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*  Mechanoreceptor
The knee jerk is the popularly known stretch reflex (involuntary kick of the lower leg) induced by tapping the knee with a ...
*  Reflex
Palmomental reflex Moro reflex, also known as the startle reflex Palmar grasp reflex Rooting reflex Sucking reflex Symmetrical ... Photic sneeze reflex Scratch reflex Sneeze Startle reflex Withdrawal reflex Crossed extensor reflex Many of these reflexes are ... Triceps reflex (C6, C7, C8) Patellar reflex or knee-jerk reflex (L2, L3, L4) Ankle jerk reflex (Achilles reflex) (S1, S2) While ... Abdominal reflexes (T6-L1) Gastrocolic reflex Anocutaneous reflex (S2-S4) Baroreflex Cough reflex Cremasteric reflex (L1-L2) ...
*  Oculocardiac reflex
The Oculocardiac reflex, also known as Aschner phenomenon, Aschner reflex, or Aschner-Dagnini reflex, is a decrease in pulse ... Smith R (1994). "Death and the oculocardiac reflex". Can J Anaesth. 41 (8): 760. doi:10.1007/BF03015643. PMID 7923532. Reflex, ... The reflex is mediated by nerve connections between the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal cranial nerve via the ciliary ... However, this reflex may also occur with adults. Bradycardia, junctional rhythm and asystole, all of which may be life- ...
*  Corneal reflex
... the latter known as the optical reflex). The blink reflex also occurs when sounds greater than 40-60 dB are made. The reflex is ... The reflex is absent in infants under 9 months. The examination of the corneal reflex is a part of some neurological exams, ... The corneal reflex, also known as the blink reflex, is an involuntary blinking of the eyelids elicited by stimulation of the ... Use of contact lenses may diminish or abolish the testing of this reflex. The optical reflex, on the other hand, is slower and ...
*  Stretch reflex
Jaw jerk reflex (CN V) Biceps reflex C5/C6 Brachioradialis reflex C6 Extensor digitorum reflex C6/C7 Triceps reflex C6/C7 ... This reflex has the shortest latency of all spinal reflexes including the Golgi tendon reflex and reflexes mediated by pain and ... this particular reflex causes a contraction in the soleus-gastrocnemius group of muscles. Like the patellar reflex, this reflex ... Withdrawal reflex Damping & Loading reflex Jendrassik maneuver The clasp-knife response is a stretch reflex with a rapid ...
*  Primitive reflexes
... they include the palmomental reflex, snout reflex, glabellar reflex or "tap" reflex. The term high-risk newborns refers to ... Reflexes vary in utility. Some reflexes hold a survival value (e.g., the rooting reflex, which helps a breastfed infant find ... This reflex disappears around 5-6 months as infants start attempting to walk after this reflex disappears. The rooting reflex ... normal Moro reflex may be present, while the walking reflex is absent or abnormal). Normal performance of primitive reflexes in ...
*  Pharyngeal reflex
The pharyngeal reflex or gag reflex (also known as a laryngeal spasm) is a reflex contraction of the back of the throat, evoked ... This particular reflex is simply one of several aero digestive reflexes, including also the pharyngoglottal closure reflex (in ... In a reflex arc, a series of physiological steps occur very rapidly to produce a reflex. Generally a sensory receptor receives ... Touching the soft palate can lead to a similar reflex response. However, in that case, the sensory limb of the reflex is the CN ...
*  Retrobulbar block
Systemic complications include local anesthetic toxicity, brainstem anesthesia, and stimulation of the oculocardiac reflex. ...
*  Pretectal area
The pupillary light reflex is mediated by the pretectum. This reflex is responsible for the constriction of the pupils upon ... MAGOUN, H. W.; RANSON, S. W. (1 May 1935). "THE CENTRAL PATH OF THE LIGHT REFLEX: A STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF LESIONS". Archives ... Part of the pretectum, particularly the NOT and NPP, are implicated in the accommodation reflex by which the eye maintains ... In general, these responses involve the initiation of optokinetic reflexes, although the pretectum can also regulate ...
*  Opsin
Another opsin found in the mammalian retina, melanopsin, is involved in circadian rhythms and pupillary reflex but not in image ... Involved in circadian rhythms, pupillary reflex, and color correction in high-brightness situations. Phylogenetically a member ... where it regulates circadian rhythms and mediates the pupillary reflex. Unlike c-opsins, r-opsins are associated with canonical ...
*  Menace reflex
... can cause loss of the menace reflex while leaving the other blink reflexes, such as the dazzle reflex, unaffected. The presence ... It is the reflex blinking that occurs in response to the rapid approach of an object. The reflex comprises blinking of the ... For example, an animal with polioencephalomalacia will lack the menace reflex, but will still have the pupillary light reflex. ... and such an animal presents with a lack of both reflexes. Testing the menace reflex has to be done with care. Waving an object ...
*  Baroreflex
Heesch, C. (1999). "Reflexes that control cardiovascular function". American Journal of Physiology. 277: S234-S243. ... The baroreflex or baroreceptor reflex is one of the body's homeostatic mechanisms that helps to maintain blood pressure at ... Autonomic nervous system Baroreceptor Blood pressure Heart rate turbulence Reflex bradycardia Valsalva Maneuver Scheffers. ... reflex bradycardia) and contractility. The combined effects will dramatically decrease blood pressure. In a similar manner, ...
*  Landau reflex
... or Landau reaction refers to a reflex seen in infants when held horizontally in the air in the prone position. It ... An abnormal Landau reflex may indicate hypotonia or hypertonia and may indicate a motor development issue. Mitchell, Ross G. ( ... doi:10.1111/j.1469-8749.1962.tb03099.x. "Landau reflex". TheFreeDictionary. Retrieved 6 July 2013. "Mosby's Medical Dictionary ... 2008). "The Landau Reaction (Reflex)". Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology. 4: 65. ...
