed that there was no incompatibility ... Cranbourne Bells' and other double-flowered forms 'Cranbourne Bells' is a double-flowered form with pink flower buds fading to ... a short red-flowered E. campanulata, E. ruscifolia, which had narrow leaves and long flowers, the white-flowered E. nivalis, ...
*  Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood demonstrates gametophytic self-incompatibility, meaning that the plants can't self-fertilize. This is ... Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering plant in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America ... Micropropagation of flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) from seedlings. Plant Cell Reports 16: 485-489. Sharma, AR, RN Trigiano ... Around 20 flowers are produced in a dense, rounded, umbel-shaped inflorescence, or flower-head, 1-2 cm (0.39-0.79 in) in ...
*  Role of Calmodulins
... of tobacco and a high concentration of these kinases in the meristem causes a delayed transition to flowering in the plant. 3) ... SRK is involved in the self-incompatibility responses involved in pollen-pistil interactions in Brassica. 4) CaM targets in ... The difference between plants and animals in Ca2+ signaling is that the plants contain an extended family of the CaM in ... "Plant Calmodulins and Calmodulin-Related Proteins: Multifaceted Relays to Decode Calcium Signals." Plant Signaling & Behavior ...
*  Selection methods in plant breeding based on mode of reproduction
Existence of self-sterility, self-incompatibility, imperfect flowers, and mechanical obstructions make the plant dependent upon ... Clones of mother plants can be made with the exact genetic composition of the mother plant. Superior plants are selected and ... where pollen from one plant can only fertilize a different plant Asexual propagation (e.g. runners from strawberry plants) ... A part of the seed is planted to determine the yielding ability, or breeding value, for any character of each plant. The seed ...
*  Flowering plant
Homomorphic flowers may employ a biochemical (physiological) mechanism called self-incompatibility to discriminate between self ... This included flowering plants possessing seeds enclosed in capsules, distinguished from his Gymnospermae, or flowering plants ... List of garden plants List of plant orders List of plants by common name List of systems of plant taxonomy The major exception ... and allowed the flowering plants to outcompete other land plants. It is generally assumed that the function of flowers, from ...
*  Gaura sinuata
The plant produces spike inflorescences of small flowers with white to pinkish spoon-shaped petals which darken as they age, ... Its potential for invasive spread through seed is limited by its self-incompatibility. The Plant List: A Working List of All ... Gaura sinuata is a species of flowering plant in the evening primrose family known by the common names wavyleaf beeblossom and ... Plant Species, retrieved 7 January 2017 Wagner, W.L.; Hoch, P.C.; Raven, P.H. (2007). "Revised Classification of the Onagraceae ...
*  Leavenworthia
The inflorescence is usually made up of just one flower, but a large plant may produce several flowers in a raceme. The petals ... Self-incompatibility is the ancestral state of the genus, and it has been lost several times. The transition from self- ... Self-compatible plants are also shaped differently, with smaller flowers in which the pollen-bearing anthers are positioned ... Leavenworthia is a genus of flowering plants in the mustard family, Brassicaceae. It includes about eight species native to the ...
*  Xenogamy
Self-incompatibility: In same plants, the mature pollen fall on the receptive stigma of the same flower but fail to bring about ... male and female flowers occur on separate plants, e.g., papaya, some cucurbits, etc. Heterostyly: The flowers of some plants ... Cross-pollination involves the transfer of pollen grains from the flower of one plant to the stigma of the flower of another ... Such plants set seeds only after cross-pollination. Dioecism: Cross-pollination always occurs when the plants are unisexual and ...
*  Stigma (botany)
Plant Cell. 16 (Supplement): 84-97. doi:10.1105/tpc.015800. Rudall, Paula J. (2007). Anatomy of flowering plants: an ... Pollen tubes grow the length of the style to reach the ovules, and in some cases self-incompatibility reactions in the style ... Klaus Kubitzki (Editor) Flowering Plants. Monocotyledons: Lilianae (except Orchidaceae), p. 305, at Google Books Michael Hickey ... González & Arbo 2016, Estilo y estigma Klaus Kubitzki (Editor) Flowering Plants. Dicotyledons: Celastrales, Oxalidales, Rosales ...
*  Heterostyly
... the pollen from a flower on one morph cannot fertilize another flower of the same morph. Heterostylous plants having two flower ... The morph phenotype is genetically linked to genes responsible for a unique system of self-incompatibility, termed ... On each individual plant, all flowers share the same morph. The flower morphs differ in the lengths of the pistil and stamens, ... Heterostylous plants having three flower morphs are termed "tristylous". Each morph has two types of stamens. In one morph, the ...
*  Mitchella repens
The plants have either flowers with long pistils and short stamens (long-styled flowers, called the pin), or have short pistils ... resulting in a form of heteromorphic self-incompatibility. The ovaries of the twin flowers fuse, so that there are two flowers ... The small, trumpet-shaped, axillary flowers are produced in pairs, and each flower pair arises from one common calyx which is ... The plants are sometimes grown in terrariums. The scarlet berries are edible but rather tasteless, with a faint flavour of ...
*  Wasp
Some larvae start off as parasitoids, but convert at a later stage to consuming the plant tissues that their host is feeding on ... As adults, those that do feed typically only take nectar from flowers. Parasitoid wasps are extremely diverse in habits, many ... "Does kin recognition and sib-mating avoidance limit the risk of genetic incompatibility in a parasitic wasp?". PLoS ONE. 5 (10 ... All species of social wasps construct their nests using some form of plant fiber (mostly wood pulp) as the primary material, ...