*  Secretin
... vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), and gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP). Fourteen of 27 amino acids of secretin reside in the ... It is also needed to carry out the central effects of angiotensin II. In the absence of secretin or its receptor in the gene ... They named this intestinal secretion secretin. Secretin was the first such "chemical messenger" identified. This type of ... It is a peptide hormone produced in the S cells of the duodenum, which are located in the intestinal glands. In humans, the ...
*  VIPR2
"Functional splice variants of the type II G protein-coupled receptor (VPAC2) for vasoactive intestinal peptide in mouse and ... 2001). "Selective gene expression and activation-dependent regulation of vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor type 1 and type ... 1999). "Structure of the human VIPR2 gene for vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor type 2". FEBS Lett. 458 (2): 197-203. doi: ... 1996). "Transduction of specific inhibition of HuT 78 human T cell chemotaxis by type I vasoactive intestinal peptide receptors ...
*  VIPR1
"Selective gene expression and activation-dependent regulation of vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor type 1 and type 2 in ... Usdin TB, Bonner TI, Mezey E (Dec 1994). "Two receptors for vasoactive intestinal polypeptide with similar specificity and ... VPAC1 is a receptor for vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), a small neuropeptide. Vasoactive intestinal peptide is involved in ... and chromosomal localization of the type I human vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor gene". Proceedings of the National ...
*  Vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor
... and peptide histidine valine (PHV). "PACAP type II receptors" (VPAC1 and VPAC2 receptors) display comparable affinity for PACAP ... There are two known receptors for the vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) termed VPAC1 and VPAC2. These receptors bind both VIP ... Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) receptors are activated by the ... Receptors, Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). ...
*  Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide
It binds to vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor and to the PACAP receptor. This gene encodes adenylate cyclase-activating ... and exon 5 encodes the mature peptide and 3' UTR. This gene encodes three different mature peptides, including two isotypes: a ... 1999). "PACAP type I receptor activation regulates ECL cells and gastric acid secretion". J. Clin. Invest. 104 (10): 1383-91. ... "Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP-27, but not PACAP-38) degradation ...
*  Glomus cell
... vasoactive intestinal peptide and enkephalins. Vasopressin has been found to inhibit the response of glomus cells to hypoxia, ... Glomus cells are very similar structurally to neurons, and they are indeed derived from the neural crest, while type II glomus ... Furthermore, glomus cells are highly responsive to angiotensin II through AT1 receptors, providing information about the body's ... A glomus cell (type I) is a peripheral chemoreceptor, mainly located in the carotid bodies and aortic bodies, that helps the ...
*  G protein-coupled receptor
... opioid peptides, opsins, somatostatin, GH, tachykinins, members of the vasoactive intestinal peptide family, and vasopressin; ... Currently, GPCRs are considered to utilize two primary types of transducers: G-proteins and β-arrestins. Because β-arr's have ... transmembrane domain receptors, 7TM receptors, heptahelical receptors, serpentine receptor, and G protein-linked receptors ( ... Phosphorylation of the receptor can have two consequences: Translocation: The receptor is, along with the part of the membrane ...
*  ADCYAP1R1
"Vasoactive intestinal peptide/pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide receptor subtypes in human tumors and their ... expression of different human receptor types for pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide and vasoactive intestinal ... Alternative splicing of two exons of this gene generates four major splice variants, but their full-length nature has not been ... "Characterization of vasoactive intestinal peptide/pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide receptors in human benign ...
*  Astrocyte
... vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), galanin, and vasopressin are all synthesized and released in response to noxious stimuli. ... GluR type: these express glutamate receptors (mostly mGluR and AMPA type) and respond to synaptic release of glutamate by ... One study done in Shanghai had two types of hippocampal neuronal cultures: In one culture, the neuron was grown from a layer of ... Type 1: Antigenically Ran2+, GFAP+, FGFR3+, A2B5−, thus resembling the "type 1 astrocyte" of the postnatal day 7 rat optic ...
*  Peptide
Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide; PHM27) PACAP Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase Activating Peptide Peptide PHI 27 (Peptide Histidine ... peptides Enkephalin pentapeptides Prodynorphin peptides Calcitonin Amylin AGG01 B-type Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) - produced in ... Milk peptides Two naturally occurring milk peptides are formed from the milk protein casein when digestive enzymes break this ... These particular peptides act as an agonist, meaning that they bind to a cell in a way that regulates LHRH receptors. The ...
