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*  Antisense RNA
... is a single stranded RNA that is complementary to a protein coding messenger RNA (mRNA) that hybridize with it and thereby ... RNA I and RNA II forms a duplex which introduces a conformational change of RNA II. Consequently, RNA II cannot hybridize with ... RNA-RNA interactions either in nucleus or cytoplasm and RNA-protein interactions (epigenetic). Antisense RNAs can be ... The replication of ColE1 relies on the transcription of a primer RNA named RNA II. Once RNA II is transcribed, it hybridizes to ...
*  POLRMT
Kravchenko JE, Rogozin IB, Koonin EV, Chumakov PM (2005). "Transcription of mammalian messenger RNAs by a nuclear RNA ... DNA-directed RNA polymerase, mitochondrial is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the POLRMT gene. This gene encodes a ... Although this polypeptide has the same function as the three nuclear DNA-directed RNA polymerases, it is more closely related ... The gene product is responsible for mitochondrial gene expression as well as for providing RNA primers for initiation of ...
*  Small nuclear RNA
Their primary function is in the processing of pre-messenger RNA (hnRNA) in the nucleus. They have also been shown to aid in ... U1 spliceosomal RNA, U2 spliceosomal RNA, U4 spliceosomal RNA, U5 spliceosomal RNA, and U6 spliceosomal RNA. Their nomenclature ... These are small RNA molecules that play an essential role in RNA biogenesis and guide chemical modifications of ribosomal RNAs ... Spliceosomes are a major component of an integral step in eukaryotic precursor messenger RNA maturation. A mistake in even a ...
*  Transfer-messenger RNA
... (abbreviated tmRNA, also known as 10Sa RNA and by its genetic name SsrA) is a bacterial RNA molecule ... "Transfer-messenger RNA unfolds as it transits the ribosome". RNA. 11 (5): 668-73. doi:10.1261/rna.7269305. PMC 1370753 . PMID ... November 2007). "Semiautomated improvement of RNA alignments". RNA. 13 (11): 1850-9. doi:10.1261/rna.215407. PMC 2040093 . PMID ... Subsequently, the ribosome moves from the 3' end of the truncated messenger RNA onto the resume codon of the MLR, followed by a ...
*  POLR2A
This gene encodes the largest subunit of RNA polymerase II, the polymerase responsible for synthesizing messenger RNA in ... DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB1, also known as RPB1, is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the POLR2A gene. ... Scully R, Anderson SF, Chao DM, Wei W, Ye L, Young RA, Livingston DM, Parvin JD (May 1997). "BRCA1 is a component of the RNA ... Cho H, Orphanides G, Sun X, Yang XJ, Ogryzko V, Lees E, Nakatani Y, Reinberg D (September 1998). "A human RNA polymerase II ...
*  Positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus
The positive-sense viral RNA genome can also serve as messenger RNA and can be translated into protein in the host cell. ... All positive-sense ssRNA virus genomes encode RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP), a viral protein that synthesizes RNA from an ... Positive-sense ssRNA viruses have genetic material that can function both as a genome and as messenger RNA; it can be directly ... Single stranded RNA viruses are classified as positive or negative depending on the sense or polarity of the RNA. ...
*  Messenger RNA
... (mRNA) is a large family of RNA molecules that convey genetic information from DNA to the ribosome, where they ... MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNAs that typically are partially complementary to sequences in metazoan messenger RNAs. Binding ... A 5' cap (also termed an RNA cap, an RNA 7-methylguanosine cap, or an RNA m7G cap) is a modified guanine nucleotide that has ... that are targeted to specific messenger RNAs by a combination of cis-regulatory sequences on the RNA and trans-acting RNA- ...
