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*  Recombinase
... s are genetic recombination enzymes. DNA recombinases are widely used in multicellular organisms to manipulate the ...
*  Ancestral reconstruction
... or gain of genetic content through recombination, duplication or horizontal gene transfer. The "genome rearrangement problem", ... In addition to genetic sequences, one might attempt to track the changing of one character trait to another, such as fins ... Since modern genetic sequences are essentially a variation of ancient ones, access to ancient sequences may identify other ... In brief, the evolution of a genetic sequence is modelled by a time-reversible continuous time Markov process. In the simplest ...
*  Recombination hotspot
Evolution Genetic recombination Jeffreys AJ, Kauppi L, Neumann R (October 2001). "Intensely punctate meiotic recombination in ... Recombination hotspots may arise from the interaction of the following selective forces: the benefit of driving genetic ... Recombination hotspots are regions in a genome that exhibit elevated rates of recombination relative to a neutral expectation. ... The recombination rate within hotspots can be hundreds of times that of the surrounding region. Recombination hotspots result ...
*  Phylogenetic network
Network generates evolutionary trees and networks from genetic, linguistic, and other data. Phylogeny programs, some of which ... They are employed when reticulation events such as hybridization, horizontal gene transfer, recombination, or gene duplication ... recombination networks from binary sequences, median networks from a set of splits, optimal realizations and reticulograms from ... "Characterization of reticulate networks based on the coalescent with recombination". Mol. Biol. Evol. 25 (12): 2517-20. doi: ...
*  Concerted evolution
... usually assisted by recombination events in IS elements (in bacteria) or in similar high copy number repetitive genetic ... The high sequence similarity between paralogs is maintained by homologous recombination events that lead to gene conversion, ... 2. Redistribution of genes requires transposition, probably assisted by the same repetitive genetic elements as in 1). 3. ...
*  Genetic recombination
Animations showing several models of homologous recombination The Holliday Model of Genetic Recombination Genetic recombination ... ordinarily precedes genetic recombination. Genetic recombination is catalyzed by many different enzymes. Recombinases are key ... In eukaryotes, genetic recombination during meiosis can lead to a novel set of genetic information that can be passed on from ... V(D)J recombination in organisms with an adaptive immune system is a type of site-specific genetic recombination that helps ...
*  Gene conversion
Whitehouse, HLK (1982). Genetic Recombination: understanding the mechanisms. Wiley. p. 321 & Table 38. ISBN 978-0471102052. ... and little genetic variation is produced. Thus, explanations for the adaptive function of meiotic recombination that focus ... Recombination occurs not only during meiosis, but also as a mechanism for repair of double-strand breaks (DSBs) caused by DNA ... Meiotic recombination is initiated through formation of a double-strand break (DSB). The 5' ends of the break are then degraded ...
*  ERCC1
Alternatively, a double-strand break may be made in the DNA near the ICL, and subsequent homologous recombination repair may ... Homologous integration of DNA, an important technique for genetic manipulation, is dependent on the function of ERCC1-XPF in ... Together with ERCC4, ERCC1 forms the ERCC1-XPF enzyme complex that participates in DNA repair and DNA recombination. Many ... Sgouros J, Gaillard PH, Wood RD (Mar 1999). "A relationship between a DNA-repair/recombination nuclease family and archaeal ...
*  Homologous recombination
... is a type of genetic recombination in which nucleotide sequences are exchanged between two similar or ... Animations - homologous recombination: Animations showing several models of homologous recombination Homologous recombination: ... Homologous recombination is a major DNA repair process in bacteria. It is also important for producing genetic diversity in ... Homologous recombination is also used in gene targeting, a technique for introducing genetic changes into target organisms. For ...
*  RAD52
It was also found to interact with DNA recombination protein RAD51, which suggested its role in RAD51-related DNA recombination ... Jiang Y, Qin Z, Hu Z, Guan X, Wang Y, He Y, Xue J, Liu X, Chen J, Dai J, Jin G, Ma H, Wang S, Shen H (2013). "Genetic variation ... Lu C, Chen YD, Han S, Wei J, Ge Y, Pan W, Jiang T, Qiu XG, Yang M (2014). "A RAD52 genetic variant located in a miRNA binding ... Stark JM, Pierce AJ, Oh J, Pastink A, Jasin M (2004). "Genetic steps of mammalian homologous repair with distinct mutagenic ...
