*Efficacy

The definition of efficacy has been object for discussion. The only way in which absolute measures of efficacy have been ... The maximum response, Emax, will be reduced if efficacy is sufficiently low, but any efficacy greater than 20 or so gives ... Intrinsic activity is a relative term that describes a drug's efficacy relative to a drug with the highest observed efficacy. ... although in pharmacology a distinction is now often made between efficacy and effectiveness. The word efficacy is used in ...

*Self-efficacy

... is the belief in one's efficacy. Self-efficacy versus Self-esteem Self-efficacy is the perception of one's own ... Self-efficacy versus Efficacy Unlike efficacy, which is the power to produce an effect-in essence, competence-the term self- ... Other areas of self-efficacy that have been identified for study include teacher self-efficacy and technological self-efficacy ... People generally avoid tasks where self-efficacy is low, but undertake tasks where self-efficacy is high. When self-efficacy is ...

*Luminous efficacy

... of a source is a property of the source as a whole. The following table lists luminous efficacy of a source ... Luminous efficacy can be normalized by the maximum possible luminous efficacy to a dimensionless quantity called luminous ... The former sense is sometimes called luminous efficacy of radiation, and the latter luminous efficacy of a source or overall ... The main difference between the luminous efficacy of radiation and the luminous efficacy of a source is that the latter ...

*Glycemic efficacy

... refers to the capacity of regulated glycemic levels to produce an effect in people with diabetes and heart ... metformin and rosiglitazone have been assessed as a monotherapy in the durability of glycemic efficacy. Marso, Steven P.; Stern ... "exenatide and liraglutide are synthetic GLP-1 agonists and have demonstrated glycemic efficacy (HbA1c reductions of between 0.7 ...

*Vaccine efficacy

The efficacy against the influenza A virus was 72 percent and for the inactivated was 29 percent with a relative efficacy of 60 ... Vaccine efficacy was designed and calculated by Greenwood and Yule in 1915 for the cholera and typhoid vaccines. It is best ... Vaccine efficacy is the percentage reduction of disease in a vaccinated group of people compared to an unvaccinated group, ... Since vaccine efficacy is based on a population that are placed in certain controlled environment, this study becomes more ...

*Political efficacy

Efficacy usually increases with age. There are two types of political efficacy: internal efficacy (the belief that one can ... Political efficacy was found to polarize policy preferences. People with relatively high efficacy were found to express policy ... Feelings of efficacy are highly correlated with participation in social and political life; however, studies have not shown any ... When citizens have low efficacy, they do not have faith in their government and do not believe that their actions affect the ...

*Collective efficacy

... thus requires that community members feel strongly bonded to each other. Collective efficacy is thought to ... Collective efficacy not only reduces crime in public places, but also lowers the likelihood of some forms of crime in private ... Collective efficacy depends on the values shared by community members. If members of a community trust each other and are ... Moreover, collective efficacy reduces the probability that time spent away from activities such as school or work will lead to ...

*Self-Efficacy (book)

Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control is a book on scientific psychology written by Albert Bandura. The book was originally ... Collective Efficacy. It also contains a preface, author and subject indices, and a 48-page reference section. The preface ... As its title suggests the book focuses on the various aspects of self-efficacy, i.e. a person's belief in their own competence ... Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control contains 11 chapters. The first five chapters provide conceptual background and review ...

*Technological self-efficacy

Computer self-efficacy has a domain has also been shown to be related, but distinct, to self-efficacy about computer programs. ... When compared to general self-efficacy, computer self-efficacy has been shown to be unique based on two measures of general ... In this same study, the authors showed computer self-efficacy was not related to many types of specific self-efficacy including ... Joo, Y-J, Bong, M., & Choi, H-J (2000). Self-efficacy for self-regulated learning, academic self-efficacy, and internet self- ...

*Work self-efficacy

Self efficacy theory distinguishes between performance efficacy beliefs and beliefs in one's efficacy to acquire new ... Finally, self-efficacy on particular work tasks in teams has been linked to teamwork performance. The work self-efficacy ... F (1998) Self-Efficacy and Work-Related Performance: A Meta-Analysis. Psychological Bulletin. [1] The Work Self-Efficacy ... Noted to be a different construct than task-specific self-efficacy, though a possible predictor, general self-efficacy is ...

*Efficacy of prayer

... , in "Sermons" B.H. Greene Press, Boston, 1849, pages 252-255 George Burnap, The efficacy of prayer in " ... The efficacy of prayer is about the outcome of prayer requests. This topic has been discussed in many fields such as theology, ... The efficacy of prayer has been the topic of various scientific studies since Francis Galton first addressed it in 1872. In ... The Efficacy of "Distant Healing" A Systematic Review of Randomized Trials Annals of Internal Medicine June 6, 2000 vol. 132 no ...

