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*  Plant virus
... "bind to a receptor on its surface, and a plant virus would be highly unlikely to recognize a receptor on a human cell. One ... Plant viruses are viruses that affect plants. Like all other viruses, plant viruses are obligate intracellular parasites that ... The first virus to be discovered (see below) was Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV). This and other viruses cause an estimated US$60 ... Generally TMV, potato viruses and cucumber mosaic viruses are transmitted via sap. Plant viruses need to be transmitted by a ...
*  Pandemic H1N1/09 virus
The H5N1 virus is also able to infect cells deep in the lungs with receptor type a2-3 but cannot infect cells with receptor ... The Pandemic H1N1/09 virus is a swine origin Influenza A virus subtype H1N1 virus strain responsible for the 2009 flu pandemic ... In July 2009, WHO experts named the virus "pandemic H1N1/09 virus" to distinguish it from both various seasonal H1N1 virus ... which allows pieces of RNA from different viruses to mix and form a novel type of virus as new virus particles are being ...
*  Negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus
... the pattern recognition receptors detect infection-associated molecules commonly associated with viruses, but some viruses ... parainfluenza viruses, influenza viruses, Ebola virus, Marburg virus are included within the NSV. The life cycle of NSV has a ... includes Measles virus, Mumps virus, Nipah virus, Hendra virus, and NDV Family Pneumoviridae - includes RSV and Metapneumovirus ... Viruses of the family Tenuivirus only infect plants. A few viruses known to infect humans include Marburg virus, Ebola, measles ...
*  Coxsackie virus and adenovirus receptor
Selinka HC, Wolde A, Sauter M, Kandolf R, Klingel K (May 2004). "Virus-receptor interactions of coxsackie B viruses and their ... CAR is a receptor for both Coxsackie B virus and adenovirus 2 and 5, which are structurally distinct. In patients with ... The protein encoded by this gene is a type I membrane receptor for group B coxsackie viruses and subgroup C adenoviruses. CAR ... "Entrez Gene: CXADR coxsackie virus and adenovirus receptor". "Protein sequence of human CXADR (Uniprot ID: P78310)". Cardiac ...
*  Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2
Turner AJ, Hiscox JA, Hooper NM (Jun 2004). "ACE2: from vasopeptidase to SARS virus receptor". Trends in Pharmacological ... ACE 2 is the receptor for SARS virus. Renin-angiotensin system ACE inhibitors GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000130234 - ... "Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 is a functional receptor for the SARS coronavirus". Nature. 426 (6965): 450-4. doi:10.1038/ ...
*  Prohibitin
Human prohibitin 1 has some activity as a virus receptor protein, having been identified as a receptor for Chikungunya Virus ( ... "Identification of prohibitin as a Chikungunya virus receptor protein". Journal of Medical Virology. 84 (11): 1757-70. doi: ... However, over-expression of PHB has been associated with a reduction in the androgen receptor activity and a reduction in PSA ... Montano MM, Ekena K, Delage-Mourroux R, Chang W, Martini P, Katzenellenbogen BS (Jun 1999). "An estrogen receptor-selective ...
*  Nucleolin
... at the cell surface is the receptor for the Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) fusion protein. Interference with the ... Shakeri A, Mastrangelo P, Griffin JK, Moraes TJ, Hegele RG (Nov 2014). "Respiratory syncytial virus receptor expression in the ... "Identification of nucleolin as a cellular receptor for human respiratory syncytial virus". Nature Medicine. 17 (9): 1132-5. doi ... "A fraction enriched in a novel glucocorticoid receptor-interacting protein stimulates receptor-dependent transcription in vitro ...
*  Thogotovirus
... which acts as the virus receptor. The thogotovirus glycoprotein is not similar to the influenza virus glycoproteins ( ... as well as the species or strains Araguari virus, Aransas Bay virus (ABV), Bourbon virus, Jos virus (JOSV) and Upolu virus ( ... Thogoto virus (THOV) is the type species; the genus also contains the species Dhori virus (DHOV) and its subtype Batken virus, ... 2008), "[Isolation of influenza virus A (Orthomyxoviridae, Influenza A virus), Dhori virus (Orthomyxoviridae, Thogotovirus), ...
*  Feline coronavirus
... are responsible for the infection power of the virus by binding the virus particle to a membrane receptor of the host cell-the ... The virus becomes feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) when random errors occur in the virus infecting an enterocyte, ... Holmes, K. V.; Tresnan, D. B.; Zelus, B. D. (1997). "Virus-Receptor Interactions in the Enteric Tract". In Paul, Prem S.; ... The virus is insignificant until mutations cause the virus to be transformed from FECV to FIPV. FIPV causes feline infectious ...
