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*  Effects of stress on memory
Reversal learning is assessed through the reversal learning task; a stimulus and response relationship is learned through the ... This suggests that memory is enhanced for learning, specifically fear learning, when anxiety is present. Conversely, reversal ... Inhibited reversal learning can be associated with the idea that subjects experiencing symptoms of anxiety frustrate easily and ... Learning is the modification of behaviour by experience. For example, learning to avoid certain stimuli such as a tornadoes, ...
*  Neuromorality
"Abnormal ventromedial prefrontal cortex function in children with psychopathic traits during reversal learning". Archives of ... Blair, R. J.; Cipolotti, L. (2000-06-01). "Impaired social response reversal. A case of 'acquired sociopathy'". Brain: A ... "Brain circuits involved in emotional learning in antisocial behavior and social phobia in humans". Neuroscience Letters. 328 (3 ...
*  Proboscis extension reflex
Successive Olfactory Reversal Learning in Honeybees. Learn. Mem. 9:122-129. Riveros and Gronenberg. 2009. Olfactory learning ... thermal learning,, color learning, habituation, and reversal learning. Although the majority of PER studies are performed on ... Associative learning and discrimination of motion cues in the harnessed honeybee, Apis mellifera L. J. Comp. Physiol. A 193:825 ... Bee learning and communication Animal behavior Braun and Bicker. 1992. Habituation of an Appetitive Reflex in the Honeybee. ...
*  Paradise fish
Warren, J. M. "Reversal Learning By Paradise Fish (Macropodus Opercularis)." Journal of Comparative and Physiological ... "Learning To Find The Opponent: An Ethological Analysis Of The Behavior Of Paradise Fish (Macropodus Opercularis) In Intra- And ... Most forms of active teaching seem to hinder the paradise fish's ability to learn. Paradise fish are tolerant of a wide range ... It also appears that paradise fish are capable of learning through a type of restrictive process. ...
*  Ventromedial prefrontal cortex
Specific deficits in reversal learning and decision-making have led to the hypothesis that the ventromedial prefrontal cortex ... "Abnormal Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex Function in Children with Psychopathic Traits During Reversal Learning". Archives of ... After their lesion, these patients have an impaired capacity to learn from their mistakes, making the same decisions again and ... Studies show that it aids in the consolidation of extinction learning. A separate study has implicated the correlation between ...
*  Human-animal communication
"Reconsideration of Serial Visual Reversal Learning in Octopus (Octopus vulgaris) from a Methodological Perspective". Frontiers ... Dogs were able to learn English or Japanese text. She says service dogs can learn to find EXIT signs, bathroom gender signs, ... Pigeons can learn to recognize an average of 43 4-letter English words (maximum of 58), though they were not taught any ... Baboons can learn to recognize an average of 139 4-letter English words (maximum of 308), though they were not taught any ...
*  Animal training
"Reconsideration of Serial Visual Reversal Learning in Octopus (Octopus vulgaris) from a Methodological Perspective". Frontiers ... They do, however, have a remarkably long memory, and once a task is learned, it will be retained for a very long time. For this ... Zepeda, Emily A.; Veline, Robert J.; Crook, Robyn J. (2017-06-01). "Rapid Associative Learning and Stable Long-Term Memory in ... While continuous reinforcement in a fixed ratio schedule may be necessary for the initial learning stages, a variable ratio ...
*  Laura Hewitson
"Discrimination Reversal Learning in Infant Primates Exposed to Low-Dose Thimerosal: A Pilot Study". doi:10.1016/j.ntt.2011.05. ... Learning, and Social Behavior. Environmental Health Perspectives, Feb 18, 2015 WorldCat Identities entry for Laura Charlotte ...
*  Sniffing (behavior)
"Temporal relationship between sniffing and the limbic theta rhythm during odor discrimination reversal learning". J Neurosci. 2 ... Karpov, A.P. (1980). Neural Mechanisms of Goal-Directed Behavior and Learning. Academic Press. pp. 273-282. Clarke, S. (1971 ... Stevenson Learning to Smell: Olfactory Perception from Neurobiology to Behavior Johns Hopkins Press, 2006 The Neurobiology of ...
*  2-Bromo-LSD
King AR, Martin IL, Melville KA (November 1974). "Reversal learning enhanced by lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD): concomitant ... Harvey JA (2003). "Role of the serotonin 5-HT(2A) receptor in learning". Learning & Memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.). 10 (5): ...
*  Pain in cephalopods
Octopuses are capable of reversal learning, a form of advanced learning demonstrated by vertebrates such as rats. Giant Pacific ... Avoidance learning in octopuses has been known since 1905. Noxious stimuli, for example electric shocks, have been used as " ... Hochner, B., Brown, E R., Langella, M., Shomrat, T. and Fiorito, G. (2003). "A learning and memory area in the octopus brain ... The learning abilities of cephalopods demonstrated in a range of studies indicate advanced cognitive abilities. ...
*  Jay Hosler
Heritable variation for latent inhibition and its correlation to reversal learning in the honey bee, Apis mellifera. Journal of ... "We can't be afraid to try something radical to change how students learn." Hosler has also team-taught (with a historian) a ... the story conveys factual information about honey bees in a humorous fashion as Nyuki learns about each new stage of her life. ...
*  Comparative neuropsychology
Popular paradigms include delayed reaction tasks, discrimination and reversal learning tasks, and matching- and nonmatching-to- ... Ettinger work focused on the importance of the inferior temporal neocortex in visual discrimination learning and memory in ... thus necessitating a degree of procedural learning in human and nonhuman animals alike. Currently, comparative neuropsychology ...
