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*  List of MeSH codes (G11)
... range of motion, articular MeSH G11.427.792.195 --- bone remodeling MeSH G11.427.792.195.140 --- bone regeneration MeSH G11.427 ... motion perception MeSH G11.697.716.877.905 --- pattern recognition, visual. ...
*  List of MeSH codes (E01)
... range of motion, articular MeSH E01.370.600.750 --- self-examination MeSH E01.370.600.750.100 --- breast self-examination MeSH ...
*  Polydactyly
... no investigators have objectively reviewed functional range of motion or articular stability. In a study on 21 patients with ... If the articular surface is wide the metacarpal may be shaved. At last the collateral ligament and abductor digiti minimi are ... Wide articular surfaces should be narrowed and phalangeal wedge osteotomies may be required to provide an axial alignment. ... "A long-range Shh enhancer regulates expression in the developing limb and fin and is associated with preaxial polydactyly". ...
*  David Giorgio Mendes Nassi
The exercises move the joint in maximal range with painless motions, keeping low joint pressure, and lubricate the articular ... Care was given to elderly, adults and infants for Orthopedic diseases benign and malignant and for injuries ranging from sports ... weakness in resistance to wear in friction and cyclic motion. The study conducted (in 1992) double blind clinical trial under ...
*  Osteochondritis dissecans
... of the compromised articular surface and underlying subchondral bone combined with maintenance of strength and range of motion ... Continuous passive motion (CPM) has been used to improve healing of the articular surface during the postoperative period for ... Examination often reveals symptoms of generalized joint pain, swelling, and times with limited range of motion. Some with loose ... Most rehabilitation programs combine efforts to protect the joint with muscle strengthening and range of motion. During the ...
*  Articular capsule of the humerus
... and limited range of motion in the shoulder area. Range of motion can usually be restored by treating the affected area with ... The articular capsule of the humerus is the articular capsule of the shoulder joint. It completely encircles the joint, being ... approaching nearer to the articular cartilage above than in the rest of its extent. It is thicker above (superior) and below ( ...
*  Calcaneal fracture
In this phase, range of motion exercises should be implemented if surgery was needed for the fracture. The third and final ... Extra-articular fractures are less common and may be located anywhere outside the subtalar joint. Extra-articular fractures are ... Difficulties such as arthritis and decreased range of motion of the foot may remain. The most common symptom is pain over the ... Exercises that can be used for the range of motion phase can include eversion and inversion of the ankle, flexion and extension ...
*  Femoroacetabular impingement
The diagnosis, often with a co-existing labral tear, typically involves physical examination in which the range of motion of ... Damage can occur to the articular cartilage, or labral cartilage (soft tissue bumper of the socket), or both. Treatment options ... and middle-aged adults and occurs when the ball shaped femoral head rubs abnormally or does not permit a normal range of motion ... together with environmental factors such as activities involving recurrent motion of the legs within a supraphysiologic range. ...
*  Knee
The total range of motion is dependent on several parameters such as soft-tissue restraints, active insufficiency, and ... The articular disks of the knee-joint are called menisci because they only partly divide the joint space. These two disks, the ... The main articular bodies of the femur are its lateral and medial condyles. These diverge slightly distally and posteriorly, ... The articular capsule has a synovial and a fibrous membrane separated by fatty deposits. Anteriorly, the synovial membrane is ...
*  Synovial osteochondromatosis
Joint effusion and limited range of motion are common associated features. It affects primarily large joints, including knee (> ... Number and size of intra-articular bodies can prove helpful as well. SOC typically presents as multiple intra-articular bodies ... Partly calcified intra-articular bodies demonstrate foci of absent signal on all pulse sequences. Like CT arthrography, MR with ... Cartilaginous intra-articular bodies float freely within the synovial fluid, which they require for nutrition and growth. ...
*  Knee cartilage replacement therapy
Osteoarthritis is a common condition of cartilage failure that can lead to limited range of motion, bone damage and invariably ... Articular cartilage, most notably that which is found in the knee joint, is generally characterized by very low friction, high ... The cost of the treatment ranges from ($USD) 20,000-35,000. A second generation technique, called Carticel II uses a "fleece ... Autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis, which is also known as AMIC, is a biological treatment option for articular cartilage ...
*  Intermittent hydrarthrosis
Effusions are large, restricting range of motion but significant pain is not a feature. There is usually stiffness. Tenderness ... More aggressive intra-articular treatment such chemical or radio-active synovectomy can also be helpful although benefits ... may be useful to relieve joint swelling and improve range of motion. Local steroid injections can also reduce fluid ... 2) Top and Cross used single doses of intra-articular radioactive gold in 18 patients with persistent effusions of mixed causes ...
*  Ligament
... also provide stability but permit a far larger range of motion. Cruciate ligaments are paired ligaments in the form of a cross ... It is also known as articular ligament, articular larua, fibrous ligament, or true ligament. Other ligaments in the body ... Capsular ligaments are part of the articular capsule that surrounds synovial joints. They act as mechanical reinforcements. ...
