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*  Retrospective cohort study
A retrospective cohort study, also called a historic cohort study, is a longitudinal cohort study used in medical and ... Retrospective studies may need very large sample sizes for rare outcomes. While retrospective cohort studies try to compare the ... Retrospective cohort studies have existed for approximately as long as prospective cohort studies. The retrospective cohort ... Retrospective cohort studies exhibit the benefits of cohort studies and have distinct advantages relative to prospective ones: ...
*  Gluten-related disorders
Retrospective Studies). 13 (1): 146-51. doi:10.3748/wjg.v13.i1.146. PMID 17206762. Tonutti E, Bizzaro N (2014). "Diagnosis and ... NCGS may be a late-onset condition: in a prospective study performed among adults of 18 to 80 years, the median age of disease ... Studies using anti-gliadin antibodies (AGA) reveal that diagnosed or untreated[clarification needed] individuals with AGA have ... The incidence of NCGS is unknown; some estimates range from 0.6% to 6%, and a systematic review of 2015 reported on studies ...
*  Neonaticide
A retrospective study". BJOG. 120: 428-34. 2013. doi:10.1111/1471-0528.12099. PMC 3621136 . PMID 23210536. Hibbert, Katharine ( ... 1948; 35: 126-139 Sakuta T.; Saito S. (1981). "A Socio-Medical Study on 71 Cases of Infanticide in Japan". Keio J. Med. 30: 155 ... A number of studies have evaluated risk factors in infant homicide with the aim of preventing it. Anonymous delivery, a system ...
*  Mutaflor
A multicenter retrospective study. [German] Fortschr Med 1989; 107: 599-602. Tromm A et al. The probiotic E. coli strain Nissle ... Two capsules daily started on day 5 Two clinical studies have shown efficacy in the case of chronic constipation. These include ... Results of a clinical study of the effectiveness and tolerance of microbiological therapy with the E. coli Nissle 1917 strain ( ... It has been clinically studied and reviewed for over 80 years to prevent and treat an assortment of gastrointestinal disorders ...
*  Pester power
A retrospective study" (PDF). Appetite. 62: 209-215. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2012.04.017. B.A. Swinburn WPT James; I. Caterson; J.C ... Studies identify different methods of nagging/pestering to try to achieve the marketers desired goal of the child influencing ... Another study suggests that there are two main ways children pester their parents. The first method is persistent nagging, ... In studies where mothers have been interviewed about their methods for limiting the effectiveness of pester power, 36% said " ...
*  Intense pulsed light
... a 3-year retrospective study". Photomedicine and Laser Surgery. 33 (1): 41-46. doi:10.1089/pho.2014.3819. ISSN 1557-8550. PMC ... Various treatment protocols have been studied. It is important to note that these studies utilized a variety of IPL devices on ... Permanent hair removal in these studies, as defined by the FDA, means the "long-term, stable reduction in the number of hairs ... "A comparison study of the efficacy and side effects of different light sources in hair removal". Lasers in medical science. 21 ...
*  Glossary of clinical research
NCI) Retrospective study A study that compares two groups of people: those with the disease or condition under study (cases) ... ICH E6) Retrospective Looking back at events that have already taken place. (NCI) Retrospective cohort study A research study ... NCI) Case-control study A study that compares two groups of people: those with the disease or condition under study (cases) and ... NCI) Animal study A laboratory experiment using animals to study the development and progression of diseases. Animal studies ...
*  Haroutune Armenian
A Prospective and Retrospective Study. Lancet, 2:115 17;1974. Armenian HK, Lilienfeld AM, Diamond EL, Bross IDJ: Epidemiologic ... A case-control study of injuries due to the earthquake in Armenia. Bull World Health Organ, 70(2):251-257;1992. Palenicek J, ... A Case Control Study. Am J Epidemiol, 124:762 7;1986. Armenian HK, Saadeh FM, Armenian SL: Widowhood and Mortality in an ... A Case-Control Study in Armenia. Medical Principles and Practice 115, 2009 Armenian HK, Khatib R. Developing an Instrument of ...
*  Pulmonary hypoplasia
Kaiser L, Arany A, Veszprémi B, Vizer M (March 2007). "[Hydrops fetalis--a retrospective study]". Orvosi Hetilap (in Hungarian ... In a study of 23 fetuses, subtle differences seen on MRIs of the lungs were informative. In a study of 29 fetuses with ... One study of 147 fetuses (49 normal, 98 with abnormalities) found that a simple measurement, the ratio of chest length to trunk ...
*  Cavernous sinus thrombosis
Retrospective studies show conflicting data. This decision should be made with subspecialty consultation. One systematic review ... A MRI using flow parameters and an MR venogram are more sensitive than a CT scan, and are the imaging studies of choice to ... The diagnosis of cavernous sinus thrombosis is made clinically, with imaging studies to confirm the clinical impression. ... Cavernous sinus thrombosis is a clinical diagnosis with laboratory tests and imaging studies confirming the clinical impression ...
*  Basal-cell carcinoma
A retrospective study of 248 patients". J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 17 (2): 167-70. doi:10.1046/j.1468-3083.2003.00535.x. ... The 2008 study found MMS to be a good option for both primary and high-risk recurrent BCCs. Cryosurgery is an old modality for ... The 2008 study reported that radiation therapy is a good treatment for primary BCCs and recurrent BCCs, but not for BCCs that ... A 2008 meta-study of the literature around management of BCCs suggested that excision is a good treatment for primary tumors. ...
*  Axillary nerve palsy
A retrospective study of 33 cases". Acta Orthopaedica Belgica. 70 (1): 11-8. PMID 15055312. Midha, Rajiv; Zager, Eric, eds. ( ...
