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*  Stress ulcer
Careful attention to respiratory status, acid-base balance, and treatment of other illnesses helps prevent the conditions under ... It is believed that shunting of blood away from the mucosa makes the mucous membrane ischaemic and more susceptible to injury. ... The ulcerations may be superficial and confined to the mucosa, in which case they are more appropriately called erosions, or ... and respiratory failure to the mortality independently of the stress ulceration cannot be ignored. Risk factors for stress ...
*  Nasal administration
The nasal cavity is covered by a thin mucosa which is well vascularised. Therefore, a drug molecule can be transferred quickly ... The major part of the approximately 150 cm2 surface in the human nasal cavity is covered by respiratory epithelium, across ... Upper airway infections may increase the variability as may the extent of sensory irritation of the nasal mucosa, differences ...
*  TST (gene)
1991). "The cyanide-metabolizing enzyme rhodanese in human nasal respiratory mucosa". Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 108 (1): 114-20 ... Malliopoulou VA, Rakitzis ET, Malliopoulou TB (1989). "Inactivation of rhodanese from human gastric mucosa and stomach ...
*  Benzalkonium chloride
Beule, A. G. (2010). "Physiology and pathophysiology of respiratory mucosa of the nose and the paranasal sinuses". GMS Curr Top ... Concentrated solutions are toxic to humans, causing corrosion/irritation to the skin and mucosa, and death if taken internally ... Feb 2005). "Effect of topical nasal steroid sprays on nasal mucosa and ciliary function". Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ... Enzymes, which finely control a wide range of respiratory and metabolic cellular activities, are particularly susceptible to ...
*  Influenza A virus subtype H3N8
Aerosolized influenza virus is inhaled and embeds in the respiratory mucosa, of the upper and lower respiratory tract. The ... The ultimate source of the virus is respiratory tract secretions. Coughing horses can release the virus into the air, where it ... virus is attracted to the glycoproteins and mucopolysaccharides of the mucus coating the respiratory mucosa. If the infecting ... Equine influenza (EI) is a highly contagious respiratory disease of horses and related animals such as donkeys, mules and ...
*  Feline coronavirus
... which is the mucus protecting the gastrointestinal and respiratory mucosa. It is an important facilitating fusion factor of any ...
*  Diethyl ether
With a strong, dense smell, ether causes irritation to respiratory mucosa and is uncomfortable to breathe, and in overdose ...
*  Common cold
... colds are defined as upper respiratory tract infections that affect the predominantly nasal part of the respiratory mucosa " ... The respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), on the other hand, is contracted by direct contact and airborne droplets. It then ... The common cold, also known simply as a cold, is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract that primarily ... Breast feeding decreases the risk of acute otitis media and lower respiratory tract infections among other diseases, and it is ...
*  Lung
... and ciliated and mucus secreting goblet cells in the respiratory mucosa. The highest expression of lung specific proteins are ... The lower respiratory tract is part of the respiratory system, and consists of the trachea and the structures below this ... The respiratory tract ends in lobules. Each lobule consists of a respiratory bronchiole, which branches into alveolar ducts and ... These divide into the respiratory bronchioles of the respiratory zone which divide into alveolar ducts that give rise to the ...
*  Paraneoplastic pemphigus
... of the deaths from PNP stem from pulmonary insufficiency which is brought about by the action of PNP on the respiratory mucosa ... which are involved in the intracellular attachment structures in various levels of the skin/respiratory tract/membranes ( ...
*  Heated humidified high-flow therapy
Delivery of cold dry gas is irritating to the respiratory mucosa, can cause drying and bleeding of the nasal mucosa and can ... Roca, O.; Riera, J.; Torres, F.; Masclans, J. R. (2010). "High-flow oxygen therapy in acute respiratory failure". Respiratory ... Some patients requiring respiratory support for bronchospasm benefit using air delivered by HFT without additional oxygen. HFT ... With High Flow Therapy, the goal is to deliver a respiratory gas flow volume sufficient to meet or exceed the patient's ...
*  Pneumococcal infection
... secretes IgA1 protease that will destroy secretory IgA produced by the body and mediates its attachment to respiratory mucosa. ... Damage to the lining of the airways (respiratory epithelium) and upper respiratory system caused by influenza may facilitate ... They contribute to colonization of upper respiratory tract and increase the formation of large amounts of TNF by the immune ... Bactericidal Effects of Hydrogen Peroxide Production by Streptococcus pneumoniae on Other Inhabitants of the Upper Respiratory ...
*  Heat and moisture exchanger
... "drying of the respiratory mucosa, such as mucus plugging and endotracheal tube (ETT) occlusion." HMEs are one type of ... Ingelstedt S (1956). "Studies on the conditioning of air in the respiratory tract". Acta Otolaryngol Suppl. 131: 1-80. PMID ... In patients with acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome conventional humidifiers are preferred to HMEs for ...