*  Ankle replacement
The restoration of range of motion is the key feature in favor of ankle replacement with respect to arthrodesis. However, ... Poor understanding of the functions of the structures guiding ankle motion in the natural joint (ligaments and articular ... This meniscal bearing should allow full congruence at the articular surfaces in all joint positions in order to minimize wear ... Ankle replacement, or ankle arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace the damaged articular surfaces of the human ankle ...
*  Atlanto-axial joint
Alar ligaments: stress or trauma can stretch the weaker alar ligaments, causing an increase in range of motion of approximately ... The atlantoaxial articular capsules are thick and loose, and connect the margins of the lateral masses of the atlas with those ... Between the articular processes of the two bones there is on either side an arthrodial or gliding joint. The ligaments ... of the posterior articular surfaces of the axis. Each is strengthened at its posterior and medial part by an accessory ligament ...
*  Hispanopithecus
The longer forelimbs and dorsally situated scapulae provide a broad range of motion which would enable suspensory below-branch ... The robust carpals and metacarpals with dorsally extended articular surfaces provide strong indication of palmigrade ...
*  Pivot joint
Note that the degrees of freedom of a joint is not the same as the same as joint's range of motion. Pivot joints allow for ... In pivot joints, the axis of a convex articular surface is parallel with the longitudinal axis of the bone. According to one ...
*  Functional spinal unit
Within the total range of passive motion of any FSU, the typical load-displacement curve consists of 2 regions or 'zones' that ... The three-joint complex that results is sometimes referred to as the "articular triad." In vitro studies of isolated or ... A functional spinal unit (FSU) (or motion segment) is the smallest physiological motion unit of the spine to exhibit ... thus limiting the range of motion. White, Augustus A.; Panjabi, Manohar M. (1990). Clinical Biomechanics of the Spine. ...
*  Rotator cuff tear
A gentle, passive range-of-motion program should be started to help prevent stiffness and maintain range of motion during this ... Other cadaver studies have noted intratendinous tears to be more frequent (7.2%) than bursal-sided (2.4%) or articular-sided ... the shoulder must have a full range of motion. After a full, painless range of motion is achieved, the patient may advance to a ... Long-term overuse/abuse of the shoulder joint is generally thought to limit range of motion and productivity due to daily wear ...
*  Slipped capital femoral epiphysis
Signs of a SCFE include a waddling gait, decreased range of motion. Often the range of motion in the hip is restricted in ... Manipulation of the fracture frequently results in osteonecrosis and the acute loss of articular cartilage (chondrolysis) ... Children with a SCFE experience a decrease in their range of motion, and are often unable to complete hip flexion or fully ... Hip motion will be limited, particularly internal rotation. Running and other strenuous activity on legs will also cause the ...
*  Facet joint
... plane joints between the articular processes of two adjacent vertebrae. There are two facet joints in each spinal motion ... Facet joints appear to have little influence on the range of side bending (lateral flexion). These functions can be disrupted ... The biomechanical function of each pair of facet joints is to guide and limit movement of the spinal motion segment. In the ... Ancient Greek: zygon ("yoke") + apo ("out/from") + phyein ("grow") Articular processes Artificial facet replacement Facet joint ...
*  Manual therapy
... increasing range of motion (ROM); reducing or eliminating soft tissue inflammation; inducing relaxation; improving contractile ... more controlled process of articular and soft-tissue (myofascial) stretching intended to improve bio-mechanical elasticity. ...
*  Flexibility (anatomy)
... the range of motion can be affected. The mental attitude of the performer during the state of motion can also affect their ... The joints in a human body are surrounded by synovial membranes and articular cartilage which cover, cushion and nourish the ... Each individual is born with a particular range of motion for each joint in their body. In the book Finding Balance by Gigi ... Increasing the range of motion creates good posture and develops proficient performance in everyday activities increasing the ...
*  Supracondylar humerus fracture
This is more of a cosmetic problem, and does not affect the range of motion of the elbow joint. Malunion: The condyles of the ... Osteochondral defects, intra-articular loose bodies, and avascular necrosis of the capitulum Instability Most commonly brachial ... Motion at the elbow and at the wrist make the pain worse. With mild or moderate fracture displacement, there may be deformity ... Good skin care and gentle stretching is recommended to address dry skin and help to recover motion. Physical therapy is usually ...
*  Tear of meniscus
The range of motion of the joint is often restricted. Cooper's sign is present in over 92% of tears. It is a subjective symptom ... The load now was distributed directly to the articular cartilage. In light of these findings, it is essential to preserve the ... The less conservative approach allows the patient to apply a small amount of stress and prevent range of motion losses. It is ... By the end of rehabilitation, normal range of motion, function of muscles and coordination of the body are restored. ...
*  Dilophosaurus
In 2005 the American paleontologists Phil Senter and James H. Robins examined the range of motion in the forelimbs of ... On the right side it had torsion of its humeral shaft, three bony tumors on its radius, a truncated articular surface of its ... Senter, P.; Robins, J. H. (2005). "Range of motion in the forelimb of the theropod dinosaur Acrocanthosaurus atokensis, and ... The mandible was slender and delicate at the front, but the articular region (where it connected with the skull) was massive, ...