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*  Negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus
The virus uses its own RNA replicase, also known as RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), to form positive RNA template strands ... The negative viral RNA is complementary to the mRNA and must be converted to a positive RNA by RNA polymerase before ... Negative sense ssRNA viruses need RNA polymerase to form a positive sense RNA. The positive-sense RNA acts as a viral mRNA, ... This results from non-covalent RNA-RNA interactions between the 5'- and 3'-termini of the RNA segments. Regarding the helical ...
*  TATA-binding protein
For information on the use of TBP in cells see: RNA polymerase I, RNA polymerase II, and RNA polymerase III. TATA-binding ... TBP is also a component of RNA polymerase I and RNA polymerase III and is therefore involved in transcription initiation by all ... Scully R, Anderson SF, Chao DM, Wei W, Ye L, Young RA, Livingston DM, Parvin JD (May 1997). "BRCA1 is a component of the RNA ... As one of the few proteins in the preinitiation complex that binds DNA in a sequence-specific manner, it helps position RNA ...
*  Antisense RNA
RNA I and RNA II forms a duplex which introduces a conformational change of RNA II. Consequently, RNA II cannot hybridize with ... RNA-RNA interactions either in nucleus or cytoplasm and RNA-protein interactions (epigenetic). Antisense RNAs can be ... The replication of ColE1 relies on the transcription of a primer RNA named RNA II. Once RNA II is transcribed, it hybridizes to ... Antisense RNAs can be classified in different ways. In terms of regulatory mechanisms, some author group asRNAs into RNA-DNA ...
*  Long non-coding RNA
... short interfering RNAs (siRNAs), Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs), and other short RNAs. However ... an ncRNA repressor of RNA polymerase II transcription". RNA. 13 (4): 583-96. doi:10.1261/rna.310307. PMC 1831867 . PMID ... June 2007). "RNA maps reveal new RNA classes and a possible function for pervasive transcription". Science. 316 (5830): 1484-8 ... Espinoza CA, Allen TA, Hieb AR, Kugel JF, Goodrich JA (September 2004). "B2 RNA binds directly to RNA polymerase II to repress ...
*  POLRMT
Kravchenko JE, Rogozin IB, Koonin EV, Chumakov PM (2005). "Transcription of mammalian messenger RNAs by a nuclear RNA ... DNA-directed RNA polymerase, mitochondrial is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the POLRMT gene. This gene encodes a ... Although this polypeptide has the same function as the three nuclear DNA-directed RNA polymerases, it is more closely related ... The gene product is responsible for mitochondrial gene expression as well as for providing RNA primers for initiation of ...
*  5S ribosomal RNA
Binding between 5S rRNA and TFIIIA serves to both repress further transcription of the 5S RNA gene and stabilize the 5S RNA ... La protein is found in the nucleus in all eukaryotic organisms and associates with several types of RNAs transcribed by RNA pol ... Pelham, HRB; Brown DD (1980). "A specific transcription factor that can bind either the 5S RNA gene or 5S RNA". Proc. Natl. ... Page for 5S ribosomal RNA at Rfam 5SData 5S Ribosomal RNA at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH ...
*  Mycovirus
DsRNA as well as ssRNA are assumed to be very ancient and presumably originated from the 'RNA world' as both types of RNA ... Many double stranded RNA elements that have been described in fungi do not fit this description, and in these cases they are ... According to Koonin, RNA viruses colonized eukaryotes first and subsequently co-evolved with their hosts. This concept fits ... Furthermore, the recent discovery of an ssDNA mycovirus tempted some researchers to suggest that RNA and DNA viruses might have ...
*  Small nuclear RNA
U1 spliceosomal RNA, U2 spliceosomal RNA, U4 spliceosomal RNA, U5 spliceosomal RNA, and U6 spliceosomal RNA. Their nomenclature ... They have also been shown to aid in the regulation of transcription factors (7SK RNA) or RNA polymerase II (B2 RNA), and ... These are small RNA molecules that play an essential role in RNA biogenesis and guide chemical modifications of ribosomal RNAs ... Small Nuclear RNA at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Small Nucleolar RNA at the US National ...
