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*  Pentose
Ribose is a constituent of RNA, and the related molecule, deoxyribose, is a constituent of DNA. Phosphorylated pentoses are ... important products of the pentose phosphate pathway, most importantly ribose 5-phosphate (R5P), which is used in the synthesis ...
*  Xylose isomerase
Some examples include: D-ribose, L-arabinose, L-rhanmose, and D-allose. Conversion of glucose to fructose by xylose isomerase ... ribose, and L-arabinose. Twenty hexoses and nine pentoses, including xylulose, were considered to be "rare sugars". Hence D- ...
*  Ribose
Ribokinase catalyzes this reaction by converting D-ribose to D-ribose 5-phosphate. Once converted, D-ribose-5-phosphate is ... Its synthetic mirror image, L-ribose, is not found in nature. D-Ribose was first reported in 1891 by Emil Fischer. It is a C'-2 ... The absorption of D-ribose is 88-100% in the small intestines (up to 200 mg/kg/h). D-ribose is commonly indicated for ... Like many monosaccharides, ribose exists in an equilibrium among 5 forms-the linear form H−(C=O)−(CHOH)4-H and either of the ...
*  Ribose isomerase
In enzymology, a ribose isomerase (EC 5.3.1.20) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction D-ribose ⇌ {\displaystyle \ ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is D-ribose aldose-ketose-isomerase. Other names in common use include D-ribose ... Izumori K, Rees AW, Elbein AD (1975). "Purification, crystallization, and properties of D-ribose isomerase from Mycobacterium ... rightleftharpoons } D-ribulose Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, D-ribose, and one product, D-ribulose. This enzyme belongs ...
*  Ribose repressor
The Ribose repressor (RbsR) is a bacterial DNA-binding transcription repressor protein and a member of the LacI/GalR protein ... Lopilato, J. E.; Garwin, J. L.; Emr, S. D.; Silhavy, T. J.; Beckwith, J. R. (1984). "D-ribose metabolism in Escherichia coli K- ... In Escherichia coli, RbsR is responsible for regulation of genes involved in D-ribose metabolism. In Bacillus subtilis, RbsR ... "Structural homology between rbs repressor and ribose binding protein implies functional similarity". Protein Science. 1 (7): ...
*  Cyclic ADP-ribose
Hon Cheung Lee, the discoverer of cyclic ADP-ribose. Cyclic ADP-ribose and NAADP. The first book on these two second messengers ... "Hydrolysis of the phosphoanhydride linkage of cyclic ADP-ribose by the Mn2+-dependent ADP-ribose/CDP-alcohol pyrophosphatase". ... NAADP IP3 ADP-ribose Lee HC, Walseth TF, Bratt GT, Hayes RN, Clapper DL (1989). "Structural determination of a cyclic ... Cyclic ADP Ribose, frequently abbreviated as cADPR, is a cyclic adenine nucleotide (like cAMP) with two phosphate groups ...
*  Ribose 5-phosphate
The enzyme ribose-phosphate diphosphokinase converts ribose-5-phosphate into phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate. Ribose. ... Ribose 5-phosphate is both a product and an intermediate of the pentose phosphate pathway. The last step of the oxidative ... Depending on the body's state, ribulose 5-phosphate can reversibly isomerize to ribose 5-phosphate. Ribulose 5-phosphate can ...
*  Adenosine diphosphate ribose
... is an ester molecule formed into chains by the enzyme poly ADP ribose polymerase. It binds to and ... Adenosine diphosphate Ribose Fonfria E, Marshall IC, Benham CD, et al. (September 2004). "TRPM2 channel opening in response to ... oxidative stress is dependent on activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase". Br. J. Pharmacol. 143 (1): 186-92. doi:10.1038/sj. ...
*  Ribose-phosphate diphosphokinase
... transfers the diphosphoryl group from Mg-ATP (Mg2+ coordinated to ATP) to ribose 5-phosphate. ... Ribose-phosphate pyrophosphokinase exists in bacteria, plants, and animals, and there are three isoforms of human ribose- ... Ribose-phosphate diphosphokinase requires Mg2+ for activity; the enzyme acts only on ATP coordinated with Mg2+. Ribose- ... Ribose-phosphate diphosphokinase (or phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate synthetase or ribose-phosphate pyrophosphokinase) is an ...
