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*  Army ant
... or oily seeds. A majority of the species, the "colony robbers", specialize in the offspring of other ants and wasps. Only a few ... scientists postulated that they evolved many times after the break-up and dispersal of the supercontinent Gondwana just over ...
*  Yellow crazy ant
Generally, colonies that disperse through "budding" have a lower rate of dispersal and need human intervention to reach distant ... It consumes a wide variety of foods, including grains, seeds, arthropods, and decaying matter, including vertebrate corpses. ...
*  Frugivore
The advantages of seed dispersal may have led to the evolution of fleshy fruits, which entice animals to eat the fruits and ... Frugivore seed dispersal is a common phenomenon in many ecosystems. However, it is not a highly specific type of plant-animal ... Since frugivore seed dispersal is so important in the tropics, many researchers have studied the loss of frugivores and related ... Seed dispersal is important for plants because it allows their progeny to move away from their parents over time. ...
*  Seed dispersal
Long Distance Dispersal of Seeds Long distance seed dispersal (LDD) is a type of spatial dispersal that is currently defined by ... recent evidence suggests that the majority of seed dispersal events involves more than one dispersal phase. Seed dispersal is ... This form of seed dispersal has been implicated in rapid plant migration and the spread of invasive species. Seed dispersal via ... may also disperse seeds by hoarding the seeds in hidden caches. The seeds in caches are usually well-protected from other seed ...
*  Seed dispersal syndrome
These seeds commonly have heavy seed dispersal syndromes. However, heavy seeds may not be a form of seed dispersal syndrome, ... Seed dispersal syndromes are morphological characters of seeds correlated to particular seed dispersal agents. Dispersal is the ... Hydrochory is seed dispersal by water. Seeds can disperse by rain or ice or be submerged in water. Seeds dispersed by water ... Zoochory is the dispersal of seeds by animals and can be further divided into three classes. Endozoochory is seed dispersal by ...
*  Green-head ant
They play an important role in seed dispersal, scattering and consuming seeds from a variety of species. Predators include the ... with stronger seeds being rarely eaten. They are known to collect non-arillate seeds and disperse the seeds of the myrtle ... Most seeds dispersed by the green-head ant and A. longiceps are eventually eaten by Pheidole ants. Since the seeds have a ... doi:10.1890/0012-9658(1998)079[1669:MDISAF]2.0.CO;2. Murray, D.R. (1986). Seed Dispersal. Sydney: Academic Press. pp. 99-100, ...
*  Primate
CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Chapman, C. & Russo, S. (2007). "Primate Seed Dispersal". In Campbell, C. J.; ... It also eats leaves and leaf buds, seeds, blossoms, stems, pith, bark and resin. Insects and meat make up a small proportion of ... For example, the grey-cheeked mangabey has thick enamel on its teeth, enabling it to open hard fruits and seeds that other ... Andrews, P. & Kelley, J. (2007). "Middle Miocene Dispersals of Apes". Folia Primatologica. 78 (5-6): 328-343. doi:10.1159/ ...
*  Asarum canadense
Heather Holm (2015). "Wild Ginger Seed Dispersal". Restoring the Landscape with Native Plants. Whittemore, Alan T. ; Mesler, ... Pollinated flowers develop into a pod, which splits open when ripe to reveal seeds with elaiosomes, structures that are eaten ...
*  Acacia cana
While dispersal of seeds can also be influenced by animals and ants by either eating the seeds or moving seeds to their ... "Pollination and seed Dispersal". Acacias. Morrison, N. "Aboriginal Use of Wattles" (PDF). Aboriginal Use Of wattles. Playing ... "Pollination and Seed Dispersal". Acacias. Barker, J. "Acacia Cana Maiden". Arid Australian Hardwoods. Harden, G. (2002). Flora ... However the seeds are not fully dispersed till the seeds is removed from the legume (pods) which occurs from influences by a ...
*  Protocarnivorous plant
Fahn, A. and Werker, E. (1972). Anatomical mechanisms of seed dispersal. in Kozlowski, T.T. (ed.), Seed Biology, Academic Press ... The seeds of the plant, when moistened, secrete a viscous fluid that actively attracts and kills prey. There is also evidence ... that these tentacles could have evolved to exclude crawling insects and favor flying pollinators for greater seed dispersal or ... Some contend that their function is to aid in pollination, adhering seeds to visiting pollinators. Others note that on some ...
*  Artemisia absinthium
The fruit is a small achene; seed dispersal is by gravity. It grows naturally on uncultivated, arid ground, on rocky slopes, ... It can be propagated by ripened cuttings taken in spring or autumn in temperate climates, or by seeds in nursery beds. ... Artemisia absinthium also self-seeds generously. It is naturalised in some areas away from its native range, including much of ...
*  Das entdeckte Geheimnis der Natur im Bau und in der Befruchtung der Blumen
He also investigated seed dispersal. His ideas went against prevailing dogma that flowers were generally self-fertilising and ...
*  Dodecadenia
Seed dispersal by vertebrate animals. The fruits are a very important food source for birds and other wildlife. The wood is ... The seed is a drupe varied in size and shape from oblong to ovate or date shape. The fruit is seated on the perianth tube. ... The seeds contain fat, which is used for making soap and lubricant. Dodecadenia paniculata Hook. f. is now considered to be a ...