*  Secretin receptor family
The secretin-receptor family GPCRs include vasoactive intestinal peptide receptors and receptors for secretin, calcitonin and ... Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide type 1 receptor InterPro: IPR002285 PACAPR (ADCYAP1R1) Calcitonin receptor ... However, there is no significant sequence identity between these two GPCR families and the secretin-receptor family has its own ... IPR002144 SCTR Vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor InterPro: IPR001571 VIPR1; VIPR2 Subfamily B2 contains receptors with ...
*  Leptin
... calcitonin gene-related peptide, vasoactive intestinal peptide and neuropeptide Y. Leptin binds to its receptors in the ... The leptin from the mesenchyme, in turn, acts back on the epithelium at the leptin receptor carried in the alveolar type II ... The leptin receptor is found on a wide range of cell types. It is a single-transmembrane-domain type I cytokine receptor, a ... Leptin interacts with six types of receptors (Ob-Ra-Ob-Rf, or LepRa-LepRf), which in turn are encoded by a single gene, LEPR. ...
*  5-HT3 receptor
"5-HT3 receptors mediate serotonergic fast synaptic excitation of neocortical vasoactive intestinal peptide/cholecystokinin ... "General Anesthetic-Induced Channel Gating Enhancement of 5-Hydroxytryptamine Type 3 Receptors Depends on Receptor Subunit ... 5-HT1 receptor 5-HT2 receptor 5-HT4 receptor 5-HT5 receptor 5-HT6 receptor 5-HT7 receptor Barnes NM, Hales TG, Lummis SC, ... The 5-HT3 receptor differs markedly in structure and mechanism from the other 5-HT receptor subtypes, which are all G-protein- ...
*  Neuroendocrine differentiation
... vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and bombesin/gastrin-releasing peptide. Neuroendocrine tumor cells express cytokeratins ... Two morphologic types have been described: the open type, extending slender apical processes to the ductal or acinar lumen, and ... calcitonin and bombesin/gastrin-releasing peptide, while lacking, or rarely and weakly expressing, androgen receptor and ... vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), neuropeptide Y, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and adrenomedullin. The ...
*  List of MeSH codes (D12.776.543)
... vasoactive intestinal peptide, type ii MeSH D12.776.543.750.100.665.760 -- receptors, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, type i ... vasoactive intestinal peptide, type ii MeSH D12.776.543.750.100.900.520 -- receptors, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, type i ... receptor, epidermal growth factor MeSH D12.776.543.750.750.360.900 -- receptors, vasoactive intestinal peptide MeSH D12.776. ... receptors, thyrotropin-releasing hormone MeSH D12.776.543.750.720.600.915 -- receptors, vasoactive intestinal peptide MeSH ...
*  Neurotransmission
ACh-vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) co-release. ACh-calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) co-release. Glutamate-dynorphin ... Inotropic receptors allow for ions to pass through when agonized by a ligand. The main model involves a receptor composed of ... The second two involve the full fusion of the vesicle with the membrane, followed by recycling, or recycling into the endosome ... Cotransmission is the release of several types of neurotransmitters from a single nerve terminal. At the nerve terminal, ...
*  Pigment dispersing factor
The PDF receptor, along with the receptor of its mammalian homolog, vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), is known to be a G- ... Using Ca2+ imaging studies, researchers found two types of pacemaker cells which contained PDF in the accessory medulla, the ... Vosko, Andrew M.; Schroeder, Analyne; Loh, Dawn H.; Colwell, Christopher S. (June 2007). "Vasoactive intestinal peptide and the ... Type 1 cells showed that PDF signaled via elevation of intracellular cAMP levels. In contrast, in type 2 cells PDF transiently ...
*  Octreotide
... and vasoactive intestinal peptide, reduce secretion of fluids by the intestine and pancreas, reduce gastrointestinal motility ... Octreotide can also be labelled with a variety of radionuclides, such as yttrium-90 or lutetium-177, to enable peptide receptor ... and Albumin Improves Survival in Patients With Type 1 and Type 2 Hepatorenal Syndrome". J Clin Gastroenterol. 43 (7): 680-5. ... the substance is eliminated in two phases with half-lives of 10 and 90 minutes, respectively. Octreotide has also been used off ...