*  ADP-ribose diphosphatase
... , in particular, hydrolyzes ADP-ribose into AMP and D-ribose 5-phosphate, both of which are ... Other common names for ADP-ribose diphosphatase include ADP-ribose pyrophosphatase and ADPRase. ADP-ribose is commonly referred ... and cyclic-ADP ribose. ADP-ribose is a protein-glycating agent, and excess levels of ADP-ribose in the cell can cause non- ... ADP-ribose hydrolases in general act as protective agents against excessive intracellular accumulation of ADP-ribose, as high ...
*  Ribose-5-phosphate isomerase
... (Rpi) is an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion between ribose-5-phosphate (R5P) and ribulose-5- ... Ribose-5-phosphate isomerase deficiency is mutated in a rare disorder, Ribose-5-phosphate isomerase deficiency. The disease has ... I (February 1996). "Ribose Catabolism of Escherichia coli : Characterization of the rpiB Gene Encoding Ribose Phosphate ... "Entrez Gene: RPIA ribose 5-phosphate isomerase A". Berg, Jeremy M. (2012). Biochemistry. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company. ...
*  Ribose-5-phosphate adenylyltransferase
ADP-ribose Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ADP and D-ribose 5-phosphate, whereas its two products are phosphate and ... D-ribose-5-phosphate adenylyltransferase. Other names in common use include ADP ribose phosphorylase, and adenosine ... In enzymology, a ribose-5-phosphate adenylyltransferase (EC 2.7.7.35) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ADP + D ... Stern AI, Avron M (1966). "An adenosine 5'-diphosphate ribose:orthophosphate adenylyltransferase from Euglena gracilis". ...
*  Poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase
... linkage of ribose-ribose bond to produce free ADP-ribose Specific to (1-2') linkage of ribose-ribose bond of poly(ADP-ribose). ... Miwa, M.; Sugimura, T. (1971). "Splitting of the ribose-ribose linkage of poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) by a calf thymus ... ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase". J. Biol. Chem. 272: 11895-11901. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.18.11895. PMID 9115250. Poly(ADP-ribose) ... Poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase (EC 3.2.1.143) is an enzyme. This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction hydrolyses ...
*  Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase
ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase (PARG). NAD+ is required as substrate for generating ADP-ribose monomers. It has been thought that ... and begins the synthesis of a polymeric adenosine diphosphate ribose (poly (ADP-ribose) or PAR) chain, which acts as a signal ... Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is a family of proteins involved in a number of cellular processes such as DNA repair, ... Bürkle A, Brabeck C, Diefenbach J, Beneke S (May 2005). "The emerging role of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 in longevity". Int ...
*  Ribose 1-dehydrogenase (NADP+)
In enzymology, a ribose 1-dehydrogenase (NADP+) (EC 1.1.1.115) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction D-ribose + ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is D-ribose:NADP+ 1-oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include D-ribose ... NADP+ + H2O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } D-ribonate + NADPH + H+ The three substrates of this enzyme are D-ribose, ... dehydrogenase (NADP+), NADP+-pentose-dehydrogenase, and ribose 1-dehydrogenase (NADP+). Scher BM, Horecker BL (1966). "Pentose ...
*  Ribose-5-phosphate isomerase deficiency
... (RPI deficiency, OMIM #608611) is a human disorder caused by mutations in the pentose ... Huck, J. H.; Verhoeven, N. M.; Struys, E. A.; Salomons, G. S.; Jakobs, C.; van der Knaap, M. S. (2004). "Ribose-5-phosphate ... One hypothesis is that ribose-5-phosphate may lack for RNA synthesis; another possibility is that the accumulation of D-ribitol ... molecular characterization of ribose 5-phosphate isomerase deficiency". J. Mol. Med. 88 (9): 931-39. doi:10.1007/s00109-010- ...