*  Bhesa indica
Lucas, Peter W.; Corlett, Richard T. (1998-01-01). "Seed dispersal by long-tailed macaques". American Journal of Primatology. ... The seeds are recalcitrant, losing viability rapidly on drying (seed germination decreasing from 77% to 13% in a month). Ding ... The fruit contains a single seed per lobe. Bhesa indica leaves, fruits, and seeds Bhesa indica seedling germinating Bhesa ... doi:10.1016/S0378-1127(01)00512-6. Kumar, K. Kishore; Chacko, K. C. (1999-02-01). "Seed Characteristics and Germination of a ' ...
*  Tree
Others again eject their seeds (ballistic dispersal), or use gravity so that seeds fall and sometimes roll. Seeds are the ... Many seeds such as birch are small and have papery wings to aid dispersal by the wind. Ash trees and maples have larger seeds ... Trees use a variety of methods of seed dispersal. Some rely on wind, with winged or plumed seeds. Others rely on animals, for ... "Seed Dispersal by Animals: Behavior Matters". BEHAVE: Behavioral Education for Human, Animal, Vegetation and Ecosystem ...
*  Mascarene Islands
"Seed Dispersal in Australian Subtropical Rainforest". Tmale.tripod.com. Retrieved 2012-07-09. "Le Musée Du Dodo - Dodo And ... rather than any connection to a reliance on the dodo to assist with seed germination after the seeds passed through the extinct ... Seed distribution of at least some Ocotea species is performed by frugivorous birds and there exist a few reports of " ... Dispersal of the Genus Phelsuma in the Mascarenes (Phelsumania) Coordinates: 20°43′S 56°37′E / 20.717°S 56.617°E / -20.717; ...
*  Forest migration
Seed dispersal Sauer, J.D. 1988. Plant migration the dynamics of geographic patterning in seed plant species. University of ... thus they do not contribute to the seed dispersal potential of the population. The final region is the seed shadow region. In ... Through this process, waves of short distance expansion were seen over time as seeds dispersed, grew, matured, and set seed ... environmental suppression and dispersal capacity of the population by seed. Though the true rate of forest expansion is ...
*  Metrosideros leunigii
doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.2001.00605.x. Corn, Carolyn (1972). "Seed dispersal methods in Hawaiian Metrosideros". International ... Wright, S.; Yong, C.; Wichman, S.; Dawson, J.; Gardner, R. (2001). "Stepping stones to Hawaii: a trans‐equatorial dispersal ... owing to the lightweight seeds of at least some species of Metrosideros which can be dispersed easily by wind, and survive long ...
*  Siamang
Rusmanto, M. (2001). Seed dispersal by siamang (Hylobates syndactylus). In WCS-IP 2001. Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park in ... When it eats big and hard seeds or seeds with sharp edges, it peels out the fruit flesh and throws away the seed. Although its ... The siamang can carry seed and defecate over 300 m with the shortest distance being 47.6 m from the seed resource, which ... As a frugivorous animal, the siamang disperses seeds through defecation as it travels across its territory. ...
*  Rafflesia
Little is known about seed dispersal. However, tree shrews and other forest mammals eat the fruits and disperse the seeds. ...
*  Pinta Island tortoise
on seed dispersal by Galapagos tortoises. In order to determine the number of seeds spread, they identified and counted intact ... with and without tortoise dispersal to determine the seed dispersal effectiveness of Galapagos tortoises. In 1958, goats ... 2012). "Seed dispersal by Galapagos tortoises" (PDF). Journal of Biogeography. 39 (11): 1961-1972. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011 ... Seeds were found over long distances where turtles had transported them. However, there was no evidence found that tortoise ...
*  Carlina corymbosa
Seed dispersal is by wind (anemochory). This plant is native to the Mediterranean and it is present in Albania, Balearic ...
*  Ran Nathan
Nathan's earlier work (since 1999) focused on seed dispersal, and long-distance dispersal (LDD) in particular. In a series of ... 2002). Mechanisms of long-distance dispersal of seeds by wind. Nature 418:409-413. Nathan, R. (2006). Long-distance dispersal ... 2008). Mechanisms of long-distance seed dispersal. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 23:638-647. Nathan R., N. Horvitz, Y. He, A. ... 2000). Spatial patterns of seed dispersal, their determinants and consequences for recruitment. Trends in Ecology & Evolution ...
*  Drosera kaieteurensis
Seed dispersal is a common feature. "Drosera kaieteurensis Brumm.-Ding". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). ... The seed capsules open longitudinally along the capsule walls, and the elliptical seeds are thrown out by the "impact" of a ... raindrop from the seed capsule. As with all Droseras, this plant feeds on insects, which are attracted to its bright red colour ...
*  Lemur
Seed dispersal is another service lemurs provide. After passing through the lemur gut, tree and vine seeds exhibit lower ... Latrine behavior exhibited by some lemurs may help improve soil quality and facilitate seed dispersal. Because of their ... For instance, indri use their toothcomb not only for grooming, but also to pry out the large seeds from the tough epicarp of ... One possible reason for this is that ferns lack flowers, fruits, and seeds-common food items in lemur diets. They also occur ...
*  Ziziphus
... expanding the seeds in the best conditions for germination (ornitochory). Secondly, seed dispersal is carried out by mammals or ... The fruits are an important source for birds, which eat the whole fruit and regurgitate the seeds intact, ...
*  Heracleum sphondylium
The seed dispersal is by wind (anemochory). The characteristic pig-like smell of the flowers gives it its name. H. sphondylium ...