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*  Sperm competition
This would be an energetic cost towards both genders for the reason that instead of using the energy for reproduction, they are ... ISBN 0-13-227584-8. Olsson, M.; Madsen, T.; Shine, R. (1997). "Is sperm really so cheap? Costs of reproduction in male adders, ... Seminal proteins can have a strong influence on reproduction, sufficient to manipulate female behavior and physiology. Another ... the competitive process between spermatozoa of two or more different males to fertilize the same egg during sexual reproduction ...
*  Female sperm storage
Biology of Reproduction 77:906-913. Suarez SS. 2002. Formation of a reservoir of sperm in the oviduct. Reproduction in Domestic ... Human Reproduction Update 14(6):647-657. Allen AK & Spradling AC. 2008. The Sf1-related nuclear hormone receptor Hr39 regulates ... Reproduction in Domestic Animals 46:68-74. Ridley M. 1988. Mating frequency and fecundity in insects. Biological Reviews. 63: ... Journal of Reproduction and Fertility. 24:233-246. Kardong KV. 2009. Vertebrates: Comparative Anatomy, Function, Evolution. 5th ...
*  Reproduction
Asexual reproduction is not limited to single-celled organisms. The cloning of an organism is a form of asexual reproduction. ... Sexual reproduction ensures a mixing of the gene pool of the species. The variations found in offspring of sexual reproduction ... Sexual reproduction has many drawbacks, since it requires far more energy than asexual reproduction and diverts the organisms ... The evolution of sexual reproduction is a major puzzle for biologists. The two-fold cost of sexual reproduction is that only 50 ...
*  Natural fertility
Wood JW (1994) Dynamics of Human Reproduction: Biology, Biometry, Demography. Hawthorne, N.Y.: Aldine de Gruyter Publishers. ... Magazine Article Wood, James W. (December 31, 1994). Dynamics of Human Reproduction: Biology, Biometry, Demography. Piscataway ...
*  Sex-selective abortion
Gangoli, Geetanjali (1998). "Reproduction, abortion and women's health". Social Scientist. 26 (11-12): 83-105. doi:10.2307/ ...
*  Complications of pregnancy
... obstetrique et biologie de la reproduction. 41 (6): 553-560. doi:10.1016/j.jgyn.2012.04.010. PMID 22622194. "Health problems in ...
*  Muller's ratchet
Muller proposed this mechanism as one reason why sexual reproduction may be favored over asexual reproduction. The negative ... Evolution of sexual reproduction Genetic hitchhiking Mutational meltdown Hill-Robertson effect Muller HJ (1932). "Some genetic ... Although Muller discussed the advantages of sexual reproduction in his 1932 talk, it does not contain the word "ratchet". ... Asexual reproduction compels genomes to be inherited as indivisible blocks so that once the least mutated genomes in an asexual ...
*  Social reproduction
... , when co-opted with cultural reproduction, allows for sociology of education to assume its role. Education ... Social reproduction is a concept originally proposed by Karl Marx in Das Kapital, and is a variety of his broader idea of ... Social reproduction is involved with the sociology of health and illness when it comes to how inequalities affect the health of ... Social reproduction is the passing on of social inequality across generations. The upper class has many advantages; having ...
*  Reproduction (album)
Reproduction is the first album released by British synthpop group The Human League. The album was released in October 1979 ... Reproduction contains nine tracks of electronic/synthpop with some elements of industrial music, and was recorded during six ... "Reproduction - Human League". Allmusic. Starr, Red. "Albums". Smash Hits (18-31 October 1979): 29. Rachael Stevens (11 October ... was not included on the original release of Reproduction, but was added as an extra track on all CD issues from the late 1980s ...
*  Tone reproduction
A tone reproduction curve is often referred to by its initials, TRC, and the 'R' is sometimes said to stand for response, as in ... A tone reproduction curve is applied to the electronic image prior to printing, so that the reflectance of the print closely ... ISBN 0-471-29085-8. L. A. Jones (July 1920). "On the Theory of Tone Reproduction, with a Graphic Method for the Solution of ... In the theory of photography, tone reproduction is the mapping of scene luminance and color to print reflectance or display ...
*  Human reproduction
... is any form of sexual reproduction resulting in human fertilization, typically involving sexual intercourse ... Antinatalism Evolution of sexual reproduction Female infertility Human Reproduction (journal) Journal of Human Reproductive ... Human reproduction normally begins with copulation, followed by nine months of pregnancy before childbirth, though it may be ... Human reproduction takes place as internal fertilization by sexual intercourse. During this process, the male inserts his penis ...
*  Sexual reproduction
... is a form of reproduction where two morphologically distinct types of specialized reproductive cells called ... The evolution of sexual reproduction is a major puzzle because asexual reproduction should be able to outcompete it as every ... Fungi are classified by the methods of sexual reproduction they employ. The outcome of sexual reproduction most often is the ... which are similar to sexual reproduction although they do not lead to reproduction. The first fossilized evidence of sexual ...