*  Mast cell
... vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), TNF, prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and ... Two types of degranulation have been described for MC: piecemeal degranulation (PMD) and anaphylactic degranulation (AND) ( ... Vasodilation and increased permeability of capillaries are a result of both H1 and H2 receptor types. Stimulation of histamine ... Mast cells in rodents are classically divided into two subtypes: connective tissue-type mast cells and mucosal mast cells. The ...
*  Martinotti cell
... s express somatostatin and sometimes calbindin, but not parvalbumin or vasoactive intestinal peptide. ... When the pyramidal neuron, which is the most common type of neuron in the brain, starts getting overexcited, Martinotti cells ... Furthermore, Martinotti cells in layer V have been shown to express the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor α2 subunit (Chrna2). ... "Chrna2-Martinotti Cells Synchronize Layer 5 Type A Pyramidal Cells via Rebound Excitation". PLOS Biology. 15 (2): e2001392. doi ...
*  Tamas Bartfai
Lundberg firstly that acetylcholine and vasoactive intestinal peptide can coexist in nerve terminals and act synergistically ... "Protective immunogenicity of two synthetic peptides selected from the amino acid sequence of Bordetella pertussis toxin subunit ... Originally this receptor was not thought to be present in the brain, only in the periphery. Since Sir Henry Dale's time it was ... who live about 25 percent longer than wild-type littermates. It was one of the last dogmas of physiology. The discovery of ...
*  IKZF1
Dorsam G, Goetzl EJ (Apr 2002). "Vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor-1 (VPAC-1) is a novel gene target of the ... as well as type 1 diabetes. The two effects appear to be in opposite directions, with the allele marking susceptibility to ALL ... Perdomo J, Holmes M, Chong B, Crossley M (Dec 2000). "Eos and pegasus, two members of the Ikaros family of proteins with ... Perdomo J, Holmes M, Chong B, Crossley M (Dec 2000). "Eos and pegasus, two members of the Ikaros family of proteins with ...
*  ACKR3
This protein was earlier thought to be a receptor for vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and was considered to be an orphan ... Atypical chemokine receptor 3 also known as C-X-C chemokine receptor type 7 (CXCR-7) and G-protein coupled receptor 159 (GPR159 ... "Cloning and expression of the human vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of ... "Chromosomal mapping of A1 and A2 adenosine receptors, VIP receptor, and a new subtype of serotonin receptor". Genomics. 11 (1 ...
*  Enteroendocrine cell
... vasoactive intestinal peptide, and enteroglucagon. K cells secrete gastric inhibitory peptide, an incretin, which also promotes ... glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors in type 2 diabetes" (PDF). The Lancet. 368 ( ... Brubaker, P. (2012). "A beautiful cell (or two or three?)". Endocrinology. 153 (7): 2945-8. doi:10.1210/en.2012-1549. PMID ... Other hormones produced include cholecystokinin, somatostatin, vasoactive intestinal peptide, substance P, alpha and gamma- ...
*  Galanin
... and vasoactive intestinal peptide. Galanin was first identified from porcine intestinal extracts in 1978 by Professor Viktor ... hippocampal injury and neurogenesis in three models of status epilepticus in galanin receptor type 1 (GalR1) knockout mice". ... The other two peptides, galanin-like peptide (GALP) and alarin, were identified relatively recently and are both encoded for in ... Burleigh DE, Furness JB (Jun 1990). "Distribution and actions of galanin and vasoactive intestinal peptide in the human colon ...
*  Index of biochemistry articles
... vasoactive intestinal peptide - vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor - vasopressin - vasopressin receptor - venom - ... interferon type I - interferon type II - interferon-alpha - interferon-beta - interleukin receptor - interleukin-1 receptor - ... peptide elongation factor - peptide elongation factor tu - peptide fragment - peptide initiation factor - peptide receptor - ... calcitonin gene-related peptide - calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor - calcitonin receptor - calcitriol receptor - ...