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*  Neutrophil cytosolic factor 4
Crohn's patient with rs4821544 variants showed a decreased reactive oxygen species after stimulation with GM-CSF which is a ...
*  Superoxide dismutase
Superoxide is one of the main reactive oxygen species in the cell. As a consequence, SOD serves a key antioxidant role. The ... Corpas FJ, Barroso JB, del Río LA (Apr 2001). "Peroxisomes as a source of reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide signal ... Human white blood cells use enzymes such as NADPH oxidase to generate superoxide and other reactive oxygen species to kill ... act as antioxidants and protect cellular components from being oxidized by reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS can form as a ...
*  Reactive oxygen species
Play media Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are chemically reactive chemical species containing oxygen. Examples include peroxides ... "Upsides and downsides of reactive oxygen species for cancer: the roles of reactive oxygen species in tumorigenesis, prevention ... Oxidative stress Oxygen toxicity Polyphenol antioxidants Pro-oxidant Reactive nitrogen species Reactive oxygen species ... The reduction of molecular oxygen (O2) produces superoxide (•O− 2) and is the precursor of most other reactive oxygen species: ...
*  Reactive oxygen species production in marine microalgae
Many algal species have been shown to not only produce reactive oxygen species under normal conditions but to increase ... The products of this subsequent reduction of molecular oxygen are what are referred to as reactive oxygen species. Thus, the ... All living cells produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) as a byproduct of metabolism. ROS are reduced oxygen intermediates that ... Reactive oxygen species in natural waters". In Christopher S. Foote. Active oxygen in chemistry. London: Blackie Acad. & ...
*  Polyol pathway
Therefore, NADPH prevents reactive oxygen species from accumulating and damaging cells. Excessive activation of the polyol ... Bonnefont-Rousselot, Dominique (2002). "Glucose and reactive oxygen species". Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and ... increased concentrations of reactive oxygen species, and decreased concentrations of nitric oxide and glutathione. Each of ...
*  DNA repair
Inside mitochondria, reactive oxygen species (ROS), or free radicals, byproducts of the constant production of adenosine ... DNA damage can be subdivided into two main types: endogenous damage such as attack by reactive oxygen species produced from ... increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS). Replication stress, along with the selection for inactivating mutations in DNA ... induced by endogenously generated reactive oxygen species. For example, increasing the gene dosage of the gene SIR-2, which ...
*  Pardaxin
... triggers reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS production disrupts protein folding and induces the unfolded protein ...
*  NADH dehydrogenase (ubiquinone)
... perhaps because of reactive oxygen species (complex I can, like complex III, leak electrons to oxygen, forming highly toxic ... Superoxide is a reactive oxygen species that contributes to cellular oxidative stress and is linked to neuromuscular diseases ... Esterházy D, King MS, Yakovlev G, Hirst J (March 2008). "Production of reactive oxygen species by complex I (NADH:ubiquinone ... Murphy MP (January 2009). "How mitochondria produce reactive oxygen species". Biochem. J. 417 (1): 1-13. doi:10.1042/BJ20081386 ...
*  Catalase
It is a very important enzyme in protecting the cell from oxidative damage by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Likewise, catalase ... Winterbourn, Christine C.; Kettle, Anthony J.; Hampton, Mark B. (2016-06-02). "Reactive Oxygen Species and Neutrophil Function ... to transfer between the oxygen atoms. The free oxygen atom coordinates, freeing the newly formed water molecule and Fe(IV)=O. ... The production of oxygen can be seen by the formation of bubbles. This easy test, which can be seen with the naked eye, without ...
*  MTORC1
... the unreduced oxygen molecules in the mitochondrial cortex may accumulate and begin to produce reactive oxygen species. It is ... Reactive oxygen species can damage the DNA and proteins in cells. A majority of them arise in the mitochondria. Deletion of the ... Adam-Vizi V (2005). "Production of reactive oxygen species in brain mitochondria: contribution by electron transport chain and ... Apel K, Hirt H (2004). "Reactive oxygen species: metabolism, oxidative stress, and signal transduction". Annual Review of Plant ...
*  T cell
Belikov, Aleksey V.; Schraven, Burkhart; Simeoni, Luca (1 January 2015). "T cells and reactive oxygen species". Journal of ... T cell activation is modulated by reactive oxygen species. A unique feature of T cells is their ability to discriminate between ... This process is an important component of central tolerance and serves to prevent the formation of self-reactive T cells that ...
*  Endothelial activation
Alom-Ruiz SP, Anilkumar N, Shah AM (2008). "Reactive oxygen species and endothelial activation". Antioxid Redox Signal. 10 (6 ... April 2016). "Mitochondrial Reactive Oxygen Species Mediate Lysophosphatidylcholine-Induced Endothelial Cell Activation". ...
*  KRIT1
... has been shown to interact with multiple signaling pathways including; ITGB1BP1., reactive oxygen species, cell death, ... "KRIT1 regulates the homeostasis of intracellular reactive oxygen species". PLOS ONE. 5 (7): e11786. doi:10.1371/journal.pone. ...