*  Messenger RNA decapping
The process of messenger RNA decapping consists of hydrolysis of the 5' cap structure on the RNA exposing a 5' monophosphate. ... Sheth, Ujwal; Parker, Roy (2 May 2003). "Decapping and Decay of Messenger RNA Occur in Cytoplasmic Processing Bodies". Science ... Deana, Atilio; Celesnik, Helena; Belasco, Joel G. (17 January 2008). "The bacterial enzyme RppH triggers messenger RNA ... Meyer, Sylke; Temme, Claudia; Wahle, Elmar (January 2004). "Messenger RNA Turnover in Eukaryotes: Pathways and Enzymes". ...
*  Mature messenger RNA
... , often abbreviated as mature mRNA is a eukaryotic RNA transcript that has been spliced and processed and ... Unlike the eukaryotic RNA immediately after transcription known as precursor messenger RNA, mature mRNA consists exclusively of ... RNA splicing removes the non-coding RNA introns leaving behind the exons, which are then spliced and joined together to form ... ", "mature RNA" or "mRNA". The production of a mature mRNA molecule occurs in 3 steps: During capping, a 7-methylguanosine ...
*  Variant of uncertain significance
Marotta CA, Wilson JT, Forget BG, Weissman SM (1977). "Human beta-globin messenger RNA. III. Nucleotide sequences derived from ... Less than 5% of the human genome encodes proteins, and the rest is associated with non-coding RNA molecules, regulatory DNA ...
*  REG1B
Giorgi D, Bernard JP, Rouquier S, Iovanna J, Sarles H, Dagorn JC (1989). "Secretory pancreatic stone protein messenger RNA. ...
*  HBE1
1977). "Human beta-globin messenger RNA. I. Nucleotide sequences derived from complementary RNA". J. Biol. Chem. 252 (14): 5019 ... Chabot B, Black DL, LeMaster DM, Steitz JA (1986). "The 3' splice site of pre-messenger RNA is recognized by a small nuclear ... Proudfoot NJ, Brownlee GG (1976). "3' non-coding region sequences in eukaryotic messenger RNA". Nature. 263 (5574): 211-4. doi: ...
*  Phytic acid
... required for efficient messenger RNA export". Science. 285 (5424): 96-100. doi:10.1126/science.285.5424.96. PMID 10390371. ...
*  HBG1
1977). "Human beta-globin messenger RNA. I. Nucleotide sequences derived from complementary RNA". J. Biol. Chem. 252 (14): 5019 ... Proudfoot NJ, Brownlee GG (1976). "3' non-coding region sequences in eukaryotic messenger RNA". Nature. 263 (5574): 211-4. doi: ...
*  Chuan He
... methylation in mammalian messenger RNA (mRNA) in 2011. The existence of m6A in mRNA was discovered in 1974 in both eukaryotic ... "N6-methyladenosine modulates messenger RNA translation efficiency". Cell. 161 (6): 1388-1399. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2015.05.014. ... "N6-Methyladenosine-dependent regulation of messenger RNA stability". Nature. 505 (7481): 117-120. Bibcode:2014Natur.505..117W. ... Chuan He is best known for his work in discovering and deciphering reversible RNA methylation in post-transcriptional gene ...
*  Exosome component 6
van Hoof A, Parker R (2002). "Messenger RNA degradation: beginning at the end". Curr. Biol. 12 (8): R285-7. doi:10.1016/S0960- ... Its exact function is not known, however, it has been shown using a cell-free RNA decay system that the exosome is required for ...
*  Hemoglobin subunit zeta
1974). "Nucleotide Sequences of Human Globin Messenger RNA". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 71 (6): 2300-4. doi:10.1073/pnas. ... Proudfoot NJ, Brownlee GG (1976). "3' non-coding region sequences in eukaryotic messenger RNA". Nature. 263 (5574): 211-4. doi: ...
*  REG3A
Messenger RNA cloning and expression in pancreatic diseases". J. Clin. Invest. 90 (6): 2284-91. doi:10.1172/JCI116115. PMC ...
*  RNA modification
"N6-methyladenosine-dependent regulation of messenger RNA stability". Nature. 505 (7481): 117-20. doi:10.1038/nature12730. PMC ... RNA modification occurs in all living organisms, and is one of the most evolutionarily conserved properties of RNAs. It can ... To identify diverse post-transcriptional modifications of RNA molecules and determine the transcriptome-wide landscape of RNA ... 2013). "NSun2-mediated cytosine-5 methylation of vault noncoding RNA determines its processing into regulatory small RNAs". ...