*  Osgood-Schlatter disease
In a retrospective study of adolescents, old athletes actively participating in sports showed a frequency of 21% reporting the ... Retrospective study of incidence and duration". Am J Sports Med. 13 (4): 236-41. doi:10.1177/036354658501300404. PMID 4025675. ... In addition, in 2014, a case study of 261 patients was observed over 12 to 24 months. 237 of these people responded well to ... The syndrome may develop without trauma or other apparent cause; however, some studies report up to 50% of patients relate a ...
*  Endosalpingiosis
A retrospective study of 16 cases". Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 103 (1): 75-8. PMID 12039470. Hall, John E. Guyton & Hall ...
*  Patient safety
A retrospective study of medical records]". Ugeskrift for Læger (in Danish). 163 (39): 5370-8. PMID 11590953. World Alliance ... The study focused on three chemotherapy regimens that were not supported by evidence from prior clinical studies or clinical ... If these large-scale studies are conducted, the findings could generate large-scale intervention studies conducted with a ... A 2011 study of more than 1,000 patients with advanced colon cancer found that one in eight was treated with at least one drug ...
*  Mandibular fracture
A retrospective study from Northern Greece". Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery. 41 (7): 637-43. doi:10.1016/j.jcms. ... Mandible fracture causes vary by the time period and the region studied. In North America, blunt force trauma (a punch) is the ... "An Epidemiological Study on Pattern and Incidence of Mandibular Fractures". Plastic Surgery International. 2012: 1. doi:10.1155 ... A 2013 Cochrane review assessed clinical studies on surgical (open reduction) and non-surgical (closed reduction) management of ...
*  Mallampati score
Samsoon, GL; Young, JR (May 1987). "Difficult tracheal intubation: a retrospective study". Anaesthesia. 42 (5): 487-90. doi: ... Therefore, the study concluded that while useful in combination with other tests to predict the difficulty of an airway, it is ... A systematic review of 42 studies, with 34,513 participants, found that the modified Mallampati score is a good predictor of ... a prospective study". Canadian Anaesthetists' Society Journal. 32 (4): 429-34. doi:10.1007/BF03011357. PMID 4027773. Nuckton TJ ...
*  Goeckerman therapy
A retrospective study by Stern et al., of 1,373 patients concluded that there was an increase in skin cancers in those ... who felt that the Stern study was too crude to have validity and felt a 10-year prospective study would be needed to confirm ... Laboratory studies have shown that the combination of coal tar and UV light reduces epidermal DNA synthesis. In 1953, John ... A 2007 comparative study of psoriasis treatment found Goeckerman therapy to be more efficacious at 12-weeks than biologics. It ...
*  Atosiban
Recently published a retrospective study (Saleh SS. et al., 2013) comparing the efficacy and safety of atosiban and nifedipine ... a retrospective study". Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 50 (2): 136-40. doi:10.1016/j.tjog.2011.04.003. Lan, VT; Khang, VN; Nhu, GH; ... Although initial studies suggested it could be used as a nasal spray and hence would not require hospital admission, it is not ... A randomised controlled study (de Heus R. et al., 2009) demonstrated for the first time the direct effects of atosiban on fetal ...
*  Leishmania tropica
Solomon, Michal; Schwartz, Eli; Pavlotsky, Felix (Aug 2014). "Leishmania tropica in children: A retrospective study". Journal ...
*  Prasterone
A review of prospective and retrospective studies". Acta Cardiol. 58 (5): 403-10. doi:10.2143/AC.58.5.2005304. PMID 14609305. ... Another study utilized a dose up to 400 mg/day for 8 weeks with few adverse events reported. A longer term study followed ... In the short term, several studies have noted few adverse effects. In a study by Chang et al., prasterone was administered at a ... It has been studied as a treatment for Alzheimer's disease, but there is no evidence that it is effective. A few small, short ...
*  Royal Army of Oman
Dhar, D (1 October 2007). "Retrospective Study of Injuries in Military Parachuting". Medical Journal Armed Forces India. doi: ...
*  Epidemiology
Case-control studies select subjects based on their disease status. It is a retrospective study. A group of individuals that ... These can include case control studies or prospective studies. A case control study would involve matching comparable controls ... Cohort studies also are limited by the same equation for number of cases as for cohort studies, but, if the base incidence rate ... Case-control studies are usually faster and more cost effective than cohort studies, but are sensitive to bias (such as recall ...
*  Bird collections
... have been useful for retrospective studies. Bird collections offer the potential for current and future ... Rigorous studies of avian taxonomy are based on specimens from bird collections. Taxonomic studies rely on morphological and ... A study of soot deposits on specimens collected within the United States Manufacturing Belt was used to track concentrations of ... The most traditional preparation is a study skin, in which almost all of the body inside the skin is removed and replaced with ...
*  Osteosarcoma
A retrospective study of 17 cases (1997-2003)". Veterinary Parasitology. 119 (2-3): 209-221. doi:10.1016/j.vetpar.2003.10.023. ... Some current studies indicate osteoclast inhibitors such as alendronate and pamidronate may have beneficial effects on the ... Three-year event-free survival ranges from 50% to 75%, and five-year survival ranges from 60% to 85+% in some studies. Overall ... The beliefs regarding association of fluoride exposure and osteosarcoma stem from a study of US National Toxicology program in ...
*  Chen Houei-kuen
Chen made two research trips to Japan in 1950s which mainly for the purpose of studying art. In 1960s, he studied in France for ... the development of Taiwan painting retrospective painting exhibition "Geneva." 44.1994 on May 18 to 31, the fourth green water ... His mother died in 1920 and then he moved to his aunt's home and changed to study at Wuci public school. After five months, he ... These exhibitions are the result of his studying in Eastern and Western art. For instance, in 1973 in France, he put oil paint ...