*  Transfer-messenger RNA
... (abbreviated tmRNA, also known as 10Sa RNA and by its genetic name SsrA) is a bacterial RNA molecule ... November 2007). "Semiautomated improvement of RNA alignments". RNA. 13 (11): 1850-9. doi:10.1261/rna.215407. PMC 2040093 . PMID ... Wower IK, Zwieb C, Wower J (May 2005). "Transfer-messenger RNA unfolds as it transits the ribosome". RNA. 11 (5): 668-73. doi: ... Ray BK, Apirion D (July 1979). "Characterization of 10S RNA: a new stable rna molecule from Escherichia coli". Mol. Gen. Genet ...
*  POLR2A
This gene encodes the largest subunit of RNA polymerase II, the polymerase responsible for synthesizing messenger RNA in ... DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB1, also known as RPB1, is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the POLR2A gene. ... Scully R, Anderson SF, Chao DM, Wei W, Ye L, Young RA, Livingston DM, Parvin JD (May 1997). "BRCA1 is a component of the RNA ... Cho H, Orphanides G, Sun X, Yang XJ, Ogryzko V, Lees E, Nakatani Y, Reinberg D (September 1998). "A human RNA polymerase II ...
*  DNA-directed RNA interference
Any RNA, including endogenous mRNAs or viral RNAs, can be silenced by designing constructs to express double-stranded RNA ... DNA constructs are designed to express self-complementary double-stranded RNAs, typically short-hairpin RNAs (shRNA), that once ... DNA-directed RNA interference (ddRNAi) is a gene-silencing technique that utilizes DNA constructs to activate an animal cell's ... Unlike small interfering RNA (siRNA) therapeutics that turn over within a cell and consequently only silence genes transiently ...
*  Positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus
All positive-sense ssRNA virus genomes encode RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP), a viral protein that synthesizes RNA from an ... Single stranded RNA viruses are classified as positive or negative depending on the sense or polarity of the RNA. The positive- ... A positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus (or (+)ssRNA virus) is a virus that uses positive sense, single-stranded RNA as its ... Negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus Double-stranded RNA virus Baltimore classification Sense (molecular biology) Baltimore ...
*  RNA
Also, RNA-dependent RNA polymerase is part of the RNA interference pathway in many organisms. Messenger RNA (mRNA) is the RNA ... According to the length of RNA chain, RNA includes small RNA and long RNA. Usually, small RNAs are shorter than 200 nt in ... RNA can also be methylated. Like DNA, RNA can carry genetic information. RNA viruses have genomes composed of RNA that encodes ... Long RNAs, also called large RNAs, mainly include long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) and mRNA. Small RNAs mainly include 5.8S ...
*  UPSK RNA
... end of turnip yellow mosaic virus RNA in minus-strand synthesis by the viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase". J Virol. 71 (8): ... terminus of tobacco mosaic virus RNA". RNA. 2 (3): 201-12. PMC 1369363 . PMID 8608444. Deiman, BA; Kortlever RM; Pleij CW (1997 ... The Upstream pseudoknot (UPSK) domain is an RNA element found in the turnip yellow mosaic virus, beet virus Q, barley stripe ... Matsuda, D; Dreher TW (2004). "The tRNA-like structure of Turnip yellow mosaic virus RNA is a 3'-translational enhancer". ...
*  SraL RNA
The SraL RNA ('sra' for small RNA), also known as RyjA, is a small non-coding RNA discovered in E. coli, and later in ... RNA biology. 9 (4): 469-488. doi:10.4161/rna.19317. ISSN 1555-8584. PMID 22336761. Silva, Inês Jesus; Ortega, Alvaro Darío; ... RNA. 19 (9): 1253-1265. doi:10.1261/rna.039537.113. ISSN 1469-9001. PMC 3753932 . PMID 23893734. ... Argaman, L.; Hershberg, R.; Vogel, J.; Bejerano, G.; Wagner, E. G.; Margalit, H.; Altuvia, S. (2001-06-26). "Novel small RNA- ...
*  RNA (journal)
RNA is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal that covers research on all aspects of RNA molecules, including their ... "RNA". NLM Catalog. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 2015-03-16. "RNA". 2013 Journal Citation Reports. ... Since 2003 it is published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press on behalf of the RNA Society. The editor-in-chief is Timothy ...
