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*  LTR retrotransposon
Laten, HM; Majumdar, A; Gaucher, EA (9 June 1998). "SIRE-1, a copia/Ty1-like retroelement from soybean, encodes a retroviral ... Pélissier, T; Tutois, S; Deragon, JM; Tourmente, S; Genestier, S; Picard, G (November 1995). "Athila, a new retroelement from ... and rapid evolution of retroelements in the B73 maize genome". PLoS Genetics. 5 (11): e1000732. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen. ... "Network dynamics of eukaryotic LTR retroelements beyond phylogenetic trees". Biology Direct. 4: 41. doi:10.1186/1745-6150-4-41 ...
*  Endogenous retrovirus
Furthermore, retroelements in general are largely prevalent in rapidly evolving, mammal-specific gene families whose function ... Thomas JH, Schneider S (2011). "Coevolution of retroelements and tandem zinc finger genes". Genome Res. 21 (11): 1800-12. doi: ... Bannert, Norbert; Kurth, Reinhard (October 2004). "Retroelements and the human genome: New perspectives on an old relation". ... The second hypothesis claims the continuous evolution of retro-elements from more simple structured ancestors. Nevertheless, ...
*  Retrotransposon
SINEs, on the other hand, co-opt the LINE machinery and function as nonautonomous retroelements. While historically viewed as " ... Xiong, Y; Eickbush, TH (October 1990). "Origin and evolution of retroelements based upon their reverse transcriptase sequences ... Deininger PL, Batzer MA (October 2002). "Mammalian retroelements". Genome Res. 12 (10): 1455-65. doi:10.1101/gr.282402. PMID ... and rapid evolution of retroelements in the B73 maize genome". PLoS Genetics. 5 (11): e1000732. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen. ...
*  Short interspersed nuclear elements (SINEs)
Buzdin A. and Gogvadze E. (2009). Retroelements and their impact on genome evolution and functioning. Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 66, ... Deininger P. and Batzer M. (2002). Mammalian Retroelements. Genome Res 12, 1455-1465. White Robert. (July 2011). Transcription ...
*  Retron
... s were the first family of retroelement discovered in bacteria; the other two families of known bacterial retroelements ... The second family of bacterial retroelement, DGRs, are not mobile, but function to diversify DNA sequences. For example, DGRs ... Currently, however, RT-encoding elements, i.e. retroelements, have been found in a wide variety of different bacteria. ... Medhekar B, Mille JF (2007). "Diversity-Generating Retroelements". Current Opinion in Microbiology. 10 (4): 388-395. doi: ...
*  Aicardi-Goutières syndrome
Stetson, DB (2012). "Endogenous retroelements and autoimmune disease". Curr Opin Immunol. 24: 692-7. doi:10.1016/j.coi.2012.09. ... the upregulation of retroelements in TREX1-null cells has recently been disputed. Similarly, another AGS-related gene product ... that TREX1 can metabolise reverse-transcribed HIV-1 DNA and that single-stranded DNA derived from endogenous retroelements ... SAMHD1 also presents strong potency against activity of multiple non-LTR retroelements, which is independent from SAMHD1's ...
*  Multicopy single-stranded DNA
CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Zimmerly, Steven (2005). "Mobile introns and retroelements in bacteria". In ...
*  Twintron
Robart, AR; Zimmerly, S (2005). "Group II intron retroelements: function and diversity". Cytogenetic and Genome Research. 110 ( ...
*  Human endogenous retrovirus K
Retrotransposons, endogenous retroviruses, and the evolution of retroelements. Retroviruses. Cold Spring Harbor, New York: Cold ...
*  Human Endogenous Retrovirus-W
Boeke; Stoye (1997). ""Retrotransposons, Endogenous Retroviruses, and the Evolution of Retroelements."". Voisset; Ceclie; Bedin ...
*  Mobile genetic elements
Endogenous Retroelements and the Host Innate Immune Sensors. pp. 47-69. doi:10.1016/bs.ai.2016.07.001. Singh, Parmit Kumar; ...
*  Polinton
doi:10.1007/s10709-011-9569-x. Gao, X; Voytas, D (March 2005). "A eukaryotic gene family related to retroelement integrases". ...
*  Promoter (genetics)
Tomilin NV (2008). "Regulation of mammalian gene expression by retroelements and non-coding tandem repeats". BioEssays. 30 (4 ...
*  Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy
Jan 17, 2012). "DUX4 activates germline genes, retroelements, and immune mediators: implications for facioscapulohumeral ...
*  ERV3
The human genome includes many retroelements including the human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs). ERV3, one of the most studied ...
*  Microsatellite
Tomilin N. V. (2008). "Regulation of mammalian gene expression by retroelements and non-coding tandem repeats". BioEssays. 30 ( ...
*  Gene expression
Tomilin NV (April 2008). "Regulation of mammalian gene expression by retroelements and non-coding tandem repeats". BioEssays. ...
*  Vertebrate
p. 6. Chalopin, D.; Tomaszkiewicz, M.; Galiana, D.; Volff, J.N. (2012). LTR Retroelement-Derived Protein-Coding Genes and ...
*  RNA
... conserved but nonautonomous retroelements of barley and related genomes". Genetics. 166 (3): 1437-50. doi:10.1534/genetics. ...
*  Gypsy (database)
LTR retroelements and integrase-related transposons of the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum genome". Mobile genetic elements. 1 (2 ...
*  Retrovirus
Possessing a functional copy of an env gene is what makes retroviruses distinct from retroelements. The ability of the ...
*  APOBEC3H
2008). "Anti-retroelement Activity of APOBEC3H was Lost Twice in Recent Human Evolution". Cell Host Microbe. 4 (3): 249-59. doi ...
*  RNA virus
Their putative ancestors include the bacterial group II retroelements, the family of HtrA proteases and DNA bacteriophages. ...
*  Metaviridae
An example of this is the gypsy, a retroelement found in the Drosophila melanogaster genome. The ability to infect other cells ...
*  Prp8
Due to these structural elements, it has been assumed that Prp8 may have evolved from inactivated retroelements of reverse ... evolved from a retroelement-encoded reverse transcriptase". RNA. 17 (5): 799-808. doi:10.1261/rna.2396011. PMC 3078730 . PMID ...