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*  5S ribosomal RNA
In the fungal mitochondrial ribosomes, 5S rRNA is replaced by LSU rRNA expansion sequences. In kinetoplastids (euglenozoans), ... Binding between 5S rRNA and TFIIIA serves to both repress further transcription of the 5S RNA gene and stabilize the 5S RNA ... La protein is found in the nucleus in all eukaryotic organisms and associates with several types of RNAs transcribed by RNA pol ... Pelham, HRB; Brown DD (1980). "A specific transcription factor that can bind either the 5S RNA gene or 5S RNA". Proc. Natl. ...
*  Mycovirus
DsRNA as well as ssRNA are assumed to be very ancient and presumably originated from the 'RNA world' as both types of RNA ... doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.1991.tb05649.x. Buck, K. W. (1986). Fungal Virology- An overview', in K. Buck (ed.), Fungal Virology ( ... Many double stranded RNA elements that have been described in fungi do not fit this description, and in these cases they are ... According to Koonin, RNA viruses colonized eukaryotes first and subsequently co-evolved with their hosts. This concept fits ...
*  Internal transcribed spacer
Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. PCR Protocols: a Guide to Methods and ... Peay K.G.; Kennedy P.G.; Bruns T.D. (2008). "Fungal community ecology: a hybrid beast with a molecular master". BioScience. 58 ... Internal transcribed spacer (ITS) refers to the spacer DNA situated between the small-subunit ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and large- ... In eukaryotes, genes encoding ribosomal RNA and spacers occur in tandem repeats that are thousands of copies long, each ...
*  Sugarcane grassy shoot disease
1990). Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: PCR Protocols: A Guide to ...
*  Arbuscular mycorrhiza
... and with further refinement of DNA/RNA fungal community analyses techniques, this may be a viable option to very specifically ... For analysis of RNA, samples should be cryogenically frozen (−196 °C) almost immediately upon collection, or stored in an RNA ... Due to the labile nature of RNA, synthesis of complementary DNA (cDNA) using extracted RNA as a template is performed for ... Currently there are four common AM fungal specific markers/primers used in genetic sequencing to describe AM fungal communities ...
*  Mymonaviridae
"Fungal negative-stranded RNA virus that is related to bornaviruses and nyaviruses". Proceedings of the National Academy of ... This family was established in 2016 to taxonomically accommodate Sclerotinia sclerotiorum negative-stranded RNA virus 1 (SsNSRV ...
*  Signal recognition particle RNA
RNA Rfam entry for Bacterial large signal recognition particle RNA Rfam entry for Fungal signal recognition particle RNA Rfam ... RNA polymerase III also transcribes the genes for 5S ribosomal RNA, tRNA, 7SK RNA, and U6 spliceosomal RNA. The promoters of ... SRP RNA was first detected in avian and murine oncogenic RNA (ocorna) virus particles. Subsequently, SRP RNA was found to be a ... Escherichia coli SRP RNA (also called 4.5S RNA) is composed of 114 nucleotide residues and forms an RNA stem-loop. The gram- ...
*  List of MeSH codes (D13)
... rna, double-stranded MeSH D13.444.735.500 --- rna, fungal MeSH D13.444.735.520 --- rna, helminth MeSH D13.444.735.544 --- rna, ... rna probes MeSH D13.444.600.723.480 --- rna, complementary MeSH D13.444.735.130 --- rna, algal MeSH D13.444.735.150 --- rna, ... rna, plant MeSH D13.444.735.635.575 --- rna, chloroplast MeSH D13.444.735.640 --- rna precursors MeSH D13.444.735.650 --- rna, ... rna, archaeal MeSH D13.444.735.473 --- rna, bacterial MeSH D13.444.735.476 --- rna, chloroplast MeSH D13.444.735.480 --- rna, ...
*  Tricholoma vaccinum
Krause K.; Kothe (2006). "Use of RNA fingerprinting to identify fungal genes specifically expressed during ectomycorrhizal ... Several fungal genes specifically expressed during ectomycorrhizal interaction between T. vaccinum and Picea abies have been ... The first characterized fungal aldehyde dehydrogenase enzyme, ALD1, helps circumvent ethanol stress-a critical function in ... Brunner I, Amiet R, Zollinger M, Egli S (1992). "Ectomycorrhizal synthesis with Picea abies and three fungal species: a case ...