*  RprA RNA
The RprA RNA gene encodes a 106 nucleotide regulatory non-coding RNA. Translational regulation of the stationary phase sigma ... RNA. 19 (8): 1089-104. doi:10.1261/rna.034595.112. PMC 3708529 . PMID 23804244. Madhugiri R, Basineni SR, Klug G (2010). "Turn- ... demonstrated that this RNA is bound by the Hfq protein. Binding to Hfq alters the conformation of RprA. In the presence of Hfq ... Updegrove T, Wilf N, Sun X, Wartell RM (2008). "Effect of Hfq on RprA-rpoS mRNA pairing: Hfq-RNA binding and the influence of ...
*  SmY RNA
Jones TA, Otto W, Marz M, Eddy SR, Stadler PF (2009). "A survey of nematode SmY RNAs". RNA Biol. 6 (1): 5-8. doi:10.4161/rna. ... SmY ribonucleic acids (SmY RNAs) are a family of small nuclear RNAs found in some species of nematode worms. They are thought ... RNA. 13 (4): 511-520. doi:10.1261/rna.426707. PMC 1831854 . PMID 17283210. Deng W, Zhu X, Skogerbø G, et al. (January 2006). " ... SmY RNAs are about 70-90 nucleotides long and share a common secondary structure, with two stem-loops flanking a consensus ...
*  RNA Biology
... is a peer-reviewed scientific journal in the field of ribonucleic acid (RNA) research. It is indexed for MEDLINE. ... "RNA Biology". 2014 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Thomson Reuters. 2015. Official website. ... This initiative is a collaboration between the journal and the consortium that produces the Rfam database of RNA families. The ... of families of RNA molecules in December 2008 and requires contributing authors to also submit a draft article on the RNA ...
*  RNA extraction
... is the purification of RNA from biological samples. This procedure is complicated by the ubiquitous presence of ... The extraction of RNA in molecular biology experiments is greatly complicated by the presence of ubiquitous and hardy RNases ... FortiusBio High Throughput RNA Extraction Filter Paper Card Rossier, O.; Dao, J.; Cianciotto, N. P. (2009). "A type II secreted ... RNA extraction in liquid nitrogen, commonly using a mortar and pestle (or specialized steel devices known as tissue pulverizers ...
*  RNA activation
In C. elegans, Argonaute CSR-1 interacts with 22G small RNAs derived from RNA-dependent RNA polymerase and antisense to ... The RNA-loaded Ago then recruits other proteins such as RHA, also known as nuclear DNA helicase II, and CTR9 to form an RNA- ... RNA activation (RNAa) is a small RNA-guided and Argonaute (Ago)-dependent gene regulation phenomenon in which promoter-targeted ... Li, Long-Cheng (2008). "Small RNA-mediated gene activation". In Morris, Kevin V. RNA and the Regulation of Gene Expression: A ...
*  Rsa RNA
... a new staphylococcal family of highly transcribed non-coding RNA". RNA Biol. 7 (2): 116-9. doi:10.4161/rna.7.2.10925. PMID ... Rsa RNAs are non-coding RNAs found in the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. The shared name comes from their discovery, and does ... Although the RNAs showed varying expression patterns, many of the newly discovered RNAs were shown to be Hfq-independent and ... "Specific interaction of the RNA-binding domain of the bacillus subtilis transcriptional antiterminator GlcT with its RNA target ...
*  Small RNA
... are ...
*  CrfA RNA
... (Caulobacter response to famine RNA) is a family of non-coding RNAs found in Caulobacter crescentus. CrfA is expressed ... CrfA RNA is one of only 8 putative ncRNAs conserved in the closely related Caulobacter sp. K31. CrfA was found to be ... Landt SG, Abeliuk E, McGrath PT, Lesley JA, McAdams HH, Shapiro L (May 2008). "Small non-coding RNAs in Caulobacter crescentus ... Landt SG, Lesley JA, Britos L, Shapiro L (September 2010). "CrfA, a Small Noncoding RNA Regulator of Adaptation to Carbon ...
*  RNA world
Although RNA is fragile, some ancient RNAs may have evolved the ability to methylate other RNAs to protect them. If the RNA ... of RNAs with molecular properties predicted for RNAs of the RNA World constitutes an additional argument supporting the RNA ... Particular RNAs were amplified up to 10,000 times, a first RNA version of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The RNA ... The RNA world hypothesis is supported by RNA's ability to store, transmit, and duplicate genetic information, as DNA does. RNA ...