*  Ribose 1,5-bisphosphate phosphokinase
5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ATP and ribose 1,5-bisphosphate, whereas its ... In enzymology, a ribose 1,5-bisphosphate phosphokinase (EC 2.7.4.23) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is ATP:ribose-1,5-bisphosphate phosphotransferase. Other names in common use include ... Hove-Jensen B, Rosenkrantz TJ, Haldimann A, Wanner BL (2003). "Escherichia coli phnN, encoding ribose 1,5-bisphosphokinase ...
*  Ribose-5-phosphate-ammonia ligase
In enzymology, a ribose-5-phosphate-ammonia ligase (EC 6.3.4.7) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + ribose ... ribose 5-phosphate aminotransferase, and ammonia-ribose 5-phosphate aminotransferase. This enzyme participates in purine ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is ribose-5-phosphate:ammonia ligase (ADP-forming). Other names in common use include ... Reem GH (1968). "Enzymatic synthesis of 5'-phosphoribosylamine from ribose 5-phosphate and ammonia, an alternate first step in ...
*  ADP-ribose 1''-phosphate phosphatase
ADP-ribose + phosphate The enzyme is highly specific for ADP-ribose 1''-phosphate. Shull, N.P.; Spinelli, S.L.; Phizicky, E.M ... ADP-ribose 1''-phosphate phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.84, POA1, Appr1p phosphatase, Poa1p) is an enzyme with systematic name ADP- ... ribose 1''-phosphate phosphohydrolase. This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction ADP-ribose 1''-phosphate + H2O ... ADP-ribose 1-phosphate phosphatase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and ...
*  Acetoin-ribose-5-phosphate transaldolase
In enzymology, an acetoin-ribose-5-phosphate transaldolase (EC 2.2.1.4) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 3- ... D-ribose-5-phosphate aldehydetransferase. Other names in common use include 1-deoxy-D-altro-heptulose-7-phosphate synthetase, 1 ... the two substrates of this enzyme are 3-hydroxybutan-2-one and D-ribose 5-phosphate, whereas its two products are acetaldehyde ... from DL-acetoin and D-ribose 5-phosphate by a transketolase mutant of Bacillus pumilus". Agric. Biol. Chem. 47: 1545-1553. doi: ...
*  Poly(adp-ribose) polymerase family member 14
... is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the PARP14 gene. Poly(ADP-ribosyl) ... ADP-ribose) polymerase family member 14". Retrieved 2016-03-02. This article incorporates text from the United States National ...
*  Mn2+-dependent ADP-ribose/CDP-alcohol diphosphatase
... (EC 3.6.1.53, Mn2+-dependent ADP-ribose/CDP-alcohol pyrophosphatase, ... ADP-ribose + H2O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } AMP + D-ribose 5-phosphate This enzyme requires Mn2+, which cannot be ... Mn2 -dependent ADP-ribose/CDP-alcohol diphosphatase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) ... "Mn2+-dependent ADP-ribose/CDP-alcohol pyrophosphatase: a novel metallophosphoesterase family preferentially expressed in rodent ...
*  5-Fluoro-5-deoxy-D-ribose 1-phosphate
... is metabolite formed during the biosynthesis of organofluorides. It is formed by the ...
*  Alpha-D-ribose 1-methylphosphonate 5-triphosphate synthase
... (EC 2.7.8.37) is an enzyme with systematic name ATP: ... Alpha-D-ribose 1-methylphosphonate 5-triphosphate synthase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings ( ... alpha-D-ribose 1-methylphosphonate 5-triphosphate + adenine This enzymie is isolated from the bacterium Escherichia coli. Kamat ...
*  Alpha-D-ribose 1-methylphosphonate 5-triphosphate diphosphatase
... (EC 3.6.1.63, phnM (gene)) is an enzyme with systematic name ... Alpha-D-ribose 1-methylphosphonate 5-triphosphate diphosphatase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings ... This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction alpha-D-ribose 1-methylphosphonate 5-triphosphate + H2O ⇌ {\displaystyle ... rightleftharpoons } alpha-D-ribose 1-methylphosphonate 5-phosphate + diphosphate This enzyme is isolated from the bacterium ...