*  Paleovirology
"The evolution of novel fungal genes from non-retroviral RNA viruses". BMC Biology. 7: 88. doi:10.1186/1741-7007-7-88. Koonin, E ... Viral fossils originating from non-retroviral RNA viruses have been termed Non-retroviral Integrated RNA Viruses or NIRVs. ... The most surprising viral fossils originate from non-retroviral DNA and RNA viruses. Although there is no formal classification ... EVE: Endogenous viral element NIRV: Non-retroviral Integrated RNA Virus ERV: Endogenous retrovirus HERV: Human Endogenous ...
*  Endogenous viral element
"The evolution of novel fungal genes from non-retroviral RNA viruses". BMC Biology. 7: 88. doi:10.1186/1741-7007-7-88. Koonin, E ... Such fragments are usually not capable of producing infectious virus, but may express protein or RNA. EVEs have been identified ... 2010). "Taming of the shrewd: novel eukaryotic genes from RNA viruses". BMC Biology. 8: 2. doi:10.1186/1741-7007-8-2. ...
*  Anacor
Tavaborole inhibits an essential fungal enzyme, leucyl-transfer RNA synthetase, or LeuRS, required for protein synthesis. The ... Tavaborole is a topical antifungal drug for the treatment of onychomycosis, a fungal infection of the nail and nail bed. Anacor ... "FDA Approves Boron-based Drug to Treat Toenail Fungal Infections". ashp. Retrieved 7 October 2015. Clinical trial number ... inhibition of protein synthesis leads to termination of cell growth and cell death, eliminating the fungal infection. No ...
*  Avirulence on Ve1 (Ave1)
"Tomato immune receptor Ve1 recognizes effector of multiple fungal pathogens uncovered by genome and RNA sequencing". ... "Tomato immune receptor Ve1 recognizes effector of multiple fungal pathogens uncovered by genome and RNA sequencing". ... Avirulence on Ve1 is a protein first described from the fungal plant-pathogen, Verticillium dahliae, and is encoded by the Ave1 ...
*  Saporin
The fungal toxin alpha-sarcin cuts the ribosomal RNA at the adjacent base, also causing protein synthesis inhibition. The ... The enzymatic activity of RIPs is unusually specific: a single adenine base is removed from the ribosomal RNA of the large ...
*  Double-stranded RNA viruses
Hypoviruses are mycoviruses (fungal viruses) with unencapsidated dsRNA genomes. They may have common ancestry with plant ... The virus-encoded RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, VP1, is incorporated into the capsid through its association with VP3. VP3 also ... Based on sequence similarity of the RNA dependent RNA polymerase, the partitiviruses are probably derived from a totivirus ... 14: Structure-Function Insights Into the RNA-Dependent RNA Polymerase of the dsRNA Bacteriophage Φ6". Patton 2008. pp. 239-. ...
*  RNA virus
The majority of fungal viruses are double-stranded RNA viruses. A small number of positive-strand RNA viruses have been ... Negative-sense viral RNA is complementary to mRNA and thus must be converted to positive-sense RNA by an RNA-dependent RNA ... One of these includes RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RNA replicase), which copies the viral RNA to form a double-stranded ... The proposed classification of positive-strand RNA viruses is based on the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. Three groups have been ...
*  Aspergillus fumigatus non-coding RNAs
... within the fungal genome. The ncRNAs identified were further classified as small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs), small nuclear RNAs ( ... Non-Coding RNAs present in A. fumigatus chl C, Rederstorff M, Jö Hertel J, et al. (May 2008). "Small ncRNA transcriptome ... Studies of the small non-coding RNA transcriptome of this fungus under a variety of different conditions and the subsequent ... generation of cDNA libraries from size selected small RNA species, identified several non-coding RNAs (ncRNA) ...