*  Branch migration
"Genetic Recombination , Learn Science at Scitable". www.nature.com. Retrieved 2015-11-13. Yamada, Kazuhiro; Ariyoshi, Mariko; ... Branch migration is the second step of genetic recombination, following the exchange of two single strands of DNA between two ... present during recombination. The ions determine which structure the Holliday junction will adopt, as they play a stabilizing ... influencing the degree of which the genetic material is exchanged. Branch migration can also be seen in DNA repair and ...
*  Chromosomal crossover
"genetic recombination". Genetic Recombination Smith, George P. (1976-01-01). "Evolution of Repeated DNA Sequences by Unequal ... It is one of the final phases of genetic recombination, which occurs in the pachytene stage of prophase I of meiosis during a ... This leads to the notion of "genetic distance", which is a measure of recombination frequency averaged over a (suitably large) ... Surtees, J. A., J.A.; Argueso, J.L.; Alani, E. (2004). "Mismatch Repair Proteins: Key Regulators of Genetic Recombination". ...
*  Complete linkage
This process is known as genetic recombination. The rate of recombination of two discrete loci corresponds to their physical ... "Genetic Recombination and Gene Mapping , Learn Science at Scitable". www.nature.com. Retrieved 2016-04-10. Single, Richard M.; ... Through recombination, daughter cells have the greatest amount of genetic diversity. (Click Here for a video tutorial ... "Genetic Recombination and Gene Mapping , Learn Science at Scitable". www.nature.com. Retrieved 2016-04-10. Palhares, Alessandra ...
*  Tetrad (meiosis)
Synthetic genetic array Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ascus Homologous recombination Genetic recombination Ascospore Perkins, D.D. ( ... Genetic Recombination. New York: Wiley; 1982. ISBN 978-0471102052 Yeast Protocols: Methods in Cell and Molecular Biology, Ivor ... These studies have proven central to understanding the mechanism of meiotic recombination, which in turn is a key to ... The use of tetrads in fine-structure genetic analysis is described in the articles Neurospora crassa and Gene conversion. ...
*  Neurospora crassa
Analysis of genetic recombination is facilitated by the ordered arrangement of the products of meiosis in Neurospora ascospores ... 1982). Genetic Recombination. Wiley, New York ISBN 978-0471102052 Leslie JF, Raju NB (December 1985). "Recessive mutations from ... An understanding of recombination is relevant to several fundamental biologic problems, such the role of recombination and ... of the molecular mechanism of recombination is discussed in the Wikipedia articles Gene conversion and Genetic recombination. ...
*  Sordaria fimicola
... particularly the analysis of the molecular mechanism of genetic recombination. When a wild type (+) strain is mated with a ... The natural habitat of the three species of Sordaria that have been the principal subjects in genetic studies is dung of ... These species share a number of characteristics that are advantageous for genetic studies. They all have a short life cycle, ... asci). The retention of the products of an individual meiosis in an individual ascus has facilitated certain kinds of genetic ...
*  Zygotic induction
Lederberg J (1955). "Genetic recombination in bacteria". Science. 122 (3176): 920. doi:10.1126/science.122.3176.920. PMID ... Wollman EL, Jacob F, Hayes W (1956). "Conjugation and genetic recombination in Escherichia coli K-12". Cold Spring Harbor ... In analogy with fertilization and meiosis of higher organisms, he proposed that all of the genetic material was transferred but ... If mating terminated before the prophage was transferred, phage was not produced, and recombination proceeded in the zygote. ...
*  Bacterial recombination
... is a type of genetic recombination in bacteria characterized by DNA transfer from one organism called ... Genetic recombination Bajrović K; Jevrić-Čaušević A.; Hadžiselimović R., eds. (2005). Uvod u genetičko inženjerstvo i ... The final result of conjugation, transduction, and/or transformation is the production of genetic recombinants, individuals ... ISBN 3-540-07668-9. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/bacterial+recombination http://www.biology-pages.info/A/Avery.html. http ...
