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*  Spirometry
Values of between 80% and 120% of the average value are considered normal. Predicted normal values for FEV1 can be calculated ... February 2008). "Reference Ranges for Spirometry Across All Ages: A New Approach". Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 177 (3): 253- ... Average values for FEV1 in healthy people depend mainly on sex and age, according to the diagram at left. ... Multiple publications of predicted values have been published and may be calculated online based on age, sex, weight and ...
*  Dietary Reference Values
Reference intakes Traffic light label Dietary Reference Values of Food Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom (Report on ... Dietary Reference Values (DRV) is the name of the nutritional requirements systems used by the United Kingdom Department of ... The Dietary Reference Values below are specified mainly for adults. They define the proportion of a person's total energy ... This records Dietary Reference Values which recommended nutritional intakes for the UK population. The DRVs can be divided into ...
*  Vitamin D deficiency in Australia
"Calcium, Vitamin D and Osteoporosis" (PDF). "Vitamin D , Nutrient Reference Values". www.nrv.gov.au. Retrieved 2015-09-02. Daly ...
*  Sodium
"Reference Values for Elements". Dietary Reference Intakes Tables. Health Canada. U.S. Department of Agriculture; U.S. ...
*  Popcorn
"FDA Daily Reference Values". Fda.gov. 2010-01-13. Retrieved 2010-01-20. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/movie-popcorn-has-shocking ... the equivalent of a full day-and-a-half's reference daily intake. However, in studies conducted by the Motion Picture ...
*  Quality of life (healthcare)
EORTC Quality of Life Group = (July 2008). EORTC QLQ-C30 Reference Values (PDF). Retrieved 4 May 2015. "Health-Related Quality ... A large amount of reference data is now available. The field of HRQOL has grown significantly in the last decade, with hundreds ... It refers to the potential of a subject's views, values, or expectations changing over the course of a study, thereby adding ... value in a cost-benefit analysis. For example, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is using their health- ...
*  Exhalation
Kivastik, Jana; Kingisepp, Peet-Henn (2001). "Spirometric reference values in Estonian schoolchildren". Clinical Physiology. 21 ... These values differ in men and women because men tend to be larger than women. TLC is the maximum amount of air in the lungs ... are all values that can be tested using this method. Spirometry is used to help detect, but not diagnose, respiratory issues ...
*  Cystatin C
Reference values differ in many populations and with sex and age. Across different studies, the mean reference interval (as ... June 2006). "Cystatin C reference values and aging". Clin. Biochem. 39 (6): 658-661. doi:10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2006.03.017. ... the average reference interval is 0.56 to 0.98 mg/L with a mean of 0.77 mg/L. The normal values decrease until the first year ... For serum creatinine values adjusted with the MDRD equation, these values would be 0.95 mg/dL to 1.46 mg/dL (a 54% increase). ...
*  Vitamin B6
... refers to the collective set of information as Dietary Reference Values, with Population Reference Intake (PRI) instead of RDA ... The nutrient reference values in Australia and New Zealand recommend an upper limit of 50 mg/day in adults. "The same figure ... "Overview on Dietary Reference Values for the EU population as derived by the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and ... "NHMRC Nutrient Reference Values - Nutrients vitamin B6". György, Paul (1934). "Vitamin B2 and the pellagra-like dermatitis in ...
*  D-dimer
Reference Values During Pregnancy at perinatology.com. Retrieved October 2014. Schrecengost JE, LeGallo RD, Boyd JC, Moons KG, ... False values may be obtained if the specimen collection tube is not sufficiently filled (false low value if underfilled and ... In interpretation of the D-dimer, for patients over age 50 a value of (patient's age) x 10 μg/l may be abnormal. D-dimer was ... Following are reference ranges for D-dimer: Various kits have a 93-95% sensitivity (true positive rate). For hospitalized ...
*  Exhaled nitric oxide
However, several major features influence the reference values. Men have higher eNO values than women. Smoking notoriously ... August 2007). "Reference ranges for exhaled nitric oxide derived from a random community survey of adults". Am. J. Respir. Crit ... The magnitude of these effects lies in the order of 10%, so even single cut-off values might be useful. Until the 1980s, nitric ... Clinical trials have looked at whether tailoring asthma therapy based on eNO values is better than conventional care, in which ...
*  Canning
"Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand - Sodium". Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand. ... Glass jars have remained popular for some high-value products and in home canning. Can openers were not invented for another ...
*  Nutrition and pregnancy
EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition, and Allergies (NDA) (2010). "Scientific Opinion on Dietary reference values for ... Briggs, Gerald G.; Freeman, Roger K.; Yaffe, Sumner J. (2011). Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation: A Reference Guide to Fetal and ... doi:10.1111/j.1471-0528.1964.tb04317.x. Institute of Medicine (IOM). Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, ... Dietary References Intakes:Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate. Released February 11, 2014. https://iom. ...
*  Vital capacity
Reference Values for Lung Function tests in Females. Bull. Eur. Physiopathol. Respir. 21, pp. 551-557, 1985. A. Langhammer, R. ... Forced spirometry reference values for Norwegian adults: the Bronchial Obstruction in North Trøndelag study. Eur. Respir. J. ... An online calculator exists that will compute the predicted vital capacity based on these references given a patient's, age, ...