*Animal efficacy rule

... where human efficacy trials are not feasible or ethical. The animal efficacy rule was finalized by the FDA and authorized by ... The FDA Animal Efficacy Rule (also known as Animal Rule) applies to development and testing of drugs and biologicals to reduce ... What is meant by "Required Under Animal Efficacy Rule" in the search results display? FDA.gov Postmarketing Requirements and ... 98N-0237 New Drug and Biological Drug Products; Evidence Needed to Demonstrate Effectiveness of New Drugs When Human Efficacy ...

*Drug Efficacy Study Implementation

... (DESI) was a program begun by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the 1960s after the ... The Drug Efficacy Study of the National Research Council's Division of Medical Sciences, 1966-1969 Chhabra R, Kremzner ME, ... The Drug Efficacy Study Implementation (DESI) evaluated over 3000 separate products and over 16,000 therapeutic claims. By 1984 ...

*Tubal ligation

"Contraceptive efficacy". In Hatcher, Robert A.; Trussell, James; Nelson, Anita L.; Cates, Willard Jr.; Kowal, Deborah; Policar ...

*Hormonal IUDs

Sheng, J; Zhang, WY; Zhang, JP; Lu, D. (2009). "The LNG-IUS study on adenomyosis: a 3-year follow-up on the efficacy and side ... "Safety and efficacy in parous women of a 52-mg levonorgestrel-medicated intrauterine device: a 7-year randomized comparative ... The Mirena IUD was studied for safety and efficacy in two clinical trials in Finland and Sweden involving 1,169 women who were ... Trussell, James (2011). "Contraceptive efficacy". In Hatcher, Robert A.; Trussell, James; Nelson, Anita L.; Cates, Willard Jr ...

*Copper IUDs

Cleland K, Zhu H, Goldstruck N, Cheng L, Trussel T (2012). "The efficacy of intrauterine devices for emergency contraception: a ... Copper's role in increasing IUD efficacy would not be recognized until nearly 40 years later. In 1934, Japanese physician ... Trussell, James (2011). "Contraceptive efficacy". In Hatcher, Robert A.; Trussell, James; Nelson, Anita L.; Cates, Willard Jr ... World Health Organization (1987), Mechanism of action, safety, and efficacy of intrauterine deices: technical report series 753 ...

*Comparison of birth control methods

June 1996). "Lea's Shield: a study of the safety and efficacy of a new vaginal barrier contraceptive used with and without ... "Efficacy and side effects of immediate postcoital levonorgestrel used repeatedly for contraception. United Nations Development ... Emergency contraception should be taken shortly before or as soon after intercourse as possible, as its efficacy decreases with ... Trussell J (2011). "Contraceptive Efficacy." (PDF). In Hatcher RA, Trussell J, Nelson AL, Cates W, Kowal D, Policar M. ...

*Coitus interruptus

"Evaluation of contraceptive efficacy and cycle control of a transdermal contraceptive patch vs an oral contraceptive: a ... "Contraceptive efficacy". In Hatcher, Robert A.; Trussell, James; Nelson, Anita L.; Cates, Willard Jr.; Kowal, Deborah; Policar ... randomized controlled trial" (Slides of comparative efficacy]). JAMA. 285 (18): 2347-54. doi:10.1001/jama.285.18.2347. PMID ...

*Progestogen-only pill

The theoretical efficacy is similar to that of the combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP). However, this pill is taken ... "Contraceptive efficacy". In Hatcher, Robert A.; Trussell, James; Nelson, Anita L.; Cates, Willard Jr.; Kowal, Deborah; Policar ...

*Menstrual cycle

Weschler (2002), pp.361-2 Trussell, James (2007). "Contraceptive Efficacy". In Hatcher, Robert A.; et al. Contraceptive ...

*Vasectomy

Trussell, James (2011). "Contraceptive efficacy". In Hatcher, Robert A.; Trussell, James; Nelson, Anita L.; Cates, Willard Jr ... Despite its high efficacy, in the United States, vasectomy is utilized less than half the rate of the alternative female tubal ...

*Contraceptive vaginal ring

Trussell, James (2011). "Contraceptive efficacy". In Hatcher, Robert A.; Trussell, James; Nelson, Anita L.; Cates, Willard Jr ...

*Lactational amenorrhea

Trussell, James (November 2011). "Contraceptive efficacy". In Hatcher, Robert A.; Trussell, James; Nelson, Anita L.; Cates, ...

*Family planning

Trussell, James (2011). "Contraceptive efficacy". In Hatcher, Robert A.; Trussell, James; Nelson, Anita L.; Cates, Willard Jr ...

*Contraceptive patch

Zieman M, Guillebaud J, Weisberg E, Shangold GA, Fisher AC, Creasy GW GW (2002). "Contraceptive efficacy and cycle control with ... Trussell, James (2007). "Contraceptive Efficacy". In Hatcher, Robert A.; et al. Contraceptive Technology (19th rev. ed.). New ... "Contraceptive efficacy". In Hatcher, Robert A.; Trussell, James; Nelson, Anita L.; Cates, Willard Jr.; Kowal, Deborah; Policar ...