*  George Hirst (virologist)
Hirst GK (1948). "The nature of the virus receptors of red cells; evidence on the chemical nature of the virus receptors of red ... mumps and Newcastle disease virus. Although viruses had been shown to infect animals in 1898, research on animal viruses was ... 1950) Receptor destruction by viruses of the mumps-NDV-influenza group. Journal of Experimental Medicine 91: 161-175 (pdf) ... Human influenza virus had first been isolated just a few years earlier. Later, Hirst also studied other vertebrate RNA viruses ...
*  Decay-accelerating factor
2004). "Virus-receptor interactions of coxsackie B viruses and their putative influence on cardiotropism". Med. Microbiol. ... Echoviruses and coxsackie B viruses that use human decay-accelerating factor (DAF) as a receptor do not bind the rodent ... DAF is used as a receptor by some coxsackieviruses and other enteroviruses. Recombinant soluble DAF-Fc has been tested in mice ... Karnauchow TM, Tolson DL, Harrison BA, Altman E, Lublin DM, Dimock K (August 1996). "The HeLa cell receptor for enterovirus 70 ...
*  CLEC5A
... a dengue virus receptor". Acta Crystallogr. Sect. F Struct. Biol. Cryst. Commun. 66 (Pt 1): 29-31. doi:10.1107/ ... 2008). "CLEC5A is critical for dengue-virus-induced lethal disease". Nature. 453 (7195): 672-6. doi:10.1038/nature07013. PMID ... 1 is a cell surface receptor involved in the activation of myeloid cells". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96 (17): 9792-6. doi: ...
*  Jane A. McKeating
Cell host & microbe 13: 302-13 Link 2013 - A bile acid transporter as a candidate receptor for hepatitis B and D virus entry. ... 2012 - In silico directed mutagenesis identifies the CD81/claudin-1 hepatitis C virus receptor interface. Davis C, Harris HJ, ... Immunotherapy 4: 249-51 Link 2012 - Hepatitis C virus entry: beyond receptors. Meredith LW, Wilson GK, Fletcher NF, McKeating ... HRas signal transduction promotes hepatitis C virus cell entry by triggering assembly of the host tetraspanin receptor complex ...
*  Piers Nash
McFadden, G.; Lalani, A.; Everett, H.; Nash, P.; Xu, X. (1998). "Virus-encoded receptors for cytokines and chemokines". ... "Myxoma virus expresses a secreted protein with homology to the tumor necrosis factor receptor gene family that contributes to ... "Immunomodulation by viruses: The myxoma virus story". Immunological Reviews. 168: 103-20. doi:10.1111/j.1600-065X.1999.tb01286. ... ISBN 978-1-4613-7461-9. Lalani, A.; Nash, P.; Seet, B.; Robichaud, J.; McFadden, G. (1999). "Interaction of DNA virus proteins ...
*  GYPA
Wybenga LE, Epand RF, Nir S, Chu JW, Sharom FJ, Flanagan TD, Epand RM (July 1996). "Glycophorin as a receptor for Sendai virus ... Several viruses bind to glycophorin A including hepatitis A virus (via its capsid), bovine parvovirus , Sendai virus , ... Ohyama K, Endo T, Ohkuma S, Yamakawa T (May 1993). "Isolation and influenza virus receptor activity of glycophorins B, C and D ... The Wright b antigen (Wrb) is located on glycophorin A and acts as a receptor for the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. ...
*  GYPB
Ohyama K, Endo T, Ohkuma S, Yamakawa T (May 1993). "Isolation and influenza virus receptor activity of glycophorins B, C and D ... Glycophorin B acts as a receptor for erythrocyte binding Ligand (EBl-1) of Plasmodium falciparum involved in malaria. Both the ... "Glycophorin B as an EBA-175 independent Plasmodium falciparum receptor of human erythrocytes". Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 64 (1 ...
*  HYAL2
Liu SL, Duh FM, Lerman MI, Miller AD (2003). "Role of virus receptor Hyal2 in oncogenic transformation of rodent fibroblasts by ... cell surface protein which does not display hyaluronidase activity but does serve as a receptor for the oncogenic virus ... 2003). "Hyaluronidase 2 negatively regulates RON receptor tyrosine kinase and mediates transformation of epithelial cells by ... 2001). "Candidate tumor suppressor HYAL2 is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored cell-surface receptor for jaagsiekte ...
*  HAVCR1
Recently, TIM-1 has been shown to be a receptor or cofactor for Ebola virus entry. TIM-1 binds to Ebola virus glycoproteins (GP ... is a natural ligand of hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 1 (HAVCR1), and the association of IgA with HAVCR1 enhances virus- ... "The Cys-rich region of hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 1 is required for binding of hepatitis A virus and protective ... that include viruses such as dengue and ebola. Interestingly entry of Lassa fever virus, influenza A virus, and SARS ...