*  Cannabis smoking
... cannabis smoking and lung cancer development despite evidence of precancerous histopathologic changes of the respiratory mucosa ... Current respiratory care reports. 3 (4): 200-205. doi:10.1007/s13665-014-0093-1. PMC 4226845 . PMID 25401045. Gordon AJ, Conley ...
*  Corex
... relieves histamine-induced allergic edema of respiratory mucosa. Codeine phosphate, by its action on the cough center in the ...
*  Continuous positive airway pressure
Delivery of cold, dry gas is irritating to the respiratory mucosa, can cause drying and bleeding of the nasal mucosa, can ... Humidified high flow nasal airway respiratory support is a method of delivering a high per-minute volume of respiratory gas via ... Roca, O.; Riera, J.; Torres, F.; Masclans, J. R. (2010). "High-flow oxygen therapy in acute respiratory failure". Respiratory ... This form of respiratory support is generally referred to as high flow therapy (HFT). HFT is also referred to as transnasal ...
*  List of MeSH codes (A10)
... mouth mucosa MeSH A10.615.550.760 --- respiratory mucosa MeSH A10.615.550.760.520 --- laryngeal mucosa MeSH A10.615.550.760. ... gastric mucosa MeSH A10.615.550.291.150 --- chief cells, gastric MeSH A10.615.550.291.162 --- enterochromaffin cells MeSH ... intestinal mucosa MeSH A10.615.550.444.290 --- enterocytes MeSH A10.615.550.444.321 --- goblet cells MeSH A10.615.550.444.700 ... olfactory mucosa MeSH A10.615.550.760.600.640.640 --- olfactory receptor neurons MeSH A10.615.789 --- serous membrane MeSH ...
*  Micrococcus luteus
The bacterium also colonizes the human mouth, mucosae, oropharynx and upper respiratory tract. It was discovered by Sir ...
*  Guttural pouch
As the guttural pouches are covered by respiratory epithelium and mucosa, they have the potential to be affected by all ... Arabian horse Equine respiratory system Cranial nerves Hyrax Perissodactyls Circle of Willis Pollock, P. J. (2007). "Diagnosis ... respiratory pathogens. Most infections are self-limiting, requiring no or little medical intervention. Upon endoscopy, affected ...
*  Acute inhalation injury
Irritant gases are those that, on inhalation, dissolve in the water of the respiratory tract mucosa and provoke an inflammatory ... When inhaled the vapor produces a direct inflammatory effect on the respiratory tract. Respiratory damage is related to the ... 1998) Persistent respiratory effects in survivors of the Bhopal disaster. Thorax 53:S43-6. Demnati R, Fraser R, Ghezzo H, ... The most common cause of death in burn centers is now respiratory failure. The September 11 attacks in 2001 and forest fires in ...
*  Leprosy
... is mostly a granulomatous disease of the peripheral nerves and mucosa of the upper respiratory tract; skin lesions ( ... Two exit routes of M. leprae from the human body often described are the skin and the nasal mucosa, although their relative ... The skin and the upper respiratory tract are most likely entry route. While older research dealt with the skin route, recent ... Symptoms that develop include granulomas of the nerves, respiratory tract, skin, and eyes. This may result in a lack of ability ...
*  Linguatulosis
... a hypersensitivity reaction of the upper respiratory tract and buccopharyngeal mucosa to nymphs of Linguatula serrata". Acta ...
*  Nitrogen dioxide poisoning
Its poor solubility in water enhances its passage and its ability to pass through the moist oral mucosa of the respiratory ... effects of pollutant exposure on acute respiratory symptoms and respiratory function in adults". Arch Environ Health. 57 (2): ... Exposure to high level of nitrogen dioxide may lead to inflammation of the mucous membrane and the lower and upper respiratory ... 1997). "Respiratory effects associated with indoor nitrogen dioxide exposure in children". Int J Epidemiol. 26 (4): 788-96. doi ...
*  Neuroendocrine cell
They are located in the nasal respiratory epithelium, laryngeal mucosa and throughout the entire respiratory tract from the ...
*  Maleic anhydride
In humans, exposure to maleic anhydride may cause irritation to the respiratory tract, eyes, exposed mucosa, and skin. Maleic ... anhydride is also a skin and respiratory sensitizer. Maleic anhydride is a low hazard profile chemical. Maleic anhydride ...
*  Zinc deficiency
Numerous small bowel diseases which cause destruction or malfunction of the gut mucosa enterocytes and generalized ... Impaired immune function in people with zinc deficiency can lead to the development of respiratory, gastrointestinal, or other ...
*  Kingella kingae
... since disrupted respiratory or buccal mucosa is likely to facilitate bacterial invasion and hematogenous dissemination. The ... The infection can occur in the respiratory or urinary tracts, as it is a part of the normal flora in those two areas, and will ... K. kingae expresses type IV pili, which allow for enhanced adhesion to respiratory epithelial and synovial cells and thus ... As an oropharyngeal colonizer, K kingae is transmitted by respiratory secretions, saliva, and potentially oral contact with ...