*  Plant reproduction
Asexual reproduction is a type of reproduction where the offspring comes from one parent only, thus, inheriting the ... which can be accomplished by sexual or asexual reproduction. Sexual reproduction produces offspring by the fusion of gametes, ... Sexual reproduction in flowering plants involves the production of male and female gametes, the transfer of the male gametes to ... However, in vegetative reproduction, the new plants that result are new individuals in almost every respect except genetic. A ...
*  Fish reproduction
Sexual parasitism is a mode of sexual reproduction, unique to anglerfish, in which the males of a species are much smaller than ... The first all-female (unisexual) reproduction in vertebrates was described in the Amazon molly in 1932. Since then at least 50 ... ISBN 0-03-910284-X. Brito, M.F.G.; Bazzoli, N. (2003). "Reproduction of the surubim catfish (Pisces, Pimelodidae) in the São ... In nature, this mode of reproduction can yield highly homozygous lines composed of individuals so genetically uniform as to be ...
*  Cultural reproduction
... often results in social reproduction, or the process of transferring aspects of society (such as class) ... One of Pierre Bourdieu and Jean-Claude Passeron main concepts on Cultural Reproduction was in their book Cultural Reproduction ... Reproduction as it is applied to culture, is the process by which aspects of culture are passed on from person to person or ... Through cultural reproduction, only those members of the dominant culture can acquire knowledge in relation to the way it is ...
*  Fragmentation (reproduction)
... see the section on reproduction in lichens). Fragmentation is a very common type of vegetative reproduction in plants. Many ... As this process is a form of asexual reproduction, it does not produce genetic diversity in the offspring. Therefore, these are ... Fragmentation or clonal fragmentation in multi cellular or colonial organisms is a form of asexual reproduction or cloning in ... Fragmentation, also known as splitting, as a method of reproduction is seen in many organisms such as filamentous cyanobacteria ...
*  Vegetative reproduction
... stem cutting Apomixis Asexual reproduction Micropropagation Rhizomes "vegetative reproduction , horticulture". Encyclopedia ... In a sense, this process is not one of reproduction but one of survival and expansion of biomass of the individual. When an ... A form of budding called suckering is the reproduction or regeneration of a plant by shoots that arise from an existing root ... Vegetative reproduction (also known as vegetative propagation, vegetative multiplication or vegetative cloning) is any form of ...
*  Reproduction (economics)
Reproduction can also refer to the worker's daily reproduction of his or her own labor power. This consists of the tasks of ... Therefore, economic reproduction in capitalist society is necessarily expanded reproduction and requires market growth. Capital ... A third, more recent interpretation is that the reproduction process (both the material reproduction processes and the ... Marx distinguishes between "simple reproduction" and "expanded (or enlarged) reproduction". In the former case, no economic ...
*  Stratified reproduction
... also extends beyond the aspect of reproduction to the extent of childcare and the mother's role in ... Stratified reproduction is a widely used social scientific concept, created by Shellee Colen, that describes imbalances in the ... The scope of use of the stratified reproduction framework is not limited to women's access to contraceptives or lack thereof. ... In 1984, Shellee Colen coined the term "stratified reproduction" when studying West Indian childcare workers in New York City, ...
*  Reproduction speed
The reproduction speed is usually expressed (a) as the area of recorded copy produced per unit time, such as square meters per ... The reproduction speed is usually expressed in pages per minute.) This article incorporates public domain material from the ... In telecommunication, the term reproduction speed has the following meanings: In facsimile systems, the rate at which recorded ...
*  Canine reproduction
... is the process of sexual reproduction in domestic dogs. In domestic dogs, sexual maturity (puberty) occurs ...
*  Mammalian reproduction
Reproduction Desert rat-kangaroo#Reproduction Tree-kangaroo#Reproduction Opossum#Reproduction and life cycle Koala#Reproduction ... Reproduction Rut (mammalian reproduction) Marsupial#Reproduction Reproductive behavior of kangaroos Red kangaroo#Reproduction ... Reproductive system Canine reproduction Dolphin#Reproduction and sexuality Llama#Reproduction Domestic sheep reproduction ... Reproduction and life cycle Mammal reproductive system Sexual reproduction#Mammals Sex organ#Mammals Human reproduction Animal ...
*  Reproduction fees
Elaine M. Stainton Photo Reproduction Fees and Designations: Three Modest Proposals (concerning fine art reproduction fees). ... Reproduction fees are charged by image collections for the right to reproduce images in publications. This is not the same as a ... Some institutions employ specialist firms to administer their copyrights and reproduction fees. In recent years the money asked ...
*  Dinosaur reproduction
... was relevant to archosaur physiology, with newborns hatching from eggs. A discovery of features in a ...
*  Asexual reproduction
... also simply reproduction Cloning Parthenogenesis Plant reproduction Sex Sexual reproduction Narra HP, Ochman H (2006). "Of what ... Asexual reproduction is a type of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single organism, and inherit the genes of that ... Asexual reproduction is the primary form of reproduction for single-celled organisms such as the Archaea and bacteria. Many ... which leads to loss of sexual reproduction in homozygous offspring. Inheritance of asexual reproduction by a single recessive ...