*  Accommodation reflex
The accommodation reflex (or accommodation-convergence reflex) is a reflex action of the eye, in response to focusing on a near ... afferent limb of reflex), superior centers (interneuron) and cranial nerve III (efferent limb of reflex). The change in the ... The reflex, controlled by the parasympathetic nervous system, involves three responses; pupil accommodation, lens accommodation ... Anon-779080 (14 August 2008). "Accommodation Reflex". Scribd. Retrieved 24 October 2012. Accommodation at Georgia State ...
*  Abdominal reflex
An abdominal reflex is a superficial neurological reflex stimulated by stroking of the abdomen around the umbilicus. It can be ... "Absent Abdominal Reflex". Retrieved 5 February 2013. "Abdominal Reflex Evolutionary Significance". Retrieved 5 February 2013. ... Being a superficial reflex, it is polysynaptic. Make the subject lie down comfortably on a bed in the supine position. Uncover ... Thoracic 7th - 12th segments are involved Abdominal reflex is noted as either present or absent. An absent response can be ...
*  Triceps reflex
The triceps reflex, a deep tendon reflex, is a reflex as it elicits involuntary contraction of the triceps brachii muscle. It ... Absence of a reflex (areflexia): If no reflex is elicited then it is essential to try again with reinforcement, with the ... Reflex arc Reflex Golgi tendon organ General Practice Notebook - UK. "Triceps (anatomy)". General Practice Notebook - UK. ... "Triceps reflex". General Practice Notebook - UK. Retrieved September 18, 2007. General Practice Notebook - UK. "Absent reflexes ...
*  Diving reflex
The diving reflex is used in clinical practice as a means to treat supraventricular tachycardia. This is an example of a vagal ... The diving reflex is triggered specifically by chilling the face and breath-hold. The most noticeable effects are on the ... Pedroso, F. S.; Riesgo, R. S.; Gatiboni, T; Rotta, N. T. (2012). "The diving reflex in healthy infants in the first year of ... In humans, the diving reflex is not induced when limbs are introduced to cold water. Mild bradycardia is caused by subjects ...
*  Righting reflex
The righting reflex, also known as the Labyrinthine righting reflex, is a reflex that corrects the orientation of the body when ... The righting reflex is not exclusive to humans. A well-known righting reflex in cats allows them to land on their feet after a ... The reflex can be affected by various types of balance disorders. The righting reflex has also been studied in non-human ... These automatic postural adjustments can be explained in terms of two reflexes similar to the righting reflex: the vestibulo- ...
*  Reflex bradycardia
... is a bradycardia (decrease in heart rate) in response to the baroreceptor reflex, one of the body's ... In the presence of high mean arterial pressure, the baroreceptor reflex produces a reflex bradycardia as a method of decreasing ... Stimuli causing reflex bradycardia include: Oculocardiac reflex sympathetic response to intracranial hypertension Systemically ... Acetylcholine then binds to M2 muscarinic receptors, causing the decrease in heart rate that is referred to as reflex ...
*  Inflammatory reflex
The inflammatory reflex is a neural circuit that regulates the immune response to injury and invasion. All reflexes have an ... The Inflammatory reflex has a sensory, afferent arc, which is activated by cytokines, and a motor, or efferent arc, which ... The net effect of the reflex is to prevent the damage caused by excessive cytokine production. Evidence from experimental ... Signaling in the efferent arc of the inflammatory reflex, termed the "Cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway," provides a ...
*  Cough reflex
... : http://www.healthhype.com/cough-reflex-physiology-process-ear-cough-reflexes.html Ganong WF, "Chapter 36. ... The reflex is impaired in the person whose abdominals and respiratory muscles are weak. This problem can be caused by disease ... The cough reflex can be tested by inhaling air with nebulized 200µmol/l capsaicin. Cough Hall, John (2011). Guyton and Hall ... The cough reflex has both sensory (afferent) mainly via the vagus nerve and motor (efferent) components. Pulmonary irritant ...
*  Red reflex
The red reflex is considered abnormal if there is any asymmetry between the eyes, dark sports, or white reflex (Leukocoria). ... Red reflex examination in neonates, infants, and children. Pediatrics. 2008;122(6):1401-1404. "Red reflex examination in ... WilliamsDetection of red reflex asymmetry by pediatric residents using the Brückner reflex versus the MTI photoscreener ... The red reflex refers to the reddish-orange reflection of light from the back of the eye, or fundus, observed when using an ...
*  Plantar reflex
The plantar reflex is a reflex elicited when the sole of the foot is stimulated with a blunt instrument. The reflex can take ... Mechanistically, they differ significantly; the finger flexor reflex is a simple monosynaptic spinal reflex involving the ... doi:10.1046/j.1440-1754.2003.00172.x. "Neonatal reflexes". Retrieved 24 May 2017. "Medline plus: Babinski reflex". Retrieved 24 ... The plantar reflex can be elicited in a number of ways, which were described in the late 19th and early 20th century. These ...
*  Reflex syncope
... affects at least 1 per 1,000 people a year. It is the most common type of syncope, making up more than 50% of ... Reflex syncope is a brief loss of consciousness due to a neurologically induced drop in blood pressure. Before the person ... Reflex syncope is divided into three types: vasovagal, carotid sinus, and situational. Vasovagal syncope is typically triggered ... One account for these physiological responses is the Bezold-Jarisch reflex. Vasovagal syncope may be an evolution response, ...
*  Brissaud's reflex
... is a clinical sign in which stroking the sole of the foot elicits contraction of tensor fasciae latae. This ...