*  Glycophorin C
Ohyama K, Endo T, Ohkuma S, Yamakawa T (May 1993). "Isolation and influenza virus receptor activity of glycophorins B, C and D ... Pasvol G, Jungery M, Weatherall DJ, Parsons SF, Anstee DJ, Tanner MJ (October 1982). "Glycophorin as a possible receptor for ... Glycophorin C is the receptor for the protein erythrocyte binding antigen 140 (EBA140) of Plasmodium falciparum. This ... It is also an integral membrane protein of the erythrocyte and acts as the receptor for the Plasmodium falciparum protein PfEBP ...
*  SLC20A2
1994). "A human amphotropic retrovirus receptor is a second member of the gibbon ape leukemia virus receptor family". Proc. ... Garcia JV, Jones C, Miller AD (1991). "Localization of the amphotropic murine leukemia virus receptor gene to the ... Bøttger P, Pedersen L (2004). "The central half of Pit2 is not required for its function as a retroviral receptor". J. Virol. ... "The envelope glycoprotein of an amphotropic murine retrovirus binds specifically to the cellular receptor/phosphate transporter ...
*  PDPN
The homologous protein in other species has been described as a differentiation antigen and influenza-virus receptor. The ...
*  Avian sarcoma leukosis virus
"Avian sarcoma and leukosis virus-receptor interactions: from classical genetics to novel insights into virus-cell membrane ... Viral glycoprotein-receptor interactions are required to initiate membrane fusion of the virus and cell. The surface ... In 1961, Rous sarcoma virus (RSV), which is closely related to ASLV, was shown to contain RNA, and oncogenic viruses, such as ... Tvb is a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) family. The Tvc receptor is closely related to mammalian ...
*  HAVCR2
Hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 2 (HAVCR2), also known as T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin-domain containing-3 (TIM-3), is a ... "Entrez Gene: HAVCR2 hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 2". Hastings WD, Anderson DE, Kassam N, Koguchi K, Greenfield EA, Kent ... March 2012). "Tim-3 is an inducible human natural killer cell receptor that enhances interferon gamma production in response to ... It contains five conserved tyrosine residues that interact with multiple components of T-cell receptor (TCR) complex and ...
*  CD23
... the C3dg/Epstein-Barr virus receptor, CR2) that binds iC3b and CD23". European Journal of Immunology. 26 (7): 1497-503. doi: ... Ikuta K, Takami M, Kim CW, Honjo T, Miyoshi T, Tagaya Y, Kawabe T, Yodoi J (Feb 1987). "Human lymphocyte Fc receptor for IgE: ... CD23, also known as Fc epsilon RII, or FcεRII, is the "low-affinity" receptor for IgE, an antibody isotype involved in allergy ... IgE, in turn, is known to upregulate the cellular expression of CD23 and Fc epsilon RI (high-affinity IgE receptor). In flow ...
*  Hepatitis D
"Sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide is a functional receptor for human hepatitis B and D virus". ELife. 1: e00049. ... GB virus C Hepatitis A Hepatitis B, Hepatitis B Virus Hepatitis C, Hepatitis C Virus Hepatitis E, Hepatitis E Virus Makino S, ... "Characterization of a hepatitis B and hepatitis delta virus receptor binding site". Hepatology. 43 (4): 750-60. doi:10.1002/hep ... "Fine Mapping of Pre-S Sequence Requirements for Hepatitis B Virus Large Envelope Protein-Mediated Receptor Interaction". ...
*  Phage display
Then the expression of single chain Fv's (scFv), and single chain T cell receptors (scTCR) were expressed both with and without ... viruses that infect bacteria) to connect proteins with the genetic information that encodes them. In this technique, a gene ... It is used for finding new ligands (enzyme inhibitors, receptor agonists and antagonists) to target proteins. The technique is ... "Recombinant human Fab fragments neutralize human type 1 immunodeficiency virus in vitro". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 89 (19 ...
*  Alanine aminopeptidase
Hegyi A, Kolb AF (June 1998). "Characterization of determinants involved in the feline infectious peritonitis virus receptor ... Human aminopeptidase N is a receptor for one strain of human coronavirus that is an important cause of upper respiratory tract ... Kolb AF, Hegyi A, Siddell SG (November 1997). "Identification of residues critical for the human coronavirus 229E receptor ... "Aminopeptidase N is a receptor for tumor-homing peptides and a target for inhibiting angiogenesis". Cancer Research. 60 (3): ...