*  Homologous chromosome
This recombination of genes allows for the introduction of new allele pairings and genetic variation. Genetic variation among ... This proved interchromosomal genetic recombination. Homologous chromosomes are chromosomes which contain the same genes in the ... They allow for the recombination and random segregation of genetic material from the mother and father into new cells. Meiosis ... The homologous chromosomes within the cell will ordinarily not pair up and undergo genetic recombination with each other. ...
*  Synthesis-dependent strand annealing
Whitehouse, HLK (1982). Genetic Recombination: understanding the mechanisms. Wiley. p. 321 & Table 38. ISBN 978-0471102052. ... Formosa T, Alberts BM (1986). "DNA-synthesis dependent on genetic-recombination - characterization of a reaction catalyzed by ... see Genetic recombination). Helleday T, Engelward BP (2007). "DNA double-strand break repair: From mechanistic understanding to ... Homologous recombination via the SDSA pathway occurs in both mitotic and meiotic cells as an important mechanism of non- ...
*  Chromosome segregation
... genetic recombination usually occurs. Some of the recombination events occur by crossing over (involving physical exchange ... CO recombination may also be initiated by external sources of DNA damage such as X-irradiation, or internal sources. There is ... This is because, at the end of meiotic prophase I, CO recombination provides a physical link that holds homologous chromosome ... Sonntag Brown M, Lim E, Chen C, Nishant KT, Alani E (2013). "Genetic analysis of mlh3 mutations reveals interactions between ...
*  Grete Kellenberger-Gujer
... (1919-2011) was a Swiss molecular biologist known for her discoveries on genetic recombination and ... Meselson, M.; Weigle, J. J. (1961-06-15). "Chromosome brekage accompanying genetic recombination in bacteriophage". Proceedings ... She was a pioneer in the genetic analysis of bacteriophages and contributed to the early development of molecular biology. ... From 1971-1975, she worked with Douglas Berg, with whom she shared an interest in genetic analysis of bacteriophages and ...
*  Phycomyces
Eslava AP, Alvarez MI, Burke PV, Delbrück M (July 1975). "Genetic recombination in sexual crosses of phycomyces". Genetics. 80 ...
*  RuvABC
Kowalczykowski SC (2000). "Initiation of genetic recombination and recombination-dependent replication". Trends Biochem. Sci. ... Eggleston AK, Mitchell AH, and West SC (1997). "In Vitro Reconstitution of the Late Steps of Genetic Recombination in E. coli ... http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q9F1Q3 RecBCD West SC (2003). "Molecular views of recombination proteins and their control". Nat ... of three proteins that mediate branch migration and resolve the Holliday junction created during homologous recombination in ...
*  Stephen C. West
EGGLESTON, A.K., MITCHELL, A.H. and WEST, S.C. (1997) In vitro reconstitution of the late steps of genetic recombination in E. ... HOWARD-FLANDERS, P., WEST, S.C. and STASIAK, A.J. (1984). Role of RecA spiral filaments in genetic recombination. Nature 309, ... SHAH, R., BENNETT, R. J. and WEST, S. C. (1994). Genetic recombination in Escherichia coli: RuvC protein cleaves Holliday ... and opened up the field to allow a genetic analysis of the pathways by which recombination intermediates are processed. Present ...
*  Norovirus
In addition, a recombination hotspot exists at the ORF1 - ORF2 (VP1) junction. Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the ... Vinjé J, Green J, Lewis DC, Gallimore CI, Brown DW, Koopmans MP (2000). "Genetic polymorphism across regions of the three open ... A 2010 study suggested a specific genetic version of norovirus (which would not be distinguishable from other types of the ... ISBN 0-12-384684-6. Schuffenecker I, Ando T, Thouvenot D, Lina B, Aymard M (2001). "Genetic classification of "Sapporo-like ...
*  Streptomyces griseolus
"Interspecific protoplast fusion and genetic recombination between and". FEMS Microbiology Letters. 91 (2): 187-192. doi:10.1111 ...