*  YTHDF2
"N6-methyladenosine-dependent regulation of messenger RNA stability". Nature. 505 (7481): 117-20. doi:10.1038/nature12730. PMC ... YTH N6-methyladenosine RNA binding protein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the YTHDF2 gene. This gene encodes a ... Tirumuru N, Zhao BS, Lu W, Lu Z, He C, Wu L (2016). "N(6)-methyladenosine of HIV-1 RNA regulates viral infection and HIV-1 Gag ... The YTH domain is usually located in the middle of the protein sequence and may function in binding to RNA. In addition to a ...
*  CPSF2
Bienroth S, Keller W, Wahle E (1993). "Assembly of a processive messenger RNA polyadenylation complex". EMBO J. 12 (2): 585-94 ... 1996). "The RNA 3' cleavage factors CstF 64 kDa and CPSF 100 kDa are concentrated in nuclear domains closely associated with ... 2005). "Human Fip1 is a subunit of CPSF that binds to U-rich RNA elements and stimulates poly(A) polymerase". EMBO J. 23 (3): ... 1997). "The C-terminal domain of RNA polymerase II couples mRNA processing to transcription". Nature. 385 (6614): 357-61. doi: ...
*  Dihydrofolate reductase
Morandi C, Masters JN, Mottes M, Attardi G (April 1982). "Multiple forms of human dihydrofolate reductase messenger RNA. ... "A human dihydrofolate reductase pseudogene and its relationship to the multiple forms of specific messenger RNA". Journal of ... Masters JN, Attardi G (March 1985). "Discrete human dihydrofolate reductase gene transcripts present in polysomal RNA map with ... "Intronless human dihydrofolate reductase genes are derived from processed RNA molecules". Proceedings of the National Academy ...
*  HBAP1
1974). "Nucleotide sequences of human globin messenger RNA". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 71 (6): 2300-4. doi:10.1073/pnas. ... non-coding region sequences in eukaryotic messenger RNA". Nature. 263 (5574): 211-4. doi:10.1038/263211a0. PMID 822353. ...
*  PCK1
1985). "Rat hepatic cytosolic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (GTP). Structures of the protein, messenger RNA, and gene". J. ...
*  CUGBP1
Meyer S, Temme C, Wahle E (2004). "Messenger RNA turnover in eukaryotes: pathways and enzymes". Crit. Rev. Biochem. Mol. Biol. ... Moraes KC, Wilusz CJ, Wilusz J (June 2006). "CUG-BP binds to RNA substrates and recruits PARN deadenylase". RNA. 12 (6): 1084- ... 2004). "Altered expression of CUG binding protein 1 mRNA in myotonic dystrophy 1: possible RNA-RNA interaction". Neurosci. Res ... CUG triplet repeat, RNA binding protein 1, also known as CUGBP1, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the CUGBP1 gene. ...
*  Metabolism
... using the sequence information in a messenger RNA. Nucleotides are made from amino acids, carbon dioxide and formic acid in ... Many viruses have an RNA genome, such as HIV, which uses reverse transcription to create a DNA template from its viral RNA ... RNA in ribozymes such as spliceosomes and ribosomes is similar to enzymes as it can catalyze chemical reactions. Individual ... The two nucleic acids, DNA and RNA, are polymers of nucleotides. Each nucleotide is composed of a phosphate attached to a ...
*  EIF2S1
Characterization of the protein and its messenger RNA". J Biol Chem. 262 (3): 1206-12. PMID 2948954. "Entrez Gene: EIF2S1 ... 1993). "Translational regulation by the interferon-induced double-stranded-RNA-activated 68-kDa protein kinase". Proc. Natl. ... 1999). "The interferon-induced double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase PKR will phosphorylate serine, threonine, or ...