*  Triiodothyronine
Martin, P.; Brochet, D.; Soubrie, P.; Simon, P. (1985). "Triiodothyronine-induced reversal of learned helplessness in rats". ... based on studies in which T3 reversed learned helplessness in rats and physiological studies of the rat brain. Thyroid hormones ...
*  Alcino J. Silva
"Reversal of learning deficits in a Tsc2(+/-) mouse model of tuberous sclerosis". Nat Med. 14: 843-848. doi:10.1038/nm1788. PMC ... "Reversal of learning deficits in a Tsc2+/- mouse model of tuberous sclerosis". Nat Med. 14: 843-848. doi:10.1038/nm1788. PMC ... "Reversal of learning deficits in a Tsc2(+/-) mouse model of tuberous sclerosis". Nat Med. 14: 843-848. doi:10.1038/nm1788. PMC ... Guy, J.; Gan, J.; Selfridge, J.; Cobb, S.; Bird, A. (2007). "Reversal of neurological defects in a mouse model of Rett syndrome ...
*  Mechanistic target of rapamycin
Ehninger D, Han S, Shilyansky C, Zhou Y, Li W, Kwiatkowski DJ, Ramesh V, Silva AJ (August 2008). "Reversal of learning deficits ... Synaptic plasticity is a key contributor to learning and memory, two processes that are severely impaired in AD patients. ... Both protein over- and under-production via mTOR activity seem to contribute to impaired learning and memory. Furthermore, ...
*  Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1
... acetylcholine receptor increases activity of medial prefrontal cortical neurons and restores impairments in reversal learning ...
*  Somatic marker hypothesis
It may be a good idea to include removing the reversal learning confound, which would make the task more difficult to ... is undermined by more plausible psychological mechanisms explaining deficits on the tasks such as reversal learning, risk- ... The task measures a form of emotion-based learning. Studies using the gambling task have found deficits in various neurological ... First, the claim that it assesses implicit learning as the reward/punishment design is inconsistent with data showing accurate ...
*  Orbitofrontal cortex
In the first component, "reversal learning", participants are presented with one of two pictures, A and B. They learn that they ... as well as learning the association between stimulus and reward. The damage to the OFC results in deficits in reversal of ... "Separable learning systems in the macaque brain and the role of orbitofrontal cortex in contingent learning". Neuron. 65 (6): ... The second component of the test is "extinction". Again, participants learn to press the button for picture A but not picture B ...
*  Comparative psychology
... reversal learning, learning sets, and delayed alternation are plagued with practical and theoretical problems. In the ... Alex (Avian Learning EXperiment) is a well known case study (1976-2007) which was developed by Pepperberg, who found that the ... However, the broader use of the term "comparative psychology" is enshrined in the names of learned societies and academic ... Ingold remarks that in all societies children have to learn to differentiate and separate themselves from others. In this ...
*  List of MeSH codes (F02)
... reversal learning MeSH F02.463.425.838 --- set (psychology) MeSH F02.463.425.910 --- transfer (psychology) MeSH F02.463.425.952 ... verbal learning MeSH F02.463.425.952.500 --- paired-associate learning MeSH F02.463.425.952.747 --- serial learning MeSH ... probability learning MeSH F02.463.425.720 --- problem-based learning MeSH F02.463.425.725 --- problem solving MeSH F02.463. ... learning MeSH F02.463.425.069 --- association MeSH F02.463.425.069.296 --- association learning MeSH F02.463.425.097 --- ...
*  Expertise reversal effect
Kalyuga, S., Rikers, R., Pass, F. (2012). Educational implications of expertise reversal effect in learning and performance of ... The expertise reversal effect refers to the reversal of the effectiveness of instructional techniques on learners with ... An expertise reversal effect of segmentation in learning from animated worked-out examples. Computers in Human Behaviour. 27, ... The expertise reversal effect has been found in a variety of domains and for a variety of instructional techniques. Listed ...
*  Hippocampal memory encoding and retrieval
... separate phases of encoding and retrieval enhance reversal of prior learning". Neural Computation. 14 (4): 793-817. doi:10.1162 ... As indicated by the authors, a study of hippocampal activity as it pertains to learning and practice has unveiled some of the ... The retrieval process consists of accessing stored information; this allows learned behaviors to experience conscious depiction ... rats failed to recall a rapidly learned fear memory. Hippocampal lesions formed post-retrieval affected the rats' fear ...
*  Net neutrality in the United States
Chiaramonte, Perry (January 24, 2014). "Educators fear net neutrality reversal will increase cost of learning". Fox News. [1] ... "What can we learn from 800000 Public Comments on the FCCs net Neutrality Plan", Sunlight Foundation, September 2, 2014 Wilhelm ... distance learning classes, e-government services, licensed databases, job-training videos, medical and scientific research, and ...
*  Tanya Maria Geritsidou
Also, along with her mother she has contributed to the development of educational methods for the reversal of learning ... On these matters she has written language learning textbooks, grammar textbooks and composition textbooks. As a psychopedagogue ... along with the reversal of inhibitions in intelligence developed initially by her mother. She is also a publisher owning the ... and the method of introducing new learning objectives to it, with the goal of preparing the individual for a healthy and ...
*  Classical Anatolia
Sporadic raids by the Parthians against Syria continued, but were repelled and suffered a major reversal in 51 BC. However, ... From sources such as the Letter to the Galatians we learn that Paul spent a considerable time in the vicinity of his home town ...