*  Evolution of fungi
Factors that likely contribute to the under-representation of fungal species among fossils include the nature of fungal ... phylogenetic structure of Kingdom Fungi inferred from RNA polymerase II subunit genes". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 6 (1): 74. ... Fungal fossils do not become common and uncontroversial until the early Devonian (416-359.2 Ma), when they are abundant in the ... Fungal fossils are difficult to distinguish from those of other microbes, and are most easily identified when they resemble ...
*  Ribonuclease T1
... is a fungal endonuclease that cleaves single-stranded RNA after guanine residues, i.e., on their 3' end; the most commonly ... Owing to its specificity for guanine, RNase T1 is often used to digest denatured RNA prior to sequencing. Similar to other ...
*  Acriflavine
It is used as treatment for external fungal infections of aquarium fish. In an animal model, acriflavine has been shown to ... Acriflavine is used in biochemistry for fluorescently labeling high molecular weight RNA. ...
*  Cyclothiazomycin
... it also exhibits weak anti-fungal activity. Cyclothiazomycin B shows inhibitory activity against RNA polymerase, and it is ... Cyclothiazomycin B also exhibits anti-fungal activity by binding to the chitin of cell walls, thus producing a fragile cell ... "An RNA polymerase inhibitor, cyclothiazomycin B1, and its isomer". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry. 14 (24): 8259-8270. doi: ... "Antifungal thiopeptide cyclothiazomycin B1 exhibits growth inhibition accompanying morphological changes via binding to fungal ...
*  RNA interference
... pathways indicates that proteins required for RNA silencing have been lost independently from many fungal ... RNAs are the direct products of genes, and these small RNAs can bind to other specific messenger RNA (mRNA) molecules and ... Ahlquist P (2002). "RNA-dependent RNA polymerases, viruses, and RNA silencing". Science. 296 (5571): 1270-3. Bibcode:2002Sci... ... Luciano D, Mirsky H, Vendetti N, Maas S (2004). "RNA editing of a miRNA precursor". RNA. 10 (8): 1174-7. doi:10.1261/rna. ...
*  Fungal prion
Many proteins containing prion domains play a role in gene expression or RNA binding, which is how an alternative conformation ... A fungal prion is a prion that infects fungal hosts. Fungal prions are naturally occurring proteins that can switch between ... Fungal prions have provided a model for the understanding of disease-forming mammalian prions. Study of fungal prions has led ... These fungal prions are generally considered benign, and in some cases even confer a selectable advantage to the organism. ...
*  Killer toxin Kp4 family
... is encoded by a resident symbiotic double-stranded RNA virus, Ustilago maydis P4 virus (UmV4), within fungal cells. Unlike most ... Gu F, Khimani A, Rane SG, Flurkey WH, Bozarth RF, Smith TJ (August 1995). "Structure and function of a virally encoded fungal ... Killer toxins are polypeptides secreted by some fungal species that kill sensitive cells of the same or related species, often ... The fungal killer toxin KP4 from the corn smut fungus, Ustilago maydis (Smut fungus), ...
*  Psilocybe allenii
... a segment of RNA often used in molecular phylogenetics to identify or distinguish fungal species) between P. cyanescens and the ...
*  Genome size
The majority of RNA viruses lack an RNA proofreading facility which limits their replication fidelity and hence the genome size ... Animal Genome Size Database Plant DNA C-values Database Fungal Genome Size Database Fungal Database - by CBS. ... An exception to the rule of small genome sizes in RNA viruses is found the Nidoviruses. These viruses appear to have acquired a ... The small size of RNA viruses has been proposed to be locked into a three part relation between replication fidelity, genome ...
*  Epichloë hybrida
Cox, M.P.; Dong, T.; Shen, G.; Dalvi, Y.; Scott, D.B.; Ganley, A.R D. (2014). "An interspecific fungal hybrid reveals cross- ... Ganley, A.R.D.; Scott, D.B. (2002). "Concerted evolution in the ribosomal RNA genes of an Epichloë endophyte hybrid: comparison ... As of 2016, Epichloë had the most known interspecific hybrids of any fungal genus. Epichloë hybrida was one of the first ... endophyte on distorted host inflorescences". Fungal Biology. 116: 42-48. doi:10.1016/j.funbio.2011.09.007. Kerr, G.; Chapman, D ...