*  Water fluoridation
The U.S. Institute of Medicine has established Dietary Reference Intakes for fluoride: Adequate Intake values range from 0.01 ... European Food Safety Authority (2013). "Scientific Opinion on Dietary Reference Values for fluoride". EFSA Journal. 11: 46. doi ... However, these values differ greatly among the world's regions: for example, in Sichuan, China the average daily fluoride ... Sodium fluoride (NaF) was the first compound used and is the reference standard. It is a white, odorless powder or crystal; the ...
*  Health effects of salt
"Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand - Sodium". Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand. ... Salt and Health Health Canada Dietary Reference Intakes NHMRC Reference Nutrient Values, Sodium Archived 2009-09-29 at the ... ISBN 978-0-309-14805-4. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) Panel on Dietary Reference Intakes for Electrolytes and Water ... 2005). Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate. Washington, DC: The National Academies ...
*  Choline
Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand, Although choline is essential, there appear to have been no reports of ... Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand "Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to ... The Panel notes that no dietary reference values for choline have been established in the EU. There are no reliable intake data ... For choline, as shown in Reference Daily Intake, 100% of the Daily Value is 550 mg. Studies on a number of different ...
*  Trans fat
"EFSA sets European dietary reference values for nutrient intakes" (Press release). European Food Safety Authority. 26 March ... "Scientific opinion on dietary reference values for fats". EFSA Journal. 8 (3): 1461. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1461. CS1 maint: ... Their 2002 Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids ... Food and nutrition board, institute of medicine of the national academies (2005). Dietary reference intakes for energy, ...
*  Drinking water
CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) "US daily reference intake values". Iom.edu. Archived from the original on 2011- ... EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition, and Allergies (2010). "Scientific Opinion on Dietary Reference Values for water". ... page 51 Referenced 2008-10-20 Mayer, P.W.; DeOreo, W.B.; Opitz, E.M.; Kiefer, J.C.; Davis, W.Y.; Dziegielewski, B.; & Nelson, J ... In the United States, the reference daily intake (RDI) for total water is 3.7 litres per day (L/day) for human males older than ...
*  Functional residual capacity
The predicted value of FRC was measured for large populations and published in several references. FRC was found to vary by a ... Reference Values for Lung Function tests in Females. Bull. Eur. Physiopathol. Respir. 21, pp. 551-557, 1985. A. Zapletal, T. ... R.O. Crapo, A.H. Morris, R.M. Gardner, Reference Spirometric Values using Techniques and Equipment that meet ATS ... An online calculator exists that will calculate FRC for a patient using these references. ...
*  Armas Ralph Gustaf Gräsbeck
He is also known for the introduction of the concept of reference values. He graduated as an MD from Helsinki University in ... "The evolution of the reference value concept". Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. 42 (7): 692-697. doi:10.1515/cclm. ...
*  Tubal factor infertility
"World Health Organization reference values for human semen characteristics". Hum. Reprod. Update. 16 (3): 231-45. doi:10.1093/ ... Twelve months is the lower reference limit for Time to Pregnancy (TTP) by the World Health Organization. When the inability to ...
*  Nutrition
These reference values include water from drinking water, other beverages, and from food. About 80% of our daily water ... EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) (2010). "Scientific Opinion on Dietary Reference Values for ... 1] Nutrient recommendations: Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI). [2] Nutrient recommendations: Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI). ... Dietary reference values for water or adequate daily intakes (ADI). These specifications were provided by calculating adequate ...
*  Fertility factor (demography)
"World Health Organization reference values for human semen characteristics". Human Reproduction Update. 16 (3): 231-45. doi: ... The transmission of values from parents to offspring (nurture) has been a core area of fertility research. The assumption is ... Another example of this can be found in Europe and in post-Soviet states, where values of increased autonomy and independence ... Wardatul Akmam (2002). "Women's Education and Fertility Rates in Developing Countries, With Special Reference to Bangladesh". ...
*  Resistant starch
"Federal Register , Food Labeling: Revision of Reference Values and Mandatory Nutrients". 2 November 2007. Retrieved Mar 18, ... "Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids". Institute ... 2005). Chapter 7 Dietary, Functional, and Total Fiber in Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty ... National Research Council (2005). Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, ...
*  Summer of Love
The users thereof often had sessions to oppose the laws, including The Human Be-In referenced above as well as various "smoke- ... Many were suspicious of the government, rejected consumerist values, and generally opposed the Vietnam War. A few were ... those who gathered in Haight-Ashbury during 1967 allegedly rejected the conformist and materialist values of modern life; there ...
*  Infertility
"World Health Organization reference values for human semen characteristics". Hum. Reprod. Update. 16 (3): 231-45. doi:10.1093/ ... Twelve months is the lower reference limit for Time to Pregnancy (TTP) by the World Health Organization. a woman over 35 has ... as the production of children is often highly socially valued and is vital for social security and health networks as well as ...