*  Almokalant
Role of hypoxia and reactive oxygen species". Reproductive Toxicology (Elmsford, N.Y.). 13 (2): 93-101. ISSN 0890-6238. PMID ...
*  S-Nitrosoglutathione
Mitochondrial SNO-proteins inhibit Complex I of the electron transport chain; modulate mitochondrial reactive oxygen species ( ... Moreover, the biliary secretion of NO species was significantly diminished in UDCA-infused transport mutant [ATP-binding ... it has been proposed that exogenous GSNO could be used to regulate circulating levels of NO and NO-derived species, and GSNO ...
*  Anthocyanin
Tomato plants protect against cold stress with anthocyanins countering reactive oxygen species, leading to a lower rate of cell ... Breusegem, Frank Van; Dat, James F. (2006-06-01). "Reactive Oxygen Species in Plant Cell Death". Plant Physiology. 141 (2): 384 ... Anthocyanins have an antioxidant role in plants against reactive oxygen species caused by abiotic stresses, such as ... Anthocyanins occur in the flowers of many plants, such as the famous blue poppies of some Meconopsis species and cultivars. ...
*  Rhian Touyz
She has written the book Reactive Oxygen Species and the Cardiovascular System, which describes how various oxygen species can ... M., Touyz, Rhian (2012). Reactive oxygen species and the cardiovascular system. Morgan & Claypool. ISBN 9781615043620. OCLC ...
*  Neurotoxin
Bergamini, Carlo M.; Gambetti, Stefani; Dondi, Alessia; Cervellati, Carlo (2004). "Oxygen, Reactive Oxygen Species and Tissue ... seemingly as a result of increased generation of reactive oxidative species (ROS). This is a plausible mechanism, as there is a ... "Extrapolating Brain Development from Experimental Species to Humans". NeuroToxicology. 28 (5): 931-37. doi:10.1016/j.neuro. ...
*  Abscission
A variety of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are generated by plants during times of stress (biotic and abiotic) including UV ... Sakamoto, M., I. Munemura, R. Tomita, & K. Kobayashi (2008). Reactive oxygen species in leaf abscission signaling. Plant Signal ... This step can occur in a variety of ways depending on the species but always occurs at the abscission zone. Detachment can ... Steps 2 and 3 may occur in either order depending on the species. Resorption involves degrading chlorophyll to extract the ...
*  Malondialdehyde
Reactive oxygen species degrade polyunsaturated lipids, forming malondialdehyde. This compound is a reactive aldehyde and is ... Farmer EE, Davoine C (2007). "Reactive electrophile species". Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 10 (4): 380-6. doi:10.1016/j.pbi.2007.04. ... Malondialdehyde is reactive and potentially mutagenic. It has been found in heated edible oils such as sunflower and palm oils ... one of the many reactive electrophile species that cause toxic stress in cells and form covalent protein adducts referred to as ...
*  Peroxisome
Corpas FJ, Barroso JB, del Río LA (Apr 2001). "Peroxisomes as a source of reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide signal ... Bonekamp NA, Völkl A, Fahimi HD, Schrader M (2009). "Reactive oxygen species and peroxisomes: struggling for balance". ... reduction of reactive oxygen species - specifically hydrogen peroxide - and biosynthesis of plasmalogens, i.e., ether ... The protein content of peroxisomes varies across species, but the presence of proteins common to many species has been used to ...
*  Isoprene
... also confers resistance to reactive oxygen species. The amount of isoprene released from isoprene-emitting vegetation ... Isoprene is produced and emitted by many species of trees (major producers are oaks, poplars, eucalyptus, and some legumes). ... hour in many oak species The isoprene skeleton can be found in naturally occurring compounds called terpenes (also known as ... and to a lesser extent by ozone into various species, such as aldehydes, hydroperoxides, organic nitrates, and epoxides, which ...
*  Semen quality
Biochemical markers like Creatine kinase, Reactive oxygen species. When performing cryopreservation of semen, it is the sperm ... report demonstrated evidence of the effects of feminizing chemicals on male development in each class of vertebrate species as ...
*  Calorie restriction
Tapia, P (2006). "Sublethal mitochondrial stress with an attendant stoichiometric augmentation of reactive oxygen species may ... mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production, and membrane fatty acid composition". J Gerontol a Biol Sci Med Sci. 61 (8): ... Sublethal mitochondrial stress with an attendant augmentation of reactive oxygen species may precipitate many of the beneficial ... Calorie restriction reduces production of reactive oxygen species. Sohal et al. observed that caloric restriction decreased 8- ...
*  DNA repair protein XRCC4
Reactive oxygen species, ROS, such as superoxide (O2- • ), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), hydroxyl radicals (HO•), and singlet ... oxygen (1O2), can also produce DSBs as a result of ionizing radiation as well as cellular metabolic processes that are ...
*  Death-associated protein 6
The breakdown of glucose produces reactive oxygen species (ROS). These induce extracellular Daxx to translocalize into the ...
*  John Watkinson (chemist)
1988). Reactive Oxygen Species in Chemistry, Biology, and Medicine. New York: Springer Science & Business Media. p. 23. ISBN ... his research into selenium fertilisers and the determination of the optimum particle sizes for elemental sulphur and reactive ...